Chapter 10 quiz questions
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Chapter 10 quiz questions

Course Number: FSHN 120, Spring 2008

College/University: UIllinois

Word Count: 1415

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Chapter 10 1. A goiter can result from: Student Response a. excessive iodine supplementation. b. inadequate iodine in the diet. c. cretinism. d. both A and B. 2. Insufficient intake of iron will FIRST affect the body's ________ levels. Student Response a. hematocrit b. hemoglobin c. ferritin d. transferrin 3. The primary sources of folate in the American diet are: Student Response a. fresh fruits and vegetables....

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10 1. Chapter A goiter can result from: Student Response a. excessive iodine supplementation. b. inadequate iodine in the diet. c. cretinism. d. both A and B. 2. Insufficient intake of iron will FIRST affect the body's ________ levels. Student Response a. hematocrit b. hemoglobin c. ferritin d. transferrin 3. The primary sources of folate in the American diet are: Student Response a. fresh fruits and vegetables. b. milk and dairy products. c. enriched ready-to-eat cereals and bread products. d. meat, fish, and poultry. 4. Which of the following describes the main symptom(s) of beriberi? Student Response a. hemorrhaging b. muscle wasting and nerve damage c. blindness d. dermatitis 5. The MFP factor is: Student Response a. the increased absorption of dietary folate by the mother during pregnancy. b. the protein carrier needed by the body to absorb dietary manganese, folate, or vitamin B6. c. a coenzyme involved in the metabolism of protein and fat. d. a special factor found in meat, fish, and poultry that enhances iron absorption. 6. There are no known side effects associated with consuming large amounts of vitamin K from supplements or food. Student Response False 7. Adequate folate consumption is the most critical during the last trimester of pregnancy. Student Response False 8. Because of a condition known as atrophic gastritis, infants often need to be given periodic injections of B12 to prevent anemia. Student Response False 9. Heme iron is absorbed better than non-heme iron. Student Response True 10. Research has clearly demonstrated that a deficiency of vitamin K causes osteoporosis. Student Response False 11. High concentrations of homocysteine in the blood are associated with the development of: Student Response a. osteoporosis. b. diabetes. c. neural tube defects. d. heart disease. 12. Which of the following explains why folate is critical to the health of a newly conceived embryo? Student Response a. Folate is essential for heart function. b. Folate is essential for maintaining proper fluid balance. c. Folate is needed for proper cell division. d. Folate regulates bone formation. 13. Folate deficiency during pregnancy is associated with: Student Response a. neural tube defects. b. gestational diabetes. c. pellagra. d. Down's syndrome. 14. Although relatively rare in the United States, deficiencies of the B-complex vitamins are still seen in: Student Response a. alcoholics. b. burn patients. c. newborns. d. individuals suffering from diseases that result in the malabsorption of fat. 15. Without adequate vitamin K, our blood will begin to clot excessively. Student Response False 16. Riboflavin is destroyed when it is exposed to light. Student Response True 17. Now that folate has been added to ready-to-eat cereals and bread products, folate deficiencies have been eliminated in the United States. Student Response False 18. Few foods naturally contain iodine. Student Response True 19. The chronic overconsumption of ________ can result in a biotin deficiency. Student Response a. herbal tea b. natural licorice c. raw egg whites d. grapefruit juice 20. What is transamination? Student Response a. a deficiency of vitamin B6 b. vitamin deficiency resulting from inadequate protein intake c. a step in the synthesis of nonessential amino acids d. a symptom of niacin toxicity 21. Vitamin B12 is essential for the proper functioning of: Student Response a. epithelial cells. b. nerve cells. c. hepatic (liver) cells. d. gastric (stomach) cells. 22. The major dietary source of iodine is: Student Response a. salt. b. dairy products. c. saltwater fish. d. fruits and vegetables. 23. Vitamin K deficiency is associated with an overgrowth of intestinal bacteria. Student Response False 24. The human body typically absorbs less than 20% of the iron consumed in the diet. Student Response True 25. A deficiency of riboflavin is referred to as: Student Response a. ariboflavinosis. b. hyporiboflavin. c. riboflavinitis. d. primary riboflavin insufficiency. 26. Pellagra is the deficiency disease associated with: Student Response a. niacin. b. folate. c. thiamin. d. riboflavin. 27. Prothrombin and factor VII are: Student Response a. hormones that regulate the pH of the blood. b. proteins that are involved in the coagulation of blood. c. transport proteins that aid in the absorption of iron. d. cofactors of energy metabolism. 