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Fundamentals Of Physics (6ยบed)\chap01

Course: PHY 014, Spring 2008
School: UniFor
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The 14. time on any of these clocks is a straight-line function of that on another, with slopes = 1 and y-intercepts = 0. From the data in the figure we deduce tC tB = = 2 594 tB + 7 7 33 662 tA - . 40 5 These are used in obtaining the following results. (a) We find - tB tB = when tA - tA = 600 s. (b) We obtain tC - tC = 2 2 (t - tB ) = (495) = 141 s . 7 B 7 33 (t - tA ) = 495 s 40 A (c) Clock B reads tB =...

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The 14. time on any of these clocks is a straight-line function of that on another, with slopes = 1 and y-intercepts = 0. From the data in the figure we deduce tC tB = = 2 594 tB + 7 7 33 662 tA - . 40 5 These are used in obtaining the following results. (a) We find - tB tB = when tA - tA = 600 s. (b) We obtain tC - tC = 2 2 (t - tB ) = (495) = 141 s . 7 B 7 33 (t - tA ) = 495 s 40 A (c) Clock B reads tB = (33/40)(400) - (662/5) 198 s when clock A reads tA = 400 s. (d) From tC = 15 = (2/7)tB + (594/7), we get tB -245 s.
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18. We denote the pulsar rotation rate f (for frequency). f= 1 rotation 1.55780644887275 10-3 s(a) Multiplying f by the time-interval t = 7.00 days (which is equivalent to 604800 s, if we ignore significant figure considerations for a moment), we
UniFor - PHY - 017
17. The last day of the 20 centuries is longer than the first day by (20 century)(0.001 s/century) = 0.02 s . The average day during the 20 centuries is (0 + 0.02)/2 = 0.01 s longer than the first day. Since the increase occurs uniformly, the cumulat
UniFor - PHY - 015
15. We convert meters to astronomical units, and seconds to minutes, using 1000 m = 1 km 1 AU = 1.50 108 km 60 s = 1 min . Thus, 3.0 108 m/s becomes 3.0 108 m s 1 km 1000 m AU 1.50 108 km 60 s min = 0.12 AU/min .
UniFor - PHY - 010
10. The metric prefixes (micro (), pico, nano, . . .) are given for ready reference on the inside front cover of the textbook (also, Table 1-2). 1 century = = 10-6 century 52.6 min . 100 y 1 century 365 day 1y 24 h 1 day 60 min 1hThe percent differ
UniFor - PHY - 011
11. We use the conversion factors given in Appendix D and the definitions of the SI prefixes given in Table 12 (also listed on the inside front cover of the textbook). Here, &quot;ns&quot; represents the nanosecond unit, &quot;ps&quot; represents the picosecond unit, an
UniFor - PHY - 019
19. If ME is the mass of Earth, m is the average mass of an atom in Earth, and N is the number of atoms, then ME = N m or N = ME /m. We convert mass m to kilograms using Appendix D (1 u = 1.661 10-27 kg). Thus, ME 5.98 1024 kg N= = = 9.0 1049 . m
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12. The number of seconds in a year is 3.156107 . This is listed in Appendix D and results from the product (365.25 day/y)(24 h/day)(60 min/h)(60 s/min) . (a) The number of shakes in a second is 108 ; therefore, there are indeed more shakes per secon
UniFor - PHY - 013
13. None of the clocks advance by exactly 24 h in a 24-h period but this is not the most important criterion for judging their quality for measuring time intervals. What is important is that the clock advance by the same amount in each 24-h period. T
UniFor - PHY - 016
16. Since a change of longitude equal to 360 corresponds to a 24 hour change, then one expects to change longitude by 360 /24 = 15 before resetting one's watch by 1.0 h.
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