Green_Criminology
29 Pages

Green_Criminology

Course Number: CRJU 430, Fall 2008

College/University: CSU Bakersfield

Word Count: 690

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Green Criminology Based on research by M. Lynch & P. Stretsky and Routledge Social Construction of Crime Like other crimes, green criminology is a social construction Influenced by: social locations Power relations in society Definitions of environmental crimes Media Political process Corporate vs. Environmental Justice Two very different definitions on what it means "to be green." 1970s...

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Criminology Based Green on research by M. Lynch & P. Stretsky and Routledge Social Construction of Crime Like other crimes, green criminology is a social construction Influenced by: social locations Power relations in society Definitions of environmental crimes Media Political process Corporate vs. Environmental Justice Two very different definitions on what it means "to be green." 1970s was a time of political activism aimed at environmental protection Corporate Definition 1990s was supposed to be the decade of the environment But things didn't quite go as planned..... The involvement of corporations actually sidetracked the movement Corporations were able to influence the social construction of green through the use of public relations and the mass media This version was: mild less radical de-political zed vision Stressed consumption rather than production issues A human could become "green" just by buying the correct products This was known as "greenwashing" This enabled corporations to defuse and redirect support for environment Why did corporations do this? Radical environmental positions were a threat to corporations They wanted "business as usual." An example of "business as usual" Love Canal near Niagara Falls In the 1940s Love Canal was an abandoned navigation channel For years Hooker Chemical dumped thousands of drums filled with toxic chemical waste directly into the canal In 1952 the canal was covered up A year later Hooker Company sold the land to the Niagara Falls Board of Education A school was built In the 1970s Niagara Falls experienced a season of very heavy rain Chemicals began to seep up onto the school grounds and neighboring homes, including their basements Federal and state officials investigated and found: 88 separate chemicals, some in concentrations 250 to 5,000 times higher than acceptable safety levels 11 of the 88 were known carcinogens This case received massive media attention Though Hooker Company had a total disregard for the environment or future generations they had not broken any law Since then new laws have been passed... Though many were then reversed by the Reagan administration The "greenwashing" continues Chevron has commercials proclaiming they care about the environment Just at look all they have done for the El Segundo Blue Butterfly Of course, the butterfly would have been safe if its habitat was not on top of the U.S.'s largest underground oil spill Environmental Justice (EJ) Three major types of EJ Ecofeminism Environmental racism Red-green movement Ecofeminism Began in the 1970s Criticized capitalist profit-growth orientation and the patriarchy Connects the domination and exploitation of nature with the domination and exploitation of women Argues that women are more concerned with survival than men It has been shown that women do put more money back into their own communities than their male counterparts Ecofeminism can be achieved by Reorienting cultural values Returning to small-scale local economies And grass root democracy Environmental Racism Simultaneously advocates EJ and the elimination of racial discrimination in environmental decisions Argues that toxic factories, pollution and waste sites affect communities of color more than Caucasians Short term goals: race-linked theory and action Long term goals: Elimination of exposure to dangerous products and practices for all Union Carbide Chemical plant in Bhopal, India December 1984 The world's worst environmental accident occurred (Chernobyl was a close 1st runner up) The plant used highly toxic chemicals in its production process Water somehow got mixed into the toxic chemicals ...

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