Psy269S08Ch5
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Psy269S08Ch5

Course Number: PSY 269, Fall 2009

College/University: Wheaton IL

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Chapter 5: Ethics Research Ethics: What Are They Denition-A set of guidelines Ethical Concerns Relationship between Science and Society Government funding of scientic research Congressional inuence on which studies are funded Corporate funding of scientic research Scientic Misconduct Faking data Other less serious issues as failing to present data or changing the design to meet pressure from a funding...

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5: Chapter Ethics Research Ethics: What Are They Denition-A set of guidelines Ethical Concerns Relationship between Science and Society Government funding of scientic research Congressional inuence on which studies are funded Corporate funding of scientic research Scientic Misconduct Faking data Other less serious issues as failing to present data or changing the design to meet pressure from a funding source Developing an institutional culture of ethical behavior best way of combating this. Professional Issues Treatment of Research Participants Ethical Dilemma Denitiondeciding if the benet of the research is greater than the cost to the participants Primary considerationwelfare of the participant Role of the IRB Review research protocols to assess ethical acceptability of a study Use of the decision-plane model for making decisions 1 Decision Plane A High Cost of Doing B c de on is i Di Low ag o l na of In Low C High D Benet of Doing Ethical Guidelines Respect for persons and their autonomy Adhered to by obtaining a persons informed consent Benecence and nonmalecence Goal of research studies-minimum harm and maximum benet IRB Proposal review categories in making this decision Exempt studies Expedited review Full board review Justice Trust Fidelity and Scientic Integrity Ethical Standards for Research APA code of ethics10 guiding principles to direct behavior of researchers Issues to consider when conducting research Institutional approval must be obtained Informed consent Dispensing with it informed consent Minorsneed to obtain their assent Passive versus active consent 2 Deceptionrefers to deceit Types Activedeception by commission Passivedeception by omission Objections May cause participants to distrust psychologists involves lying, deceit and invasion of privacy so may be harmful to participants Neither objection has occurred Alternatives such as role playing are inadequate Type of studies in which it raises ethical concerns Studies that involve invasion of privacy may and/or harm the participants Debriengpostexperimental interview Goals of debrieng Dehoaxing Desensitizing Coercion and freedom to decline participation Condentiality, anonymity and the concept of privacy Privacy--controlling others access to information about yourself When and under what circumstances others get your information You must be able to decline giving their information to others Anonymitykeeping participants identify unknown Condentialitynot revealing or connecting the participant to the information obtained 3 Ethical Issues in electronic research Informed consent Complicated because there is no clear distinction between what is public and what is private over the internet How to obtain informed consent Can put a consent to participate form on line Does the participant understand it How do you answer questions about the study Privacy and condentiality Hackers can obtain the data But data can be encrypted and the only connection to the participant is the IP address Debrieng Difcult to do if person terminates the study early If connection with the study is broken by computer crash or power outage Ways to maximize probability of debrieng Have participant provide an email address provide a leave the study radio button Incorporate a debrieng page into the program so it is delivered directly to the participant Ethical Issues in Preparing the Research Report Principles to follow Justicewho will be the author(s) Scientic integrityaccurate and honest reporting 4 Writing the Research Report Presentation should be honest and written with integrity Avoid plagiarismnot giving another person credit for their work How to indicate anothers work Quotation marks Indented material Citations Ethics of Animal Research Animal rights Philosophy Activities Alternatives to use of animals Safeguards in the use of animals Animal welfare Guidelines in the use of animals in research Pr 12:10 A righteous man cares for the needs of his animal, but the kindest acts of the wicked are cruel. 5

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