Final Study Guide Soci 3156
21 Pages

Final Study Guide Soci 3156

Course Number: SOCI 3156, Spring 2008

College/University: Georgia State

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Cantrell 3156 SG4 Fall 2007 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. About what percent of new STIs in the U.S. involve those in the 15-24-year-old range? a. 50% b. 60% c. 70% d. 80% e. 90% 2. If people have a "punishment concept" of STIs, then they a. feel shame for any STI they might contract. b. think those who develop STIs deserve them....

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Cantrell 3156 SG4 Fall 2007 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. About what percent of new STIs in the U.S. involve those in the 15-24-year-old range? a. 50% b. 60% c. 70% d. 80% e. 90% 2. If people have a &quot;punishment concept&quot; of STIs, then they a. feel shame for any STI they might contract. b. think those who develop STIs deserve them. c. feel inadequate about any STI they might contract. d. all of these are true e. none of these are true 3. Compared with men, women are a. more likely to contract chlamydia, and more likely to have symptoms if they do. b. less likely to contract chlamydia, but more likely to have symptoms if they do. c. more likely to contract chlamydia, but less likely to have symptoms if they do. d. less likely to contract chlamydia, and less likely to have symptoms if they do. e. about equally likely to contract chlamydia, and about equally likely to have symptoms if they do. 4. A woman who has had a caesarian section delivery, and who is breastfeeding her infant, discovers her infant has an STI. If the infant contracted the STI from the woman, then the STI is most likely a. gonorrhea. b. chlamydia. c. herpes. d. HIV. e. from the information provided, there is no way to determine which STI is most likely. 5. Surveys show that those least likely to receive STI testing and yearly pelvic exams are a. bisexual women. b. heterosexual women. c. lesbians. d. a and b are about equally least likely e. a, b, and c are about equally likely 6. Contraceptive methods which have been shown to substantially reduce STI transmission include a. condoms. b. contraceptive foam containing nonoxynol-9. c. IUDs. d. all of these are true e. none of these are true 7. Which of the following is least likely? a. contracting <a href="/keyword/pubic-lice/" >pubic lice</a> from wearing the clothing of someone who is infested b. contracting <a href="/keyword/pubic-lice/" >pubic lice</a> from sleeping in the bed of someone who is infested c. contracting chlamydia from oral sex (male from female) d. contracting chlamydia from oral sex (female from male) e. contracting AIDS from oral sex 8. A person is experiencing severe genital itching, a common symptom of a. <a href="/keyword/pubic-lice/" >pubic lice</a> . b. scabies. c. gonorrhea. d. <a href="/keyword/pubic-lice/" >pubic lice</a> and scabies. e. scabies and gonorrhea. 9. A woman says, &quot;I can't have chlamydia! I don't have any of the symptoms.&quot; Your most accurate reply would be a. &quot;You're almost certainly right; about 95% of infected women have symptoms.&quot; b. &quot;You're probably right; about 80% of infected women have symptoms.&quot; c. &quot;You might be right; about 60% of infected women have symptoms.&quot; d. &quot;You might be right, but only about 40% of infected women have symptoms.&quot; e. &quot;You might be right, but only about 25% of infected women have symptoms.&quot; 10. The least common--in terms of new cases per year in the U.S.--of the following STIs is a. gonorrhea. b. syphilis. c. chlamydia. d. trichomoniasis. e. herpes. 11. A person with an STI is being treated with Kwell ointment. Most likely, the STI is a. <a href="/keyword/pubic-lice/" >pubic lice</a> . b. chlamydia. c. human papillomavirus. d. trichomoniasis. e. gonorrhea. 12. Public health officials in the U.S. have to report all of the following STIs except a. gonorrhea. b. scabies. c. chancroid. d. syphilis. e. all of the following do have to be reported 13. &quot;Crabs&quot; is to <a href="/keyword/pubic-lice/" >pubic lice</a> as &quot;clap&quot; is to a. HIV. b. herpes. c. gonorrhea. d. AIDS. e. syphilis. 14. Out of the following alternatives, PID is most often caused by a. scabies. b. <a href="/keyword/pubic-lice/" >pubic lice</a> . c. chancroid. d. gonorrhea. e. vulvovaginal candiasis. 15. Gonorrhea can be contracted through a. oral-genital contact. b. genital-genital contact. c. anal-genital contact. d. a newborn's contact with an infected vagina. e. all of these are true 16. Congenital syphilis is a. contracted as a result of incest. b. contracted by a developing embryo or fetus. c. much more difficult to treat than noncongenital syphilis. d. all of these are true e. none of these are true 17. A person with an SDI has had a chancre appear to heal, but a few weeks later, the person breaks out in a hives-like rash, and has flu-like symptoms. Most likely, the STI is a. chancroid. b. AIDS. c. bacterial vaginosis. d. syphilis. e. scabies. 