Chapter13Notes
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Chapter13Notes

Course Number: SOC 3344, Fall 2009

College/University: Minnesota

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Policing in America Fifth Edition Factors Affecting Predictions and Forecasts Demographics Social contexts Political movements Economic changes Shifts in values Media attention Legislation Public sentiments Chapter 13 The Future of Policing Larry K. Gaines Victor E. Kappeler Policing in America, Fifth Edition Actions Policing in America, Fifth Edition copyright 2005 LexisNexis / Anderson...

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in Policing America Fifth Edition Factors Affecting Predictions and Forecasts Demographics Social contexts Political movements Economic changes Shifts in values Media attention Legislation Public sentiments Chapter 13 The Future of Policing Larry K. Gaines Victor E. Kappeler Policing in America, Fifth Edition Actions Policing in America, Fifth Edition copyright 2005 LexisNexis / Anderson Publishing Tofoya's Predictions for American Policing By 2005 identification of economic deprivation as the major factor in the incidence of traditional crime. By 2025 The traditional, autocratic management philosophy is expected to be largely abandoned. By 2035 private security agencies will assume a significant role in all law enforcement responsibilities. By 2050 the long-awaited mantle of professionalism is expected to be bestowed on law enforcement. POLICE USE OF Automated Fingerprint Identification Policing in America, Fifth Edition Policing in America, Fifth Edition Major Social Revolutions and Police Focus Economic Engine/Way Police Focus of Knowing Attention/Economic Orientations _________________________________________________ Agricultural Pre-modern Revolution - Human and Animals -Slave Patrols - Religion -Morals - Local/tribal -Commodities Modern - Machines - Science - National Industrial Revolution -Strike Breakers -Riots -Contraband Shift in Role and Functions of Police Federal Law Police Focus Decline in Civil Rights enforcement Decline in traditional domestic crime investigation Increased dependence on local information Increased international investigation Increase in international police training Increased collection and analysis of intelligence data Post-modern Information Revolution - Data and CyberCommerce -Internet - Signs -Terrorism - Global -Economic ___________________________________________ Municipal Police Focus Increased watchman/security oriented Security of infrastructure rather than businesses Re-emergence of Bomb Squads and Hazard Materials Units Reduction in drug enforcement Increased role in immigration law enforcement Increased domestic surveillance Decline in community policing orientation Renewed emphasis on crowd control Policing in America, Fifth Edition Policing in America, Fifth Edition 1

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