• "The Open Boat" is a short story by American author Stephen Crane. First published in 1897, it was based on Crane's experience of surviving a shipwreck off the coast of Florida earlier that year while traveling to Cuba to work as a newspaper correspondent. Crane was stranded at sea for thirty hours when his ship, the SS Commodore, sank after hitting a sandbar. He and three other men were forced to navigate their way to shore in a small boat; one of the men, an oiler named Billie Higgins, drowned after the boat overturned. Crane's personal account of the shipwreck and the men's survival, titled "Stephen Crane's Own Story", was first published a few days after his rescue. Crane subsequently adapted his report into narrative form, and the resulting short story "The Open Boat" was published in Scribner's Magazine. The story is told from the point of view of an anonymous correspondent, Crane's fictional doppelgänger, and the action closely resembles the author's experiences after the shipwreck. A volume titled The Open Boat and Other Tales of Adventure was published in the United States in 1898; an edition entitled The Open Boat and Other Stories was published simultaneously in England. Praised for its innovation by contemporary critics, the story is considered an exemplary work of literary Naturalism, and is one of the most frequently discussed works in Crane's canon. It is notable for its use of imagery, irony, symbolism, and the exploration of such themes as survival, solidarity, and the conflict between man and nature. H. G. Wells considered "The Open Boat" to be "beyond all question, the crown of all [Crane's] work".
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  • 8 Pages Stephen Crane
    Stephen Crane

    School: Quinnipiac

    Course: Short Story As A Genre

    ... had short but very influential career. The Open Boat. divided into seven sections. ... they see a lighthouse and a man waving on the shore. The Open Boat (cont.). correspondent sees a shark but is not bothered by it. ...

  • 2 Pages Summary - Crane, Stephen - The Open Boat
    Summary - Crane, Stephen - The Open Boat

    School: VCU

    Course: Honors: Readings In Narrative

    Paul Burkhart. The Open Boat by the Stephen Crane. Plot – Exposition: We get a brief description of the water and the environment the people are in. We then get a description of each character, not necessarily, about their personalities, but their actions in this time of crisis, something that i...

  • 18 Pages SUPERNOTES

    School: University Of Texas

    Course: Eng: Lit

    Realism. Background info. 1865 Civil War Ends. 1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe published. 13th amendment -abolishing slavery. Industrialism is spreading. Naturalism: 1893 first publication of Maggie. 1897 published the Open Boat. By now starting with the end of the civil war a...

  • 2 Pages ENGL 42
    ENGL 42

    School: Saginaw Valley

    Course: Engl

    David Zakutansky. English 42. Professor Ratcliffe. Summer 2009. Position Paper #1. From Hopeful to Doubtful (this needs work). In Stephen Crane's, The Open Boat, characters surround themselves with a huge sense of false hope. From beginning to end, the Oiler, Correspondent, Cook, and Captain ...

  • 1 Page Open Boat SQ -1
    Open Boat SQ -1

    School: Golden West

    Course: English Critical Thinking

    Whitchurch xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx w The Open Boat The Open Boat “We cannot choose our external circumstances, but we can choose how we respond to them.” —Epictetus (50?-135? CE) 1. How do you respond to the opening line? What does it accomplish? 2. a. How is each of the main characters different...

  • 2 Pages assignment 8
    Assignment 8

    School: Minnesota

    Course: Short Stories

    Written assignment 8. In this assignment, I analyze the varieties of tone and each author's emotional attitude toward the characters and readers in these stories: Crane's “The Open Boat” and “The Sinking of the Commodore”, Hemingway's “Hills Like White Elephants”, Faulkner's...

  • 3 Pages Naturalism in Stephen Crane The Open Boat
    Naturalism In Stephen Crane The Open Boat

    School: Alabama State

    Course: Enligh 100

    Monique Martinez. February 6, 2008. AP English 11. Naturalism in Stephen Crane's “The Open Boat”. 1. What philosophical values, if any, are presented or advocated by Stephen Crane in the story? ** In Stephen Crane's short story “The Open Boat” we are able to see the views of Crane con...

  • 3 Pages Eng TIMELINE

    School: Tennessee

    Course: English Literature

    TIMELINE. 1860-70. I saw a Fly (591) –Emily Dickinson. “Song of Myself” -Walt Whitman. Naturalism and Realism. The Awakening-Kate Chopin. Daisy Miller-Henry James. 1880-90. “The Open Boat”- Stephen Crane. “The Art of Fiction”- Henry James. “The Wife of His Youth”-Charles Chestnutt. 1900-...

