macro sheflin hwk 6
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macro sheflin hwk 6

Course: ECONOMICS 103, Spring 2008

School: Rutgers

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hw6 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. For the U.S. economy, which of the following is the most important reason for the downward slope of the aggregate-demand curve? a. the wealth effect b. the interest-rate effect c. the exchange-rate effect d. the real-wage effect 2. According to liquidity preference theory, equilibrium in the money market is...

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Multiple hw6 Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. For the U.S. economy, which of the following is the most important reason for the downward slope of the aggregate-demand curve? a. the wealth effect b. the interest-rate effect c. the exchange-rate effect d. the real-wage effect 2. According to liquidity preference theory, equilibrium in the money market is achieved by adjustments in a. the price level. b. the interest rate. c. the exchange rate. d. real wealth. 3. According to liquidity preference theory, the money supply curve is a. upward sloping. b. downward sloping. c. vertical. d. horizontal. 4. When the Fed buys government bonds, the reserves of the banking system a. increase, so the money supply increases. b. increase, so the money supply decreases. c. decrease, so the money supply increases. d. decrease, so the money supply decreases. 5. Liquidity refers to a. the relation between the price and interest rate of an asset. b. the risk of an asset relative to its selling price. c. the ease with which an asset is converted into a medium of exchange. d. the sensitivity of investment spending to changes in the interest rate. 6. Which of the following is the most liquid asset? a. capital goods b. stocks and bonds with a low risk c. stocks and bonds with a high risk d. funds in a checking account 7. People own or hold money primarily because it a. has a guaranteed nominal return. b. serves as a store of value. c. can directly be used to buy goods and services. d. functions as a unit of account. 8. People are likely to want to hold more money if the interest rate a. increases making the opportunity cost of holding money rise. b. increases making the opportunity cost of holding money fall. c. decreases making the opportunity cost of holding money rise. d. decreases making the opportunity cost of holding money fall. 9. According to liquidity preference theory, an increase in money demand for some reason other than a change in the price level causes a. the interest rate to fall so aggregate demand shifts right. b. the interest rate to fall so aggregate demand shifts left. c. the interest rate to rise so aggregate demand shifts right. d. the interest rate to rise so aggregate demand shifts left. For the following questions, consult the diagram below: Figure 34-1 10. Refer to Figure 34-1. If the current interest rate is 2 percent, a. there is excess money supply. b. people will sell more bonds, which drives interest rates up. c. as the money market moves to equilibrium, people will buy more goods. d. All of the above are correct. 11. Refer to Figure 34-1. At an interest rate of 4 percent there is excess a. money demand equal to the distance between a and b. b. money demand equal to the distance between b and c. c. money supply equal to the distance between b and a. d. money supply equal to the distance between c and b. 12. Refer to Figure 34-1. Which of the following is correct? a. If the interest rate is 4 percent, the re is excess money demand, and the interest rate will fall. b. If the interest rate is 3 percent, there is excess money supply, and the interest rate will rise. c. If the interest rate is 4 percent, the demand for goods will rise when the money market is in its new equilibrium. d. None of the above is correct. 13. Which of the following shifts money demand to the right? a. an increase in the price level b. a decrease in the price level c. an increase in the interest rate d. a decrease in the interest rate 14. In the short run, a decrease in the money supply causes interest rates to a. increase, and aggregate demand to shift right. b. increase, and aggregate demand to shift left. c. decrease, and aggregate demand to shift right. d. decrease, and aggregate demand to shift left. 15. If the Federal Reserve decided to lower interest rates, it could a. buy bonds to lower the money supply. b. buy bonds to raise the money supply. c. sell bonds to lower the money supply. d. sell bonds to raise the money supply. 16. In recent years, the Federal Reserve has conducted policy by setting a target for a. bank reserves. b. the monetary growth rate. c. the exchange rate. d. the federal funds rate. 17. The Federal Funds rate is the interest rate a. banks charge each other for short-term loans. b. the Fed charges depository institutions for short-term loans. c. the Fed pays on deposits. d. interest rate on 3 month Treasury bills. 18. If the interest rate is above the Fed's target, the Fed should a. buy bonds to increase the money supply. b. buy bonds to decrease the money supply. c. sell bonds to increase the money supply. d. sell bonds to decrease the money supply. 