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### HW06Solutions

Course: ATMS 101, Fall 2009
School: Washington
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Word Count: 763

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Meteorology Name:__________________________ 101 Atmospheric Sciences 101 Homework #6 Due 08/05/2008 11/06/2007 Possible Points: 30 1. Thermal Circulations It is 2:00 in the afternoon on a clear summer day near the beach in Southern California. Both the land and ocean are being heated by the sun. L 2 kilometers H H A Ocean L B Land a) At which location will the surface temperature be higher? (Circle one) (1...

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Meteorology Name:__________________________ 101 Atmospheric Sciences 101 Homework #6 Due 08/05/2008 11/06/2007 Possible Points: 30 1. Thermal Circulations It is 2:00 in the afternoon on a clear summer day near the beach in Southern California. Both the land and ocean are being heated by the sun. L 2 kilometers H H A Ocean L B Land a) At which location will the surface temperature be higher? (Circle one) (1 pt) A A B B b) Above which location will the air density be greater? (Circle one) (1 pt) c) Above which location will have a higher pressure at a height of 2 kilometers ? (Circle one) (1 pt) A B d) On the diagram, label the regions of surface high and low pressure. Also label where the high and low pressure regions are at 2 kilometers. Finally, draw arrows where you expect the wind to flow (remember to draw both horizontal and vertical winds). (4 pts) e) What is this the name of this type of thermal circulation? (1 pt) Sea Breeze 2. Global Circulations a) What are the three assumptions about the earth in the Single-Cell Model? What is the name of the circulation that it produces? What drives this circulation? (5 pts) Three assumptions: 1) earth is made entirely of water (no land); 2) sun is shining directly over the equator at all times (no seasons); 3) the earth is not rotating The Single-Cell Model produces a circulation that is called the Hadley Cell. The sun is the driver of this circulation. It all begins because of the differences in temperature between the very cold poles and the very warm equator. This sets up a pressure gradient, with low pressures at the equator and high pressures at the poles. The resulting pressure gradient force cases the winds to blow. b) On the diagram of the earth below, draw the locations of the high and low pressures, the directions of the surface winds, and the circulation cells that correspond to the ThreeCell Model. Be sure to name the circulation cells. (7 pts) Polar Cell H L L H L L H L L H H 60S 60N Ferrel Cell Hadley Cell H L H L 30N 0 Hadley Cell H Ferrel Cell 30S Polar Cell 3. Scales of Atmospheric Motion Name the four scales of atmospheric motion discussed in class and provide an example of each need (no to define it, just give the name and give an example). (4 pts) Microscale, an example of which is a swirl of dust near the side of a building Mesoscale, an example of which is a thunderstorm Synoptic Scale, an example of which is the circulation around high and low pressures Planetary Scale, an example of which is the circulations associated with the Three-Cell Model or the Walker Circulation 4. Wind and Water Why is the water on the northern coast of California so cold? (Explain in terms of the wind and the response of the water). (3 pts) The general circulation around the semi-permanent Pacific High makes the surface winds off the coast of California blow approximately parallel to the coast. Surface winds will cause the surface water of the Pacific Ocean to move in the same direction (toward the south parallel to the coast), but the Coriolis force will eventually cause this surface water to turn toward the right of the current, or toward the west, which is away from the coast. Because of this, we have much of the surface water evacuating the coastal region, and this water must be replaced. The only region for replacement water to come from is from the deeper ocean. This deeper water comes up from the bottom toward the surface, and effect called upwelling. This water is much colder th...

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