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Attempt View 1 of 1 Title: Started: Submitted: Time spent: Chapter 27 - Public Policy in Texas April 24, 2008 6:23 PM April 25, 2008 9:53 AM 15:30:33 Total score adjusted by 0.0 Maximum possible score: 33 Total score: 33/33 = 100% 1. Which form of taxation is not used in Texas? Student Response 1. 2. 3. Correct Answer Feedback sales tax income tax oil production tax property tax 1/1 4. Score: 2. The collection of taxes and other state revenues is the responsibility of the Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback comptroller of public accounts. Department of Public Safety. secretary of state. secretary of the Treasury. 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 3. The Texas legislature writes a _____ budget. Student Response 1. 2. 3. 4. Correct Answer Feedback biennial quarterly annual decanal 1/1 Score: 4. Which of the following is the best definition of a dedicated fund? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback the type of funding that requires a state agency to make biannual budget forecasts, rather than just yearly money that is given to a state or local government through citizens donating extra tax dollars, designed for specific projects portions of the state 2. 3. budget that are mandated to be spent in specific ways, such as for Medicaid payments 4. spending priorities that are beneficial to specific interest groups, which always have groups of politicians backing them 1/1 Score: 5. Why do Texas budgets not run into debt? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback The tax levels have always been among the highest in the nation, so there is plenty of money available. The political ideology of Texas has always made borrowing money politically unpopular. 2. 3. The Texas constitution places several limitations on the ability of the legislature to get into debt. The oil booms of the last century always provided plenty of income. 1/1 4. Score: 6. What limits does the Texas constitution place on welfare spending? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback No more than 1 percent of the budget may be used for welfare spending. The legislature cannot appropriate more than 10 percent of the budget for welfare. The ratio of federal dollars to state dollars must be set at 2. 3. no less than 4 to 1. 4. All welfare spending must be paid for through property taxes, with tax levels set by each county. Score: 1/1 7. What are the two most important agencies or offices responsible for preparing the Texas state budget? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback the governor and the Senate Finance Committee the House Appropriations Committee and the Senate Finance Committee the Legislative Budget Board and the comptroller the Speaker of the House and the governor 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 8. What is the greatest source of revenue for Texas? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback tobacco company settlement money federal matching funds licenses and fees taxes 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 9. Which of the following is not taxed in Texas? Student Response 1. 2. 3. 4. Correct Answer Feedback gasoline alcohol utilities All of the above are taxed in Texas. 1/1 Score: 10. Sales and use taxes in Texas have led some to complain that the tax system in Texas is too Student Response 1. 2. Correct Answer Feedback progressive. complex. 3. 4. regressive. onerous. 1/1 Score: 11. When people with lower incomes pay a lower tax rate than those with higher incomes, it is called Student Response 1. 2. Correct Answer Feedback progressive taxation. mandated spending. regressive taxation. compensatory spending. 1/1 3. 4. Score: 12. _____ is the name for federal money given to a state based on the amount the state spends on a particular program. Student Response 1. 2. Correct Answer Feedback Grants-in-aid Mandate receipts Categorical grants Matching funds 3. 4. Score: 1/1 13. On which budget item does Texas spend the most money? Student Response 1. 2. Correct Answer Feedback education corrections programs and prison maintenance health and human services transportation 1/1 3. 4. Score: 14. Which programs in Texas receive the largest amount of federal matching funds to supplement state tax dollars? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback public housing transportation health and human services education 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 15. Approximately _____ percent of Texas revenue comes from the state lottery. Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback 28 2. 3. 4. 0.02 2.4 16 Score: 1/1 16. Which of the following was not a direct effect of the 2004 Texas budget crisis? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback The salary of the state governor was cut. The number of children receiving state-funded health insurance decreased. Tuition at public universities went up. All of the above were direct effects of the budget crisis. 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 17. What was the effect on Texas prisons of the Supreme Court case Ruiz v. Estelle? Student Response Correct Answer Feedback 1. Texas was compelled to suspend the death penalty during the 1980s. Death by hanging was declared constitutional. Texas's prison system was declared unconstitutional, and the federal courts stepped in to oversee its administration. The Texas policy of leasing prisoners as workers to private companies was declared unconstitutional. 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 18. What percentage of Texas prison inmates have been convicted of drug offenses alone? Student Response 1. 2. 3. 4. Correct Answer Feedback 55 percent 6 percent 17 percent 28 percent 1/1 Score: 19. The policy on criminal offenders in Texas favors Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback using early pardons and suspended to sentences reduce the prison population. imprisonment of only violent offenders. imprisonment of violent and nonviolent offenders. rehabilitation programs. 