28. Both excessive and insufficient intakes of zinc can impair immune function. Student Response True 29. The B-complex vitamins are good energy sources for the body. Student Response False 30. The first B-complex vitamin discovered was: Student Response a. niacin. b. B12. vitamin c. folate. d. thiamin. 31. Which of the following individuals would be at risk for a vitamin K deficiency? Student Response a. a 6-year-old child who doesn't eat any vegetables b. a 16-year-old adolescent who drinks 4-5 cans of soda each day c. a 30-year-old with Crohn's disease d. a 55-year-old perimenopausal woman 32. Consumption of high levels of folate supplements can mask a(n) ________ deficiency. Student Response a. niacin b. vitamin B6 c. vitamin B12 d. iron 33. Which vitamin can be made from the amino acid tryptophan? Student Response a. vitamin B12 b. vitamin K c. niacin d. vitamin C 34. Which of the following is NOT a good source of vitamin K? Student Response a. exposure to sunlight b. intestinal bacteria c. spinach d. soybean oil 35. High zinc intakes can inhibit the absorption of copper. Student Response True 36. All of the following are common storage sites for iron EXCEPT the: Student Response a. liver. b. kidney. c. spleen. d. bone marrow. 37. Which of the following will impair iron absorption? Student Response a. iron-deficiency anemia b. chronic blood loss c. low amounts of stomach acid d. low dietary intake of iron 38. Females are at a greater risk for iron deficiency than men. Student Response True 39. Because the absorption of dietary iron varies greatly, the RDA for iron is not adequate for most people. Student Response False 40. The primary role of the B-complex vitamins is to: Student Response a. act as coenzymes. b. maintain and repair body tissues. c. provide the body with energy. d. maintain acid-base balance. 41. Diets rich in folate and vitamin B12 are associated with elevated blood levels of the amino acid homocysteine. Student Response False 42. What is the primary symptom of niacin toxicity? Student Response a. fatigue b. flushing c. diarrhea d. dizziness 43. Which of the following B-complex vitamins is involved in the metabolism of fatty acids? Student Response a. folate b. vitamin B6 c. vitamin B12 d. pantothenic acid 44. Inadequate intrinsic factor is associated with: Student Response a. neural tube defects. b. pernicious anemia. c. sickle-cell anemia. d. thalassemia. 45. Non-heme iron is found only in plant based foods. Student Response False 46. Blood is the only fluid tissue in the human body. Student Response True 47. Which component of the blood is essential to immune function? Student Response a. erythrocytes b. leukocytes c. plasma d. platelets 48. Bob's physician has just diagnosed him with iron-deficiency anemia. All of the following would be good advice for Bob to utilize more dietary iron EXCEPT: Student Response a. Drink a glass of orange juice with your breakfast cereal. b. Eat meat with beans and vegetables. c. Cook your foods in cast-iron pans. d. Drink a glass of milk with your iron supplement. 49. It is difficult for people to consume adequate amounts of the B-complex vitamins without taking a multivitamin each day. Student Response False 50. What is atrophic gastritis? Student Response a. malabsorption of the B-complex vitamins b. low stomach-acid secretions c. cancer of the GI tract d. indigestion 51. Which of the following conditions have vitamin B6 supplements been used to treat? Student Response a. baldness b. premenstrual syndrome c. hypertension d. high cholesterol 52. Which statement is FALSE regarding thiamin? Student Response a. It plays a critical role in the breakdown of glucose for energy. b. Deficiency produces the disease beriberi. c. It is often toxic when consumed in excess. d. Rich dietary sources include enriched cereals and grains. 53. Chromium assists in ________ uptake. Student Response a. potassium b. calcium c. glucose d. sodium 54. Because of a condition known as atrophic gastritis, infants often need to be given periodic injections of B12 to prevent anemia. Student Response False 55. Which of the following is associated with increased absorption of zinc? Student Response a. illness b. vegetarian diet c. aging d. growth 56. Iodine is essential for the synthesis of ________ hormones. Student Response a. growth b. androgen c. thyroid d. estrogen 57. The oxygen-carrying protein found in our red blood cells is called: Student Response a. hemotocrit. b. hemosiderin. c. myoglobin. d. hemoglobin. 58. Which of the following is NOT a vitamin? Student Response a. choline b. pantothenic acid c. riboflavin d. biotin 59. The B-complex vitamin involved in oxidation-reduction reactions is: Student Response a. niacin. b. riboflavin c. folate. d. thiamin. 60. A deficiency of ________ is the most common deficiency worldwide. Student Response a. folate. b. iron. c. vitamin B12. d. calcium.

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