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32 Pages

### Chapter 12

Course: PHYS 221, Spring 2007
School: Clemson
Rating:

Word Count: 7742

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Equilibrium 12 Static and Elasticity CHAPTER OUTLINE 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 The Conditions for Equilibrium More on the Center of Gravity Examples of Rigid Objects in Static Equilibrium Elastic Properties of Solids ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS Q12.1 When you bend over, your center of gravity shifts forward. Once your CG is no longer over your feet, gravity contributes to a nonzero net torque on your body and you begin to...

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Clemson - PHYS - 221
13Universal GravitationCHAPTER OUTLINE13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation Measuring the Gravitational Constant Free-Fall Acceleration and the Gravitational Force Kepler's Laws and the Motion of Planets The Grav
Clemson - PHYS - 221
14Fluid MechanicsCHAPTER OUTLINE14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 Pressure Variation of Pressure with Depth Pressure Measurements Buoyant Forces and Archimede's Principle Fluid Dynamics Bernoulli's Equation Other Applications of Fluid DynamicsA
Clemson - PHYS - 221
15Oscillatory MotionCHAPTER OUTLINE15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Motion of an Object Attached to a Spring Mathematical Representation of Simple Harmonic Motion Energy of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with Uniform Circular M
Clemson - PHYS - 221
16Wave MotionCHAPTER OUTLINE16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 Propagation of a Disturbance Sinusoidal Waves The Speed of Waves on Strings Reflection and Transmission Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on Strings The Linear Wave EquationANSW
Clemson - PHYS - 221
17Sound WavesCHAPTER OUTLINE17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 Speed of Sound Waves Periodic Sound Waves Intensity of Periodic Sound Waves The Doppler Effect Digital Sound Recording Motion Picture SoundANSWERS TO QUESTIONSQ17.1 Sound waves are longi
Clemson - PHYS - 221
18Superposition and Standing WavesCHAPTER OUTLINE18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.8 Superposition and Interference Standing Waves Standing Waves in a String Fixed at Both Ends Resonance Standing Waves in Air Columns Standing Waves in Rod and
Clemson - PHYS - 221
19TemperatureCHAPTER OUTLINE19.1 19.2 19.3 Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics Thermometers and the Celsius Temperature Scale The Constant-Volume Gas Thermometer and the Absolute Temperature Scale Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liqui
Clemson - PHYS - 221
20Heat and the First Law of ThermodynamicsCHAPTER OUTLINE20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 Heat and Internal Energy Specific Heat and Calorimetry Latent Heat Work and Heat in Thermodynamic Processes The First Law of Thermodynamics Some Applications of
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Eco 2301 Fall 06 Review for Exam 2 Chapter 6, 9, and 10 Multiple choices: Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answer the question. 1 Economists assume that households maximize their marginal utility a) True b) False 2 Hi
Clemson - PHYS - 221
21The Kinetic Theory of GasesCHAPTER OUTLINE21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 21.7 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas Molar Specific Heat of an Ideal Gas Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas The Equipartition of Energy The Boltzmann Distribution Law Dist
Clemson - PHYS - 221
22Heat Engines, Entropy, and the Second Law of ThermodynamicsCHAPTER OUTLINE22.1 Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics Heat Pumps and Refrigerators Reversible and Irreversible Processes The Carnot Engine Gasoline and Diesel Engines Ent
