topic7-class-presentation-Ghg
20 Pages

topic7-class-presentation-Ghg

Course Number: LAND 685, Fall 2008

College/University: Texas A&M

Word Count: 577

Rating:

Document Preview

An Alternative Approach to Establishing Trade-offs among Greenhouse Gases Alan S. Manne & Richard G. Richels Nature, Vol 410, 675-677 (2001) Presented by Mankeun Kim 1 Outline ! ! ! ! ! ! Global Warming Greenhouse gases Kyoto Protocol Global Warming Potentials Shortcomings of GWPs An Alternative approach based on CGE 2 Global Warming ! ! Earths climate is determined by complex interactions between the...

Unformatted Document Excerpt
Coursehero >> Texas >> Texas A&M >> LAND 685

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one
below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Alternative An Approach to Establishing Trade-offs among Greenhouse Gases Alan S. Manne & Richard G. Richels Nature, Vol 410, 675-677 (2001) Presented by Mankeun Kim 1 Outline ! ! ! ! ! ! Global Warming Greenhouse gases Kyoto Protocol Global Warming Potentials Shortcomings of GWPs An Alternative approach based on CGE 2 Global Warming ! ! Earths climate is determined by complex interactions between the sun, ocean, atmosphere, land and living things. The composition of the atmosphere is important because certain gases absorb heat radiated from the Earths surface (Greenhouse effect). 3 ! ! ! Changes in the composition of the atmosphere alter the intensity of the greenhouse effect Human activities alter the balance. Raising concentrations of greenhouse gases are intensifying Earths natural greenhouse effect. 4 ! As a results, the world is becoming warmer. The global mean surface temperature has increased by over 1 oF (0.6 oC) during the 20th century. ! 5 Impacts of Global Warming ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Increased warming Drought and flash floods Vulnerable ecosystem Water supply Secure food supply Sea-level rise And so on 6 Greenhouse Gases ! ! Naturally occurring greenhouse gases include water vapor, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and ozone (O3). Human activities add additional quantities of these gases, thereby changing their global average atmospheric concentrations. 7 Causes of Greenhouse Gases ! CO2 ! Combustion of fossil fuels, solid waste & wood Production/transportation of coal, natural gas or oil, Decomposition of organic waste in landfills, Raising of livestock and rice Fertilization, legume, and manure industry activities Combustion of fossil fuels and waste. ! CH4 ! ! ! ! N2O ! ! 8 Kyoto Protocol ! ! In 1997, the first international agreement to LIMIT EMISSIONS was established in Kyoto, Japan. Solving GHG emission problem implies reducing net emissions of GHG and stabilizing atmospheric concentrations at acceptable level. 9 Global Warming Potential ! GHG differ in their to ability absorb heat in the atmosphere. ! ! ! CH4 traps over 21 times more heat than CO2 N2O absorbs 310 times more heat than CO2 HFCs and PFCs are the most heat absorbent. 10 ! ! GWP is the physical measure established to compare emission equivalence of other gases to CO2. GWP is a quantified measure of the globally averaged relative radiative forcing impacts of a particular greenhouse gas through a set of time horizons (see Table 1). 11 Table 1. GWPs Global Warming Potential (years) 20 CO2 CH4 N2O 1 56 280 100 1 21 310 500 1 6.5 170 12 Shortcomings of GWPs ! ! ! The arbitrary choice of time horizon for calculating cumulative radiative forcing. The failure to incorporate damages and abatement costs. GWPs assume that the trade-off ratios remain constant over time. 13 ! ! GWPs assume that they are independent of the ultimate goal. Clearly, neither of these assumptions makes economic sense. 14 Ideal Index ! ! The outcome of an analysis that minimizes the discounted present value of damages and mitigation costs. The alternative proposed extends beyond purely physical considerations in calculating trade-offs among gases 15 MERGE ! ! ! The analysis is based on a CGE model called MERGE. A Model for Evaluating the Regional and Global Effects of GHG Reduction Policies Model structure and specification will be discussed in the class. 16 ! ! ! The CGE model calculate the price of the various greenhouse gases. These prices express how much one should be willing to pay to emit an additional ton of each gas. The trade-offs are then relative prices of each gas. 17 Scenarios (Shock to CGE) ! ! The goal of climate policy is to limit the future increase in mean global temperature. Using MERGE, they identify an economically efficient strategy for staying within the limit (or ceiling) 18 ! There are two scenarios ! ! Temperature ceiling 2 oC and 3 oC in absolute temperature change. Additional restriction Decadal temperature change is limited within 10% 19 The Prices of CH4 and N2O relative to that of CO2 20

Find millions of documents on Course Hero - Study Guides, Lecture Notes, Reference Materials, Practice Exams and more. Course Hero has millions of course specific materials providing students with the best way to expand their education.

