SOCIAL%20FINAL
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SOCIAL%20FINAL

Course Number: SOP 3004, Spring 2008

College/University: FIU

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SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY FINAL EXAM----DR. PAMELA D. HALL--PLEASE PUT ANSWERS ON THE SCANTRON SHEET Due in class on Wednesday April 16, 2008 1) Two or more people who interact with and influence one another for longer than a few moments is what social psychologists call a A. B. C. D. clan. crowd. group. mob. 2) Triplett conducted one of social psychology's first laboratory experiments by asking children to wind string...

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PSYCHOLOGY SOCIAL FINAL EXAM----DR. PAMELA D. HALL--PLEASE PUT ANSWERS ON THE SCANTRON SHEET Due in class on Wednesday April 16, 2008 1) Two or more people who interact with and influence one another for longer than a few moments is what social psychologists call a A. B. C. D. clan. crowd. group. mob. 2) Triplett conducted one of social psychology's first laboratory experiments by asking children to wind string on a fishing reel. The results of the study indicated that there was a _______ relationship between the speed at which the children wound the reel and the presence of other children. A. positive B. negative C. neutral D.curvilinear 3) The tendency for people to perform simple or well-learned tasks better when others are present is the original meaning of A. B. C. D. the groupthink effect. the social facilitation effect. social loafing. deindividuation. 4) The concern for how others are evaluating us is called A. B. C. D. distraction. arousal. mere presence. evaluation apprehension. 5) Sam has a tendency contribute little effort to group assignments, as he thinks others will be sure to pick up the slack in an effort to get a good grade. This is an example of A. B. C. D. social facilitation social loafing deindividuation mere presence 6) In a study by Latan and his colleagues (1979), participants were asked to shout and clap as loud as possible. Participants produced the most noise when they A. B. C. D. thought they were shouting alone. thought there was one other person shouting with them. thought there were five other people shouting with them. were not feeling any evaluation apprehension. 7) Teresa has joined the campus Amnesty International Group and after attending a few of the meetings, now feels even more passionate about human rights. Social psychologists would explain the change in Teresa's opinions using A. B. C. D. social facilitation. groupthink. minority influence. group polarization. 8) The fact that active participation in discussion produces more polarization is best explained by A. B. C. D. informational influence processes. normative influence processes. the cognitive miser theory. a decrease in pluralistic ignorance. 9) Which of the following comments is most likely to be made in a group characterized by groupthink? A. "We have been in agreement on matters in the past and I hope that will continue." B. "Joe, why don't you play devil's advocate and challenge the course of action most of us seem to prefer?" C. "I think we need some outsiders to come in and critique our decision before we proceed." D. "We have made some stupid mistakes in the past. Let's work carefully to not make the same errors again." 10) Mindguards" protect group leaders from A. unfair criticism. B. disagreeable facts. C. susceptibility to illusions. D. stereotyped views of the opponents. 11) The _______ route to persuasion occurs when interested people focus on arguments. A. B. C. D. peripheral central logical image 12) In examining photographs of people in magazines and newspapers, Archer and his colleagues (1993) found that, relative to the average female photo, the average male photo is more likely to A. Emphasize the face B. Emphasize the body C. Include the situational context D. Display a standing posture 13)Berkowitz and LePage (1967) found that frustrated men delivered more shocks when A. guns happened to be in the room. B.badminton racquets happened to be in the room. C.they had just received a shot that lowered their serotonin levels. D.they were initially depressed. 14) The fact that a person is less likely to help in an emergency when other people are present is called A. B. C. D. the bystander effect. pluralistic ignorance. the self-interest the effect. suppression of responsibility effect. 15) The experimenter in Milgram's study used all EXCEPT which of the following verbal prods to encourage participants to continue? A. B. C. D. "It is absolutely essential that you continue." "You will be penalized if you refuse to go on." "You have no other choice, you must go on." "The experiment requires that you continue." 16) Conformity based on a person's desire to fulfill others' expectations, often to gain their acceptance, is called A. B. C. D. compliance. acceptance. normative influence. informational influence. 17) Whenever your friend Ted surfs online, he writes terribly harsh letters to strangers using a bogus email address. Ted's behavior can likely be attributed to the role of _______ in deindividuation. A. B. C. D. group size physical anonymity arousing activities culture 18) Even though you really dislike wearing a dress, you decide to wear one to your cousin's wedding. This is an example of A obedience. B. acceptance. C. conformity. D .compliance. 19) When our behavior is a result of our boss telling us to do something, it is a form of A. B. C. D. obedience. acceptance. conformity. compliance. 20) After hearing a great deal about the benefits of soy products from your friends, you decide to drink soy milk instead of cow's milk. Your behavior is an example of A. B. C. D. obedience. acceptance. conformity. compliance. 21. In his classic study of _______, Sherif had participants in groups call out estimates of the distance a small point of light appeared to move in a dark room. A. B. C. D. obedience group cohesiveness norm formation psychological reactance 22. How did Asch's studies of conformity differ from those of Sherif? A. Asch's participants faced a more ambiguous task. B. Sherif's participants were dealing with facts rather than opinions. C. Asch's participants could clearly see the correct judgment. D. Sherif's participants were in the physical presence of the pressuring group while Asch's participants were not. 23. According to the text, Asch's experiments lacked _______ but did possess _______. A. experimental realism; mundane realism B .mundane realism; experimental realism C. validity; reliability D. reliability; validity 24. In follow-up experiments to his initial study, Milgram made the learner's protests more compelling by having him complain of a heart condition, then scream and plead for release, and finally refuse to answer. With this added condition, A. B. C. D. 25. the majority of participants still fully obeyed the experimenter's demands. teachers were more reluctant to deliver initial shocks. learners became more real and personal to the teacher. fewer participants went to 450 volts. In light of the Milgram studies, which of the following is NOT one of the factors that determined obedience? A. B. C. D. the victim's emotional distance the victim's physical distance the authority's closeness and legitimacy whether or not the authority was institutionalized 26. In Milgram's research, when the experimenter gave the commands by telephone instead of in person, full obedience A. B. C. D. dropped to zero. dropped to 21 percent. dropped to 50 percent. increased to 73 percent. 27. An accomplice of the experimenter is called a(n) A. confederate B. partner C. teacher D. associate 28. A motive to protect or restore one's sense of freedom is called A. dissonance B. pride C. self-worth D. reactance 29. Increasing the size of a group from 2 to __________ is likely to produce the greatest increase in conformity. A. 5 B. 10 C. 25 D. 100 30. In Asch's study of conformity involving the length of lines, native participants conformed _______ percent of the time A. 20 B. 47 C. 37 D. 61

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