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Kill To a Mockingbird Vocabulary Assuage relieve Taciturn silent Vapid uninteresting Predilection preference Nebulous hazy, indistinct Entailment Property limited to certain heirs Condescension Treat others as inferior Auspicious favorable Scuppernong grape Pestilence Epidemic disease Edification Process of instruction or improvement Ascertain To find out for sure Aberration Different from normal Lineament Characteristic feature, usually of the face Umbrage Offense or displeasure Philippic Harsh statements Rectitude righteousness Interdict Official restraint Palliation To lessen seriousness Cantankerous Quarrelsome Vocabulary Units 1-5 Approbation Assuage Coalition Decadence Elicit Jaded Meritorious Prerogative Provincial Habiliments Contentious Persevere Succinct Acquiescence Aggregation Encumber Elucidate Connivance Litigant Corroborate Glean Acrimonious Mollify Volition Temerity Feral Sordid Pinion Stolid Innuendo Hiatus Hackneyed Expostulate Intercede Lurid Petulant Simulate Drivel clothes Arguments Continue in spite of difficulty Briefly stated acceptance group Hinder, burden explain Consent to wrongdoing Person involved in a lawsuit confirm To pick through Harsh, biting To soothe, to soften Ones own choosing Boldness Savage, fierce Ignoble, dirty Bound fast unemotional (n) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense) (n) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing) (adj.) used so often as to lack freshness or originality (v) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course of decision by earnest reasoning v) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement (adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack or restraint (n) The expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval (v) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench n) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose (n) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence (v) to draw forth; bring out from some source (such as another person) (adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated to excessive indulgence) (adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise (n) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence (adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; (n) a person with a narrow point of view (adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset (v) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of (n) salvia or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense (v) to let saliva flow from the mouth ; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly (v) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming (adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety,; fatty, oily; pliable (v) to urge strongly, advise earnestly (adj.) without experience, immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and pose; without feathers (v) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense) Transcend Umbrage Aplomb Bombastic Epitome Infringe Interloper Stringent Occult (v) to rise above or beyond, exceed (n) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion (n) poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity (adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of highsounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas. (n) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a large reality (v) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds (n) one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder Ameliorate Unctuous Exhort Callow Ingratiate Lassitude Intrinsic Inveigh Precipitate (n) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy (adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part (adj.) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste (adj.) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view, not detectable by ordinary means (v) to hide, conceal, eclipse (n) matters involving the supernatural (v) to make a violent attack on words, express strong disapproval. (v) to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form to; (adj.) characterized by excessive haste; (n) moisture; the product of an action or process Permeate (v) to spread through, penetrate, soak through Abominate (v) to have an intense dislike or hatred for Acculturation Adventitious Ascribe Commiserate Enjoin Expedite Nominal Peculate Seditious Vapid Wheedle Aggrandize Aura Erudite Infer Insular Irrevocable Querulous Resilient Sedulous Sleazy Autonomy Blazon Extricate Filch Scourge Flout Salutary Soporific Transient (n) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact w/ those of another; the resultant blend Surmise Ferment Circuitous Expiate Inadvertent Sangfroid Noncommittal Proclivity Vitriolic Tenuous Affable Amorphous Gossamer Contraband Inscrutable Remonstrate Propensity Repudiate Scurrilous Reverberate Amnesty Equitable Axiomatic Caveat Fractious Sepulchral Precept Scathing Straitlaced Unwieldy (v) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; (n) likely idea that lacks definite proof (adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause of character; accidental, not essential (medicine) acquired, not congenital (v) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute (v) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a (v) to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit (v) to make easy, cause to progress faster (adj.) existing in name only; not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously (v) to steal something that has been given into ones trust; to take improperly for ones own use (adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government (ad.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force (v) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end (v) to increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to build up or intensify; to make appear greater (n) that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality (adj.) scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic (v) to find out by reasoning; to arrive at a conclusion on the basis of thought; to hint, suggest, imply (adj.) relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience (adj.) incapable of being changed or called back (adj.) peevish, complaining, fretful (adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly (adj.) persistent, showing industry and determination (adj.) