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Attempt View 1 of 1 Title: Started: Submitted: Time spent: Chapter 26 - Local Government in Texas February 2, 2008 12:23 PM February 2, 2008 12:52 PM 00:28:15 Total score adjusted by 0.0 Maximum possible score: Total score: 34/35 = 97.1429% 35 1. Why are Texas counties important? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback They provide the main form of government in rural areas. They act as a legislative body, making most of the local laws. all of the above They create and regulate cities. 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 2. In Texas, what is the name of the officer who presides over the county commissioners' court? Student Response 1. 2. Correct Answer Feedback sheriff county judge 3. justice of the peace executive commissioner 4. Score: 1/1 3. Which of the following statements about counties in Texas is incorrect? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback All counties have approximately the same number of people. Counties are an administrative arm of the state government. Each county has four county commissioners. There are over 250 counties in Texas. 0/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 4. In the case Avery v. Midland County, the United States Supreme Court held that Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback special districts had to be approved by the voters. 2. the principle of "one person, one vote" applied to county commissioners' courts. educational spending levels had to be roughly the same throughout the state. the practice of hanging was in violation of the Eighth Amendment. 1/1 3. 4. Score: 5. Which of the following is not a function of county government in Texas? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback supervising road and bridge maintenance maintaining the county jail setting a county's tax rates administering water districts 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 6. What is a key problem with counties in Texas? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback Too often the county seats cannot be reached in a day's drive. County laws were made in the nineteenth century, making them too oldfashioned. They have not been given adequate lawmaking powers by the legislature. Many of them are too small and underpopulated to function well. 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 7. The job of serving legal papers at the precinct level of a county goes to the _____. Student Response Correct Answer Feedback 1. 2. 3. 4. constable sheriff district judge assistant district attorney 1/1 Score: 8. The chief law enforcement officer in county governments is the Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback justice of the peace. sheriff. constable. city police chief. 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 9. All of the following are functions of county government, except Student Response 1. 2. Correct Answer Feedback flood control. record keeping. law enforcement. bridge and road 3. 4. construction. Score: 1/1 10. The most important social service provided by counties is Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback the distribution of food stamps. animal control. education. the provision of emergency welfare assistance. 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 11. A home rule charter Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback can more easily borrow money than general law cities. grants a city a great deal of autonomy. 2. 3. sets limits to how much property tax the city may levy. all of the above 4. Score: 1/1 12. There are approximately _____ municipal governments in Texas. Student Response 1. 2. 3. 4. Correct Answer Feedback 450 270 1,200 8 Score: 1/1 13. What is the main difference between a home rule city and a general law city? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback A general law city is the name for all cities incorporated after 1901. A general law city has no power to set the property tax. 2. 3. A general law city is chartered for localities with a population of less than 5,000 persons. A general law city does not have a mayor. 1/1 4. Score: 14. The mayor-council form of government is most common in Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback large metropolitan cities. smaller general law cities. North Texas cities. newer, highgrowth "exburbs." 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 15. The commissioner form of city government was developed as a response to the Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback hurricane at Galveston in 1900. 2. Great Depression of 1929. end of Reconstruction in 1876. discovery of oil in 1901. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 16. What is the level of popularity of the commissioner system of city government in Texas today? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback While less popular than the mayorcouncil system, over 100 cities in Texas today use the commissioner style. It is the most popular form of city government in Texas. Commissioner systems have never been used in Texas. No city in Texas today has a pure 2. 3. 4. commissioner system, but a handful claim a variation of the system. Score: 1/1 17. What is an at-large election? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback an election in which voters elect officials from the entire geographical area, rather than from a smaller district within the area an election for offices that receive no official salary an election held under the commission system of city government an election in which one or more candidates are under criminal indictment 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 18. Which of the following is not a key difference between the mayor-council and the council-manager forms of local government? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback The councilmanager system is the most popular form of government throughout the United States for cities of over 10,000 residents. In the councilmanager system, the chief executive is a city manager, not a mayor. In the councilmanager system, local politics are viewed as a full-time job, unlike in the mayor-council system. councilmanager The style was meant to reduce the possibility of corruption that the mayorcouncil system may bring. 