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Listen to these two excerpts and compare what you hear, using the following questions to guide your listening: Agnus Dei Guillaume de Machaut Born : c.1300 Died : 1377 Period : Medieval Country : France Kyrie N07792 Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina Born : 1525 Died : February 2, 1594 Period: Renaissance Country : Italy What timbres are heard in each example? Are the melodies mostly stepwise or skipwise? Are they different in each example? Which has a more regular pulse? In which are the voices more independent and unrelated to one another? In which one do the voices occasionally come together to form a chord? What purpose do you think each piece was intended to serve? This is an excerpt from a piece composed during the Renaissance Period that is frequently heard today. Listen to it, thinking about the following questions. Fair Phyllis N03088a John Farmer Born : 1570 Died : 1605 Period : Renaissance Country : England Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone Feeding her flock near to the mountain side. The shepherds knew not, they knew not whither she was gone, But after her lover Amyntas hied, Up and down he wandered whilst she was missing; When he found her, O then they fell a-kissing. Lyrics What would you call the ensemble that is performing this piece? Is there a singable melody in this excerpt? Are there clear phrases? (Can you tell where one idea ends and another begins?) Are musical ideas repeated within this excerpt? Does there appear to be a working out and development of ideas, or is there a constant stream of new ones? Is there a regular and consistent pulse? Are rhythmic ideas repeated? Does this piece appear to be free flowing or highly structured? The Renaissance Period (1450-1600) Social, Cultural, and Political Background The time period known as the Renaissance is replete with names of inventors, explorers, artists, politicians, scientists, and royal figures famous for their prolific and ground-breaking achievements in almost every area of human endeavor. Elizabeth I was born in 1533 to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn (c.1507-1536). Known as the virgin queen, she never married or had children. The last of the Tudors, Elizabeth died at seventy years of age after a very successful forty- four year reign. Elizabeth's reign is referred to as the Elizabethan era or the Golden Age of Elizabeth. Playwrights William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, and Ben Jonson all flourished during this era. Gutenberg , Columbus , Magellan , Copernicus , Shakespeare , Michelangelo , Botticelli , Martin Luther , Charles V , Henry VII I , and Elizabeth I are but a few of the significant people who, despite fierce challenges to their novel ideas, brought about major changes that had enormous repercussions for centuries to come.... View Full Document

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