Xiaoping.Wu_2008
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Xiaoping.Wu_2008

Course Number: WS 565, Fall 2009

College/University: Nevada

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Global Inverse for Surface Mass Variations, Geocenter Motion, and Earth Rheology Xiaoping Frank Wu Objectives Seasonal to Interannual Mass Variation: Elastic Earth - Multi-satellite data combination to achieve complete global coverage GRACE/GPS/Topex/Jason - Degree-1 mass harmonic and geocenter motion - Accuracy improvement Secular Simultaneous Inversion Development: Viscoelastic Earth - Dynamic Approach:...

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Inverse Global for Surface Mass Variations, Geocenter Motion, and Earth Rheology Xiaoping Frank Wu Objectives Seasonal to Interannual Mass Variation: Elastic Earth - Multi-satellite data combination to achieve complete global coverage GRACE/GPS/Topex/Jason - Degree-1 mass harmonic and geocenter motion - Accuracy improvement Secular Simultaneous Inversion Development: Viscoelastic Earth - Dynamic Approach: Secular present-day trend + GIA or PGR - Kinematic Approach: Present-day trend and PGR spherical harmonics - Secular geocenter motion and International Terrestrial Reference Frame Publications (2006-2008) and Support X. Collilieux, Z. Altamimi, J. Ray, T. van Dam, and X. Wu, Geophysical Excitation of translational and radial motions in the international laser ranging network, JGR, to be submitted, 2008. Wu, X., R. G. Blom, E. R. Ivins, and M. Zhong, Inverse and probabilistic methods for Geophysical Applications of GRACE gravity data, JGR, in review, 2007. Wu, X., M. B. Heflin, E. R. Ivins, and I. Fukumori, Seasonal and interannual global surface mass variations from multisatellite geodetic data, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B09401, doi:10.1029/2005JB004100, 2006. Zhong, M., H. Yan, X. Wu, J. Duan, and Y. Zhu, Non-tidal oceanic contribution to polar wobble estimated from two oceanic assimilation data sets, J. Geodynamics, 41, 147-154, 2006. Current Support NASA ESI GRACE Program: NASA IPY Program: NASA MeaSure Program: NASA ESI Program: NASA ESI Program: FY2008 - 2010, $160K per year FY2007 - 2009, $135K per year for Wu FY2008 2012, 0-0.2 FTE for Wu, PI: Zlotnicki Pending Support FY2009 - 2011, $200K per year FY2009 - 2011, 0.25 FTE for Wu, PI: Gross Surface Mass Variations and Data n nmq (Re , , , t) = M n=1 m= 0 q= c,s (t)Ynmq ( , ) CM CF Signatures Gravity change Surface displacements Ocean Bottom Pressure (OBP) change Geocenter motion, Earth rotation Relative Sea Level Uncertainty Reduction GRACE + N=1 + OBP Unimodular Optimal Point and Regional Averages Full Data Covariance Matrix (Correlation) More Realistic Quantitative A priori Significance of Geocenter Motion Effects of 1 mm Geocenter Motion on GRACE Mean Mass Change Determination Region Geocenter X Y Z Satellite Tracking: Inverse Determination: Present-trend and Sea GIA: Eustatic Level Mean Antarctic Ice Mean Greenland Ice mm mm mm -0.46 -0.24 -0.51 r r Scm Scn 0.07 0.49 -5.6 1.26 -1.1 5.6 G( , , t) = G( , , t) = G n=1 mq n=1 mq nmq ( , , p..)M nmq (t) ( , , p..) M nmq (t) + G G nmq Compare SLR, Climate Model and GPS/OBP Inversion Imminent JGR Submission SLR from ITRF2005 Altamimi AOW Mass Model van Dam GPS/OBP Inversion M20 Surface Density from GPS/OBP, SLR, GRACE Simultaneous Global Inversion for Present-Day Trend + PGR Dynamic Approach Viscoelastic Earth Response Coupling of present-day trend and GIA signatures in modern data CUR GIA Vlm = Vlm ( M lm ) + Vlm (M past , , ) Combination of data with different physical origin for separation Combination of modern and historical data for time resolution Adapted viscoelastic Earth model (with n=1) + sea level equation solver Effects of Ice Model On GIA CM-CF Model ICE-5G/ IJ2005 mm/yr Axis X Y Z -0.12 0.25 -0.49 ICE-5G mm/yr -0.08 0.15 -0.26 Simultaneous Global Inversion for Present-Day Trend + PGR Kinematic Approach Objectives - Improve PGR and Present-day trend estimation with GRACE/GPS/OBP - Separate estimation of geocenter velocities due to present trend and GIA Data Equations: Geocentric Velocity : r = (a M + b M , k ) Y e +(c M + d M , l )( Y e + l 1 Y e ) s n nmq n nmq nmq r n nmq n nmq nmq n nmq sin n =1 mq r r 4 a3 e + M e )+ X ( M11ce x + M11s y 10c z i ME 3 Ocean Bottom Pressure : P = gO( , ) M Geoid : , k N = ( f n M nmq + gn M nmq ) Ynmq n= 2 mq Method to Separate Geocenter Velocities due to Present-Trend and GIA Secular Geocenter Motion and International Terrestrial Reference Frame Stability Geocenter CM = Datum of Satellite Tracking =? origin of the ITRF - What is the geocenter motion rate? - How accurate is the rate determined? - Not acceptable since mean sea level only rises 2 mm/yr in Z ? 2 mm/yr ? 2-3 mm/yr ! Major Problems of Current ITRF Realization - Secular Frame, not instantaneous TRF needs to be specified at all times - Different techniques are not combined weekly enormous loss of info New Method for ITRF Realization - SLR/VLBI/GPS/DORIS data weekly combination - Co-located sites moving together - Effects of non-secular motions
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