18. A man is suffering from nongonococcal urethritis (NGU); most likely, his case of NGU resulted from a. chlamydia. b. herpes. c. <a href="/keyword/pubic-lice/" >pubic lice</a> . d. syphilis. e. AIDS. 19. Of the following, the STI which is least common in the U.S.--at least in terms of reported cases per year--is a. syphilis. b. AIDS. c. gonorrhea. d. chlamydia. e. chancroid. 20. Someone who has just received the medicine metronidazole a. is experiencing an abnormal vaginal discharge b. c. d. e. should not be drinking alcohol shortly will experience relief of herpes symptoms should boil their infected clothes and bedclothes to kill the rest of the <a href="/keyword/pubic-lice/" >pubic lice</a> is asymptomatic 21. Which of the following statements is most accurate, regarding yeast infections? &quot;In their lifetimes, most women will be infected at least once, a. but not from sexual activity.&quot; b. but probably not from sexual activity.&quot; c. probably from sexual activity.&quot; d. but will be asymptomatic.&quot; e. and usually will 'ping-pong' the infection several times with their partner.&quot; 22. If a woman wants to use a &quot;natural&quot; treatment for a yeast infection, she can try, with some expectation of symptom relief, a. eating at least a cup of yogurt per day. b. applying the yogurt directly to affected vulval areas. c. inserting a yogurt-dipped tampon into the vagina. d. any of these are true e. none of these are true 23. A higher risk of PID is associated with all of the following except a. having multiple sexual partners. b. contracting gonorrhea. c. contracting Chlamydia. d. being unmarried. e. starting sexual intercourse after one's teens. 24. Unlike bacterial STIs, the viral STIs herpes and HPV a. always produce symptoms. b. are easily curable. c. are not transmitted orally. d. are difficult to transmit genitally. e. are incurable. 25. A person is experiencing &quot;viral shedding&quot; but no other symptoms. This person is infected with a. herpes, and can be contagious. b. herpes, but is not contagious, at present. c. syphilis, and can be contagious. d. syphilis, but is not contagious, at present. e. AIDS, and is contagious. 26. &quot;Autoinoculation&quot; refers to a. one's initial infection with an STI. b. passing an STI back and forth with a sexual partner. c. self-infecting a new area of one's body with an existing STI. d. self-treating an STI with a nonprescription, often herbal, remedy. e. developing an STI from something besides sexual activity. 27. People infected with herpes should expect that, as time goes on, a. outbreak frequency will diminish. b. outbreak frequency will diminish with psychological support. c. both a and b d. outbreak frequency will increase. e. outbreak frequency will depend solely on physical factors. 28. In the treatment of herpes, Aciclovir and Valacyclovir a. shorten outbreaks and reduce viral shedding. b. shorten outbreaks, but do not reduce viral shedding. c. reduce viral shedding, but do not shorten outbreaks. d. increase the chances of transmitting herpes to a sexual partner. e. b and d 29. A woman has a &quot;high-risk&quot; form of human papillomavirus. She should be especially concerned about developing a. genital warts. b. nongenital warts. c. HPV. d. cervical cancer. e. all of these are true 30. Untreated HPV most often a. clears up on its own. b. mutates from &quot;low-risk&quot; to &quot;high-risk&quot; forms. c. mutates from &quot;high-risk&quot; to &quot;low-risk&quot; forms. d. mutates, although the direction of the mutation is unpredictable. e. becomes genital warts. 31. One can speak of the &quot;ABC&quot;s--HAV, HBV, HCV--of which STI? a. HIV b. herpes c. hepatitis d. human papillomavirus e. hematemesis 32. From most common to least common in the U.S., the order of viral hepatitis types is a. A, C, B. b. B, C, A. c. C, B, A. d. C, A, B. e. B, A, C. 33. Once someone has contracted HIV, she or he can transmit the disease a. almost immediately. b. only after 24 hours. c. only after 72 hours. d. only after 24 hours, and testing HIV-positive. e. only after 72 hours, and testing HIV-positive. 34. Most of the first victims of AIDS in the U.S. were a. intravenous drug users. b. heterosexual female prostitutes. c. heterosexual male prostitutes. d. lesbians. e. gay men. 35. Worldwide, estimates are that the number of people newly infected with HIV per year is closest to a. 50,000. b. 500,000. c. 5,000,000. d. 50,000,000. e. 500,000,000. 36. In recent years in the U.S., the percentage of new AIDS cases involving gay men has decreased to about a. 30%. b. 40%. c. 50%. d. 60%. e. 70%. 37. According to your text, AIDS disproportionately affects minority communities in the U.S. because of a. genetic predispositions. b. socioeconomic factors. c. psychological factors. d. all of these are true e. none of these are true 38. Someone who is HIV-positive might initially experience flu-like symptoms, followed by a period of time with no obvious symptoms. Only when later, more severe symptoms develop does the seriousness of the disease become apparent. This progression is similar to that of a. HPV. b. syphilis. c. chancre. d. scabies. e. herpes. 