19. If the stock market booms a. household spending increases. To offset the effects of this on the price level and real GDP, the Fed would increase the money supply. b. household spending increases. To offset the effects of this on the price level and real GDP, the Fed would decrease the money supply. c. household spending decreases. To offset the effects of this on the price level and real GDP, the Fed would increase the money supply. d. household spending decreases. To offset the effects of this on the price level and real GDP, the Fed would decrease the money supply. 20. Fiscal policy refers to the idea that aggregate demand is changed by changes in a. the money supply. b. government spending and taxes. c. trade policy. d. All of the above are correct. 21. An increase in government spending initially and primarily shifts a. aggregate demand right. b. aggregate demand left. c. aggregate supply right. d. neither aggregate demand nor aggregate supply. 22. In the short run an increase in government expenditures a. raises the price level, but not real GDP. b. raises real GDP, but not the price level. c. raises real GDP and the price level. d. raises neither real GDP nor the price level. 23. The multiplier effect is the multiplied impact on a. the money supply of a given increase in government purchases. b. tax revenues of a given increase in government purchases. c. investment of a given increase in interest rates. d. aggregate demand of a given increase in government purchases. 24. The government buys a bridge. The owner of the company that builds the bridge pays her workers. The workers increase their spending. Firms that the workers buy goods from increase their output. This type of effect on spending illustrates a. the multiplier effect. b. the crowding-out effect. c. the Fisher effect. d. None of the above is correct. 25. The positive feedback from aggregate demand to investment is called a. the investment multiplier. b. the stock-market effect. c. the investment accelerator. d. the crowding-in multiplier. 26. The marginal propensity to consume (MPC) is defined as the fraction of a. extra income that a household consumes rather than saves. b. extra income that a household either consumes or saves. c. total income that a household consumes rather than saves. d. total income that a household either consumes or saves. 27. The government-purchases multiplier is defined as a. MPC. b. 1 - MPC. c. 1/MPC. d. 1/(1 - MPC). 28. If the MPC = 3/5, then the government purchases multiplier is a. 5/3. b. 5/2. c. 5. d. 15. 29. Which of the following correctly explains the crowding-out effect? a. An increase in government expenditures decreases the interest rate and so increases investment spending. b. An increase in government expenditures increases the interest rate and so reduces investment spending. c. A decrease in government expenditures increases the interest rate and so increases investment spending. d. A decrease in government expenditures decreases the interest rate and so reduces investment spending. 30. If the MPC is 0, the multiplier is a. 0. b. 1. c. infinite. d. None of the above is correct. 31. An increase in government purchases is likely to a. decrease interest rates. b. result in a net decrease in aggregate demand. c. crowd out investment spending by business. d. decrease money demand. 32. If taxes a. increase, consumption increases, aggregate demand shifts right. b. increase, consumption decreases, aggregate dema nd shifts left. c. decrease, consumption increases, aggregate demand shifts left. d. decrease, consumption decreases, aggregate demand shifts right. 33. Which of the following tends to make the size of a shift in aggregate demand resulting from a tax change smaller than otherwise? a. the multiplier effect b. the crowding-out effect c. the accelerator effect d. None of the above is correct. 34. If households view a tax cut as temporary, the tax cut a. has no affect on aggregate demand. b. has more of an affect on aggregate demand than if households view it as permanent. c. has the same affect as when households view the cut as permanent. d. has less of an affect on aggregate demand than if households view it as permanent. 35. Supply-side economists focus more than other economists on a. fiscal how policy affects consumption. b. the multiplier affect of fiscal policy. c. how fiscal policy affects aggregate supply. d. the money supply. 36. Supply-side economists believe that a reduction in the tax rate a. always decrease government tax revenue. b. shifts the aggregate supply curve to the right. c. provides no incentive for people to work more. d. would decrease consumption. 37. The Employment Act of 1946 states that a. the Fed should use monetary policy only to control the rate of inflation. b. the government should promote full employment and production. c. the government should periodically increase the minimum wage and unemployment insurance benefits. d. All of the above are correct. 38. Monetary policy a. can be implemented quickly and most of its impact on aggregate demand occurs very soon after policy is implemented. b. can be implemented quickly, but most of its impact on aggregate demand occurs months after policy is implemented. c. cannot be implemented quickly, but once implemented most of its impact on aggregate demand occurs very soon after policy is implemented. d. cannot be implemented quickly and most of its impact on aggregate demand occurs months after policy is implemented. 