Ch. 27
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Ch. 27

Course Number: GOVT 2302, Spring 2008

College/University: UT Dallas

Word Count: 786

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1. Which form of taxation is not used in Texas? 2. income tax 2. The collection of taxes and other state revenues is the responsibility of the 4. comptroller of public accounts. 3. The Texas legislature writes a _____ budget. 3. biennial 4. Which of the following is the best definition of a dedicated fund? 3. portions of the state budget that are mandated to be spent in specific ways, such as for Medicaid...

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Which 1. form of taxation is not used in Texas? 2. income tax 2. The collection of taxes and other state revenues is the responsibility of the 4. comptroller of public accounts. 3. The Texas legislature writes a _____ budget. 3. biennial 4. Which of the following is the best definition of a dedicated fund? 3. portions of the state budget that are mandated to be spent in specific ways, such as for Medicaid payments 5. Why do Texas budgets not run into debt? 4. The Texas constitution places several limitations on the ability of the legislature to get into debt. 6. What limits does the Texas constitution place on welfare spending? 3. No more than 1 percent of the budget may be used for welfare spending. 7. What are the two most important agencies or offices responsible for preparing the Texas state budget? 3. the Legislative Budget Board and the comptroller 8. What is the greatest source of revenue for Texas? 2. taxes 9. Which of the following is not taxed in Texas? alcohol 2. All of the above are taxed in Texas. 3. utilities 4. gasoline 10. Sales and use taxes in Texas have led some to complain that the tax system in Texas is too 4. regressive. 11. When people with lower incomes pay a lower tax rate than those with higher incomes, it is called 1. progressive taxation. 12. _____ is the name for federal money given to a state based on the amount the state spends on a particular program. 2. Matching funds 1. 13. On which budget item does Texas spend the most money? 2. health and human services 14. Which programs in Texas receive the largest amount of federal matching funds to supplement state tax dollars? 2. health and human services 15. Approximately _____ percent of Texas revenue comes from the state lottery. 1. 2.4 16. Which of the following was not a direct effect of the 2004 Texas budget crisis? 3. The salary of the state governor was cut. 17. What was the effect on Texas prisons of the Supreme Court case Ruiz v. Estelle? 4. Texas's prison system was declared unconstitutional, and the federal courts stepped in to oversee its administration. 18. What percentage of Texas prison inmates have been convicted of drug offenses alone? 1. 17 percent 19. The policy on criminal offenders in Texas favors 1. imprisonment of violent and nonviolent offenders. 20. What has been the main result of the "get tough on crime" policy in Texas? 1. There has been a continuous need for more prisons. The cost of prison construction in Texas risen. has The number of prison inmates in Texas has risen. 4. all of the above 2. 3. 21. Which of the following statements about education policy in early Texas history is false? 1. The establishment of a public school system in Texas did not occur until it had become a state. The Constitution of 1876 placed restrictions on how much money could be used for public education. 2. 3. All of the above statements are true. 4. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas established a public system of education. 22. Which of the following was not part of the Gilmer-Aikin Laws passed in 1949? 2. The state made its first attempt at school desegregation. 23. What was Texas's response to the federal government's order to desegregate schools in the 1950s? 1. Some school districts quickly desegregated, while others resisted integration well into the 1960s. 24. Which of the following is the best description of the Supreme Court's decision in Rodriguez v. San Antonio ISD? 3. It is not unconstitutional for Texas to fund school districts with unequal levels of property taxes. 25. In what case did the Texas Supreme Court declare that the Texas constitution required that each school district be funded at approximately the same level? 1. Edgewood IDS v. Kirby 26. As it pertains to Texas, what is the Robin Hood policy? 4. a program designed to equalize school funding by transferring funds from wealthy to poor schools 27. During the 1980s, what controversial policy did the education committee SCOPE, headed by Ross Perot, recommend? 4. a "no pass, no play" policy for student athletes 28. How have education reforms in Texas in the 1990s differed from those in the 1980s? 1. Reforms in the 1990s gave back more autonomy to local school districts. 29. Which of the following ethnic groups make up the majority of Texans living in poverty? 4. Hispanics 30. Where in Texas are the poverty levels at their highest? 2. in South and West Texas 31. In the mid-1990s, growing discontent over welfare policy across the country encouraged many states, including Texas, to seek _____ so that they could experiment with welfare reform. 1. waivers 32. When the Texas legislature voted on welfare reform in 1995, the result was 2. overwhelming bipartisan support in both the House and the Senate. 33. What is the best explanation for the drop in the number of Texans on welfare in the late 1990s? 4. the booming economy and the rising demand for all types of labor

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