39. A rare blood vessel cancer which is an opportunistic disease found in many AIDS sufferers is a. cryptococcosis. b. cytomegalovirus. c. toxoplasmosis. d. Kaposi's sarcoma. e. oral candidiasis. 40. If someone is infected with HSV-2, then the infection is a. definitely genital. b. probably genital. c. about equally likely to be genital or oral. d. probably oral e. definitely oral 41. HAART involves a. taking several medications at precise times under precise conditions. b. taking one medication at precise times under precise conditions. c. taking prescribed medications with a 40% adherence rate. d. taking prescribed medications with a 60% adherence rate. e. taking prescribed medications with an 80% adherence rate. 42. Based on what we know in the early 21 st century, HIV medical research should concentrate most on a. finding a cure for those who are HIV-positive. b. finding a cure for those who have developed full-blown AIDS. c. finding a vaccine to immunize against HIV. d. finding a substance to arrest mother-child transmission of HIV. e. the odds of doing any of the above in the next several years are about the same. 43. Since the discovery of HIV in the United States, the percentage of gay men who engage in &quot;high-risk&quot; behaviors (such as unprotected anal sex) has a. decreased substantially, and stayed low. b. decreased substantially, then started to rise again. c. increased substantially, then decreased substantially, and stayed low. d. increased and decreased substantially, and unpredictably, several times. e. stayed about the same. 44. Worldwide, the percentage of those who are HIV-positive, and who are receiving treatment, is a. 70%. b. 50%. c. 30%. d. 10%. e. less than 10%. 45. Most of those who are HIV-positive live in a. Asia. b. Central and South America. c. republics of the former Soviet Union. d. sub-Saharan Africa. e. Eastern Europe and Western Asia. 46. An HIV-positive man has sexual intercourse with a young girl, in the hopes he will be cured of his infection. Most likely, this has happened in a. Brazil. b. Thailand. c. Mexico. d. South Africa. e. Eastern Europe. 47. Among nonhuman mammals, forced penile penetration--one of the definitions of rape-- a. b. c. d. e. virtually never occurs in any species. occurs very rarely in a few species. occurs commonly in a few species. occurs commonly in a wide variety of species. is common in virtually all species. 48. Within the United States, rape is difficult to define because a. different states use different definitions of rape. b. it is primarily a crime of oppression. c. prosecutors are extremely variable in their enforcement of rape laws. d. although the Supreme Court has defined rape, the Court has left it to the states to prosecute rape. e. some cultures do not recognize statutory rape. 49. Estimates are that the percentage of women in the United States who will be raped in their adult lifetimes is about a. 10%. b. 25%. c. 40%. d. 50%. e. 65%. 50. Of the following industrialized nations, which has the lowest reported rape rate? a. England. b. The United States. c. Japan. d. Germany. e. All of these have about the same annual rape rate. 51. Surveys show that, in the U.S., about a. one quarter of rapes are reported, a significant decline from a few years ago. b. one quarter of rapes are reported, a significant increase from a few years ago. c. one quarter of rapes are reported, about the same report rate as a few years ago. d. one half of rapes are reported, a significant decline from a few years ago. e. one half of rapes are reported, a significant increase from a few years ago. 52. Which of the following has not been associated with an increased likelihood of being a rapist? a. being a victim of sexual abuse when younger b. high levels of impulsivity c. religious liberalism d. having an overall negative view of women e. All of these are associated with an increased likelihood of being a rapist 53. &quot;He must be nuts! Why else would he be a rapist?&quot; Which theory about rape does a quote like this promote? a. victim precipitation b. rapist psychopathology c. sociological d. feminist e. genetic 54. &quot;She shouldn't dress that way if she doesn't want to be raped!&quot; is a comment which promotes which theory of rape? a. rapist psychopathology b. feminist c. genetic d. victim precipitation e. sociological 55. &quot;Rape is domination, pure and simple. It's how men keep women 'in their place'.