# Register now to access 7 million high quality study materials (What's Course Hero?) Course Hero is the premier provider of high quality online educational resources. With millions of study documents, online tutors, digital flashcards and free courseware, Course Hero is helping students learn more efficiently and effectively. Whether you're interested in exploring new subjects or mastering key topics for your next exam, Course Hero has the tools you need to achieve your goals.

1 Page

Course: PHIL 102, Spring 2009
School: UIllinois
Rating:

Word Count: 443

#### Document Preview

26 Exercise Answers Philosophy 102 (Maher) Spring 2009 1. (a) p(E|H2 ) &gt; p(E|H1 ) so, by the law of likelihood, E favors H2 over H1 . (b) p(H2 |E)/p(H1 |E) = 1 &gt; 2/3 = p(H2 )/p(H1 ) so, by the denition of favoring, E favors H2 over H1 . (c) p(H1 |E)/p(H2 |E) = 5/4 = p(H1 )/p(H2 ) so, by the denition of favoring, E doesnt favor either hypothesis. (d) p(E|H1 ) &gt; p(E|H2 ) so, by the law of...

Register Now

#### Unformatted Document Excerpt

Coursehero >> Illinois >> UIllinois >> PHIL 102

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one
below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.
26 Exercise Answers Philosophy 102 (Maher) Spring 2009 1. (a) p(E|H2 ) > p(E|H1 ) so, by the law of likelihood, E favors H2 over H1 . (b) p(H2 |E)/p(H1 |E) = 1 > 2/3 = p(H2 )/p(H1 ) so, by the denition of favoring, E favors H2 over H1 . (c) p(H1 |E)/p(H2 |E) = 5/4 = p(H1 )/p(H2 ) so, by the denition of favoring, E doesnt favor either hypothesis. (d) p(E|H1 ) > p(E|H2 ) so, by the law of likelihood, E favors H1 over H2 . (e) p(E|H1 ) = 0.2 > 1/6 = p(E|H2 ) so, by the law of likelihood, E favors H1 over H2 . (f) p(E|H1 ) = 1 = p(E|H2 ) so, by the law of likelihood, E doesnt favor either hypothesis. (g) p(E|H1 ) = 1 > 0.6 = p(E|H2 ) so, by the law of likelihood, E favors H1 over H2 . 2. (a) If N then species are formed by accumulating individual dierences. This will produce dierent varieties that gradually diverge until they are so dierent we count them as dierent species. But since the divergence is gradual, there will always be groups at intermediate stages. Hence p(E|N ) is high. If C then dierent species were created separately, whereas subspecies and varieties were not. This is a fundamental and dierence there is no apparent reason why it should be so dicult to detect. Hence p(E|C) is low. p(E|N ) > p(E|C) so, by the law of likelihood, E favors N over C. (b) If N then new species will be continually produced by natural selection. Thus p(E|N ) is high. If C then all species could have been produced at one time, or at several distinct times; there is no apparent reason for them to be produced continuously. Thus p(E|C) is low. p(E|N ) > p(E|C) so, by the law of likelihood, E favors N over C. (c) If N then the species on the same continent are likely to be descended from a common ancestor and hence related to one another. Also, species on dierent continents have been evolving in isolation from each other for a long time and hence are likely to dier. Hence p(E|N ) is high. If C then unrelated species could have been created on one continent, for example, where the conditions are dierent. Also, the same species could have been created on dierent continents where the conditions are the same. Hence p(E|C) is low. p(E|N ) > p(E|C) so, by the law of likelihood, E favors N over C.
Find millions of documents on Course Hero - Study Guides, Lecture Notes, Reference Materials, Practice Exams and more. Course Hero has millions of course specific materials providing students with the best way to expand their education.

Below is a small sample set of documents:

UIllinois - PHIL - 102
Lecture 17 Syllogisms in Ordinary LanguagePatrick MaherPhilosophy 102 Spring 2009IntroductionThe arguments that people give in ordinary language are rarely expressed as categorical syllogisms in standard form. However, it is often possible to
UIllinois - PHIL - 102
Lecture 18 EnthymemesPatrick MaherPhilosophy 102 Spring 2009IntroductionDenition An enthymeme is a categorical syllogism that is missing a premise or a conclusion. Greek: en (in) + thymos (mind). To put an enthymeme in standard form we must su
UIllinois - PHIL - 102
Lecture 19 Symbols of Propositional LogicPatrick MaherPhilosophy 102 Spring 2009Simple statementsA statement is a sentence that can be true or false. A simple statement is a statement that does not have another statement as a component. In pro
UIllinois - PHIL - 102
Lecture 20 Argument Forms of Propositional LogicPatrick MaherPhilosophy 102 Spring 2009ReviewOperator Meaning not and or if . . . then if and only ifDenitionsWe used upper case letters (A, B, . . . ) to represent simple statements. W
UIllinois - PHIL - 102
Lecture 21 Dilemmas; Ordinary Language ArgumentsPatrick MaherPhilosophy 102 Spring 2009Constructive dilemma(p q) (r s) pr qs This is a disjunctive modus ponens; it is a valid form. Example If we choose nuclear power, then we increase the ris
UIllinois - PHIL - 102
Lecture 22 Argument by AnalogyPatrick MaherPhilosophy 102 Spring 2009Deduction and inductionDeduction A deductive argument is an argument in which the conclusion is claimed to follow necessarily from the premises. Categorical and propositional
UIllinois - PHIL - 102
Lecture 23 Mills MethodsPatrick MaherPhilosophy 102 Spring 2009IntroductionMills methods are inductive methods for nding the cause of a phenomenon. They were described by John Stuart Mill, a 19th century English philosopher. There are ve metho
UIllinois - PHIL - 102
Lecture 24 ProbabilityPatrick MaherPhilosophy 102 Spring 2009Kinds of probabilityExample You know that a coin is either two-headed or two-tailed but you have no information about which it is. The coin is about to be tossed. What is the probabi
UIllinois - PHIL - 102
Lecture 25 Bayess TheoremPatrick MaherPhilosophy 102 Spring 2009Bayess theoremSuppose H is a hypothesis, E is some evidence, and we want to calculate p(H|E ). Often p(E |H) is easier to calculate than p(H|E ). Bayess theorem allows us to calcu
USC - REL - 121
REL 121 The World of the New Testament Three terms for areas of the new testament: o Polis urban center dominated by aristocrats, elite, wealthy educated lived in center, 5-10% of population. Urban poor, slaves, o Chora agricultural or productive re
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
United States Administrative LawUnited States administrative law encompasses a number of statutes and cases which define the extent of the powers and responsibilities held by administrative agencies of the United States Government. The executive, le
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Team 1A. Final Two Interviews Schedule:March 9th, 2009 9:30AM Do the follow up interview of managerial staff. Nate Kathleen March 11th, 2009 9:30AM Interview employees. Carol Kate Will Julei If any of this is incorrect email me and Ill update. Each
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Team 1A. Final Two Interviews Schedule:March 9th, 2009 9:30AM Do the follow up interview of managerial staff. Nate Kathleen March 11th, 2009 9:30AM Interview employees. Carol Kate Will Julei If any of this is incorrect email me and Ill update. Each
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
TORTSTort law is the name given to a body of law that addresses, and provides remedies for, civil wrongs not arising out of contractual obligations.[1] A person who suffers legal damages may be able to use tort law to receive compensation from someo
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Assignment 3 - Problem 2 Introduction Broadband over Power Lines, sometimes referred to as BPL, is an emerging concept that would allow internet data to be transmitted over utility power lines. With BPL a person is able to plug a computer into any el
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Business ethics is a form of applied ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. In the increasingly conscience-focused marketplaces of the 21st century, the demand for more ethical busi
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
United States constitutional lawUnited States Constitutional law is the body of law governing the interpretation and implementation of the United States Constitution.[1] Interpreting the Constitution and the authority of the Supreme Court Introducti
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Criminal lawThe term criminal law, sometimes called penal law, refers to any of various bodies of rules in different jurisdictions whose common characteristic is the potential for unique and often severe impositions as punishment for failure to comp
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Dispute resolution Dispute resolution is the process of resolving disputes between parties. Methods Methods of dispute resolution include: lawsuits (litigation) arbitration collaborative law mediation conciliation many types of negotiation fac
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Field Case Project Team 1-C &amp; D Scrap MetalInterview Questions-Management 1. What are your expectations from your employees? 2. What are your responsibilities towards your employees? 3. Are there any major challenges, problems or obstacles that you
