HG5_Modelling_the_rural
18 Pages

HG5_Modelling_the_rural

Course Number: GEOG 0708, Fall 2009

College/University: East Los Angeles College

Word Count: 677

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Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Lecture content 1. Introduction 1. Features of models in Geography 2. German models translated in 1960s 2. Walther Christaller s Central Place Theory 1. Assumptions 2. The marketing principle 3. Other principles 4. applications 3. Von Thunen s isolated state 1. Assumptions 2. Bid-rent curves and spatial patterns 3....

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Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Lecture content 1. Introduction 1. Features of models in Geography 2. German models translated in 1960s 2. Walther Christaller s Central Place Theory 1. Assumptions 2. The marketing principle 3. Other principles 4. applications 3. Von Thunen s isolated state 1. Assumptions 2. Bid-rent curves and spatial patterns 3. scale 4. Conclusions Cosgrove: The grey neutrality of mathematics ; and The imperialist claim of quantification as the guarantor of objective truth Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Walther Christaller, Die zentralen orte in Suddeutschland (1933), tranl. By C.W. Baskin (1966) as Central places in southern Germany Johann Heinrich von Thunen, Der isolierte staat in Beziehung auf Landwirtschaft und Nationalokonomie (1826), Tranl. By C.M. Wartenberg (1966) as Isolated state, an English translation of Der isolierte staat Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Walther Christaller (1893-1969) and Central Place Theory Are there laws which determine the size, number and distribution of central places? Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Christaller s southern Germany: imposition of order on a seemingly random pattern Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Christaller s k= 4 traffic principle (left) and k = 7 administrative principle (above) Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> If it were not for the existence of central place theory, it would not be possible to be so emphatic about the existence of a theoretical geography independent of any set of mother sciences. Geography is a basic science since it produces new theory and the proof of that assertion lies most clearly in the existence of central place theory. With the possible exception of cartography, this author is of the opinion that the initial and growing beauty of central place theory is geography's finest intellectual product and puts Christaller in a place of great honor. From William Bunge, Theoretical Geography (1966), p. 133 Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> The ubiquity of Christaller s hexagons symbolic of the theoretical revolution? Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Edgar Kant s Central Places in Estonia 1938-9. He escaped to Sweden ahead of the advancing Russians in the War. Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Reclaimed polderlands in the Netherlands: a location for the application of Christaller s principles on settlement location Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Christaller s 1941 proposal for central place organisation in Nazioccupied Poland. For the superimposition of this map onto real terrain, see the Google Earth map in wwwpersonal.umich.edu/.../Germany/in dex.html Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Few geographers outside Germany who took up spatial science were aware at that time that this tradition of settlement landscape study was deeply compromised, not only by its connections with German geopolitics but through Christaller's work for Himmler. The geographer's theories were used in planning the resettlement of the eastern Slavic lands captured after 1939, directly connecting geographical landscape studies and the Nazi project of spatial domination and population engineering. The former Polish and Soviet territories were divided by German geographers into authentically German zones, where farmers from the Rhineland and other 'crowded' rural regions could be relocated, and spaces under German control but occupied by lesser (Slavic) races, were to be managed in the interests of the Reich. According to the plan, the former zones were to be reshaped and redesigned through the management of field patterns, farmstead architecture, and woodland planting to resemble an ideal of 'German' landscape, while the latter regions, cleansed of 'undesirables,' could be treated precisely as an isotropic plain, a non-place whose landscape design was merely a matter of managerial efficiency and productivity Cosgrove, Denis. 2004. Landscape and Landschaft. Lecture delivered at the &quot;Spatial Turn in History&quot; Symposium. German Historical Institute, February 19, 2004. Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> A bust of von Thunen (1783-1850) and his grave at the Thunen Museum, Tellow, Germany Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Basic Thunen formula R = Y(p-c) Yfm Where R = rent Y = yield P = price C = costs F = freight charges M = distance Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a> Modelling rural settlements and <a href="/keyword/land-use/" >land use</a>
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