Below is a small sample set of documents:

Texas A&M - ALED - 340
EXAM #1 (10/10/07) TOPICS - ALED 340 SECTIONS 906-910 150 points 42 multiple choice/true false @3 points = 126 points 1 drawing @24 points = 24 points LECTURE NOTES FROM CLASS Cunningham leadership skills 6 Ps of leadership leadership definitions le
Texas A&M - ALED - 340
Texas A&M University Agriculture Leadership & DevelopmentProfessional Leadership Development ALED 340-901 thru 905 MW 10:20-11:10 Scoates 208 Instructor Manda H. Rosser 119A Scoates Hallmrosser@tamu.edu 979-862-3015 Appointments call 979-845-2491
Texas A&M - ALED - 340
TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY ALED 340 Fall, 2007 COURSE TITLE PREREQUISITE CLASS LEADER PROFESSIONAL LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT Junior or senior classification Dr. Chris (Christine D. Townsend), 107 Scoates Hall, leader@tamu.edu Hours by appt.; 458-3705 or 862-3
Texas A&M - ALED - 341
Team Learning Agricultural Leadership Education and Development 341 500 Website: http:/www.aged.tamu.edu/people/faculty/Musoma/index.htm Instructor: Henry K. Musoma 126 Scoates Hall 458-0390 Musoma@tamu.edu Monday 9am to 12pm Or by appointment (979
Texas A&M - ALED - 342
Name: _ Learning Community #: _ ALED 342 Learning Organizations LEARNING APPLICATION: Why Organizations Still Arent Learning Training, September 1999, pgs 40-49Directions: For this application exercise, read the article following this page. Answer
Texas A&M - ALED - 342
Learning Organizations Schedule: Location: Instructor: Office Hours: Text and materials: M/W 4:10 5:25pm Blocker 153ALED 342 - 500Spring 2008Dr. Chris Townsend, leader@tamu.edu 128 Scoates Hall, 458-3705 Tuesdays, 1:30-3:30pm, Wednesdays 9:30-
Texas A&M - ALED - 342
ALED 342 Learning Organizations LEARNING APPLICATION: Vision in Action Your task is to attend one Career Fair and interview the representative of one company. Write out their answers to the following questions and be prepared to discuss your finding
Texas A&M - ALED - 342
ALED 342 Learning Organizations LEARNING APPLICATION: MENTAL MODELS Case Studies Directions: Read the 2 short cases included in this Learning Application. Answer the questions for each case and bring your prepared responses to the assigned class. CAS
Texas A&M - ALED - 440
Principles of Technological Change Schedule & Locations:ALED 440 901, 902, 903, 904, 905Spring 2008M/W 11:30am - 12:20pm, Scoates 208 Wednesdays per scheduled time, Scoates 101 Dr. Chris Townsend, leader@tamu.edu 128 Scoates Hall, 458-3705 Tue
Texas A&M - ALED - 440
Agricultural Leadership, Education, and Communications Texas A&M University Chris Townsend Spring 2008Printed Name : _Section # : _ALED 440 Evaluation Rubric Philosophy of Change 100 points25 ptsDepth of Thought GrammarAPA style (reference
Texas A&M - ALED - 440
Agricultural Leadership, Education, and Communications Texas A&M University Chris Townsend Spring 2008Printed Name : _Section # : _ALED 440 Evaluation Rubric Innovations Paper 150 points50 ptsDepth of Thought GrammarAPA style (reference lis
Texas A&M - ALED - 440
Agricultural Leadership, Education, and Communications Texas A&M University Chris Townsend Spring 2008Printed Name : _Section # : _ALED 440 Evaluation Rubric Innovations Presentation 100 points20 ptsIntroductionCharacterized assigned patter
Texas A&M - ALED - 494
ALED 494 AGRICULTURAL LEADERSHIP & DEVELOPMENT INTERNSHIP PACKETDEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL LEADERSHIP, EDUCATION & COMMUNICATIONS TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY COLLEGE STATION, TEXASCONTENTS Page #1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16DescriptionTable