39. The price of imported oil rises. If the government wanted to stabilize output, which of the following could it do? a. increase government expenditures or increase the money supply b. increase government expenditures or decrease the money supply c. decrease government expenditures or increase the money supply d. decrease government expenditures or decrease the money supply 40. Keynes argued that aggregate demand is a. stable, because the economy returns to long-run equilibrium. b. stable, because changes in consumption are mostly offset by changes in investment and vice versa. c. unstable, because waves of pessimism and optimism create fluctuations in aggregate demand. d. unstable, because of long and variable policy lags that worsen economic fluctuations. 41. Keynes used the term "animal spirits" to refer to a. policy makers harming the economy in the pursuit of self interest. b. arbitrary changes in attitudes of household and firms. c. mean spirited economists who believed in the classical dichotomy. d. firms' relentless efforts to maximize profits. 42. Which of the following policies would Keynes' followers support when an increase in business optimism shifts the aggregate demand curve away from long-run equilibrium? a. decrease taxes b. increase government expenditures c. increase the money supply d. None of the above is correct. For the following questions, use the diagram below: Figure 34-2 43. Refer to Figure 34-2. Which of the following would cause the aggregate demand curve to shift from AD1 to AD2 ? a. an increase in government purchases b. a decrease in stock prices c. consumers and firms become more optimistic about the future. d. an increase in the price level 44. Refer to Figure 34-2. Which of the following is correct? a. A wave of optimism could move the economy from a to b. b. If aggregate demand moves from AD1 to AD2 the economy will stay at b in both the short and long run. c. It is possible that either fiscal or monetary policy might have caused the shift from AD1 to AD2 . d. All of the above are correct. 45. In the early 1960s, the Kennedy administration made considerable use of a. fiscal policy to stimulate the economy. b. fiscal policy to slow down the economy. c. monetary policy to stimulate the economy. d. monetary policy to slow down the economy. 46. Critics of stabilization policy argue that a. there is a lag between the time policy is passed and the time policy has an impact on the economy. b. the impact of policy may last longer than the problem it was designed to offset. c. policy can be a source of, instead of a cure for, economic fluctuations. d. All of the above are correct. 47. The lag problem associated with monetary policy is due mostly to a. the fact that business firms make investment plans far in advance. b. the political system of checks and balances that slows down the process of determining monetary policy. c. the time it takes for changes in government spending to affect the interest rate. d. All of the above are correct. 48. Opponents of active stabilization policy a. advocate a monetary policy designed to offset changes in the unemployment rate. b. argue that fiscal policy is unable to change aggregate demand or aggregate supply. c. believe that the political process creates lags in the implementation of fiscal polic y. d. None of the above is correct. 49. Automatic stabilizers a. increase the problems that lags cause in using fiscal policy as a stabilization tool. b. are changes in taxes or government spending that increase aggregate demand without requiring policy makers to act when the economy goes into recession. c. are changes in taxes or government spending that policy makers quickly agree to when the economy goes into recession. d. All of the above are correct. 50. Other things the same, automatic stabilizers tend to a. raise expenditures during expansions and recessions. b. lower expenditures during expansions and recessions. c. raise expenditures during recessions and lower expenditures during expansions. d. raise expenditures during expansions and lower expenditures during recessions. 51. During expansions, automatic stabilizers make government expenditures a. and taxes fall. b. and taxes rise. c. rise, and taxes fall. d. fall and taxes rise. 52. In the Chairmans game, what are the Feds goals or objectives a. low taxes b. low unemployment c. low inflation d. a and b e. b and c 53. In the Chairmans game, what is the Feds target and tool a. money supply, open market operations b. fed funds rate, open market operations c. open market operations, fed funds rate d. open market operations, discount rate e. reserve requirements, open market operations 54. What did the latest FOMC statement say about the economy? a. firmer economic growth, moderating inflation b. weaker economic growth, moderating inflation c. firmer economic growth, increasing inflation d. growing unemployment, growing gdp e. none of the above 55. What kinds of lags in fiscal policy does Walsh refer to as problematic? a. recognition lags - recognizing that there is a problem in the economy b. implementation lag - the time it takes to put fiscal policy in place c. impact lag - the time it takes for a policy to have an effect on the economy d. all of these e. none of these 56. Compare the lags in fiscal policy to those of monetary policy. a. fiscal: short implementation, long impact; monetary long implementation, short impact b. fiscal: long