FINAL_EXAM_REVIEW_07
13 Pages

FINAL_EXAM_REVIEW_07

Course Number: PHIL 180, Fall 2007

College/University: Kansas

Word Count: 430

Rating:

Document Preview

Final Exam Review Philosophy 180 Fall 2007 Professor Ann Cudd Final Exam Double length of midterm: 15 short answer questions (no choice) 2 identification passages (no choice) 2 essay questions (some choice) Comprehensive, weighted more to last part 2 1/2 hours (but you won't need it) Dec. 11, 1:30pm in the lecture hall Review of first third Theories of governmental authority and legitimacy problem of...

Unformatted Document Excerpt
Coursehero >> Kansas >> Kansas >> PHIL 180

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one
below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Exam Final Review Philosophy 180 Fall 2007 Professor Ann Cudd Final Exam Double length of midterm: 15 short answer questions (no choice) 2 identification passages (no choice) 2 essay questions (some choice) Comprehensive, weighted more to last part 2 1/2 hours (but you won't need it) Dec. 11, 1:30pm in the lecture hall Review of first third Theories of governmental authority and legitimacy problem of legitimacy: Thrasymachus' challenge Confucianism (Confucius and Mencius): ruler should be virtuous and benevolent; partiality; authoritarian Mohism: ruler should bring about universal love; impartiality; authoritarian Authority and Legitimacy (cont.) Taoism (Chuang Tzu): not-ruling (anarchy); harmony with Tao isolationism; egocentrism; anti-materialism Legalism (Hsun Tzu): human nature is evil Virtue, goodness must be learned; not natural Contractarianism Idea of the social contract: consent of people required for legitimate rule Enlightenment political philosophy Individualism Hobbes vs. Locke Authority and Legitimacy (cont.) Historical Materialism (Engels) Historical change caused by changes in economic or material substructure relations and forces of production Slavery; feudalism; capitalism; socialism Socialism: state ownership of means of production Imperialism and colonialism Review of third: Challenges to Legitimacy and Authority Justifications: Eurocentrism, racism; European ideals African philosophy as resistance nd 2 Challenges, Cont. Socrates' argument to obey the law Conversation with the laws Frederick Douglass' moral and prudential arguments Democracy Two crucial questions: What does it mean for people rule? to Who are the people? Federalist papers Problem of factions and solution thereto Slave compromise Majoritarianism Minority representation Single transferable vote Problems with Electoral College Democracy, cont. Procedural vs. substantive interpretation Compatibility with Confucianism Feminism Religion Review of last third: Rights Two big questions concerning rights: Justification Content Property Rights Locke's argument that property rights are natural rights: limitations, role of money Natural rights theory vs. Positive rights Civil rights rights as valid claims within legitimate governmental authority U.S. Bill of Rights (plus 13th, 14th, 15th, 19th amendments) Human Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights Universality Civil, political rights vs. economic, social, cultural rights Major violations by U.S. and China Human Rights Main features: express ultimate, weighty moral concerns, apply universally, come from common concerns and values Binding on everyone: all who collaborate in coercive imposition of institutional order have responsibility Women's rights as human rights Oppression and Privilege Negative vs. positive freedom Oppression Individuals harmed as members of social groups Privileged social group Five faces: exploitation, marginalization, powerlessness, cultural domination, violence Oppression as violations of positive and negative rights Privilege Freedom Internal vs. external Economic Oppression Property rights vs. right not to be hungry Rights as goals (vs. constraints or intruments) Right to a equal opportunity in public education Moral, legal, and prudential arguments

Find millions of documents on Course Hero - Study Guides, Lecture Notes, Reference Materials, Practice Exams and more. Course Hero has millions of course specific materials providing students with the best way to expand their education.

Below is a small sample set of documents:

Kansas - PHIL - 180
Democracy and FeminismWhy not? Feminism demands equal rights for women Democracy demands majority rule What if majority rules that women are not to be granted equal rights? What if women have equal rights but are not socially equal?Equal Righ
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Contractarianism: HobbesModern Political Philosophy and the Enlightenment Time of revolutions in science and politics Reason and science vs. faith Political philosophy dominated by idea of consentThomas Hobbes (1588-1679) English political ph
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Democratic RepresentationRepresentation What does it mean for one person to represent another? What qualities would you like to find in your ideal representative? What qualities does the U.S. Constitution consider relevant?Boxill, "Majoritaria
Kansas - PHIL - 180
DemocracyDemocracy Rule by the people Two crucial questions:1. What does it mean for the people to rule? 2. Who are the people?The Federalist Papers Written in 1787-8 by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay Pseudonym "Publius" Du
Kansas - PHIL - 180
TaoismClass Objectives Understand basic ideas of Taoism Chuang Tzu's theory of human nature and political philosophy Contrasts with other Chinese political thinkersChuang Tzu and Taoism Chuang Tzu (369-286 BCE), contemporary of Mencius Lao T
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Contractarianism: LockeClass Objectives To understand Locke's theory of the legitimacy of government To contrast Locke's theory with Hobbes' To see how Locke's theory informs U.S. political system To gain further understanding of contractariani
Kansas - PHIL - 180
MohismClass objectives:1. How is Mohism different from Confucianism? 2. What justification does Mohism offer for governmental authority? 3. Is "universal love" plausible and/or defensible?Mo Tzu (479-381 BCE) Warring States period: increasing p
Kansas - PHIL - 180
The Obligation to Obey the LawClass objectives To examine argument of the Crito for obeying the law and submitting to punishment To distinguish prudential from moral arguments To understand the argument of F. Douglass in favor of breaking a law
Kansas - PHIL - 180
LiberalismJohn Stuart Mill (1806-1873)J.S. Mill's life and work Born in London; privately educated by father James Mill and Jeremy Bentham Married and collaborated with Harriet Taylor Mill Utilitarianism (Utilitarianism) Feminism (The Subject
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Civil RightsClass Objectives Distinguish three theories of personal rights: natural rights, positive rights, civil rights Examine the Bill of Rights and other amendments to U.S. Constitution that concern personal rights Apply civil rights theory
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Political Authority and ObligationPlato's Republic, Book I: The Challenge of ThrasymachusPlato and Athenian Democracy Plato (428-348 BCE) founder of the Academy student of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle author of the Platonic dialogues Athen
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Hsn Tzu and LegalismClass Objectives Examine Hsn Tzu's claim that human nature is "evil" Discuss relationship between theories of human nature and political authority Contrast Confucianism and LegalismHsn Tzu (c.313-c.238 BCE) Lived during Wa
Kansas - PHIL - 180
MaoismMao Zedong (1893-1976) Born in Hunan province to peasant family Soldier in 1911 Revolution Became head of Communist Party 1935 Became head of People's Republic of China 1949 Cultural Revolution (1966-69)"On Coalition Government" (1945)
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Revolution and SecessionGovernmental Authority Governmental authority is coercive and carries threat of violent social sanction Some argue against gov't anarchism Taoism Thrasymachus Others see gov't as a necessary evilFor Government Conf
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Colonialism and OccupationBrief history of Modern Africa Slave period: 16th c. to late 19th c. Colonial period: 19th c - late 20th c. Decolonization: 1950s-1980s Democratic Movements: Successes and Failures: 1990s-presentColonialism Narrow s
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Economic Oppression and Governmental ResponsibilityEconomic Oppression the oppression of persons who lack economic security assumes that there is a positive right not to be hungry or to be educated or to have some other form of economic security
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Economic OppressionAmartya Sen Native of India, Professor of Economics and Philosophy at Oxford 1998 Nobel Laureate in Economic Science theory of famines social choice theory preference theory3 Interpretations of Rights1. Rights as Instrume
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Democracy as cultural valueClass Objectives To understand Phillips' two main arguments for gender equity in representation To understand the distinction between procedural and substantial interpretations of democracy To examine possibility of Co
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Oppression and PrivilegeOppression Old use: oppression = tyranny New use: oppression is systematic harm done to persons as members of a social group For every oppressed group there is a correlative privileged groupSocial Groups Groups are an
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Human RightsConcept of human rights Express ultimate, weighty, moral concerns; Apply universally to all humans; Come out of common concerns and values.Pogge's main claimArticle 28 of the Universal Declaration of Human rights is to be interpre
