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13 1. Chapter What are the standard criteria used for diagnosing an eating disorder? Student Response a. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System b. disordered eating questionnaire c. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders d. analysis of atypical food behavior 2. Chronic dieters have elevated cortisol levels. What is cortisol? Student Response a. a lipoprotein b. an appetite stimulant c. a neurotransmitter d. a stress hormone 3. Which of the following is the most common eating disorder? Student Response a. Binge-eating disorder. b. Bulimia nervosa. c. Pica. d. Anorexia nervosa. 4. Which is NOT a symptom of anorexia nervosa? Student Response a. intense fear of gaining weight b. loss of menstrual cycle c. secretive consumption of large amounts of food in a short period of time d. refusal to maintain body weight at a minimally normal weight for age and height 5. Which of the following family characteristics is NOT associated with anorexia nervosa? Student Response a. avoidance of open discussions to resolve disagreements b. rigid family structure c. angry and disruptive family environment d. None of the above are associated with anorexia nervosa. 6. If your sibling has or has had an eating disorder it places you at a higher risk of developing an eating disorder. Student Response True 7. Weight cycling is unlikely to cause immediate illness. Student Response True 8. Research has clearly shown that the media's portrayal of body image is a direct cause of eating disorders. Student Response False 9. The diagnostic criteria for eating disorders cannot be applied to men. Student Response False 10. Research has shown that family dynamics are not related to the development of eating disorders. Student Response False 11. For most adults, it is difficult to get adequate nutrients if eating less than ________ kcals a day. Student Response a. 1,000-1,200 b. 1,600-1,800 c. 1,200-1,500 d. 1,800-2,000 12. The type of eating disorder characterized by episodes of binging and purging is: Student Response a. compulsive eating disorder. b. anorexia nervosa. c. binge eating disorder. d. bulimia nervosa. 13. Which of the following BEST describes an eating disorder? Student Response a. any behavior in which one attempts to reduce one's body weight below a healthy range b. any condition in which one's eating behavior changes more than 6 times per year c. a psychiatric condition that requires a physician's diagnosis d. general term that describes a variety of abnormal or atypical eating behaviors 14. Which of the following is NOT a typical warning sign of bulimia nervosa? Student Response a. weight loss b. calluses on the back of hands and/or knuckles c. frequent trips to the bathroom d. disappearance of large amounts of food 15. Of diagnoses of bulimia nervosa, 75% are linked to genetics. Student Response False 16. Most people who suffer from binge-eating disorder are underweight. Student Response False 17. Which of the following BEST describes why the body reduces nonvital body functions in untreated anorexia nervosa? Student Response a. The individual's activity level is very low. b. The body needs to conserve energy. c. There is insufficient estrogen to regulate these functions. d. The body is trying to maintain normal body temperature. 18. What percentage of individuals diagnosed with anorexia nervosa are women? Student Response a. 50-60% b. 80-90% c. 70-80% d. 90-95% 19. Impulsive, low self-esteem, seeks attention, extroverted, and erratic describe personality traits of: Student Response a. binge eating disorder. b. bulimia nervosa. c. obesity. d. anorexia nervosa. 20. The concept that disordered eating occurs "on a continuum" refers to which of the following? Student Response a. Once disordered eating starts it is very difficult to prevent the development of a serious eating disorder. b. Disordered eating occurs at all times of the day. c. All adults are at risk for disordered eating at some point in their lifetime. d. Different eating behaviors occur on a spectrum that can't be divided precisely. 21. The loss of the menstrual cycle among female athletes is a harmless, but common, side effect of intense training. Student Response False 22. The incidence of bulimia nervosa is higher than that of anorexia nervosa. Student Response True 23. Most people who suffer from bulimia nervosa are underweight. Student Response False 24. What percentage of U.S. women have bulimia nervosa? Student Response a. 5-7% b. 1-4% c. 7-12% d. 15-20% 25. Which of the following eating disorders is associated with obesity? Student Response a. reverse anorexia b. bulimia nervosa c. binge-eating disorder d. anorexia nervosa 26. What is meant by the notion that eating behaviors are conditioned? Student Response a. Previous experiences, such as those that occur during childhood, affect our current response to food and eating behaviors. b. Eating habits affect our mood. c. The intensity and duration of physical activity impacts our response to food and eating habits. d. Food consumption only occurs in response to external stimuli. 