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Magnification vs. Misrepresentation On April 15th, 1996 talk show host Oprah Winfrey, along with her production company Harpo Production, Inc., aired one of its most controversial episodes to date. The 48 minute segment covered foods that were consid
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
EA SY BUDG ETMONTH _ YEAR _ _ INCOME Description Week 1 Amount From Dates _ to _ By: EXPENSES Description AmountTotal Week 2TotalTotal Week 3TotalTotal Week 4TotalIncome TotalTotal Expense TotalTotal Ending Balance
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Strict liability makes a person responsible for the damage and loss caused by his/her acts and omissions regardless of culpability (or fault in criminal lawterms, which would normally be expressed through a mens rea requirement; see Strict liability
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
APPLICATION FOR EMPLOYMENTWE ARE AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYERApplicant InformationApplicant Name_ Social Security No._ Date of Application_ Address_ City_ State_ Zip_ Home Phone ( ) _ Work Phone ( )_ May we contact you at work? YES or NO YES or
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
2004 Volkswagen Jetta \$7,495 AT Car ID: AT-F1423C7 Dealer Information Allstate Motorcars 5726 Southwest Freeway Houston, TX 77057 Call Toll Free 1-866-832-3152 Car Details Mileage Exterior Color Interior Color Body Style Doors Engine Transmission Ste
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
2005 Volkswagen Jetta \$8,990 AT Car ID: AT-F11A620 Dealer Information - Kassem Export Corp 8525 Jackrabbit Rd Ste J Houston, TX 77095 Contact: Jad Ayoude Call Toll Free 1-866-959-8029 Car DetailsMileage 88,275 Exterior Color graphite Interior Color
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
\$8,800 Mileage: 69,765 Used 2004 Chevrolet TrailBlazer LS CHARCOAL METALLIC 6 Cylinder Gasoline Call Sarah @ 281 485 6588 17 miles from ZIP code 77057 Gates Used Cars 1-866-559-7074ask for, AL THOMPSON, GREG MITCHELL, DAVID MEDINA or BERNARDO MELEN
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
On April 15th, 1996 talk show host Oprah Winfrey, along with her production company Harpo Production, Inc., aired one of its most controversial episodes to date. The 48 minute segment covered foods that were considered to be dangerous if consumed. Th
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Ethics and Social Responsibility: Where does the organization stand in that area? What are the specific positives and negatives, strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats in that area? What can you recommend the organization do to improve t
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
CIS 3302: Management Information Systems Assignment #1 Kathleen Morgan Felicia GalvanChapter 1 5. What is an information system? Distinguish between a computer, a computer program, and an information system. What is the difference between data and
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
CIS 3302: Management Information SystemsAssignment #1Kathleen Morgan Felicia GalvanChapter 15. What is an information system? Distinguish between a computer, a computer program, and an information system. What is the difference between data a
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
6. A maintenance activity that keeps your computer running smoothly is freeing up hard disk space. In this exercise you will free up disk space and find out how much disk space you recovered. Carry out the following tasks. a) Find out how much free h
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
GROUPS AND TEAMS IN ORGANIZATIONS Most of the organizations work in teams. C&amp;D crap metals is no different than any other organizations. When the employees were being interviewed, an obvious conflict was revealed. While the management told us that th
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
The organization our group chose is C &amp; D Scrap Metal located on West 25thnear Shepherd and Durham in Houston, Texas. We chose this business because of a few important factors. First it is a sustainable development organization that recycles and disp
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
LeadershipLeadership is the influence of others. The main job of a leader is to get things done through others. Leadership and management are different in many aspects. Such that management is there to ensure that the day to day happenings are going
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
MotivationMotivation is defined as forces within an individual that account for the level, direction, and persistence of effort expended at work. Motivation plays a key role in increasing productivity, satisfaction,and improving a business as a who
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
What is Organizational Culture? Basically, organizational culture is the personality of the organization. Culture is comprised of the assumptions, values, norms and tangible signs (artifacts) of organization members and their behaviors. Members of an
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Organizational DesignOrganization Design is a formal guided process for integrating the people as well as information and technology of an organization. It is used to form a purpose within an organization in order to seeks to achievements. The outc
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
1 PROBLEM: a) Use the multilevel sorting technique to find out the maximum salary earned by each job title in each department. The job title should be custom sorted in this order: Manager, Engineer, CSR, and Staff. Name the worksheet Problem #1. b) R