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AMLAcute Myelogenous LeukemiaWhat is it? AML is a cancer of the blood and bone marrowIt affects the myeloid cells, which under normal circumstances differentiate into mature blood cells (WBC, RBC, platelets)These Cells are produced by the bone
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Econ 3104 Spring 2008 Problem set # 10Due 4.15.2008Answer problems # 22.1, 22.2, 22.3, 22.4, 22.5, 22.7, 22.8, 22.10, all in the workouts book.Econ 3104 Spring 2008 Problem set # 11Due 4.17.2008Answer problems # 23.4, 23.5 (except for part
Clemson - PHYS - 221
23Electric FieldsCHAPTER OUTLINE23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 23.5 Properties of Electric Charges Charging Objects by Induction Coulomb's Law The Electric Field Electric Field of a Continuous Charge Distribution Electric Field Lines Motion of Charged Partic
Clemson - PHYS - 221
24Gauss's LawCHAPTER OUTLINE24.1 24.2 24.3 Electric Flux Gauss's Law Application of Gauss's Law to Various Charge Distributions Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium Formal Derivation of Gauss`s LawANSWERS TO QUESTIONSQ24.1 The luminous flux
Clemson - PHYS - 221
25Electric PotentialCHAPTER OUTLINE25.1 25.2 25.3 Potential Difference and Electric Potential Potential Difference in a Uniform Electric Field Electric Potential and Potential Energy Due to Point Charges Obtaining the Value of the Electric Field f
Clemson - PHYS - 221
26Capacitance and DielectricsCHAPTER OUTLINE26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7 Definition of Capacitance Calculating Capacitance Combinations of Capacitors Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor Capacitors with Dielectrics Electric Dipole in an Elec
Clemson - PHYS - 221
27Current and ResistanceCHAPTER OUTLINE27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 27.6 Electric Current Resistance A Model for Electrical Conduction Resistance and Temperature Superconductors Electric PowerANSWERS TO QUESTIONSQ27.1 Individual vehicles-cars, truc
UIllinois - UP - 101
Andrew Fish UP 101 Definitions 14 October 2005Abolitionism the opinion that slavery is wrong and immoral. The organization was the American Anti-Slavery Society, with the leader William Lloyd Garrison. Violence and rioting ensued against the Afric
Clemson - PHYS - 221
28Direct Current CircuitsCHAPTER OUTLINE28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 28.5 28.6 Electromotive Force Resistors in Series and Parallel Kirchhoff's Rules RC Circuits Electrical Meters Household Wiring and Electrical SafetyANSWERS TO QUESTIONSQ28.1 The load
Clemson - PHYS - 221
29Magnetic FieldsCHAPTER OUTLINE29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 Magnetic Fields and Forces Magnetic Force Acting on a Current-Carrying Conductor Torque on a Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Field Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform Magnetic Field
Clemson - PHYS - 221
30Sources of the Magnetic FieldCHAPTER OUTLINE30.1 30.2 The Biot-Savart Law The Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductors Ampre's Law The Magnetic Field of a Solenoid Magnetic Flux Gauss's Law in Magnetism Displacement Current and the General
Clemson - PHYS - 221
31Faraday's LawCHAPTER OUTLINE31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6 31.7 Faraday's Law of Induction Motional emf Lenz's Law Induced emf and Electric Fields Generators and Motors Eddy Currents Maxwell's EquationsANSWERS TO QUESTIONSQ31.1 Magnetic flux m
Clemson - PHYS - 221
32InductanceCHAPTER OUTLINE32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 32.6 Self-Inductance RL Circuits Energy in a Magnetic Field Mutual Inductance Oscillations in an LC Circuit The RLC CircuitANSWERS TO QUESTIONSQ32.1 The emf induced in an inductor is opposite
Clemson - PHYS - 221