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 19. Which of the following statements about the commissioner form of government is false? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback The commissioner form of government was designed to bring good business practices into local government. The commissioner form of government does not have separately elected mayors. The commissioner form of government is currently popular amongst the largest cities in Texas. Commissioners are generally elected on an at-large basis. 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 20. Commissioner forms of government were at their height of popularity Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback in 1936, during the New Deal. in 1978, as a result of the economic recession. in 1882, at the height of the Grange movement. in 1918, during the Progressive Era. 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 21. What was the effect of Dallas's shifting from an at-large to a single member district system in 1991? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback At-large districts benefited the local Republican Party. It was challenged in court but found constitutional by the Texas Supreme Court. 2. 3. The change was responsible for the election of a significant number of African American and Hispanic council members. The city lost its status as a home rule city for five years. 1/1 4. Score: 22. Which of the following cities currently has a city government with a strong mayor form of government? Student Response 1. 2. 3. 4. Correct Answer Feedback San Antonio Dallas Austin Houston Score: 1/1 23. The chief financial officer for a city is called the Student Response 1. 2. Correct Answer Feedback mayor. sheriff. 3. 4. Score: 24. city controller. city manager. 1/1 San Antonio operates under which form of city government? Student Response 1. 2. Correct Answer Feedback at-large style commissioner style councilmanager style mayor-council style 3. 4. Score: 1/1 25. Which of the following is the most common form of local government in Texas? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback county government none of the above municipal government special districts 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 26. A school district is Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback administered by the county commissioners' court. established by each incorporated city. a special district. ruled by the state government in Austin. 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 27. What is the main difference between a special district and a county? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback A special district provides only one specific service within a geographic region. Special districts are controlled by incorporated cities, unlike county government. 2. 3. There are no major differences. A county is formed in terms of population density, while a special district is created geographically. 1/1 4. Score: 28. Which of the following is not a service that is provided by a special district? Student Response 1. 2. 3. 4. Score: 29. Correct Answer Feedback electricity hospital school city police 1/1 Flood control is managed through special districts because Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback all of the above the Texas constitution forbids both cities and the 2. state from spending money on flood prevention. 3. flooding is seldom contained in a single city or county. the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 revealed the inefficiency and slowness of state government in responding to local disasters. 1/1 4. Score: 30. In Texas, who creates special districts? Student Response 1. 2. Correct Answer Feedback the governor the county commissioners' court, with local voter approval Texas voters in the areas that will be covered the Texas legislature 3. 4. Score: 1/1 31. How are most special districts in Texas administered? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback For each special district, the governor appoints members to a review board. They are run by special district administrators who answer directly to the state legislature. County judges administer all special districts within their jurisdiction. They are run by a board elected by residents within the district. 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 32. What are the main sources of revenue for special districts in Texas? Student Response Correct Answer Feedback 1. income taxes and user fees sales taxes and property taxes property taxes and user fees income taxes and sales taxes 1/1 2. 3. 4. Score: 33. What type of government is called hidden government because people often don't know it exists? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback special districts county government city government state government 2. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 34. Which of the following has been a problem found recently in Texas in the system of special districts? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback Real estate developers have moved a few people onto land, rent free, who then vote for huge bond measures that future residents are obliged to pay. 2. State investigations have discovered numerous "phantom districts" that do not provide a service, yet bill the local counties for administrative costs. all of the above The special districts for homeland security throughout Texas were uncoordinated and illprepared for September 11. 1/1 3. 4. Score: 35. What is the function of the 24 councils of government in Texas today? Student Response 1. Correct Answer Feedback They are a regional board meant to coordinate local planning and economic development. 2. They are an administrative board that runs utility districts in rural areas. They are a tax board meant to establish local property tax rates. They are a board that establishes new special districts when needed. 3. 4. Score: 1/1 ... View Full Document

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