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 20. What has been the main result of the "get tough on crime" policy in Texas? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback The cost of prison construction in Texas has risen. all of the above There has been a 2. 3. continuous need for more prisons. 4. The number of prison inmates in Texas has risen. 1/1 Score: 21. Which of the following statements about education policy in early Texas history is false? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback The Constitution of 1876 placed restrictions on how much money could be used for public education. The establishment of a public school system in Texas did not occur until it had become a state. All of the above statements are true. The Constitution 2. 3. 4. of the Republic of Texas established a public system of education. Score: 22. 1/1 Which of the following was not part of the Gilmer-Aikin Laws passed in 1949? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback State school teachers' salaries were raised. The state made its first attempt at school desegregation. State funding was used to supplement local revenues. A minimum length for the school year was established. 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 23. What was Texas's response to the federal government's order to desegregate schools in the 1950s? Student Response Correct Answer Feedback 1. Unlike much of the Deep South, Texas integrated its schools with little trouble. Some school districts quickly desegregated, while others resisted integration well into the 1960s. Texas launched an immediate, statewide resistance to desegregation. Texas school districts had never been legally segregated. 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 24. Which of the following is the best description of the Supreme Court's decision in Rodriguez v. San Antonio ISD? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback Segregation based on a student's ethnicity is unconstitutional. It is not unconstitutional 2. for Texas to fund school districts with unequal levels of property taxes. 3. The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment compels states to fund all school districts equally. The state may not deny federal education dollars to underperforming school districts. 4. Score: 1/1 25. In what case did the Texas Supreme Court declare that the Texas constitution required that each school district be funded at approximately the same level? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback Ruiz v. Estelle Edgewood IDS v. Kirby Rodriguez v. San Antonio ISD Brown v. Board of Education 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 26. As it pertains to Texas, what is the Robin Hood policy? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback a program designed to equalize school funding by transferring funds from wealthy to poor schools a law that demands that anyone found guilty of a property crime of over $1,000 must spend at least five years in jail none of the above a new state welfare policy that imposed a tax on all businesses that lay off more than ten workers 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 27. During the 1980s, what controversial policy did the education committee SCOPE, headed by Ross Perot, recommend? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback quicker desegregation of the schools the equity-inschool-funding plan known as Robin Hood more decentralization in school administration a "no pass, no play" policy for student athletes 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 28. How have education reforms in Texas in the 1990s differed from those in the 1980s? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback Reforms in the 1990s cut education spending, compared to that in the 1980s. Reforms in the 1990s gave back more autonomy to local school districts. Reforms in the 1980s 2. 3. emphasized more bilingual education than was offered in the 1990s. 4. Reforms in the 1990s further centralized school administration at the state level. 1/1 Score: 29. Which of the following ethnic groups make up the majority of Texans living in poverty? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback African Americans Hispanics whites No single group makes up a majority of Texas's poor. 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 30. Where in Texas are the poverty levels at their highest? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback in South and West Texas 2. in the north central region of Dallas Fort Worth in the Panhandle in the Gulf region 1/1 3. 4. Score: 31. In the mid-1990s, growing discontent over welfare policy across the country encouraged many states, including Texas, to seek _____ so that they could experiment with welfare reform. Student Response 1. 2. 3. 4. Correct Answer Feedback block grants preemption waivers grants-in-aid Score: 1/1 32. When the Texas legislature voted on welfare reform in 1995, the result was Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback immediate rejection after little debate in either the House or the Senate. narrow passage in 2. both the House and the Senate, with the support coming only from Republicans. 3. overwhelming bipartisan support in both the House and the Senate. rejection after a long and acrimonious debate in the House. 1/1 4. Score: 33. What is the best explanation for the drop in the number of Texans on welfare in the late 1990s? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback the success of the welfare reforms of 1996 the booming economy and the rising demand for all types of labor There has actually been a rise in the number of welfare 2. 3. recipients in Texas. 4. the reduction in the state's definition of poverty Score: 1/1 ... View Full Document

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