  • 6 Pages naturalism stephen crane
    Naturalism Stephen Crane

    School: Denison

    Course: Short Stories

    ... Stephen Crane Essay. Naturalism Verse Man In Stephen Crane's “The Open Boat”. Stephen Crane's “The Open Boat” is a prime example of Naturalism used as the dominant theme in the context of the story. Naturalism is such an overwhelming force it plays the sole role of antagonist in C...

  • 2 Pages doc1

    School: Pensacola Junior College

    Course: English

    Naturalism in Stephen Crane's “The Open Boat”. The story "The Open Boat" by Stephen Crane exhibits quite a few characteristics about. naturalism. The story unfolds at sea off the coast of Florida in January 1897. The focus of the. story is on ordinary people. The four characters -...

  • 2 Pages 3 components of the literary school of naturalism in Stephen
    3 Components Of The Literary School Of Naturalism In Stephen

    School: Harvard

    Course: English Literature

    In Stephen Crane's short story "The Open Boat", the American literary school of naturalism is used and three of the eight features are most apparent, making this work, in my opinion, a good example of the school of naturalism. These three of the eight features are determinism, objec...

  • 3 Pages English compilation6
    English Compilation6

    School: Wake Tech


    Question 1. 10 out of 10 points. Stephen Crane based "The Open Boat" on an actual incident he lived through. Answer. Selected Answer: True. Correct Answer: True. Question 2. 20 out of 20 points. The 4 survivors of the shipwreck in "The Open Boat" are? Answer. Selected Answer: ...

  • 3 Pages essay1

    School: Longwood

    ... When forces of nature take their full effects on man, nature's power is unpredictable and unforgiving. The story The Open Boat written by Stephen Crane tells of four shipwrecked men's struggle to survive aboard a small dinghy while being thrashed upon the bitter forces of nature. “Th...

  • 2 Pages Exam for Class
    Exam For Class

    School: Ohio State

    Course: Intro To Fiction

    “The Real Thing” (1892) by Henry James. “The Yellow Wallpaper” (1892) by Charlotte Perkins Gillman. “The Open Boat” (1897) by Stephen Crane. “To Build a Fire” (1908) by Jack London. In Our Time (1924) by Ernest Hemingway. —. “On the Quai at Smyrna.”. —. “Indian Camp.”. —. “Soldier...

  • 1 Page The Open Boat 9-2
    The Open Boat 9-2

    School: Alabama

    Course: American Literature II

    9/02/11. “The Open Boat”. Stephen Crane- died young, but did not die as a result of the ship wreck. Survived the ship wreck and stayed on a raft for 30 hours afterward. In the story, a subtle brotherhood is formed between the 3 men that survive. What is the relationship between man and nature? ...

  • 2 Pages DE 11
    DE 11

    School: Wellesley Sr High

    DE 11. Mark Mulligan. Futility- being ineffective, unable to produce a result. The subject of the story “The Open Boat” by Stephen Crane is a voyage of survival on the open ocean in a small rowboat. The quotation, “When it occurs to a man that nature does not regard him as important, and that ...

  • 2 Pages The Open Boat
    The Open Boat

    School: UNC Greensboro

    Course: English

    “The Open Boat”. Stephen Crane. English 252. Men stuck in a situation; look for why and what lead to it. Attribute various agents to the situation. The idea that “Fate” is behind this. “shipwrecks are apropos of nothing…” Study this passage. The characters can't link cause and effect o...

  • 2 Pages 3 components of the literary school of naturalism in Stephen
    3 Components Of The Literary School Of Naturalism In Stephen

    School: CUNY Queens

    In Stephen Crane's short story "The Open Boat", the American literary school of naturalism is used and three of the eight features are most apparent, making this work, in my opinion, a good example of the school of naturalism. These three of the eight features are determinism, objec...

  • 4 Pages Two Different Faces of Nature
    Two Different Faces Of Nature

    School: Cranbrook Schools

    Two Different Faces of Nature. in. “A White Heron” and “The Open Boat”. Sarah Orne Jewett, the author of “A White Heron”, addresses nature in a different perspective from which Stephen Crane views nature in “The Open Boat”. ...

  • 3 Pages Tennyson and Crane Final Paper
    Tennyson And Crane Final Paper

    School: University Of The Sciences In Philadelphia

    Course: Religious Song & Poetry

    Tennyson and Crane Final Paper. Both Tennyson's “In Memoriam” and Stephen Crane's “The Open Boat” display how varying people view and react to nature. The two authors view nature from ...

  • 4 Pages Shakespear Play Analysis & Pathetic Fallacy with The Open Boat