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Psychology 101 Prelim 1, Fall 1998 completed Total score: 41 out of 50, 82% 1. The hindsight bias most directly contributes to the perception that: A. psychological theories are simply reflections of researchers' personal values. B. psychological experiments are artificial. C. psychological theories and observations are merely common sense. D. psychology is potentially dangerous. 1 out of 1 Correct. 2. If someone were to flip a coin six times, which of the following sequences of heads (H) and tails (T) would be most likely? A. H H H T T T B. H T T H T H C. H H H H H H D. All the above would be equally likely. 1 out of 1 Correct. 3. If eating saturated fat and the likelihood of contracting cancer are positively correlated, which of the following is true? A. Saturated fat causes cancer. B. People who are prone to develop cancer prefer foods containing saturated fat. C. A separate factor links the consumption of saturated fat to cancer. D. None of the above is necessarily true. 1 out of 1 Correct. 4. In a psychological experiment, researchers are interested in studying the potential effects of the ________ variable. A. dependent B. control C. independent D. behavioral 1 out of 1 Correct. 5. A dispositional attribution is to ________ as a situational attribution is to ________. A. normative influence; informational influence B. personality traits; social roles C. high ability; low motivation D. politically liberal; politically conservative E. introversion; extraversion 1 out of 1 Correct. 6. Which of the following factors is the most powerful predictor of friendship? A. similarity in age B. common racial and religious background C. similarity in physical attractiveness D. physical proximity 1 out of 1 Correct. 7. You would probably be least likely to commit the fundamental attribution error in explaining why: A. you failed a college test. B. a fellow classmate was late for class. C. your professor gave a boring lecture. D. the college administration decided to raise next year's tuition costs. 0 out of 1 Incorrect. The correct answer is a. 8. According to Zimbardo (Shyness) and lecture: A. shyness stems from social programming B. approximately 40% of college students currently consider themselves shy, according to a survey at two major universities C. shyness is essentially a personal, not a social, problem D. both A and B are correct E. both A and C are correct 1 out of 1 Correct. 9. The tendency for initial compliance with a small request to facilitate subsequent compliance with a larger request is known as the: A. mere exposure effect. B. fundamental attribution error. C. reciprocity norm. D. foot-in-the-door phenomenon. E. bystander effect. 1 out of 1 Correct.... View Full Document

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