Chapter 1 Quiz
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Chapter 1 Quiz

Course Number: SOC 134, Spring 2008

College/University: Iowa State

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Chapter 1 Quiz 1. According to the famous British sociologist Anthony Giddens, we live in a social era where human society is suspended between two historical possibilities. These are: Student Response 1. increasing social and political power and annihilation 2. nationalistic and global social interests 3. global and macro structures 4. extraordinary opportunity and global catastrophe Correct Answer 5. none of...

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1 Chapter Quiz 1. According to the famous British sociologist Anthony Giddens, we live in a social era where human society is suspended between two historical possibilities. These are: Student Response 1. increasing social and political power and annihilation 2. nationalistic and global social interests 3. global and macro structures 4. extraordinary opportunity and global catastrophe Correct Answer 5. none of these choices Score: 1/1 2. Emile Durkheim's theory of suicide is an example of what sociologists now call: Student Response 1. functionalism Correct Answer 2. conflict theory 3. symbolic interactionism 4. feminism 5. dramaturgical sociology Score: 1/1 3. The view that people attach subjective meanings to their actions is a hallmark of which theory? Student Response 1. functionalism 2. conflict theory 3. symbolic interactionism 4. feminism Correct Answer 5. historical sociology Score: 0/1 4. According to Emile Durkheim, the more a group's members share beliefs and values, and the more they interact with one another, the more social cohesion the group has. Durkheim called this property of the group: Student Response 1. group cohesion 2. social structure 3. social solidarity Correct Answer 4. social organization 5. sociological imagination Score: 1/1 5. Dr. Jones decides to study the expressions of grief that followed the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York City on September 11, 2001. Dr. Jones decided to do this because he was so moved by the heroic efforts of the rescue workers. Dr. Jon es's decision to do this research is based on: Student Response 1. norms 2. values Correct Answer 3. theories 4. research 5. conceptualizations Score: 1/1 6. According to Max Weber, the growth of this part of the economy stabilized society because people who work in it enjoy higher status and income than manual workers. Student Response 1. manufacturing sector 2. service sector Correct Answer 3. secondary sector 4. primary sector 5. factory owners Score: 1/1 7. Conflict derived from privilege and inequality is at the heart of which theoretical perspective? Student Response 1. functionalism 2. conflict theory Correct Answer 3. symbolic interactionism 4. feminism 5. dramaturgical sociology Score: 1/1 8. While in school William learned how to read. This is an example of an intended function also known as a ____. Student Response 1. dysfunction 2. manifest function Correct Answer 3. latent function 4. functional function 5. universal function Score: 1/1 9. Which scholar is often called the first woman sociologist? Student Response 1. Marianne Weber 2. Harriet Martineau Correct Answer 3. Mary Wollstonecraft 4. Auguste Comte 5. Mary Mills Score: 1/1 10. The sociological imagination allows people to: Student Response 1. understand the relationship between body and mind 2. understand the relationship between politics and religion 3. understand the relationship between drive and instinct 4. understand the relationship between social issues and private troubles Correct Answer 5. understand the relationship between psychology and political science Score: 1/1 11. The idea that we should use evidence to support or refute an argument or interpretation is the core of ____. Student Response Correct Answer 1. intellectual reason 2. the democratic revolution 3. the scientific method 4. the sociological method 5. journalistic practice Score: 1/1 12. The idea that the workings of society must be based on evidence rather than speculation or a religious view is the kernel of: Student Response 1. the scientific revolution Correct Answer 2. the democratic revolution 3. the age of enlightenment 4. the industrial revolution 5. the sociological event Score: 1/1 13. ~C. Wright Mills (1959) discusses a "quality of mind" that allows us to understand "what is going on in the world and... what may be happening within" ourselves. Mills calls this view of society and individuals: Student Response 1. social solidarity 2. the principle of sociation 3. the sociological imagination Correct Answer 4. dialectical socialism 5. none of these choices Score: 1/1 14. The sociological study of suicide adds to our understanding of behaviors that were thought to be individualistic because: Student 1. Response the approach explains individual behavior Correct Answer 2. the approach explains imitation 3. it emphasizes the influence of group behavior 4. it explains how drug abuse leads to suicide 5. none of these choices Score: 0/1 15. If one tries to observe and measure the physical world based on physical evidence, instead of thinking in a speculative way, they would be thinking in a ____ manner. Student Response 1. scientific Correct Answer 2. democratic 3. quantitative 4. sociological 5. subjunctive Score: 1/1 16. The field of study that helps students move beyond their personal biography to see the world in a larger context that is composed of more than physical, emotional, or psychological causes is known as: Student Response 1. social problem solving 2. social studies 3. sociology Correct Answer 4. social science 5. socio-economics Score: 1/1 17. The international organizations that shape social and individual life are known as what kind of social structure? Student Response 1. micro-structures 2. social structures 3. macro-structures 4. global structures Correct Answer 5. none of these choices Score: 1/1 18. Many of the early figures in sociology dealt with the tension between a scientific method of research and a vision of the ideal society. The ideas created by these early sociologists established both diagnostic tools and: Student Response 1. psychological understandings of the social world Correct Answer 2. prescriptions for combating social ills 3. a rejection of science 4. unqualified support for the traditional order 5. psychoanalytic techniques Score: 0/1 19. The theory that emphasizes the importance of purposeful shared values in shaping human behavior is: Student Response 1. functionalism Correct Answer 2. conflict theory 3. symbolic interactionism 4. feminism 5. dramaturgical sociology Score: 1/1 20. The transformation of the economy from agrarian production to manufacturing is known as: Student Response 1. the scientific revolution 2. the democratic revolution 3. the age of enlightenment 4. the industrial revolution Correct Answer 5. none of these choices Score: 1/1 21. According to Brym and Lie, which one of the following social and historical trends was instrumental in creating a favorable environment for the development of sociology? Student Response 1. postindustrialization 2. the Industrial Revolution Correct Answer 3. modernism 4. age of enlightenment 5. postmodernism Score: 1/1 22. Robert Merton's criticism of Talcott Parsons' work was primarily focused on the notion that different social structures may have different consequences for different groups of people. According to Merton, some of the consequences of social organization may hold negative consequences for some people. Merton called this property of social structures: Student Response 1. dysfunctional Correct Answer 2. manifestly functional 3. latently function 4. functionally dysfunctional 5. universally functional Score: 1/1 23. Emile Durkheim examined the association between rates of suicide and rates of psychological disorder for different groups in nineteenth century French society. If suicide rates were high where rates of psychological disorder were high, then the disorders might influence suicide rates. Durkheim discovered that: Student Response 1. the rates were associated, so psychological disorders influenced suicide 2. the rates were not associated, so psychological disorders did not influence suicide Correct Answer 3. the rates were associated only for women 4. the rates were associated only for men 5. the rates were associated with race and ethnic origin Score: 1/1 24. Susan believes that she can help solve the problem of homelessness by volunteering at a homeless shelter. This would be an example of the kind of thinking associated with the ____ revolution. Student Response 1. the scientific revolution 2. the democratic revolution Correct Answer 3. the postindustrial revolution 4. the industrial revolution 5. the sociological evolution Score: 1/1 25. According to Marx, the growth of ____ encourages the creation and proliferation of trade unions and labor parties. Student Response 1. class conflict 2. class consciousness Correct Answer 3. class society 4. social status 5. the corporation

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