&quot; This quote is most in line with which theory of rape? a. victim precipitation b. genetic c. rapist psychopathology d. behavioral e. feminist 56. Feminist theories of rape are most similar to which other theories? a. sociological b. humanistic c. victim precipitation d. rapist psychopathology e. genetic 57. Compared with women, men are more likely to have all of the following attitudes about rape except a. less empathy. b. less responsibility by the victim. c. more belief in &quot;rape myths&quot;. d. less sensitivity. e. Rape attitude research has not addressed any of these issues yet. 58. Among U.S. college students, those with the least sympathy, on average, for women who have been raped are a. African American. b. Hispanic. c. Non-Hispanic white. d. Asian American. e. women, regardless of ethnicity. 59. Who of the following has condoned or committed &quot;persecutory&quot; rape? a. a male among the Gusii of Kenya who overpowers a female &quot;partner&quot; and causes her pain b. a husband of the Cheyenne who puts his wife &quot;out to field&quot; for suspected unfaithfulness c. Pakistani men who rape a man's sister to punish that man d. someone who marries a prepubescent girl and has ritual sex with her to confirm a marriage e. someone who rapes during a political conflict, including war 60. The newly-developed Rapex female condom discourages rape because a. its metal barbs hook into the penis, disabling the man. b. it produces a distinctive, strong odor, making the man easily identifiable. c. it releases an indelible dye, making the man easily identifiable. d. it releases an irritant which causes detumescence and intense itching. e. its outward-facing plastic ribs prevent penile penetration. 61. A university with 10,000 women living on campus would expect, if it were an average campus, about how many rapes or attempted rapes per year? a. 100 b. 350 c. 600 d. 750 e. 1,000 62. Most women who are raped on a college campus a. know their attacker, and are most likely to report the attack to campus police. b. know their attacker, and are most likely to report the attack to a friend. c. know their attacker, but do not report the attack. d. do not know their attacker, and are most likely to report the attack to campus police. e. do not know their attacker, and are most likely to report the attack to a friend. 63. College students' attitudes about rapists and rape victims who have been drinking prior to the rape a. show a single standard; both drunk women and men are viewed as being more responsible for what happened when they were drunk. b. show a single standard; both drunk men and women are viewed as being less responsible for what happened when they were drunk. c. show no clear relationship between attitudes and drinking. d. show a double standard; women are viewed as being more responsible, men as less responsible, for what happened when they were drunk. e. show a double standard; men are viewed as being more responsible, women as less responsible, for what happened when they were drunk. 64. Studies have shown that female athletes believe a. they have a greater risk of being raped than do nonathletes, and are more likely than nonathletes to blame the rape victim for what happened. b. they have the same risk of being raped as do nonathletes, and are more likely than nonathletes to blame the rape victim for what happened. c. they have a lower risk of being raped than do nonathletes, and are more likely than nonathletes to blame the rape victim for what happened. d. they have a greater risk of being raped than do nonathletes, and are less likely than nonathletes to blame the rape victim for what happened. e. they have the same risk of being raped as do nonathletes, and are less likely than nonathletes to blame the rape victim for what happened. 65. The term &quot;rape trauma syndrome&quot;, coined over 30 years ago, describes a. the unitary response of all victims of a sexual assault. b. c. d. e. the two-stage response of all victims of a sexual assault. the unitary response of &quot;typical&quot; victims of a sexual assault. the two-stage response of &quot;typical&quot; victims of a sexual assault. the unitary response of all rape victims who actually experience penetration 66. A woman waits over a year before she tells someone she has been raped. Her behavior is a. rare--most women tell a family member or friend about a rape almost immediately. b. rare--most women never tell anyone about being raped. c. rare--most women report a rape to the police, but not to others, almost immediately. d. uncommon--only about a quarter of women wait that long to tell someone. e. common--about half of women wait that long to tell someone. 67. A rape victim recently has moved from one apartment to another, to try to gain some control in her life. According to Burgess and Holmstrom, she is a. experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). b. clinically depressed. c. both a and b d. in the acute phase of rape trauma syndrome. e. in the long-term reorganization phase of rape trauma syndrome. 