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Romantic Period (1820 -1910) Frdric Chopin Waltz in C-sharp Minor Johannes Brahms Hungarian Dance No. 1 in G Minor Times of Change The term Romanticism describes a way of thinking that influenced much of the philosophy, literature, and visual arts of the early 19th century. The Romantics were excited by the upheavals that followed the French Revolution in European politics and were fascinated by the power of the individual. The expression of emotions became an important component of all art forms. Poetry, literature, theater, music, and the graphic arts often depicted individuals who gave full rein to their feelings and lived in a private world of emotions and solitary dreams. The idealistic "hero" figure represented the grandest possibilities of each individual. Romanticism began at the end of the 18th century as a literary concept and was more of an attitude of mind than an actual code. Romantics rejected the supposedly cold, intellectual, logical approach of the Classical period. Instead, they trusted in the instinctive truth of their own emotions. Rules no longer circumscribed what could be achieved. Arts One of the main characteristics of Romantic music is its strong relationship with other art forms, in particular with painting and literature. Romantic writers, fascinated by the macabre and fantastic, often chose to depict a supernatural world in works like The Masque of the Red Death by Edgar Allan Poe . The Romantic poetry of Byron and Goethe inspired the art of Eugne Delacroix (1768-1863), who, in turn, painted a portrait of his friend Chopin. Franz Schubert was enchanted by the poetry of Schiller, and created many beautiful songs from the texts of his poems. Romanticism gave new life to opera. The German composer Richard Wagner, among others, envisioned opera as a combination of all the arts. The Symphonie Fantastique One piece stands out during this time as a radical departure from musical norm. A symphony about a heartbroken man who takes opium and starts having wild hallucinations about the object of his unrequited love, is hardly a traditional topic. Starting with an unconventional five movement structure, the Symphonie Fantastique widely regarded as the embodiment of the program symphony showcases Berlioz's fierce individuality as an artist. The five individual movements are labeled: 1. Rveries - Passions (Dreams, Passions) 2. Un bal (A Ball) 3. Scne aux champs (Scene at the Country) 4. Marche au supplice (March to the Scaffold) 5. Songe d'une nuit de sabbat (Dream of a Witches' Sabbath) 6. Sociocultural influences on artists 7. Beethoven died in March of 1827 in Vienna. He was 56. The last of the great classical composers, he was also the first of the Romantics. The start of the Romantic movement in music traditionally dates from his death. Beethoven had broken just about every rule, and no one that lived after him could be anything but aware of his legacy. Not only did he change the face of music, he changed its image. He started the cult of the composer as an individual and refused to accept image.... View Full Document

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