33Alternating Current CircuitsCHAPTER OUTLINE33.1 33.2 33.3 33.4 33.5 33.6 33.7 33.8 33.9 AC Sources Resistors in an AC Circuit Inductors in an AC Circuit Capacitors in an AC Circuit The RLC Series Circuit Power in an AC Circuit Resonance in a Ser
Clemson - PHYS - 221
34Electromagnetic WavesCHAPTER OUTLINE34.1 34.2 34.3 34.4 34.5 Maxwell's Equations and Hertz's Discoveries Plane Electromagnetic Waves Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves Momentum and Radiation Pressure Production of Electromagnetic Waves by a
Clemson - PHYS - 221
35The Nature of Light and the Laws of Geometric OpticsCHAPTER OUTLINE35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 35.5 35.6 35.7 35.8 35.9 The Nature of Light Measurements of the Speed of Light The Ray Approximation in Geometric Optics Reflection Refraction Huygen's Princ
Clemson - PHYS - 221
36Image FormationCHAPTER OUTLINE36.1 Images Formed by Flat Mirrors 36.2 Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors 36.3 Images Formed by Refraction 36.4 Thin Lenses 36.5 Lens Aberrations 36.6 The Camera 36.7 The Eye 36.8 The Simple Magnifier 36.9 The Comp
Clemson - PHYS - 221
37Interference of Light WavesCHAPTER OUTLINE37.1 37.2 37.3 Conditions for Interference Young's Double-Slit Experiment Intensity Distribution of the Double-Slit Interference Pattern Phasor Addition of Waves Change of Phase Due to Reflection Interfe
Clemson - PHYS - 221
38Diffraction Patterns and PolarizationCHAPTER OUTLINE38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 38.5 38.6 Introduction to Diffraction Patterns Diffraction Patterns from Narrow Slits Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular Apertures The Diffraction Grating Diffraction of
Clemson - PHYS - 221
39RelativityCHAPTER OUTLINEThe Principle of Galilean Relativity 39.2 The Michelson-Morley Experiment 39.3 Einstein's Principle of Relativity 39.4 Consequences of the Special Theory of Relativity 39.5 The Lorentz Transformation Equations 39.6 The L
Clemson - PHYS - 221
40Introduction to Quantum PhysicsCHAPTER OUTLINE40.1 40.2 40.3 40.4 40.5 40.6 40.7 40.8 Blackbody Radiation and Planck's Hypothesis The Photoelectric Effect The Compton Effect Photons and Electromagnetic Waves The Wave Properties of Particles The
Clemson - PHYS - 221
41Quantum MechanicsCHAPTER OUTLINE41.1 41.2 41.3 41.4 41.5 41.6 41.7 41.8 An Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics A Particle in a Box The Particle Under Boundary Conditions The Schrdinger Equation A Particle in a Well of Finite Height Tunneling Thr
Clemson - PHYS - 221
42Atomic PhysicsCHAPTER OUTLINE42.1 42.2 42.3 Atomic Spectra of Gases Early Models of the Atom Bohr's Model of the Hydrogen Atom 42.4 The Quantum Model of the Hydrogen Atom 42.5 The Wave Functions of Hydrogen 42.6 Physical Interpretation of the Qu
Clemson - PHYS - 221
43Molecules and SolidsCHAPTER OUTLINE43.1 43.2 43.3 43.4 43.5 43.6 Molecular Bonds Energy States and Spectra of Molecules Bonding in Solids Free-Electron Theory of Metals Band Theory of Solids Electrical Conduction in Metals, Insulators, and Semic
Clemson - PHYS - 221
44Nuclear StructureCHAPTER OUTLINE44.1 44.2 44.3 44.4 44.5 44.6 44.7 44.8 Some Properties of Nuclei Nuclear Binding Energy Nuclear Models Radioactivity The Decay Processes Natural Radioactivity Nuclear Reactions Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Magn
Clemson - PHYS - 221
45Applications of Nuclear PhysicsCHAPTER OUTLINE45.1 45.2 45.3 45.4 45.5 45.6 45.7 Interactions Involving Neutrons Nuclear Fission Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Fusion Radiation Damage Radiation Detectors Uses of RadiationANSWERS TO QUESTIONSQ45.1 A
Clemson - PHYS - 221
46Particle Physics and CosmologyCHAPTER OUTLINE46.1 46.2 46.3 46.4 46.5 46.6 46.7 The Fundamental Forces in Nature Positrons and Other Antiparticles Mesons and the Beginning of Particle Physics Classification of Particles Conservation Laws Strange
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