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Likewise Vincent CSS 335 10-23-08 Assignment #2 The Willamette River is Oregons main river and is used recreationally. The problem with this is that it has a lot of pollution and the water quality of the river needs to be fixed. Around Corvallis four main sources of pollution are general pollution from the people of Corvallis, Discharge from the Evanite Fiber Corporation, sewer overflow, and agricultural runoff. The Evanite Corporation probably introduces a lot of chemicals and fibers. The sewer overflow will contaminate the river with human waste and the agricultural runoff will bring in a lot of pesticides. This is an example of nonpoint source pollution. Nonpoint source pollution is pollution that results from land use activities. Other than agricultural runoff there are two other nonpoint source pollution activities that contaminate the river. Those are forestry and urban use of the land. For example, there are many heavy metals, pesticides, oils, and untreated wastes that can flow over ground and make their way into the river. All of these contaminants then flow down the river to Junction City and Eugene/Springfield where they must be removed since the Willamette is used for drinking water down there. Before it goes into the drinking water supply the water is treated with gravity sand, lime, and chlorine. This cleanses the water over a long process which then makes it usable for drinking. There are many cities however, that use the Willamette for drinking water from wells. These include Woodburn, Wilsonville, Newberg, Salem, and Junction City. There are other contaminants that enter the river from places higher up than Corvallis as well. For example, there are five landfills between Corvallis and Newberg. The landfill runoff will then enter the river. Much of the landfill runoff pollutants and those from agricultural runoff and large companies are likely to unnatural living habitats for many species living in the river. Squawfish are one species that deformities are prevalent in. They are most prevalent around the Newberg area, but the cause of the deformities is not known. It could be a natural cause or from the many pollutants in the river. Since there are so many pollutants in Willamette, the according to section 303 d, The Clean Water Act, it does not appear that the Willamette will be classified as a clean water source. By reading the section on the back of the map about The Clean Water Act it is said that all of the main stem of the Willamette and many of its tributaries are in violation of the temperature standard for the summer which makes it difficult for cold-water species to survive. The main stem also violates the standard for fecal coliform bacteria which come from untreated or partially treated sewage. These bacteria may cause sickness upon contact with the skin and may also adversely affect livestock. There are many other sections along the Willamette that do not meet standards for pesticides, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, and other things. Something needs to be done about the condition of the Willamette and it needs to start soon. Governor Kulongoski identified this problem and in 2004 gave a speech about it. He mentioned that his top environmental priority is to clean up the Willamette. According to him it is a perfect example of the Oregon Equation. His equation is, The Oregon Equation means that Oregons future equals a sum of its children, its economy and its environment. The Willamette plays a large role in each of these since it flows through most of Oregon and many of its towns and cities. He has coined the Willamette Legacy which focuses on three themes: Repair, Restore, Recreate. By repair he means to exterminate the pollutants that have entered the river so that he can restore the river to its natural state with abundant wildlife, and last he wants to recreate the river since it allows for so many activities and plays a large role in Oregons quality of life. What Governor Kulongoski has planned is a great idea. His ideas of repairing the Willamette are great, but I wonder if he will get all the funding he plans on to make this project work. I also like his plans of restoration, but wonder if he will be able to get enough volunteers to participate in the program. His method of recreating does seem like it will work however as he is asking for the entire state to participate in this project rather than specific areas along the Willamette. ... View Full Document

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