macro sheflin hwk 9
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macro sheflin hwk 9

Course Number: ECONOMICS 103, Spring 2008

College/University: Rutgers

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hw9 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. An economic contraction caused by a shift in aggregate demand remedies itself over time as the expected price level a. rises, shifting aggregate demand right. b. rises, shifting aggregate demand left. c. falls, shifting aggregate supply right. d. falls, shifting aggregate supply left. Consider the exhibit below...

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Choice hw9 Multiple Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. An economic contraction caused by a shift in aggregate demand remedies itself over time as the expected price level a. rises, shifting aggregate demand right. b. rises, shifting aggregate demand left. c. falls, shifting aggregate supply right. d. falls, shifting aggregate supply left. Consider the exhibit below for the following questions. Figure 33-1 2. Refer to Figure 33-1. An increase in the money supply would move the economy from C to a. B in the short run and the long run. b. D in the short run and the long run. c. B in the short run and A in the long run. d. D in the short run and C in the long run. 3. Refer to Figure 33-1. If the economy starts at C, an increase in the money supply moves the economy a. to A in the long run. b. to B in the long run. c. back to C in the long run. d. to D in the long run. 4. Refer to Figure 33-1. If the economy is at A and there is a fall in aggregate demand, in the short run the economy a. stays at A. b. moves to B. c. moves to C. d. moves to D. 5. Refer to Figure 33-1. If the economy starts at A and there is a fall in aggregate demand, the economy moves a. back to A in the long run. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. b. to B in the long run. c. to C in the long run. d. to D in the long run. Refer to Figure 33-1. If the economy starts at A and moves to D in the short run, the economy a. moves to A in the long run. b. moves to B in the long run. c. moves to C in the long run. d. stays at D in the long run. Refer to Figure 33-1. The economy would be moving to long-run equilibrium if it started at a. A and moved to B. b. C and moved to B. c. D and moved to C. d. None of the above is correct. Refer to Figure 33-1. If the economy is in long-run equilibrium, then an adverse shift in aggregate supply would move the economy from a. A to B. b. C to D. c. B to A. d. D to C. Refer to Figure 33-1. In the short run, a favorable shift in aggregate supply would move the economy from a. A to B. b. B to C. c. C to D. d. D to A. Suppose the economy is initially in long -run equilibrium and aggregate demand rises. In the long run prices a. and output are higher than in the original long-run equilibrium. b. and output are lower than in the original long -run equilibrium. c. are higher and output is the same as the original long-run equilibrium. d. are the same and output is lower than in the original long -run equilibrium. The Stock Market Boom of 2010 Imagine that in 2010 the economy is in long-run equilibrium. Then stock prices rise more than expected and stay high for some time. 11. Refer to Stock Market Boom 2010. Which curve shifts and in which direction? a. aggregate demand shifts right b. aggregate demand shifts left c. aggregate supply shifts right d. aggregate supply shifts left. 12. Refer to Stock Market Boom 2010. In the short run what happens to the price level and real GDP? a. both the price level and real GDP rise. b. both the price level and real GDP fall. c. the price level rises and real GDP falls. d. the price level falls and real GDP rises. 13. Refer to Stock Market Boom 2010. What happens to the expected price level and what impact does this have on wage bargaining? a. The expected price level falls. Bargains are struck for higher wages. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. b. The expected price level falls. Bargains are struck for lower wages. c. The expected price level rises. Bargains are struck for higher wages. d. The expected price level rises. Bargains are struck for lower wages. Refer to Stock Market Boom 2010. In the long run, the change in price expectations cre ated by the stock market boom shifts a. long-run aggregate supply right. b. long-run aggregate supply left. c. short-run aggregate supply right. d. short-run aggregate supply left. Refer to Stock Market Boom 2010. How is the new long-run equilibrium different from the original one? a. the price level and real GDP are higher b. the price level and real GDP are lower. c. the price level is higher and real GDP is the same. d. the price level is the same and real GDP is higher. Which of the following has been suggested as a cause of the Great Depression? a. a decline in the money supply b. a decrease in stock prices c. the collapse of the banking system d. All of the above are correct. An increase in the price level and a reduction in real GDP could be created by a. a fall in stock prices. b. natural disasters such as hurricanes and famines. c. declining government expenditures. d. tax rebates. Suppose the economy is in long-run equilibrium. In a short span of time, there is a decline in the money supply, a tax increase, a pessimistic revision of expectations about future business conditions, and a rise in the value of