implementation, long impact; monetary: long implementation, long impact c. fiscal: long implementation, short impact; monetary: short implementation, long impact d. fiscal: short implementation, short impact; monetary: short implementation, short impact e. none of these hw6 Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Register to View Answer2. Register to View Answer3. Register to View Answer4. Register to View Answer5. Register to View Answer6. Register to View Answer7. Register to View Answer8. Register to View Answer9. Register to View Answer10. Register to View Answer11. Register to View Answer12. Register to View Answer13. Register to View Answer14. Register to View Answer15. Register to View Answer16. Register to View Answer17. Register to View Answer18. Register to View Answer19. Register to View Answer20. Register to View Answer21. Register to View Answer22. Register to View Answer23. Register to View AnswerPTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Analytical MSC: Definitional MSC: Interpretive MSC: Definitional MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Applicative MSC: Analytical MSC: Applicative MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Definitional MSC: Applicative MSC: Applicative MSC: Interpretive 24. Register to View Answer25. Register to View Answer26. Register to View Answer27. Register to View Answer28. Register to View Answer29. Register to View Answer30. Register to View Answer31. Register to View Answer32. Register to View Answer33. Register to View Answer34. Register to View Answer35. Register to View Answer36. Register to View Answer37. Register to View Answer38. Register to View Answer39. Register to View Answer40. Register to View Answer41. Register to View Answer42. Register to View Answer43. Register to View Answer44. Register to View Answer45. Register to View Answer46. Register to View Answer47. Register to View Answer48. Register to View Answer49. Register to View Answer PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 MSC: Interpretive MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Applicative MSC: Interpretive MSC: Analytical MSC: Interpretive MSC: Applicative MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Applicative MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Applicative MSC: Applicative MSC: Applicative MSC: Definitional MSC: Definitional MSC: Interpretive MSC: Interpretive MSC: Definitional 50. Register to View Answer51. Register to View Answer52. Register to View Answer53. Register to View Answer54. Register to View Answer55. Register to View Answer56. Register to View Answer PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical MSC: Analytical

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Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
hw7 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When the consumer price index rises, the typical family a. has to spend more dollars to maintain the same standard of living. b. can spend fewer dol
Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
hw8 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The field of finance primarily studies a. how society manages its scarce resources. b. the implications of time and risk for allocating resources ov
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hw9Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. An economic contraction caused by a shift in aggregate demand remedies itself over time as the expected price level a. rises, shifting aggregate dem
Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
hw10Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When opening a restaurant you may need to buy ovens, freezers, tables, and cash registers. Economists call these expenditures a. capital investment
Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
hw11 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The natural rate of unemployment is the a. unemployment rate that would prevail with zero inflation. b. rate associated with the highest possible l
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hw12Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. _ 1. Fluctuations in employment and output result from changes in a. aggregate demand only. b. aggregate supply only. c. aggregate demand and aggregat
Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
hw13Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. _ 1. A nation's standard of living is measured by its a. real GDP. b. real GDP per person. c. nominal GDP. d. nominal GDP per person. 2. Income in dev
Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
hw14Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which is the most accurate statement about trade? a. Trade can make every nation better off. b. Trade makes some nations better off and others wors
Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
Review Assessment: MIDA Name: Status: Score: MIDA Completed 27 out of 30 point(s) 1 of 1 point(s)Question 1 Multiple Choice The adage, "There is no such thing as a free lunch," means Your Answer: Correct Answer: everything has an opportunity cost e
Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
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Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
