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IR Lecture Notes 9.24.07 Session XII Learning Objectives: -Challenges related to global governance -Systems of global governance -Controversies in political-military world -Introduce cultural world A. Challenges of governing a global system ad maintaining the state in a world shaped by globalization 1. Castell's Crises Faced by States a. Efficiency: state is not necessarily the most efficient group to oversee everything; i.e., pollution b. Legitimacy: state is losing power and authority in some areas. ie, terrorism, ethnic nationalists c. Identity: people no longer identify with a nation-state; competing loyalties; eroding nationalism and patriotism d. Equity: social injustice; globalization is predatory in some cases 2. How do deal with anarchy and the security dilemma, with minimal impact on Westphalian rules and sovereignty? a. ex: Do we built up our defense at a great cost, or should we depend on alliances? 3. Choices of system governance: a. Balance of Power: security dilemma, because you can never be sure the power is balanced. (WWI/WWII) b. Bipolor system (Cold War) c. Concert: Metternich (1815), today with G-8 d. Hegemony: empire e. Regionalism: peace in parts; a world of European Unions, peace in parts f. World Government or Federation 4. !!!!!!!!!!!!Search for order never ends, but global challenges are pushing us away from a Westphalian world toward (depends on your worldview) *******MIDTERM &quot;H-I-N-T&quot; B. Controversies in the Political-Military World 1. Widening security challenges: failed states, terrorism, pandemics, poverty, scarcity of resources and pollution 2. Global power arrangements; more fluidity (alliances will form more frequently and last less time), and suggests that world collide but also connecting new partners 3. Globalization and Denationalization (Castell's Crises) 4. Who is in charge? Uncertain world order. 5. Enhanced security dilemma; proliferation of weapons of mass destruction/ nuclear-biological-chemical weapons and conventional arms 6. <a href="/keyword/constraints-imposed/" >constraints imposed</a> by domestic politics 7. Old wars v.s. New wars (Kaldor's wars) a. new wars are not necessarily conquering or resource-oriented, they're now cultural, internal b. today's wars kill civilians rather than soldiers 8. More transboundary policy issues 9. Debate over humanitarian intervention a. &quot;responsibility to protect&quot; -UN 10 . Cosmopolitan pressures from NGOs and global civil society and reactionary demands from fundamentalists/ terror. 11. Fragmegration: demands to integrate at a higher level simultaneous with demands to devolve. pluralism: smaller groups of states working to solve a problem (i.e., Nordic states helping South African states with environmental problems) **resource project** Project for New American Society: neo-con source ... View Full Document

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