the dollar. In the short run, we would expect a. the price level and real GDP both to rise. b. the price level and real GDP both to fall. c. the price level and real GDP both to stay the same. d. All of the above are possible. In 1936, John Maynard Keynes published a book, The General Theory, which attempted to explain a. stagflation. b. the classical dichotomy. c. short-run economic fluctuations. d. how changes in the money supply had created the Great Depression. The classical dichotomy refers to the separation of a. variables that move with the business cycle and variables that do not. b. changes in money and changes in government expenditures. c. decisions made by the public and decisions made by the government. d. real and nominal variables. According to classical macroeconomic theory, changes in the money supply affect a. nominal variables and real variables. b. nominal variables, but not real variables. c. real variables, but not nominal variables. d. neither nominal nor real variables. To say that money is a veil means that a. while nominal variables are the first thing we may observe about an economy, whats important are the real variables and the forces that determine them. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. b. money is the principal medium of exchange in most economies. c. the primary determinant of short-run economic fluctuations is not real variables, but rather changes in the money supply. d. in the long run money is of no importance to the determination of either real or nominal variables. Most economists believe that classical macroeconomic theory is a good description of the world a. in neither the short nor long run. b. in the short run and in the long run. c. in the short run, but not in the long run. d. in the long run, but not in the short run. Most economists believe that after a few years, changes in the money supply change a. only nominal variables, but not real variables. b. only real variables, but not nominal variables. c. neither nominal nor real variables. d. both nominal and real variables. The model of aggregate demand and aggregate supply explains the relationship between a. the price and quantity of a particular good. b. unemployment and output. c. wages and employment. d. real GDP and the price level. The aggregate supply curve is upward sloping rather than vertical in a. the short and long run. b. neither the short nor the long run. c. the long run, but not the short run. d. the short run, but not the long run. Which of the following is not a determinant of the long-run level of real GDP? a. the price level b. the supply of labor c. available natural resources d. available technology The long-run aggregate supply curve a. is vertical. b. is a graphical representation of the classical dichotomy. c. indicates monetary neutrality in the long run. d. All of the above are correct. The long -run aggregate supply curve shows that by itself a permanent change in aggregate demand would lead to a long-run change a. in the price level and real GDP. b. in the price level, but not real GDP. c. in real GDP, but not the price level. d. in neither the price level nor real GDP. The long-run aggregate supply curve shifts right if a. immigration from abroad increases. b. the capital stock increases. c. technology advances. d. All of the above are correct. According to the aggregate demand and aggregate supply model, in the long run an increase in the money supply leads to a. increases in both the price level and real GDP. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. b. an increase in real GDP but does not change the price level. c. an increase in the price level but does not change real GDP. d. no change in either the price level or real GDP. Wages tend to be sticky a. because of contracts, social norms, and notions of fairness. b. because of contracts, but not social norms or notions of fairness. c. because of social norms and notions of fairness, but not contracts. d. but not because of social norms, notions of fairness or contracts. The sticky-wage theory of the short-run aggregate supply curve says that when the price level rises more than expected, a. production is more profitable and employment rises. b. production is more profitable and employment falls. c. production is less profitable and employment rises. d. production is less profitable and employment falls. Other things the same, if workers and firms expected prices to rise by 2 percent but instead they rise by 3 percent, then a. employment and production rise. b. employment rises and production falls. c. employment falls and production rises. d. employment and production fall. According to the misperceptions theory of aggregate supply, if a firm thought that inflation was going to be 5 percent and actual inflation was 6 percent, then the firm would believe that the relative price of what they produce had a. increased, so they would increase production. b. increased, so they would decrease production. c. decreased, so they would increase production. d. decreased, so they would decrease production. The aggregate demand and aggregate supply model implies monetary neutrality a. only in the short run. b. only in the long run. c. in both the short run and the long run. d. in neither the short run nor long run. The classical theory of inflation a. is also known as the quantity theory of money. b. was developed by some of the earliest economic thinkers. c. is used by