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable (n) self-government, political control (v) to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely (v) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort (v) to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts (v) to whip, punish severely; (n) a cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism (v) to mock, treat with contempt (adj.) beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome (adj.) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy; (n) something that induced sleep (adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n) one who stays only a short time (n) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; (v) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action (adj.) roundabout, not direct (v) to make amends, make up for; to avert (adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental (n) composure or coolness, esp. in trying circumstances (adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no (n) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (esp. of human character or behavior) (adj.) bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid) (adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported (adj.) courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to (adj.) shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity or cohesion (adj.) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; (n) a very thin, light cloth (n) illegal traffic, smuggled goods; (adj.) illegal, prohibited (adj.) incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically (v) to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to (n) a natural inclination or predilection toward (v) to disown, reject, or deny the validity of (adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed (v) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly (n) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution (adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice (adj.) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule (n) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior (adj.) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable (adj.) typical funereal, of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal (n) a rule of conduct or action (adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm (adj.) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical (adj.) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity Metaphor in Setting The setting of the story is Maycomb, Alabama, between 1933 and 1935. Invaluable to understanding the work as a whole, the setting is intrinsically linked with the theme, character,, and plot. The detailed description of Maycomb as an old, steamy town ,fast decaying, prepares the reader for character who hold to their ancient prejudices. In addition, the town harbors an atmosphere both tense and heated as the novel itself sometimes becomes. The town and the descriptions of the Radley Place and Ewell homestead, in particular, function as metaphors : there is an implied comparison between the places and the characteristics of the inhabitants. Harper Lee has a sharp eye for local color and her meticulous use of detail lends authenticity to her writing. Symbolism The mockingbird image or symbol appear at least four times and underlies the two major themes: the lack of human compassion and the need for individual conscience. The mockingbird is symbolic of harmless, gentle people who are destroyed for no reason by those who are insensitive and often cruel. Two other symbols occur in the novel. One, the book The Gray Ghost is alluded to in the first and last chapters and is symbolic of Boo Radley. The other symbol, the mad dog, represent a defective, hapless creature who, because of a quick of nature, must be destroyed. The association is thus made between the crippled Negro Tom Robinson and the mad dog. Both have a defect and both are destroyed. What does the title of To Kill a Mockingbird mean? How does the mockingbird represent a symbolism in the novel? The title of To Kill a Mockingbird has very little literal connection to the plot, but it carries a great deal of symbolic weight in the book. In this story of innocents destroyed by evil, the "mockingbird" comes to represent the idea of innocence. Thus, to kill a mockingbird is to destroy innocence. Throughout the book, a number of characters (Jem, Tom Robinson, Dill, Boo Radley, Mr. Raymond) can be identified as mockingbirds--innocents who have been injured or destroyed through contact with evil. This connection between the novels title and its main theme is made explicit several times in the novel: after Tom Robinson is shot, Mr. Underwood compares his death to "the senseless slaughter of songbirds," and at the end of the book Scout thinks that hurting Boo Radley would be like "shootin a mockingbird." Most important, Miss Maudie explains to Scout: "Mockingbirds dont do one thing but--sing their hearts out for us. Thats why its a sin to kill a mockingbird." That Jem and Scouts last name is Finch (another type of small bird) indicates that they are particularly vulnerable in the racist world of Maycomb, which often treats the fragile innocence of childhood harshly. An intelligent child emotionally damaged by his cruel father, Boo provides an example of the threat that evil poses to innocence and goodness. He is one of the novels "mockingbirds," a good person injured by the evil of mankind. The black field hand accused of rape. Tom is one of the novels "mockingbirds," an important symbol of innocence destroyed by evil. Methods A. Discursive Method: e.g. narrator Scout, in a straight-forward manner feeds the reader information about a person. Example: Scout gives the history of Maycomb and the Finch family in the first few chapters