CH_Music210_Test 1 Study guide
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CH_Music210_Test 1 Study guide

Course Number: MUSIC 210, Fall 2008

College/University: Clemson

Word Count: 475

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Gregorian chant: The type of chant used in the early <a href="/keyword/roman-catholic-church/" >roman catholic church</a> Polyphony, polyphonic: Musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously; as opposed to homophony or monophony (29) Instruments of the Orchestra: Strings, Woodwinds, Brass, and Percussion Monophony: A musical texture involving a single...

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Gregorian chant: The type of chant used in the early <a href="/keyword/roman-catholic-church/" >roman catholic church</a> Polyphony, polyphonic: Musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously; as opposed to homophony or monophony (29) Instruments of the Orchestra: Strings, Woodwinds, Brass, and Percussion Monophony: A musical texture involving a single melodic line, as in Gregorian chant; as opposed to polyphony (29) Homophony, homophonic: A musical texture that involves only one melody of real interest, combined with chords or other subsidiary sounds (29) Organum: The earliest genre of medieval polyphonic music (67) Strophic form, strophic song: A song in several stanzas, with the same music sung for each stanza; as opposed to through-composed song (257) Plainchant, plainsong: Unaccompanied, monophonic music, without fixed rhythm or meter, such as Gregorian chant (59) Counterpoint, contrapuntal: (1) polyphony; strictly speaking, the technique of writing polyphonic music; (2) the term a counterpoint is used for a melodic line that forms polyphony when played along with other lines; (3) in counterpoint means &quot;forming polyphony&quot; (30). Motet: (Usually) a sacred vocal composition (70, 88). Early motets were based on fragments of Gregorian chant. Made up of short sections in homophonic and imitative polyphonic styles Isorhythm: In 14th-century music, the technique of repeating the identical rhythm for each section of a composition, while the pitches are altered (72) Chanson (shahn-sohn): French for song; a genre of French secular vocal music (79) Hocket: The alternation of very short melodic phrases, or single notes, between two or more voices (72) A cappella (ah kah-p l-la): Choral music for voices alone, without instruments (81) Word painting: Musical illustration of the meaning of a word or a short verbal phrase (85) Point of imitation: A short passage of imitative polyphony based on a single theme, or on two used together (83) Madrigal: The main secular vocal genre of the Renaissance (89) Short Composition set to one stanza poem Sonority: A general term for sound quality, either of a momentary chord, or of a whole piece or style (77) Neume- First Kind of Note Divine Office- 8 daily services other than the mass specified by the <a href="/keyword/roman-catholic-church/" >roman catholic church</a> Secular Music: Secular music in the Middle Ages included love songs, political satire, dances, and dramatic works. Drums, harps, recorders, and bagpipes were the instruments used in secular music because they were easy for the traveling musicians to tote around. Mass- Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, sanctus, Agnus dei Anonymous, &quot;Vere dignum&quot; Monophonic, one singer. Anonymous, &quot;In paradisum&quot; Monophonic, many singers. Hildegard von Bingen, &quot;Columba aspexit&quot; Monophonic, female singers. Bernart de Ventadorn, &quot;La dousa votz&quot; Singer with instruments. Perotin, &quot;Alleluia. Diffusa est gratia&quot; Polyphony with lots of melisma. Machaut, &quot;Quant en moi&quot; Polyphony with no melisma, lots of words. Dufay, &quot;Ave maris stella&quot; Homophonic, harmonized plainchant. Josquin, Pange lingua Mass, Kyrie Mostly imitative polyphony. Josquin, Pange lingua Mass, Qui tollis, from the Gloria Mostly imitative polyphony. Palestrina, Pope Marcellus Mass, Qui tollis, from the Gloria Mostly homophony, with a large choir.

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