most modern economists to explain the long-run determinants of the inflation rate. d. All of the above are correct. Open-market purchases by the Fed make money the supply a. increase, which makes the value of money increase. b. increase, which makes the value of money decrease. c. decrease, which makes the value of money decrease. d. decrease, which makes the value of money increase. Economic variables whose values are measured in monetary units are called a. dichotomous variables. b. nominal variables. c. classical variables. d. real variables. The classical dichotomy refers to the idea that the supply of money 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. a. is irrelevant for understanding the determinants of nominal and real variables. b. determines nominal variables, but not real variables. c. determines real variables, but not nominal variables. d. is a determinant of both real and nominal variables. According to the classical dichotomy, which of the following is influenced by monetary factors? a. real GDP b. unemployment c. nominal interest rates d. All of the above are correct. Most economists believe the principle of monetary neutrality is a. relevant to both the short and long run. b. irrelevant to both the short and long run. c. mostly relevant to the short run. d. mostly relevant to the long run. According to the classical dichotomy, when the money supply doubles, which of the following also double? a. the price level b. nominal wages c. nominal GDP d. All of the above are correct. Velocity is computed as a. (P Y)/M. b. (P M)/Y. c. (Y M)/P. d. (Y M)/V. According to the quantity equation, if P = 12, Y = 6, and M= 8, then V = a. 16. b. 9. c. 4. d. None of the above is correct. According to the assumptions of quantity theory, if the money supply increases 5% then a. nominal and real GDP would rise by 5%. b. nominal GDP would rise by 5%; real GDP would be unchanged. c. nominal GDP would be unchanged; real GDP would rise by 5%. d. neither nominal GDP nor real GDP would change. If V and M are constant, and Y doubles, the quantity equation implies that the price level a. falls to half its original level. b. does not change. c. doubles. d. more than doubles. The nominal interest rate is 3.5 percent and the inflation rate is 2 percent. What is the real interest rate? a. 7 percent b. 5.5 percent c. 1.75 percent d. 1.5 percent In 1898, prospectors on the Klondike River discovered gold. This discovery caused an unexpected price level a. decrease that benefited creditors at the expense of debtors. b. decrease that benefited debtors at the expense of creditors. c. increase that benefited creditors at the expense of debtors. d. increase that benefited debtors at the expense of creditors. 50. In the long run, a. the natural rate of unemployment depends primarily on the level of aggregate demand. b. inflation depends primarily upon the money supply growth rate. c. there is a tradeoff between the inflation rate and the natural rate of unemployment. d. All of the above are correct. 51. There is a a. short-run tradeoff between inflation and unemployment. b. short-run tradeoff between the actual unemployment rate and the natural rate of unemployment. c. long-run tradeoff between inflation and unemployment. d. long-run tradeoff between the actual unemployment rate and the natural rate of unemployment. 52. In the short run, policy that changes aggregate demand changes a. both unemployment and the price level. b. neither unemployment nor the price level. c. only unemployment. d. only the price level. 53. The economy will move to a point on the short-run Phillips curve where unemployment is lower if a. the inflation rate decreases. b. the government increases its expenditures. c. the Fed decreases the money supply. d. None of the above is correct. 54. Which of the following is correct concerning the long-run Phillips curve? a. Its position is determined primarily by monetary factors. b. If it shifts right, long -run aggregate supply shifts right. c. It cannot be changed by any government policy. d. Its position depends on the natural rate of unemployment. 55. An increase in expected inflation shifts a. the long-run Phillips curve right. b. the short-run Phillips curve right. c. neither the short-run nor long-run Phillips curve right. d. both the short-run and long-run Phillips curve right. 56. If inflation expectations decline, than the short-run Phillips curve shifts a. left, meaning that at any given inflation rate unemployment will be lower in the short run than before. b. right, meaning that at any given inflation rate unemployment will be lower in the short run than before. c. right, meaning that at any given inflation rate unemployment will be higher in the short run than before. d. left, meaning that at any given inflation rate unemployment will be higher in the short run than before. 57. The analysis of Friedman and Phelps can be summarized in the following equation where a is positive number: a. Unemployment Rate = Natural Rate of Unemployment - a(Actual Inflation - Expected Inflation). b. Unemployment Rate = Natural Rate of Unemployment - a(Expected Inflation - Actual Inflation). c. Unemployment Rate = Expected Rate of Inflation - a(Actual Inflation - Expected Inflation). 