Review Assessment: Quiz 1Name: Status: Score: Quiz 1 Completed 10 out of 10 point(s)Time Elapsed: 9 minutes and 37 seconds out of 20 minutes allowed. Instructions: Question 1 Multiple Choice 0.5 of 0.5 point(s)Which of the following questions is
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Rutgers - ECONOMICS - 103
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Sociology lec 5 Monday, October 29, 2007 Missed 17 A social profile a. Physicians tend to be urban, white, male, upper-middle class i. Bu thats chaning b. high status. Only supreme court justice have higher status. Income always increasing but doesnt
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Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Monday Nov. 5, 2007 Med Sociology Lec 7 Class 17 Nurses, physicians, assistants, pharmacists, midwives C. Very little data on patient health outcomes Mortality rates Post-surgery complication rates Total cost D. some new data on patient mortality fo
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Sociology Exam 3 Lec 1 Thursday Nov. 15, 2007 Organization of Med Care 1 I. The Challenge A. to provide the best possible health care, to the most ppl, at the lowest cose B. us med care fails to do this 1. universal rights to care conflicts w/ self r
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Med Sociology Lec 3 Tuesday (is Thursday) 11/20/07 Class 21 HMOs and Rationing HMO health maintenance organization I. Rationing influences medical care organization A. Demand for med care always greater than supply 1. Rising demand cant be satisfie
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The sys is in financial crisis Satisfaction of patients decides who hold health care office position in ea province C. Myths about the Canadian health care sys 1. National health insurance leads to more bureaucratic red-tape and higher administrative
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Med Soc Chapter 3 Book Notes 10/6/07 Larger number of old ppl than ever will put strain on health care sys Strain on SS also. Less taxpayers per retiree Old require greater share of pub services. Old now cared for by society, no longer family Health
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Chapter 5 Med Soc Illness Behavior activity undertaken by person who is ill and wants to define/fix it Health behavior maintain/improve health, prevent probs, improve body image. Includes sick ppl too. Health Lifestyles Health lifestyle patterns o
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Chapter 6 Illness Behavior Med Soc Illness behavior action taken by sick to define/seek relief from illness Body changes symptoms that painful, disruptive are when ppl seek help Social factors that encourage or discourage med help seeking are imp
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Sociology Chapter 7 The Sick Role Illness as deviance Deviates from bio norm Disease-adverse physical state Illness subjective state causes some changes Sickness social state impaired social role Talcott parsons developed sick role behavior pers
Rutgers - CHEM 162 - 162
Chem 162 Dr. Nancy Marky Tues 9/4/07 Lecture #1 Intro, 11.1-11.2 Ch.11 States of Matter and Intermolecular Forces (Inter-particle) I. Electrostatic Attractions Resulitng from changes in the electronic distribs these attractions are btw any combo of
Rutgers - CHEM 162 - 162
Lec 2 9/6/07 Missed beginning I. Graph in notes heating curve of H20 @ 1atm a. Heat is given at a const rate b. Phase transitions and phase equilib depicted in graph II. Terms a. Supercooling temp below 0C but no lattice yet, so still liq. When for
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Tuesday Aug 4 General Psychology Professor James Syllabus: rci.rutgers.edu~carltonj 3 exams: oct 9 fri nov 9 tues dec 18 8:00 AM 4th Edition Kowalski & Weston Link oh his page :How to Study
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Lec 4 9/14/07 We want love but we are always afraid of losing itso this affects the relationship missed first 10 Altruism- helping a person w/ no apparent gain and even w/ potential loss Religion is about loving others and helping ppl. This is what l
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Psych Lec 5 9/18/07 mercantile mentality vs mysticism I. nature of love mercantile no absolute reality of love. Means diff things to diff ppl myst there is an absolute reality og love, but it is beyond the grasp of human intellect. II. primary of m
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Lec 6 9/21/07 missed 8? p.689 the book doesnt mention that maybe ppl do nice things just cuz we want to be nice sometimes do it just cuz obligated when ppl do things out of obligations or so they can get favor returned, it doesnt feel as good they sh
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Lec 8 Missed fist 11 Can lower hear rate, bpby control w/ mind (yogis) Top pg 15 The attempt to account for complex cognitive behave or simple learning in terms of behaviorist (human behavior) principles was a dismal failure. Not even close to accoun
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
10/5/07 Psych day be4 exam Chapter 4 Syllabus may be worng 132
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Psych Lec 3 9/11/07 -Babies come into world innocent, no crust. True self. Thats why ppl like em -As grow we develop a set of masks that we wear to appear acceptable to others -Parents turn to children for fulfillment when parents fight cuz children