Exam2Review
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Exam2Review

Course Number: PSY 120, Spring 2007

College/University: Purdue

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Psychology 120 Carol Donnelly STUDY GUIDE TEST #2 Chapter 8--Learning 1. Define Learning 2. Within Classical Conditioning define: a. Unconditioned stimulus (US)food b. Unconditioned response (UR) c. Conditioned stimulus (CS) d. Conditioned response (CR) 3. Define: a. Extinction* b. Spontaneous recovery* c. Inhibition d. Generalization* e. Discrimination* f. Higher order conditioning 4. What is operant...

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Psychology 120 Carol Donnelly STUDY GUIDE TEST #2 Chapter 8--Learning 1. Define Learning 2. Within Classical Conditioning define: a. Unconditioned stimulus (US)food b. Unconditioned response (UR) c. Conditioned stimulus (CS) d. Conditioned response (CR) 3. Define: a. Extinction* b. Spontaneous recovery* c. Inhibition d. Generalization* e. Discrimination* f. Higher order conditioning 4. What is operant conditioning?* procedure for studying how organisms learn about the consequences of their actions 5. What is the Law of Effect? 6. What is Shaping?* skinner: how do you get someone to do something? 7. Describe positive* and negative*** reinforcement 8. What is Aversive Control? 9. What is Observational Learning?* aka social learning 10. What is Modeling? Chapter 16--Psychological Disorders 1. Define Abnormal Behavior. It is: a. Atypical b. Undesirable c. Maladaptive d. Unjustifiable 2. What is the difference between AXIS I and AXIS II disorders? a. AXIS I i. Anxiety Disorders 1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder 2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 3. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: follows extremely traumatic event 4. Phobias ii. Eating Disorders 1. Anorexia Nervosa... similarities and differences 2. Bulimia Nervosa 3. Eating Disorder NOS iii. Psychosexual Disorders iv. Factitious Disorders 1. Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy v. Somatoform Disorders 1. Somatization Disorder 2. Undifferentiated Somatoform Disorder 3. Conversion Disorder 4. Pain Disorder 5. Hypochondriasis 6. Body Dismorphic Disorder: When people are good looking, they see nothing but ugly in the mirror 7. Somatoform Disorder NOS vi. Dissociative Disorders (multiple personality disorder) 1. Amnesia: lose part of themselves 2. Fugue 3. Dissociative Identity Disorder vii. Mood Disorders 1. Major Depressive Disorder: common cold of disorders 2. Dysthymia 3. Bipolar Disorder (I and II) 4. Cyclothymia viii. Schizophrenia b. AXIS II i. <a href="/keyword/personality-disorders/" >personality disorders</a> 1. Paranoid Personality Disorder 2. Schizoid Personality Disorder 3. Schizotypal Personality Disorder 4. Histrionic Personality Disorder 5. Narcissistic Personality Disorder 6. Borderline Personality Disorder 7. Antisocial Personality Disorder 8. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder 9. Dependent Personality Disorder 10. Avoidant Personality Disorder 3. What are Anxiety Disorders? 4. What is Generalized Anxiety Disorder? They worry about everything, worry symptoms 5. What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder? a. What is an Obsession? Differences between... violence? b. What is a Compulsion? Washing 6. What is a Panic Attack? Intense anxiety, dread, and physiological symptoms are suddenly experienced.. Some people need to understand whats wrong, not assume. (decatastrophize) 7. What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder? 8. What are Phobias? 9. Describe the &quot;Model for Treatment&quot; for the Anxiety Disorders. 10. More women suffer with _food disorders___women have more depression___ 11. More men suffer with ___paraphilia____men have more substance abuse &amp; anti social 12. What is a Sexual Dysfunction vs. a Paraphilia? a. Paraphilias : unconventional sex. Something unusual i. Frotteurism ii. Fetishism iii. Pedophilia iv. Zoophilia v. Exhibitionism 13. How are Anorexia and Bulimia similar? How are Anorexia and Bulimia different? 14. Somatoform Disorders a. Conversion Disorder b. Hypochondriasis c. Pain Disorder d. Body Dysmorphic Disorder 15. What is a Dissociative Disorder? 16. What is a cause of D. I. D.? 17. What is depression? 18. What are the 10 commandments of suicide? 19. What is bipolar disorder? 20. What is a hallucination? Hearing voices, visual hallucinations. Disruption in perceptions 21. What is a delusion? Are disturbances in the content of thought 22. What are the <a href="/keyword/personality-disorders/" >personality disorders</a> ? 