Texas A&M - AMST - 330
Computing 77, 321333 (2006)Digital Object Identier (DOI) 10.1007/s00607-006-0165-3Dynamic Data Driven Simulations in Stochastic EnvironmentsC. Douglas, Lexington, Y. Efendiev, R. Ewing, College Station, V. Ginting, Fort Collins, and R. Lazarov, C
Texas A&M - AMST - 481
AAS 05-481NONLINEARITY INDEX OF THE CAYLEY FORMAndrew J. Sinclair, John E. Hurtado , and John L. JunkinsThe nonlinearity index is a measure of the nonlinearity of dynamical systems based on computing the initial-condition sensitivity of the state
Texas A&M - ANSC - 107
ANSC 107 - SterleDon't Know Was attendance required: Frequency 2No 2Yes 16Scale: 5-Strongly Agree 4-Agree 3-Neutral 2-Disagree 1-Strongly Disagree Mean 4.85 4.11 4.95 5.00 4.90 3.26 4.90 4.95The professor encouraged class discussion The pro
Texas A&M - ANSC - 108
ANIMAL SCIENCE 108 LABORATORY SYLLABUS FALL 2002Lab Coordinator: Secretary: Dr. Chris Skaggs 114 Kleberg Kathy Henry 845-7616 Instructor: Rm. # Phone # E-mail addressOBJECTIVES AND ATTENDANCE POLICYObjective: ANSC 108 is an introductory animal sc
Texas A&M - ANSC - 630
Hypothalamic Regulation of Anterior Pituitary HormonesOVERVIEW OF FUNCTIONAL REPRODUCTIVE ANATOMY: THE MAJOR COMPONENTS Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone GnRH Corticotrophin Releasing Hormone CRH Thyrotrophin Releasing Hormone TRH Growth Hormo
Texas A&M - ANSC - 630
1 ANSC 630 - REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY I FALL 2007 Course Description: The embryological, physiological, hormonal, cellular and molecular mechanisms involving the endocrine and reproductive systems of mammals will be studied with an emphasis on domestic l
Texas A&M - ANTH - 202
Definitions of TourismActivity of people traveling away from their home community to engage in one or more of a variety of activities Study of: man away from his usual habitat, the industry which responds to his needs, and the impacts that both he a
Texas A&M - ANTH - 313
Texas A&M - ANTH - 314
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF NEWLY POSTED PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS IN THE RURAL AQUACULTURE PROMOTION PROJECT IN ZAMBIAA Thesis by CLAY ALLEN TRANTSubmitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfil
Texas A&M - ANTH - 317
INTRODUCTION TO BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY ANTH/RELS 317 (500) SYLLABUS SPRING 2006 (Tuesdays and Thursdays 3:55 - 5:10 PM) Harrington Education Center-Classroom 110 Shelley Wachsmann, Ph.D. Meadows Professor of Biblical Archaeology Nautical Archaeology Pr
Texas A&M - ANTH - 318
Nautical Archaeology of the AmericasAnthropology 318Spring 2007Tuesday and Thursday, 3:55 a.m. to 5:10 p.m. Room O&M 210 Dr. Filipe Vieira de Castro Office 105A Anthropology Building, Tel. 845-6220, E-Mail: fvcastro@tamu.edu Office hours: 2-5 Mon
Texas A&M - ANTH - 423
Part I: Managing the Tourism SystemChapter 1 - IntroductionScope of Tourism U.S. = $1.3 trillion! One in every 12.8 jobs worldwide = tourism One of Americas Best Exports! $93 billion imports; $89 billion exports One of Americas Largest Empl
Texas A&M - ANTH - 606
Course Syllabus for RPTS 606OVERVIEW OF TOURISM Mon. 6:00 to 9:00pmFall 07Instructor: Classroom: Office: Office Hrs: Telephone: E-mail:Dr. J. Petrick Francis 152 205 Francis Hall 10:15-11:30am M, W; 2-3 pm Tu (or by appointment) Office: 845-88
Texas A&M - ANTH - 615
Texas A&M - ANTH - 615
Texas A&M - ANTH - 630
Psychological Bulletin 1999, Vol. 125, No. 6, 760-776-an Psychological Association, Inc. 0033-2909/99/S3.00Toward an Integrative Perspective on BereavementGeorge A. Bonanno and Stacey Kaltman Catholic University of AmericaFor nearly a century,