68. Treating rape only as a crime of violence a. makes sense, since most rape victims respond like a &quot;typical&quot; victim of nonsexual assault. b. makes sense, since the physical injuries often are similar. c. doesn't make sense, because depression is rare following rape, and common following nonsexual assault. d. doesn't make sense, because many rape victims experience sexual problems after the rape. e. doesn't make sense, since rape is primarily a crime of sexual arousal. 69. A woman who has been raped does not discuss the rape with anyone. This is called a. silent rape reaction; those who respond this way usually take longer to recover. b. silent rape reaction; this response is not related to how long it takes to recover. c. silent rape reaction; those who respond this way usually take less time to recover. d. the &quot;acute phase&quot; of rape trauma syndrome. e. the &quot;long-term reorganization phase&quot; of rape trauma syndrome. 70. Marital rape is considered a crime in what percent of states of the U.S.? a. 10% (five states) b. 20% (ten states) c. 50% (twenty-five states) d. 80% (forty states) e. 100% 71. Based on survey research, a reasonable estimate is that the percentage of married women who at some time are victims of marital rape is a. between 10% and 20%. b. c. d. e. about 25%. between 25% and 40%. about 50%. well over 50%. 72. Compared to other women, women with disabilities are a. less likely to be raped, and less likely to suffer from RTS. b. less likely to be raped, but more likely to suffer from RTS. c. more likely to be raped, but less likely to suffer from RTS. d. more likely to be raped, and more likely to suffer from RTS. e. about equally likely to be raped, and about equally likely to suffer from RTS. 73. In the U.S., about what percent of those who report being raped are men? a. less than 1% b. 5% c. 10% d. 15% e. over 15% 74. Reports from male college students who have experienced coercive sexual contact from either women or from men show that the person engaging in the coercion is a. over three times as likely to be male as female. b. about twice as likely to be male as female. c. about equally likely to be female as male. d. about twice as likely to be female as male. e. over three times as likely to be female as male. 75. Rape is an act of misogyny&quot; is what a a. prison official might say to explain lesbian rape. b. feminist might say to explain why rape in the gay community is relatively uncommon. c. prison official might say to explain the extreme violence of male-male sexual assault. d. feminist might say to explain why rape in the gay community is relatively common. e. psychologist might say, if that psychologist believes rape is a form of paraphilia. 76. Studies show a male prisoner's percent chance of being sexually assaulted in prison is a. over 50%. b. about 50%. c. about 33%. d. about 20%. e. less than 10%. 77. A person who has been raped is less likely to report the rape if a. the attacker was a stranger. b. there was violence. c. a weapon was not used. d. a person is less likely to report a rape in all of the above cases. e. a person is more likely to report a rape in none of these are true cases. 78. Studies show that if potential rapists attend formal programs designed to decrease belief in rape myths, their belief in rape myths, on average, a. actually increases, as does their tendency to become rapists. b. stays the same, as does their tendency to become rapists. c. decreases, as does their tendency to become rapists. d. decreases, but their tendency to become rapists is typically not assessed. e. stays the same, but their tendency to become rapists is typically not assessed. 79. An adult has just been found guilty of incest. We know for sure that a. the victim was genetically related to the adult. b. the victim had resisted the incest. c. the victim was in the direct care of the perpetrator. d. all of these are true e. none of these have to be true 80. Cross-cultural data show that the &quot;incest taboo&quot; a. exists in all cultures, and prohibits at least parent-child sexual relationships of any sort. b. exists in all cultures, although the definition of &quot;incest&quot; may vary considerably. c. exists in all cultures in the developed world, most cultures in the developing world. d. exists in most cultures, regardless of socioeconomic factors. e. exists in about half of the world's cultures. 81. Research shows that children's self-reports of being sexually abused a. are unreliable; about 25% of children's self-reports are false. b. are unreliable; about 33% of children's self-reports are false. c. are somewhat reliable; about 15% of children's self-reports are false. d. are fairly reliable; fewer than 10% of children's self-reports are false. e. are fairly reliable, although children seldom can identify their attacker. 82. The incest victim who would typically delay the longest in reporting the incest would have been victimized by a a. parent's live-in female companion. b. parent's live-in male companion. c. biological father. d. stepfather. e. &quot;common-law&quot; father. 