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. d. Unemployment Rate = Actual Rate of Inflation - a(Actual Unemployment - Expected Unemployment). A central bank sets out to reduce unemployment by changing the money supply growth rate. The long run Phillips curve shows that in comparison to their original rates that this policy will eventually lead to a. an increase in both the inflation rate and the unemployment rate. b. an increase in the inflation rate and a reduction in the unemployment rate. c. no change in either the inflation rate or the unemployment rate. d. an increase in the inflation rate and no reduction in the unemployment rate. Which of the following explains the time -inconsistency of policy explained by Kydland and Prescott? a. A contractionary monetary policy will lead to higher unemployment in the short-run but not the long -run. b. An expansionary monetary policy will lead to higher unemployment in the short-run but not the long -run. c. Expected inflation is higher than otherwise if the public believes that policymakers will be tempted to raise inflation to reduce unemployment. d. Expected inflation is lower than otherwise if the public believes that policymakers will be tempted to lower inflation to reduce unemployment. Which of the following is an adverse supply shock? a. a decrease in the money supply b. a tax cut c. a worldwide drought d. decreased government spending To accommodate an adverse supply shock a Central Bank could a. buy bonds making the inflation rate rise. b. buy bonds making the inflation rate fall. c. sell bonds making the inflation rate rise. d. sell bonds making the inflation rate fall. During 1999 and 2000 the Federal Open Market Committee of the Federal Reserve System noted that productivity increases had caused aggregate supply to shift to the right. Other things the same, this should have a. shifted the short-run Phillips curve to the left. So, by increasing the money supply the Fed could have reduced unemployment further while returning inflation to its former level. b. shifted the short-run Phillips curve to the left. So, by increasing the money supply the Fed could have reduced unemployment further only by raising the inflation rate above its former level. c. shifted the short-run Phillips curve to the right. So, by increasing the money supply the Fed could have reduced unemployment further while returning inflation to its former level. d. None of the above is correct. In 1979, Fed chair Paul Volcker decided to pursue a policy a. that would lead to disinflation. b. that would create falling prices. c. to accommodate continuing adverse supply shocks. d. that maintained money growth at its current level. The Volcker disinflation a. had virtually no impact on output just as the classical dichotomy suggested. b. was associated with rising output, perhaps due to expansionary fiscal policy. c. caused output to fall, but by less than the typical estimate of the sacrifice ratio suggested. d. None of the above is correct. hw9 Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 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ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: Register to View AnswerD A B B A D D B A A B D B A A D C C A A A C PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: MSC: Definitional Definitional Definitional Applicative Interpretive Analytical Applicative Interpretive Interpretive Definitional Applicative Analytical Interpretive Applicative Applicative Interpretive Interpretive Analytical | Interpretive Definitional Analytical Analytical Definitional Definitional

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Sociology lec 5 Monday, October 29, 2007 Missed 17 A social profile a. Physicians tend to be urban, white, male, upper-middle class i. Bu thats chaning b. high status. Only supreme court justice have higher status. Income always increasing but doesnt
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Thursday 11/1/07 Soc lec 6 Missed first 20 I. Professional self-regulation Docs make a lot of mistakes. Wrong medssome cant be stopped, others blatant A. Peer regulation fails to ensure quality of care 1. Docs respect ea others professional judgment,
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Monday Nov. 5, 2007 Med Sociology Lec 7 Class 17 Nurses, physicians, assistants, pharmacists, midwives C. Very little data on patient health outcomes Mortality rates Post-surgery complication rates Total cost D. some new data on patient mortality fo
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Sociology Exam 3 Lec 1 Thursday Nov. 15, 2007 Organization of Med Care 1 I. The Challenge A. to provide the best possible health care, to the most ppl, at the lowest cose B. us med care fails to do this 1. universal rights to care conflicts w/ self r
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Med Sociology Lec 3 Tuesday (is Thursday) 11/20/07 Class 21 HMOs and Rationing HMO health maintenance organization I. Rationing influences medical care organization A. Demand for med care always greater than supply 1. Rising demand cant be satisfie
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Monday 11/26/07 Lec 4 Class 22- The rise of managed care I. Rationing A. Economic rationing B. Implicit rationing C. Explicit rationing 1. cost raitioning 2. treatment rationing II. Economic and implicit rationing not enough A. economic rationing di
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Missed first 25 E. Two basic kinds of managed care 1. external utilization review 3rd party insurance company cuz they have the financial review. So they review the costs 2. internal utilization review hmo does it itself? V. Detalied example of ext