23. Know Ego Dystonic (Axis I--&quot;it's not me&quot;) vs. Ego Syntonic (Axis II--&quot;it's all about me&quot;) 24. <a href="/keyword/personality-disorders/" >personality disorders</a> a. Cluster A (odd &amp; eccentric) i. Paranoid Personality Disorder ii. Schizotypal Personality Disorder iii. Schizoid Personality Disorder b. Cluster B (erratic &amp; dramatic) drama queen i. Borderline Personality Disorder: courtney love ii. Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Madonna? iii. Histrionic Personality Disorder iv. Antisocial Personality Disorder: disreguard for the rights of others c. Cluster C (anxious &amp; fearful) i. Dependent Personality Disorder ii. Avoidant Personality Disorder iii. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder: perfectionism, orderliness and controlling Chapter 11--Intelligence 1. Know Howard Gardner's 8 Types of Intelligence 1. Linguistic 2. Logical (math) 3. Spatial 4. Musical 5. Kinesthetic (body) 6. Interpersonal 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 7. Intra-personal 8. Nature **NOTE: #6 and #7 compose EQ (Emotional Intelligence) What does Sternberg say about intelligence? Describe the 3 principles of test construction. a. Standardization b. Reliability c. validity What are the baseline tests in the WAIS-R? a. Verbal IQ. vocabulary b. Performance If Joe has an IQ of 75, what does that mean? What is a Genogram? Your family tree. The apple doesn't fall too far from the tree Is Intelligence inherited? Identical twins reared together and identical twins reared apart = both high in IQ concordance Chapter 17--Therapy 1. Describe Bio-Medical Therapy. Drug therapies. ECT example. 2. Describe Psychoanalysis. (insight) key to understanding is to understand early relationships and insight that problems are from early childhood. 3. Describe Behavioral Therapy. (no insight--just change in behavior) a. Behavior Modification (rewards) b. Systematic Desensitization: sharing a relaxed state of mind c. Aversive Conditioning: electric shock therapy d. Modeling e. Flooding: large exposure (throw a kid in the pool) 4. Describe Cognitive Therapy. (Rational Emotive Therapy) (direct) change the way they think a. Rational emotive is the most in your face therapy b. Humanistic is the opposite. Empowering you to make your own decisions 5. Describe Humanistic Therapy. (non-direct) 6. Describe Group Therapy. Chapter 14--Stress &amp; Health 1. Know General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS). 2. Know how stress influences immune system. 3. Know how we control stress. a. External source of stress (Life Event) b. Personal Appraisal (interpretation) i. Healthy Person: challenge ii. Sick Person: threat c. Personality Type i. Healthy Person: easygoing, self-confident, optimistic ii. Sick Person: reactive, low self-efficacy, pessimistic d. Coping w/Stress (Personal Habits) i. Healthy Person: nonsmoking, regular exercise, good nutrition ii. Sick Person: smoking, no exercise, poor nutrition e. Social Support i. Healthy Person: enduring level of social support ii. Sick Person: lacking social support f. Outcome i. Healthy Person: tendency toward health ii. Sick Person: tendency toward illness Chapter 12--Motivation &amp; Work 1. Bio-Psycho-Social Model a. Instinct Theory (bio) b. Psychoanalytic Theory (psych) c. Behaviorist Theory (social)* marker theory MASLOW HIERARCHY d. Humanistic Theory (psych) e. Cognitive Theory (psych/social) f. Yerkes-Dodson Theory (law) (bio-psych)** g. Opponent Process Theory (bio) h. Internal Push (bio) + External Pull (social) Chapter 13--Emotion 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Facial expressions are universal (nature) (Izard) Gestures are cultural*** James-Lange Theory* Cannon-Bard Theory* Two-factor Theory of Emotion* Adaptation Level Phenomenon Relative Depravation Theory What factors are related to happiness? a. ADAPTATION ALLOWS US TO CHANGE b. Control c. Optimism d. Faith e. Flow f. Close relationships g. Purpose in life h. Humor i. Helping others Most happy Married men Single women

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Purdue - PSY - 120
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I.Symbols and symbolic actions - Identify what we hold dear - Identify enemies and what we detest and fear - Express ideas vividly - Pressure our adversaries and show defiance - Identify organizations and places Shows status and organizational hier
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B. An argument may have: evidence or data= proof that supports an assertion or claim reservations= circumstances that reveal limitations of a claim qualifiers= words that reveal the degree of confidence (certainty or uncertainty) in a claim BEWARE: o
Purdue - COM - 318
UNIT 2: THE PERSUADER I. What is image or credibility (ethos)? a. A comparison of what the persuader &quot;seems to be and know to all that we are and know.&quot; (rokeach) b. Complex perceptions formed by past, present, and future expectations of a persuader.