Texas A&M - ANTH - 630
Psychological Bulletin 1996. Vol. 119, No. 3, 488-531Copyright 1996 bv the American Psychological Association, Inc. 0033-2909/96/$3.00The Relationship Between Social Support and Physiological Processes: A Review With Emphasis on Underlying Mechan
Texas A&M - ANTH - 630
Who Talks?The Social Psychology of Illness Support GroupsKathryn P. Davison, James W. Pennebaker Sally S. DickersonThe Human Asset University of Texas at Austin University of California, Los AngelesMore Americans try to change their health beha
Texas A&M - ANTH - 646
Tourism in Ghana: The Representation of Slavery and the Return of the Black Diaspora Edward M. Bruner American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 98, No. 2. (Jun., 1996), pp. 290-304.Stable URL: http:/links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0002-7294%28199606%292%3
Texas A&M - ANTH - 646
Texas A&M - ANTH - 689
Texas A&M - LING - 224
Engl/Ling 224.500 Structure of Present-Day English TR 8:00AM-9:15AM ZACH 119Professor: J. Lawrence Mitchell Office: 217D Blocker (Office Hrs after class or by appt) Tel. 458-2988 E-mail: j-mitchell@tamu.edu Catalog description: Descriptive survey of
Texas A&M - LING - 224
Linguistics 224.500 Structure of Present-Day English TR 8:00AM-9:15AM Blocker 155Professor: J. Lawrence Mitchell Office: 217D Blocker (after class or by appt) Tel. 458-2988 E-mail: j-mitchell@tamu.edu Catalog description: Descriptive survey of the m
Texas A&M - LING - 224
Transformer Models for Detection of Incipient Internal Winding FaultsHang Wang IEEE Student Member Peter Palmer-Buckle IEEE Student MemberTexas A&M University Power Systems Automation Lab College Station , TX 77843-3128 to changes in internal capac
Texas A&M - LING - 605
Texas A&M - LING - 610
Texas A&M - LING - 610
Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. ROC(B) Vol. 25, No. 3, 2001. pp. 148-157C.T. Liao and C.H. Lin(Invited Review Paper)Physiological Adaptation of Crop Plants to Flooding StressCHUNG-TA LIAO* AND CHIN-HO LIN* * ,Taichung District Agricultural Improvem
Texas A&M - ARAB - 101
Migration and GlobalizationTable of Contents Introduction . 2 A Brief History of Migration.. 3 Migration in an Earlier Era of Globalization.. 3 Post-World War II Migration . 4 Migration Today .. 4 Why Does Migration Happen? . 4 Push Factors . 5 Pull
Texas A&M - ARAB - 102
IDENTIFIED PROJECTS - KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA9 October 19811. 2. 3. 4.ARAMCO - New office building in Dhahran (CRS - Thomas) MODA - Strategic fuels storage (CRS Arabia - Kobs)MODA - Army aviation facilities (CRS Arabia - Kobs) Royal Commissio
Texas A&M - ARAB - 202
Chapter 4, Latin AmericaFig. 4.1: Latin AmericaNote complexity of tectonic plate boundaries between continental plates Regional coherence comes from common settlement as part of periphery of European World-Economy. Search for exploitable crops
Texas A&M - MASC - 351
MASC 351 Syllabus - Fall 04 Course Syllabus (Fall 2004) MASC 351 Problem Solving in Mathematics Instructors Adam Harbaugh Office: EDCT 436 Office Phone 979-845-8084 Cell Phone: 979-492-3796 Home Phone: 979-764-9425 Email: adam-harbaugh@tamu.edu Offic
Texas A&M - MASC - 450
Page 1 of 4MASC 450 Examination April 18, 2005 On my honor, as an Aggie, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid on this academic work. _ Signature _ Printed NameInstructions: Answer all questions. The proctor will not answer any questi
Texas A&M - MASC - 450