83. A person who was sexually abused as a child later, with help, can remember what actually happened. Most likely, this person had experienced a. repression. b. dissociative disorder. c. multiple personality disorder (MPD). d. traumatic sexualization. e. intimacy disorder 84. Compared to non-molesters, child molesters are more likely to have all of the following characteristics except a. poorer social skills. b. lax or nonexistent religious standards. c. lower intelligence. d. lower self-esteem. e. less happiness in their lives. 85. A study showing no difference in the average testosterone levels of male sex offenders compared to nonoffenders provides the strongest evidence against which of the following theories of sex abuse development? a. biological b. learning c. gender d. traumatic sexualization e. MPD 86. The fact that many child abusers were themselves abused as children provides the strongest evidence in support of which of the following theories of sex abuse development? a. biological b. learning c. gender d. traumatic sexualization e. MPD 87. &quot;You've taken a sexuality course,&quot; says a friend, &quot;tell me: What's the best kind of therapy for someone who's been a victim of sexual abuse?&quot; You should reply, based on the research, a. &quot;Traditional psychoanalytic therapy.&quot; b. &quot;Humanistic therapy, with an emphasis of developing accurate empathy.&quot; c. &quot;Almost any form of group therapy.&quot; d. &quot;A combination of cognitive and behavioral therapies.&quot; e. &quot;Primal scream therapy.&quot; 88. A high recidivism rate among those who have received therapy for being sexual abusers shows that a. they are in denial as regards their behaviors. b. almost all forms of therapy work well in the treatment of sexual abusers. c. no therapy works particularly well in the treatment of sexual abusers. d. something other than sexual attraction triggered their behaviors. e. other psychological disorders are present and also need to be treated. 89. Intimate partner violence (IPV) victims are most often a. men, as are IPV murder victims. b. men, although IPV murder victims are most often women. c. women, as are IPV murder victims. d. women, although IPV murder victims are most often men. e. women, although IPV murder victims are about equally likely to be women or men. 90. &quot;You're looking really good today,&quot; says person A to person B. That remark a. b. c. d. e. might be sexual harassment. definitely is sexual harassment. definitely is not sexual harassment. is most likely to be interpreted as sexual harassment if A is female and B is male. is most likely to be interpreted as sexual harassment if A is male and B is male. 91. Cross-cultural studies show that, of the following countries, the one whose residents would be most accepting of sexual harassment would be a. the Netherlands. b. the United States. c. Germany. d. Canada. e. Taiwan. 92. Erotic images in ancient writings and sculptures of India were primarily a. religious. b. obscene. c. pornographic (advertising prostitution). d. humorous. e. theatrical. 93. For many years after the ruins of Pompeii were discovered, few people know about the erotic materials which were there because a. they were written in a language only recently translated. b. early discoverers of Pompeii hid the evidence. c. the erotic visual images were abstract. d. the erotic visual images were largely symbolic. e. they were lost when a ship carrying them sank at sea. 94. The best term for nude sculptures of gods used in religious ceremonies would be a. pornography. b. scatalogia. c. obscenity. d. erotic representation. e. frescoes. 95. Pornography--defined in part as portraying sexuality for its own sake, and not as part of religious ceremony, for example--became a distinct category a. during the Roman empire about 2,000 years ago. b. during the European Renaissance, about 500 years ago. c. in the mid-1700s. d. in the mid-1800s. e. at the end of the Victorian Era in the early 1900s. 96. &quot;Watch your tongue! Obscenity is a capital offense against God.&quot; This could summarize what group's response to obscenity? a. the ancient Greeks b. the ancient Egyptians c. the ancient Romans d. the Pompeiians e. the Puritans 97. According to your text, a very important influence on the early development of pornography was the a. invention of the printing press b. development of reliable postal service c. increase in literacy rates worldwide d. decline of monasticism e. development of the telegraph 98. The pornography &quot;industry&quot; got its start in the western world with the a. nude paintings and sculptures of Michelangelo b. first &quot;art films&quot; of the late 1800s c. illuminated manuscripts of medieval monks d. erotic novels of the 1700s e. worldwide access to the Internet 99. In recent years, an average hour-long prime time network show has included about how many sexual episodes? a. 2 b. 6 c. 10 d. 12 e. more than 12 100. If you're watching the average prime time network TV show, and a couple has sexual intercourse, about what percentage of the time--to the nearest 10%--will they be in an established relationship (prior to having intercourse, of course!)