Kansas - PHIL - 180
FreedomOppressionUnlike Young's, on Cudd's view all forms of oppression are united by these features: Harm individuals are harmed Social group harms come to individuals as members of social groups Privilege there is a privileged group Coerc
Kansas - PHIL - 180
Historical Materialism and SocialismMarx and Engels Karl Marx (1818-1883) Frederick Engels (1820-1895) shared concern for the poor, working masses co-authored works including Communist Manifesto (1848) Theory of history; economic critique of c
Tufts - HIST - 98
ID's Part 2 Populism: a style of politics aimed at the urban working and middle classes, who together, composed the populist coalition. Most vigorous in the years following 194, populism generally employed nationalist themes and promoted import-subst
Tufts - HIST - 98
ID'S Liberation Theology: Christian movement that believed that the Christian leaders should be more than spiritual leaders, but also help alleviate poverty. It encouraged local bible study groups within the smaller communities. Believers in liberati
Tufts - SPANISH - 003
Spanish 3 Exam Study GuideBy Sarah Habib Grammar Sections Se Accidental: Se + indirect pronoun + verb in 3rd person + noun A la profesora se le cayo la falda Olvidar to forget Perder- to lose Quedar- to remain Quemar- to burn Romper- to break Vence
Tufts - HIST - 98
Sarah Habib Modern Latin American Professor Corbett 14 March 2008 Zapatismo and Peronismo During the Twentieth Century many social movements spread throughout Latin America. Zapatismo in Mexico- and Peronismo- in Argentina- are two of the most well k
Tufts - SPANISH - 003
Chapter 5-6 Study Guide Grammar Section The Personal A: When the direct object is a specific person or persons, or a personalized object like a dear pet, the personal a is used before it. If it is a non-specific person or a place or a thing, the a is
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1130
Ch 8Human PopulationPart 2: Environmental Issues and the Search for SolutionsPowerPoint Slides prepared by Jay Withgott and Heidi MarcumCopyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin CummingsThis lecture will help you understa
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1130
Ch 16Marine and Coastal Systems: Resources, Impacts, and ConservationPart 2: Environmental Issues the Search for SolutionsPowerPoint Slides prepared by Jay Withgott and Heidi MarcumCopyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin C
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1080
BISONBy: LostTaylor Pearson Jenny Stepp Hillary Hollis"BISON" OR "BUFFALO" THAT IS THE QUESTIONBison, are commonly called "buffalo. Scientifically, the term "buffalo" is incorrect for the North American species. This species is not even found in
Texas Tech - EDRE - 4480
Taylor Pearson EDRE 4840 Extra Credit Terms 1. ELL-English Language Learners- Ell's are non-native English speakers all over the US who are learning English in school. Students who are in the process of learning English as a new language. English Lan
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1080
Spring 2008Our Climate Ecosystems Terrestrial /land Aquatic/waterRegional weather conditionsAll effected by the tilt and rotation of the earth on its axis Variations in solar radiation based on where you are in the world Topography
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1080
Spring 2008 Limited supplyRenewable _ in limited supply But . . . Let us not forget the impact of pollution Erosion PollutionSemiarid Land Bothresult in habitat loss And both result in reducing BIODIVERSITY Incr
Texas Tech - EDRE - 4480
1Taylor PearsonText Set "DOGS" Annotated Bibliography 1. Eastman, P. D. Go Dog Go! New York: Random House, 1961. Go Dog Go! is a humorous fiction/fantasy written in rhyming text. It touches on culture and diversity through all the different dogs a
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1080
Spring 2008Four principle types of tissues found in adults: Arranged in Consists of closely and densely packed cells Contains many cell junctions providing very secure attachments among cells _(no blood capillaries are present Excha
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1080
Spring 2008_ is any observable activity performed by a living thing. Two main types Innate = Learned =All behavior comes from the interaction between genes and the environmentExamples of the modification of both: Get used to somet
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1080
Spring 2008Divided into two parts Brain Spinal cord Nerves that connect the CNS to the rest of the bodyReceives and processes sensory info. Generates thoughts Directs neural signals between the brain and the rest of the bodyThree
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1130
Ch 15Freshwater Resources: Natural Systems, Human Impact, and ConservationPart 2: Environmental Issues and the Search for SolutionsPowerPoint Slides prepared by Jay Withgott and Heidi MarcumCopyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as B
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1080
By: Taylor PearsonQuestion If you listen to music while studying are you able to retain more information?Hypothesis I believe that people will retain more information by listening to music while studying."The Test" I gathered a group of five
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1130
Thompson web links CH 9 Web Links Eric Carle http:/www.eric-carle.com Information about Eric Carle, his books, and his illustration techniques can be found on this website. Children's Authors http:/www.harperchildrens.com http:/www.eduplace.com http:
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1080
Ch 9Soil and AgriculturePart 2: Environmental Issues and the Search for SolutionsPowerPoint Slides prepared by Jay Withgott and Heidi MarcumCopyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin CummingsThis lecture will help you unde
Texas Tech - BIOL - 1080
Spring 2008A community is made up of all the populations which live and interact with each other within a habitat. A habitat is where an organism lives~this is like how we sit in the same exact seats every time we come in. She did not make us si
Trinity College, Hartford - HIST - 308
History 308 Final Exam ID'sStalin: General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. During that time he established the regime now known as Stalinism. As one of several Central Comm
Trinity College, Hartford - HIST - 308
Peter Walters Rise of Modern Russia Essay Due: 3/14/08 Essay Question #6The revolutionary intelligentsia was important because, despite having little impact initially on rousing the peasant masses, they were the first to go beyond theory and actual
Trinity College, Hartford - HIST - 308
Soviet UnionSolzhenitsyn- A Russian novelist who mad the world aware of the gulag, a soviet labor camp system. He was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1974. He rejects Stalin's view and sees Lenin as true communist. His stories were initially praise
Trinity College, Hartford - RELG - 256
BUDDHA: Siddhartha= founder of Buddhism Gautama: Buddha! Lived from 560-480 Four Passing Sights: 1. old crippled man (old age), 2. a diseased man (illness), 3. a decaying corpse (death 4. an ascetic (A person who seeks the end to suffering). Middle W
Trinity College, Hartford - HIST - 308
Main StytemFunctions: First physical barrier to outside environment Protection- mechanical, chemical, bacterial, UV (melanin (pigment protein) protects nuculi), thermal, and dessication (drying out) Tempurature Control sweat glands Sensory - recep
Colorado - ECON - 2010
Consumer TheoryConsumers optimization principle: people buy the "best bundle of goods" that they can afford. I. First Approach:A. Utility: a measure of satisfactionB. Marginal Utility (MU): the change in utility resulting from a change in consu
Colorado - WMST - 2000
Addiel Chaudhry 3-31-2008 Intro to Feminist Studies Reflection Paper This week while reading about the media and its influences on women and feminism, I could not help but relate these readings to the television I watch and the music I listen to. Tel
Colorado - WMST - 2000
Addiel Chaudhry 1-29-2008 WMST 2000 Feminist Studies Autobiographical Sketch Music, for me is a way of life. I am a dancer, a DJ and on occasion a shower singer. Music sends out many messages to people from all walks of life. Many of the messages, re
Colorado - ECON - 2010
Elasticity a measure of responsivenessQ2 Q2I. Price Elasticity of Demand: e pQ1 Q1 2 P1 P1 2 . This is the midpoint formula for ep.% Q % PP2 P2Example: Original Q Cheese: 116,250 New Q 123,750 202,500 %Q Cheese: T Shirts: 7500/120,000 = 0
Colorado - WMST - 2000
Study Guide for the Final Exam WMST 2000 Introduction to Feminist Studies April 22, 2008 -Be prepared to explore how your views on feminist studies have or have not changed since the initial small group discussions from the beginning of the course. U
Reedley - ENGLISH - 1A
Arreola 1 Rene Arreola Montemayor English 1A 29 May 2006 The Truth about Organized Crime The topic of organized crime elicits the feelings of many different people. The "man on the street" might think offictional mobsters like Tony Soprano and well
Reedley - BIO - 3
Biology 3 PowerPoint ProjectRene Arreola08/03/2007SpicciThere are representatives from 4 different plant communities in this presentation: Foothill woodland, riparian, chaparral, and mixed conifer. These communities are located in the nearby S
UCSB - POLY SCI - 105
Debating the Legitimate Use of Violence by the State & by Society Against the State Tsar Nicholas II, like his father, strived for modernization in the industrial sector while maintaining his authoritarian political role. He tried to suppress any for
Reedley - HIST - 1
Rene Arreola Froese History I 04/25/2007 The Christian Reconquista of Spain Christianity has had a longstanding presence in Iberia. Early Christian figures like St. Paul spread the Gospel there during Late Antiquity, and St. James the Greater was rep
Towson - GEOL - 121
History of the Earth, Part 101_Featured_Art.jpgZoomable Art PC MacEarly Earth: we already know a lot Accretion: Bombardment by meteorites Sphericity Differentiation Formation of moon Formation of magnetic fieldHadean Eon Lot of Igne
Towson - GEOL - 121
Deformation and Mountain BuildingMountain Building:Orogen and Orogeny Oro: Greek for mountain Mountains form in `belts', or orogens Orogeny: mountain building event ~10my longHow are mountains created?by Tectonic processes, like Continent-
Towson - GEOL - 121
Earthquakes and FaultingSeismos Greek for earthquake Seismicity: earthquakes Seismology: study of earthquakes Seismologists Seismometers: earthquake measurement devicesHow and why do earthquakes occur? On a fault Existing or new faultsWh
Towson - GEOL - 121
Geologic Time"there is no vestige of a beginning, no prospect of an end" -James HuttonThe Earth is 6011 years old. In 1654 James Ussher calculated the age of the earth using ,begats. 2007 + 4004 = .Clues to the actual age of the earthPowells G
Towson - POSC - 105
President Luiz Inacio Lula da SilvaCurrent ProgramsAn investments to make basic sanitation universally available in Brazil is estimated at US$ 2.5 billion a year for the next twenty years. Negotiations with the International Monetary Fund are curr