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Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Physical & Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood Chapter 15 Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Mahatma Gandhi: Father of a Nation Led India to freedom from colonial rule Very strong interpersonal skills Developed a philosophy of satyagraha, nonviolent social action By living out his ideals, he was effective in solving real problems What are the physical and mental changes of middle adulthood? Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Guideposts for Study What are the physical changes of middle adulthood? What are the cognitive gains and losses during this stage of life? What accounts for creative achievement? How are patterns of work and education changing? What is the value of education for mature learners? Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Middle Age: A Social Construct No consensus on when it begins and ends Your textbook defines it as 40-65 years No specific biological or social events that mark its boundaries In the US, middle-age is increasingly a state of mind Many people in their sixties and seventies consider themselves middle-aged Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. The Aging Experience Most younger middle-adults see their lives as still needing improvement Most older middle-adults are satisfied with most areas of life social, financial, health For most people, at least up until about age 75, aging is a positive experience Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Physical Changes Behavioral and lifestyle factors dating from youth can affect physical changes People who are active early in life reap the benefits later in life Use it or lose it! Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Age-Related Visual Problems Near vision Dynamic vision Sensitivity to light Visual search Speed of processing Loss of visual acuity Presbyopia Myopia Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Hearing Loss: Presbycusis A gradual hearing loss Rarely noticed in early life Speeds up in the fifties Affects sound at higher pitches than speech Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.... View Full Document

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