? a. 10% b. 30% c. 50% d. 70% e. 90% 101. In the last quarter-century, two important factors leading to news organizations dealing more openly with human sexuality issues are a. the &quot;Swift Boat&quot; allegations, and &quot;shock TV&quot; shows. b. increasing liberality of those in the press corps, and churches taking conservative stands on sexuality issues. c. the war in Iraq, and the first Gulf War. d. changes in the DSM of the American Psychiatric Association, and registration of sexual predators. e. the Monica Lewinsky affair, and the AIDS epidemic. 102. On TV, one is least likely to see females in important roles on a. prime time network dramas. b. soap operas. c. children's programming. d. docudramas. e. sitcoms. 103. A movie has received a &quot;G&quot; rating. How will girls and boys respond to that rating, in general? a. Girls and boys will be more attracted to the film than usual. b. Girls and boys will be less attracted to the film than usual. c. Boys will be less attracted, but girls aren't affected much by ratings. d. Girls will be more attracted, but boys aren't affected much by ratings. e. Boys will be less attracted to the film than usual, girls more attracted to the film than usual. 104. Studies show that when multiple versions are made of U.S. movies with sexually explicit scenes, a. the most explicit version is released in the U.S., the least explicit version is released in Europe. b. the most explicit version is released in the U.S., the least explicit version is released on DVD. c. the least explicit version is released in the U.S., the most explicit version is released in Europe. d. the least explicit version is released in the U.S., the most explicit version is released on DVD. e. the least explicit version is released in Europe, the most explicit version is released on DVD. 105. Studies show that if advertisers want viewers to remember the name of their product, then the ad should be a. sexual and violent. b. sexual, but not violent. c. violent, but not sexual. d. nonviolent and nonsexual. e. none of these are true: there is little relationship between sexuality, violence, and product name memory. 106. One of the best pieces of evidence that sexism still exists in advertising is the a. decreasing portrayal of men in traditional women's roles. b. decreasing portrayal of women in traditional men's roles. c. both a and b d. wider range of men's occupations portrayed in ads. e. decreased use of female spokespersons in ads for men's products. 107. The &quot;typical&quot; individual arrested for internet-related possession of child pornography is a. an unmarried Caucasian over 25 years old. b. an unmarried African-American under 25 years old. c. a married Asian-American over 25 years old. d. an unmarried Asian-American under 25 years old. e. married, and over 25 years old (ethnicity is not specified in these crime statistics). 108. In recent years, the percentage of those arrested for possession of child pornography who possessed images of children less than three years old was closest to a. 1%. b. 5%. c. 10%. d. 15%. e. 20%. 109. Someone who is resisting U.S. government attempts to regulate pornography is most likely to cite which Amendment to the U.S. Constitution? a. First b. Second c. Third d. Fourth e. Fifth 110. In the U.S., the courtroom definition of &quot;obscenity&quot; includes all of the following except a. a tendency to promote sexual violence. b. appeal to prurient interest. c. lacking any serious value. d. offensive to community standards. e. all of these are part of the courtroom definition of &quot;obscenity&quot; 111. The first 20th century Presidential commission on pornography was set up by a. Warren G. Harding. b. Franklin D. Roosevelt. c. Teddy Roosevelt. d. John F. Kennedy. e. Lyndon B. Johnson. 112. &quot;Criminal sexual behavior is not more common among those who read sexually explicit material; therefore, adults should be allowed to read what they want to read, with no change in law enforcement.&quot; This quote accurately summarizes a major conclusion of a. the 1970 Commission on Obscenity and Pornography. b. the 1986 Attorney General's Commission on Pornography. c. the 2004 Commission on Publishing and Advertising. d. all of these are true e. none of these are true 113. Compared to the 1970 Commission on Obscenity and Pornography, the 1986 Attorney General's Commission on Pornography a. instituted many more scientific studies of obscenity and pornography. b. included many more social scientists, as opposed to laypeople. c. was more explicitly limited to gathering research-based information. d. all of these are true e. none of these are true 114. International studies show that, as availability of pornography increases, a. rape rates increase, relative to other crime rates. b. rape rates decrease, relative to other crime rates. c. rape rates stay about the same, relative to other crime rates. d. rape rates and other violent crime rates increase, relative to nonviolent crime rates. e. rape rates and other violent crime rates decrease, relative to nonviolent crime rates. 