27. The loss of tooth enamel seen in bulimia nervosa is due to the insufficient intake of calcium. Student Response False 28. Sexual abuse in childhood increases the risk of developing an eating disorder. Student Response True 29. The terms "eating disorder" and "disordered eating" can be used interchangeably. Student Response False 30. Which of the following is a NOT characteristic seen in binge-eating disorder? Student Response A. eating much more rapidly than normal B. eating large amounts of food when not hungry C. eating until feeling uncomfortably full D. eating large amounts of food and purging afterward 31. The DSM-IV describes an "Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified" as: Student Response A. a variety of atypical eating behaviors used to maintain or lower body weight. B. self-starvation that leads to severe nutrient deficiencies. C. recurrent episodes of extreme overeating followed by self-induced vomiting. D. compulsive eating disorder. 32. All of the following describe characteristics of the female athlete triad EXCEPT: Student Response A. hypertension. B. osteoporosis. C. disordered eating. D. menstrual dysfunction. 33. All of the following are associated with binge eating EXCEPT: a. loss of self control. b. consuming large quantities of food. c. weight loss. d. sense of euphoria. 34. Which of the following symptoms is characteristic of bulimia nervosa? a. episodes of extreme overeating b. self-starvation c. both A and B d. none of the above 35. Which of the following eating disorders is the most common among men? a. binge-eating disorder b. anorexia nervosa c. reverse anorexia d. bulimia nervosa 32. Which of the following sports is frequently associated with its female athletes being at risk for developing the female athlete triad? Student Response a. soccer b. field hockey c. basketball d. swimming and diving 33. Which of the following psychiatric disorders causes the most deaths among women? Student Response a. depression b. psychosis c. anorexia nervosa d. schizophrenia 34. Female athletes who experience amenorrhea are at risk for developing osteoporosis. Student Response True 35. Five to twenty percent of individuals with anorexia nervosa will die from complications of the eating disorder within 10 years of diagnosis. Student Response True 36. Currently, the best known treatment of eating disorders is: Student Response a. a high-calorie, high-protein diet. b. psychotropic medications. c. a team-management approach. d. IV therapy. 37. Which of the following increases one's risk of developing an eating disorder? Student Response a. large family size b. having a sibling with an eating disorder c. holding the first order of birth d. all of the above 38. Restricting calories can lower the basal metabolic rate. Student Response True 39. Yo-yo dieting (weight cycling) can lead to heart disease. Student Response False 40. Excessive exercising is a form of purging. Student Response True 41. Warning signs of the female athlete triad include: Student Response a. stress fractures. b. excessive dieting. c. excessive exercise. d. all of the above. 42. In which of the following sports are male athletes at greater risk for developing bulimia nervosa? Student Response a. wrestling b. football c. baseball d. basketball 43. Obsessive-compulsive, perfectionism, socially inhibited, compliant, and emotionally restrained describe personality traits of: Student Response a. anorexia nervosa. b. bulimia nervosa. c. obesity. d. binge eating disorder. 44. Which of the following BEST describes an episode of binge eating? Student Response a. consuming any food outside the parameters of a self-imposed restrictive diet b. consuming food beyond feeling satiated (i.e., until overfull) c. eating a large amount of food in a short period of time d. eating without regard to hunger 45. Which of the following would NOT be an appropriate treatment strategy in treating someone with anorexia nervosa? Student Response a. minimum weight gain of five pounds/week b. psychotropic medications c. family therapy d. restoration of healthy eating habits 46. In order to lose body weight, one needs to eat 1,000 kcals or less each day. Student Response False 47. WRONG ANSWER Which of the following BEST explains why individuals with anorexia nervosa have an increased risk for developing osteoporosis? Student Response a. frequent electrolyte imbalance b. malabsorption of calcium c. low body weight d. decreased estrogen production 48. To be a diagnostic symptom of bulimia nervosa, binge eating must occur on average at least ________ for three months. Student Response a. four times a week b. seven days a week c. twice a week d. once a week 49. Which of the following BEST describes disordered eating? Student Response a. any condition in which one's eating behavior changes more than 6 times per year b. a psychiatric condition that requires a physician's diagnosis c. any disorder in which one attempts to reduce one's body weight below a healthy range d. general term that describes a variety of abnormal or atypical eating behaviors 50. Which of the following BEST explains why adolescents are more vulnerable to the unrealistic media images of the "perfect body" than are adults? Student Response a. Adolescents cannot comprehend the objective of advertisements. b. Adolescents cannot control their environment in the way adults can. c. The images target young people. d. Adolescents are developing their personal identity. 51. According to the American Psychiatric Association, anorexic nervosa is diagnosed when body weight is less than ________ percent of expected height and weight. Student Response a. 70 b. 85 c. 90 d. 75 52. Among the U.S. adult population, binge-eating disorder is more common than either anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. Student Response True ... View Full Document

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