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In psychological history it is what people do not what they say Historians generally criticize psychohistory because they apply common sense whereas we apply psychology Two people who get together for the purpose of love in heterosexual relationships are known to the psychological community as a dyad Two people who get together for the purpose of giving and receiving pain are called sado-masochists Traditionally the masochist is in the need for intimacy then the sadist makes his move on her. Every time the masochist is hurt she is damaged emotionally This goes on until the masochist seeks psychotherapy (which does not work for everyone); the sadist partner will try to sabotage the therapy seeking in any way possible because he wishes to prolong the sadomasochistic relationship. By saying thing like, why are you seeing a shrink, threatening to end the relationship or violence. In many cases the masochist does succumb to the pressure. Many relationships are based on a cycle of emotional A drunkard humiliates himself His wife next morning yells at him Keeps yelling [(is totally in charge legitimately) treats him like a little boy] Then forgives him This happens again Then husband seeks help Wife promotes it initially Then realizes what is happening (she is losing control) Then sabotages recovery Psycho historians try to uncover the why of history Apply the science of psychology to understand human motivation 1. Conscious motives 2. Unconscious motives The Unconscious mind Is there such a thing? Can it cause you to do things? Ernest Ropiequit "Jack" Hilgard ( 1904- 2001 ) was an American psychologist who became famous in the 1950s for his research on hypnosis . He is specifically known for his work in finding a hidden observer in the brain while hypnosis is taking place. This attests for the Disassociation theory where a person undergoing hypnosis can still understand his/her own pain Eric Fromm see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Fromm Some ways the mind wards off unwanted thoughts and feelings (defense mechanisms of the ego) There are 8 subcategories we will study to understand psychohistory 1. repression 2. denial 3. rationalization 4. regression 5. displacement 6. splitting 7. projection 8. fantasy Repression is the facility (ability) of the mind to push from conscious the awareness of unwanted feelings, in whole or in part. We are pushing these thoughts from conscious as a spontaneous, immediate reaction of the nervous system. Long term heavy stressors reduce the efficiency of repression. (Then the repressed memories slip in consciousness). Examples of a heavy stressor are: The highest stressor being death of a child, Divorce is also heavy stressor. Post-divorce, people would do bizarre things and do things to their children that they would not normally do. ... View Full Document

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