115. Limitations of research showing that men who watch violent, women-degrading pornography experience increases in rape fantasies, and increased acceptance of violence against women, include a. the inability of researchers to reliably distinguish degrading from nondegrading porn. b. failure to exclude gay men from the participant pool. c. lack of findings about how long these changes last. d. the fact that almost all of the research involves female researchers. e. the fact that almost all of the research involves male researchers. 116. About what fraction of internet spending in the U.S. is for products related to sex? a. 10% b. 20% c. 40% d. 60% e. over 60% 117. An adult who spends about two hours per day visiting sexually-oriented chat rooms would be classified as a. a recreational user, and is probably female. b. an at-risk user, and is probably female. c. a compulsive user, and is probably female. d. an at-risk user, and is probably male. e. a compulsive user, and is probably male. 118. Studies show that the majority of people in the U.S. a. would ban violent porn, but do not think pornography leads to loss of respect for women. b. would ban violent porn, and think pornography leads to loss of respect for women. c. would not ban violent porn, but do think pornography leads to loss of respect for women. d. would not ban violent porn, and do not think pornography leads to loss of respect for women. e. rate themselves as &quot;Undecided&quot; on banning violent porn, and on whether pornography leads to loss of respect for women. 119. Manager is to hotel as madam is to a. john. b. brothel. c. pimp. d. hooker. e. trick. 120. To the question, &quot;Why are you a prostitute?&quot; a prostitute replies, &quot;I enjoy it--the money and the sex are good!&quot; That reply, if it's honest, is a. the most common one prostitutes would give. b. common, although most prostitutes don't enjoy what they do. c. common, although most prostitutes don't have &quot;good sex.&quot; d. uncommon: for most prostitutes, money is the primary reason for prostituting. e. uncommon: most prostitutes do what they do for largely personal, hard-to-quantify reasons. 121. A &quot;typical&quot; female prostitute is a. under 25, and prostitutes part-time. b. under 25, and prostitutes full-time. c. in her 30s, and prostitutes part-time. d. in her 30s, and prostitutes full-time. e. over 30, and prostitutes part-time. 122. Studies show about what percent of female prostitutes use drugs, including alcohol, crack, heroin, marijuana, and other drugs? a. over 90% b. about 90% c. about 75% d. about 50% e. about 33% 123. Of the following, the type of prostitute most at risk for being a violent crime or robbery victim would be a. courtesan. b. escort agency. c. streetwalker. d. massage parlor. e. brothel. 124. Generally speaking, which type of prostitute would earn the most per sexual encounter? a. courtesan. b. bar girl. c. streetwalker. d. massage parlor. e. brothel. 125. Heterosexual is to homosexual as gigolo is to a. courtesan. b. streetwalker. c. masseur. d. hustler. e. sugardaddy. 126. The most common characterization of male prostitutes would be a. heterosexuals who use alcohol or other drugs. b. homosexuals who use alcohol or other drugs. c. bisexuals who use alcohol or other drugs. d. heterosexuals who do not use alcohol or other drugs. e. homosexuals who do not use alcohol or other drugs. 127. A typical &quot;john&quot; is a. b. c. d. e. under 30, and goes to a prostitute 10 times per year or fewer. under 30, and goes to a prostitute more than 10 times per year. between 30 and 60, and goes to a prostitute 10 times per year or fewer. between 30 and 60, and goes to a prostitute more than 10 times per year. over 60, and goes to a prostitute 10 times per year or fewer. 128. The most common way to transmit HIV for female prostitutes is a. anal intercourse, also the most common way for male prostitutes. b. anal intercourse, while IV drug use is the most common way for male prostitutes. c. heterosexual intercourse, while anal intercourse is the most common way for male prostitutes. d. IV drug use, also the most common way for male prostitutes. e. IV drug use, while anal intercourse is the most common way for male prostitutes. 129. In recent years, &quot;comfort girls&quot;--women forced into prostitution during World War II--have been recognized and compensated (financially, at least) by a. the U.S. b. the U.K. c. Japan. d. Germany. e. Russia (and the rest of the former Soviet Union). 130. If a tourist traveled a street filled with &quot;window prostitutes&quot;, the tourist most likely would be in a. Havana, Cuba. b. Nevada, USA. c. Amsterdam, the Netherlands. d. Taiwan. e. the Philippines.

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