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Gregorian chant : The type of chant used in the early Roman Catholic Church Polyphony, polyphonic : Musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously; as opposed to homophony or monophony (29) Instruments of the Orchestra : Strings, Woodwinds, Brass, and Percussion Monophony : A musical texture involving a single melodic line, as in Gregorian chant; as opposed to polyphony (29) Homophony, homophonic : A musical texture that involves only one melody of real interest, combined with chords or other subsidiary sounds (29) Organum : The earliest genre of medieval polyphonic music (67) Strophic form, strophic song : A song in several stanzas , with the same music sung for each stanza; as opposed to through-composed song (257) Plainchant, plainsong : Unaccompanied, monophonic music, without fixed rhythm or meter, such as Gregorian chant (59) Counterpoint, contrapuntal : (1) polyphony ; strictly speaking, the technique of writing polyphonic music; (2) the term ... View Full Document

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