Course Syllabus (Spring 2005) MASC 450 Integrated Mathematics Diana Piccolo Office: EDCT 416 Office Hours: M, W 1:00-2:15 PM Office Phone: 845-1593 Home Phone: (979)764-0704 Cell Phone: (979)324-2697 Email: Lpdp11@tamu.edu Catalogue Description Integ
Texas A&M - ARCH - 205
EVALUATION AND DESIGN OF DOUBLE-SKIN FACADES FOR OFFICE BUILDINGS IN HOT CLIMATESA Thesis by VIJAYA YELLAMRAJUSubmitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER
Texas A&M - ARCH - 206
Arecaceae (Palmae) Palmae)Palm FamilyWoody Ornamental Plants HORT 306/608 Fall 2008Reading AssignmentsIn Landscape Plants For Texas And Environs, Third. Ed. Family descriptions Intro on families & monocots vs. dicots (p. 63-64) 63 Cycadaceae
Texas A&M - ARCH - 206
Woody Ornamental Plants HORT 306/608 Fall 2008Plant List 1 Palms & CycadsReading AssignmentsIn Landscape Plants For Texas And Environs, Third. Ed. Family descriptions Intro on families & monocots vs. dicots (p. 63-64) Cycadaceae (p. 78), and
Texas A&M - ARCH - 310
METHODS FOR REDUCED PLATEN COMPRESSION (RPC) TEST SPECIMEN CUTTING LOCATIONS USING MICRO-CT AND PLANAR RADIOGRAPHSA Thesis by HEBER LEMMONSubmitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requiremen
Texas A&M - ARCH - 335
MORTUARY PRACTICE IN SOCIOHISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXTS: TEXAS, 1821-1870A Thesis by MICHAEL SCOTT CROWSubmitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTE
Texas A&M - ARCH - 600
SOP Number: Tide:HSPP 600-607Revision Number:00Effective Date:lQ 13/ D.Unanticipated Problems and Serious Adverse Events AUTHORIZATION Chair, IRB #1 & 3Signature:Date: Chair, IRB #2 & 4Signature:Date: Human Subjects' Protection Pr
Texas A&M - ARCH - 600
1ARCH 624-600 Theory of PlacemakingFALL SEMESTER 2003 Room A403 SCHEDULE Tuesday/Thursday 3:55-5:10 pm INSTRUCTOR Professor Phillip Tabb, PhD Hilal Ozcan, Graduate AssistantSYLLABUS1. COURSE DESCRIPTION The course is an introduction to and an
Texas A&M - ARCH - 601
Texas A&M - ARCH - 605
Speculative Run-Time ParallelizationLawrenceRauchwergerParasolLaboratory CS,TexasA&MUniversityhttp:/parasol.tamu.edu/Outline Motivation LPRDtest,aspeculativeruntime parallelizationframework RecursiveLRPDtestforpartiallyparallelloops Aruntim
Texas A&M - ARCH - 607
Portfoliofall 2005 arch 607 Healthcare Environments Award Competition Post Occupancy Evaluation + Design Development Two Week Research ProjectTwo Week Design Development My p
Texas A&M - ARCH - 614
CPSC 614:Graduate Computer Architecture Prof. Lawrence Rauchwerger IntroductionBased on Lectures by: Prof. David E Culler Prof. David Patterson UC Berkeleycpsc614 Lec 1.1Outline Why Take CPSC 614? Fundamental Abstractions & Concepts Inst
Texas A&M - ARCH - 626
LogP: Towards a Realistic Model of Parallel ComputationDavid Culler, Richard Karp, David Patterson, Abhijit Sahay, Klaus Erik Schauser, Eunice Santos, Ramesh Subramonian, and Thorsten von Eicken Computer Science Division, University of California, B
Texas A&M - ARCH - 626
The Paraphilic and Hypersexual Disorders: An OverviewRICHARD B. KRUEGER, MD MEG S. KAPLAN, PhDIn this article, the first of a two-part series, the authors present reasons for considering the paraphilic and hypersexual disorders together and provid
Texas A&M - ARCH - 647
Texas A&M University Department of Economics Fall 2004Dennis Jansen Office: Bush 3094 Phone: 845-7375 E-mail: d-jansen@tamu.edu Office Hours: Monday and Wednesday 4:15 - 5:15 Tuesday and Thursday 1:30-2:30 p.m.Economics 647 - Macro 3 Subtitle: To
Texas A&M - ARCH - 649
J Appl Physiol 96: 310, 2004; 10.1152/japplphysiol.00757.2003.Invited ReviewEating, exercise, and thrifty genotypes: connecting the dots toward an evolutionary understanding of modern chronic diseasesManu V. Chakravarthy1 and Frank W. Booth2Div