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Monday 12/3/07 Sociology Lec 6 Class 24 health insurance; probs in the health care sys I. Private insurance A. Originally fee-for-service First was community based rates, no matter healthy/sick This was cost shifting Cost skyrocketed cuz no challeng
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Sociology Lec 8 Monday 12/10/07 Tuesday Dec 18 12-1:20 Scott Hall 135 11,13,14,15,16 Class 26 Foreign Health Care Syses I. Russia A. Breakup of Soviet Union 1991 B. Russian life expectancy has fallen down to 66 yrs (cuz govt is bankrupt) C. State ru
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
The sys is in financial crisis Satisfaction of patients decides who hold health care office position in ea province C. Myths about the Canadian health care sys 1. National health insurance leads to more bureaucratic red-tape and higher administrative
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Med Soc Chapter 3 Book Notes 10/6/07 Larger number of old ppl than ever will put strain on health care sys Strain on SS also. Less taxpayers per retiree Old require greater share of pub services. Old now cared for by society, no longer family Health
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Chapter 5 Med Soc Illness Behavior activity undertaken by person who is ill and wants to define/fix it Health behavior maintain/improve health, prevent probs, improve body image. Includes sick ppl too. Health Lifestyles Health lifestyle patterns o
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Chapter 6 Illness Behavior Med Soc Illness behavior action taken by sick to define/seek relief from illness Body changes symptoms that painful, disruptive are when ppl seek help Social factors that encourage or discourage med help seeking are imp
Rutgers - SOCIOLOGY - 210
Sociology Chapter 7 The Sick Role Illness as deviance Deviates from bio norm Disease-adverse physical state Illness subjective state causes some changes Sickness social state impaired social role Talcott parsons developed sick role behavior pers
Rutgers - CHEM 162 - 162
Chem 162 Dr. Nancy Marky Tues 9/4/07 Lecture #1 Intro, 11.1-11.2 Ch.11 States of Matter and Intermolecular Forces (Inter-particle) I. Electrostatic Attractions Resulitng from changes in the electronic distribs these attractions are btw any combo of
Rutgers - CHEM 162 - 162
Lec 2 9/6/07 Missed beginning I. Graph in notes heating curve of H20 @ 1atm a. Heat is given at a const rate b. Phase transitions and phase equilib depicted in graph II. Terms a. Supercooling temp below 0C but no lattice yet, so still liq. When for
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Tuesday Aug 4 General Psychology Professor James Syllabus: rci.rutgers.edu~carltonj 3 exams: oct 9 fri nov 9 tues dec 18 8:00 AM 4th Edition Kowalski & Weston Link oh his page :How to Study
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Lec 4 9/14/07 We want love but we are always afraid of losing itso this affects the relationship missed first 10 Altruism- helping a person w/ no apparent gain and even w/ potential loss Religion is about loving others and helping ppl. This is what l
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Psych Lec 5 9/18/07 mercantile mentality vs mysticism I. nature of love mercantile no absolute reality of love. Means diff things to diff ppl myst there is an absolute reality og love, but it is beyond the grasp of human intellect. II. primary of m
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Lec 6 9/21/07 missed 8? p.689 the book doesnt mention that maybe ppl do nice things just cuz we want to be nice sometimes do it just cuz obligated when ppl do things out of obligations or so they can get favor returned, it doesnt feel as good they sh
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Lec 8 Missed fist 11 Can lower hear rate, bpby control w/ mind (yogis) Top pg 15 The attempt to account for complex cognitive behave or simple learning in terms of behaviorist (human behavior) principles was a dismal failure. Not even close to accoun
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
10/5/07 Psych day be4 exam Chapter 4 Syllabus may be worng 132
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Psych Lec 3 9/11/07 -Babies come into world innocent, no crust. True self. Thats why ppl like em -As grow we develop a set of masks that we wear to appear acceptable to others -Parents turn to children for fulfillment when parents fight cuz children
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
New Material for EXAM 2 Psychology ch. 14 Friday, October 12, 2007 This chapter really bout love, but they say its attachment Children are biologically prepared to be socialized they dont say love How some1 know they loved: 1) person physically pres
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
General psych Lec 12 10/19/07 mental illness later on in life can be caused by early loss in life which later triggered bio response is to give them meds. This may help, but there is another alternative model (1:30) bad and good experiences both chan
Rutgers - PSYCH - 101
Psych lec 13 10/23/07 Chapter 5 taste aversion - animals can associate sickness w/ the taste of food. Birds do it w/ sight. Language is a prepared response sys. Our brains are ready biologically to learn a human language. Just need to talk to baby (e