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Study Guide Test I The test is over all of the material we have covered, but about 75% is over Hinduism. Help for Short answer questions 1. Fisher presents three theories in response to the question Why are there religions? One theory is the materialistic perspective. Explain this point of view. Also, what did Freud and Marx say about religion that supports this theory? Materialistic perspective: human invented religion The supernational is imagined by human; only the material world exists. Religious belief is an illusion springing from people s infantile insecurity and neurotic guilt. 2. Who are the main characters in the Bhagavad Gita and <a href="/keyword/the-ramayana/" >the ramayana</a> ? What is the story line of each? 3. In Hinduism there are three paths to moksha or liberation (see handout). What does following each path involve? What does the devotee do? How does following this path help the Atman to be freed to unit with Brahman? ____________________ 4. Know the four primary castes in Hinduism (English words) 5. What three things does one s caste determine? 6. There is a section where you will identify creed, code, cult and canon 7. What are the four major goals in Hinduism that define the good life? Vocabulary (be able to identify these words) Brahmin Brahman Atman Brahma Shiva Vishnu rishi guru cremation incarnation reincarnation maya puja dharma karma samsara moksha Upanishads Vedas Shruti Smriti Laws of Manu fundamentalism heretic orthodox mystic polytheism monotheism avatar Dreaming indigenous Shaman Samkhya system Advaita Vedanta system This is simply a guide it is not exhaustive ... View Full Document

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