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
2 PROBLEM: Find which employees were hired in 1996 through 1999, and have security clearance of TS (Top Secret) or S (Secret). You must use the most efficient Excel tool or command to do this, which will also display only the affected rows. Name the
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
3 PROMBLEM: Use the most efficient Excel tool or command to find the total salary for each department as well as the grand total. This tool or command will display the result as shown in the sample table. Name the worksheet Problem #3. Describe your
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
4 PROBLEM: Use the PivotTable tool to tabulate the sum of salary for each department by each job title as well as the grand totals as shown in the PivotTable layout below. Note that the summary results can be filtered on the employees gender if neede
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
5 Use the PivotTable tool to determine the sum of salary and the average salary for each job Title in each Clearance category. Also, show the total salary and average salary for each Title and again for each Clearance category. The layout of the Pivo
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
6 PROBLEM: Prepare a PivotChart as shown that displays the average salary by department broken by gender in side-by-side columns. Note that a PivotChart is based on a PivotTable, which you have to create first. Place the PivotTable and PivotChart in
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
7 - Chapter 4 IT Infrastructure PROBLEM: When projects are outsourced to companies located abroad, it is frequently referred to as off shoring. Discuss about the impacts of off shoring on IT jobs in the US, the financial performance of the companies
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Sum of Salary Clearance Department TS S Engineering 190340 Human Resources Management 94040 Marketing Grand Total 284380 Sum of Salary Clearance Department TS S Engineering 190340 Human Resources Management 94040 Marketing Grand Total 284380C 51240
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Progress Report Team 1 The organization our group chose is C &amp; D Scrap Metal located on West 25thnear Shepherd and Durham in Houston, Texas. We chose this business because of a few important factors. First it is a sustainable development organizatio
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Paper and Presentation TopicsCommunication, Negotiation and conflict resolution -Management walks around the yard at least once a day. Every morning the management and employees get together for a safety meeting. Discuss possible problems and soluti
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
1. Organization design involves the creation of roles, processes, and formal reportingrelationships in an organization. One can distinguish between two phases in an organization design process: Strategic grouping, which establishes the overall struc
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Additional Interview Questions1. Describe a problem you recently experienced with an employee who reported to you. How did you solve it? There were issues with the metals getting mixed up out in the yard. Higher priced metals were finding there way
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Chapter 11 Questions - Team 1 Explain trait and behavioral theories of leadership.Apply this whole chapter to the leadership of your organization and describe and critically assess the leadership in your organization.Is there anything you could r
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
CIS 3302 Management Information Systems Assignment # 2 Kathleen Morgan Felecia Galvan
Texas A&M - BAEN - 14354
Title to be Determined
Cornell - PHYS - 2213
Possibly Useful Information: kq1q2 q1q2 Fe = = 2 2 r 4 or E= kQ Q 2= 2 r 4 or = 2oF = qE E= 2k r =EEN A = E dA Qenclo2oorE=2kE=4k=E= 4 kQencl == charge/length Vba = V(b) - V(a) = dV(x) Ex(x) = - dx dQ I = dt = JA (T) = (To)
Cornell - PHYS - 2213
Possibly Useful Information: Fe = E= kq1q2 r2 kQ = q1q2 4or2 F = qE 2k r = 2or E = 4k = E= EN ABN AQ = 2 r 4or2 E = 2k = 2o Vba = V(b) - V(a) = dV(x) Ex(x) = - dx J = nqv d = nq2 1 E= E m E = 4kQencl = E =QenclooE dA= E
Cornell - PHYS - 2213
Physics 213HW #1 Solutionsq3=+5 q1=?Spring 200921.13. We solve this problem by applying Coulombs law. The two forces on q3 must have equal magnitudes and opposite directions. The force F2 that q2 exerts on qq q3 has magnitude F2 k 2 2 3 an
Cornell - PHYS - 2213
Physics 213HW #2 SolutionsSpring 200921.59.[E-Field Lines &amp; Particle Paths] Remember that electric field lines are constructed so that the tangent to the field line at any point gives the direction of the electric field at that point. The el
Cornell - PHYS - 2213
Physics 213HW #4 SolutionsSpring 2009Q25.825.45.[Batteries] Labeling batteries by emf makes sense because the potential difference across the battery is constant in the ideal case, and nearly constant for real batteries. Labeling batteries
Cornell - PHYS - 2213
Physics 213HW #5 SolutionsSpring 200926.23.[Kirchoffs Circuit Rules] We have to use Kirchoffs rules to find the unknown currents, emfs, and resistances. Apply the junction rule at points a, b, c and d to calculate the unknown currents. Then
Cornell - PHYS - 2213
Physics 2213HW #6 SolutionsSpring 200924.14.Let C1 15 pF , C2 9.0 pF and C3 11 pF . The capacitors between b and c, that is C2 and C3, are in parallel. The equivalent capacitance of this combination is C23 C2 C3 20 pF . The combination