of the book. B. The Dramatic method: characters reveal themselves through actions and words; the author has Scout recall specific incidents and conversation Example: Bob Ewell spits on Atticus and says he will seek revenge. C. The character appraisal method: one characters remarks about another character Example: As people went to the courthouse for Tom Robinsons trial Jem gave the "histories" of the people who passed by. Devices of Characterization A. Specific detail (or imagery) relied heavily upon to reveal character, is generally of 5 kinds: actions, thoughts, events, physical appear and surroundings. Example: Lees description of Boo Radley as having white skin, a sickly complexion, torn clothes, pale eyes, thin hair and wide smile. B. Authentic Dialogue, used to reveal character: the scholarly, unemotional speeches of Atticus, the impassioned, immature taunts of children, the illiterate, bovine testimony of the Ewells, the rendering of familiar idioms. Example: Mayellas dialect when she is in court demonstrates life in the Ewell household. C. Juxtaposition shows dissimilar events or people side by side so the reader is aware of differences. It is another way of demonstrating a point takes the reader to a conclusion not force on him by the author. The following are juxtaposed: Atticus Finch and Alexandra, Bob Ewell and Tom Robinson, Miss Maudie and Miss Stephanie, Jem and Scout, Cecil and Francis Example: Bob Ewell expressed as a racists, ignorant, unfair man is compared to Tom Robinson who is a good, fair, and hard-working man. Literary Terms Alliteration: The repetition of the same sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables, stars with a consonant Aphorism: a belief, pointed statement expressing a wise or clever observation or a general truth Aristocratic Sarcasm: a wealthy member of society targets those less in social stature Assonance: repetition of vowel sounds Autobiography: a persons account on his/her life Blank verse: non-rhyming iambic pentameter ("Thanatopsis" by Brant) Conceit: an elaborate, often lengthy comparison between two startlingly different subjects Consonance: repetition of consonant sounds at the end of words or accented syllables. Ethos: The speakers character, ethics; if you are not trustworthy, no one will listen when you speak Folktale: A story originating in oral tradition. Frame story: narrative structure containing or connecting a series of otherwise unrelated tales. Logos: The word: you must organize, support and deliver your speech well in order to impact an audience Narrative: a story told in fiction, nonfiction poetry of drama Onomatopoeia: the use of words that imitate sounds. Parallelism: refers to the repeated use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar in structure or meaning Persuasive speech: a talk given orally to convince an audience of a necessary action or a particular outlook. Pathos: You must be aware of the feelings of the audience, which are beyond your control Puritan Plain Style: writing style of Puritans reflected their sparse, simple, straight forward lives. The Rhectoric: written by Aristotle (Greek philosopher); explained elements necessary for public speaking Single effect: every word in a piece of writing is selected to create a certain sense and mood Integrity Intro. What is integrity? Webster Dictionary definition: Firm adherence to a code of especially moral or artistic values : incorruptibility 2 : an unimpaired condition : soundness 3 : the quality or state of being complete or undivided : completeness synonym see honesty My opinion integrity also includes Christian views. A person who has integrity tries to follow God commands by being fair and honest. They also follow Jesus command to "love your neighbor as yourself". Paragraph 1 Tom Robinson as a man of integrity. Mr. Link Deas stated during the trial, ",,I just want the whole lot of you to know one thing right now. That boys worked for me eight years an I aint had a speck o trouble outa him. Not a speck" (Lee 195). Atticus as a man of integrity; he looks beyond race Miss Maudies comments to Scout and Jem, ",,Atticus Finch is the same in his house as he is on the public streets"(Lee 46). Paragraph 2 Hester Prynne is a woman of integrity because she realizes her sin, repents, and grows from it Dimmesdale in his last words mentioned, ",,Hester Prynne...come hither now, and twine thy strength about me! Thy strength, Hester; but it be guided by the will which God hath granted me"(Hawthorne 226)! Paragraph 3 Uncle Tom was a man of integrity because he was selfless Toms selflessness is expressed when he says to Legree, ",,Masr, if you was sick, or in trouble, or dying, and I could save ye, Id give ye my hearts blood; and, if taking every drop of blood in this poor old body would save your precious soul, Id give em freely, as the Lord gave his for me. Oh, Masr! dont bring this great sin on your soul! It will hurt you more thant will me! Do the worst you can, my troublesll be over soon; but, if ye dont repent, yours wont never end" (Stowe ?)! Concl. Sum up what makes those characters people of integrity. Nate Plituweit, my youth minister, is a man of integrity because he treats everyone fairly and keeps his word. Wise beyond his years. Tom speaks these words to Legree in Chapter XL as he pleads not to be beaten for refusing to divulge information about Cassys escape. Tom urges Legree to reconsider, not for Toms sake, but for Legrees. Tom explains that his own "troubles" will soon end (i.e., he will die and go to paradise), but the damage Legree does to his own soul will lead to his eternal damnation. The quote reveals the extent of Toms piety and selflessness. Threatened with pain and death by a man who oppresses and torments him, Toms first thought is for his oppressors soul. He even tells Legree that he would give his "hearts blood" to save him. In these lines and elsewhere, Tom seems to prove the validity of the Christian injunction to "love thy enemy." Because he continues to love Legree, Tom ultimately defeats him, even in death. ... View Full Document

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