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of Department Economics University of Lethbridge Econ 1010A Practice Questions Chapter 2 1. Market economies are based upon A) private property and individual good will towards others. B) government planning and individual good will towards others. C) government planning and individual self-interest. D) private property and individual planning. 2. Historically, the distinction between socialism and capitalism has become A) more pronounced as capitalist countries have eliminated reliance on government planning. B) more pronounced as socialist countries have eliminated reliance on markets. C) less pronounced as both capitalist and socialist countries have both eliminated reliance on government planning. D) less pronounced as government's economic role in capitalist countries has increased and socialist countries have integrated some capitalist institutions. Use the following to answer question 3: Children's toys Children's toys C D A B Pre-K toys Pre-K toys 3. Which of the following would be most likely to shift Iraq's production possibility curve in? A) Damage done to its human and capital resources during the U.S.-led invasion. Page 1 B) Attacks by insurgents opposed to the U.S. presence. C) Aid given by foreign countries. D) All of the above. E) A and B. Use the following to answer question 4: B A Good Y C D Good X 4. Refer to the graph above. If the production possibility curve shifts along its y-axis, point __ will remain an efficient point of production: A) A B) B C) C D) D 5. Which two systems require the least amount of government intervention? A) Mercantilism and capitalism. B) Feudalism and socialism. C) Capitalism and feudalism. D) Mercantilism and socialism. Page 2 6. Which of the following is NOT one of the three principal components of a command economy compared to a market economy? A) Government ownership of means of production, rather than private ownership as in capitalism. B) Workers directed by a government planning board as to where they will work and how much they will be paid. C) Entrepreneurs are encouraged by the profit motive, rather than government directive, to satisfy consumer wants in the most efficient manner possible. D) Distribution is according to need, as determined by central planners, rather than by ability. 7. A mixed economy is A) a blend of a market economy and a command economy. B) the government makes all the economic decisions. C) the government has no role to play in the economy. D) another name for communism. E) an economy based on altruism. 8. Soviet-style socialism is an economic system A) that tries to organize society the way that most families are organized and strives to see that individuals get what they need. B) based on central planning and government ownership of the means of production. C) based on private property rights. D) based on markets. 9. The production possibility curve is least useful when A) choices are sequential and institutions are changing. B) choices are sequential and institutions are not changing. C) choices are not sequential and institutions are not changing. D) choices are not sequential and institutions are changing. 10. The principle of increasing marginal opportunity holds in which of the following cases? A) All inputs are equally adaptable to the production of all goods. Page 3 B) The production possibility curve is a downward sloping straight line. C) All inputs are not equally adaptable to the production of all goods. D) Each input can be used to produce more than one good. 11. The two economic groups competing for power during the transition from mercantilism to capitalism were A) craft guilds and industrialists. B) serfs and craft guilds. C) craft guilds and the lords of the manor. D) merchants and the lords of the manor. 12. The invisible hand explains how A) self-interested individuals can undermine the public interest. B) self-interested individuals can promote the public interest. C) altruistic individuals can promote the public interest. D) altruistic individuals can undermine the public interest. 13. Which of the following is the best example of a command economy? A) Canada. B) The United States of America. C) North Korea. D) All of the above are good examples of command economies. E) None of the above are good examples of command economies 14. Capitalism and socialism have not existed forever. Capitalism came into existence in the ________________ and socialism came into existence in the __________________. A) mid 1800s; early 1900s B) early 1900s; mid 1800s C) mid 1700s; early 1900s Page 4 D) early 1900s; mid 1700s 15. The principle of increasing marginal opportunity costs states that the A) initial opportunity costs are high, but they decrease the more you concentrate on the activity. B) initial opportunity costs are low, but they increase the more you concentrate on the activity. C) initial opportunity costs are high, but they increase the more you concentrate on the activity. D) initial opportunity costs are low, but they the decrease more you concentrate on the activity. 16. Which of the following was not one of Marx's predictions? A) Capitalism would evolve into feudalism. B) Competition among capitalists would fall. C) Firms would become larger and larger. D) Capitalism in its pure form had to change. Use the following to answer question 17: C Guns B D Guns A C B Butter (a) (b) Butter A 17. Refer to the graphs above. The discovery of a new supply of resources used only in the production of guns can be shown by which movement? A) From A-B to C-D in Graph A. B) From C-D to A-B in Graph A. Page 5 C) From A-B to A-C in Graph B. D) From A-C to A-B in Graph B. 18. The Soviet socialist economy fell apart primarily because A) it was based on barter rather than monetary exchange. B) individuals are not motivated by self interest. C) workers lacked incentives to work and production was inefficient. D) markets failed to develop. 19. The production possibility curve of a particular decision A) depends on existing institutions. B) depends on purely technical phenomenon. C) depends on purely economic phenomenon. D) does not depend on the economic system. 20. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a market economy? A) Government ownership of capital. B) Private ownership of land. C) Freedom of enterprise. D) Workers are free to seek the jobs of their choice. 21. The difference between capitalism and mercantilism is that under capitalism, A) craft guilds rather than merchants own capital. B) the "invisible hand" is more important than the government. C) industrialists' views are represented by craft guild organizations. D) the state plays a more active role in coordinating economic activity. Page 6 Use the following to answer question 22: Mary Economics 5 4 3 2 1 0 Math 0 1 2 3 4 5 Paul Economics 15 12 9 6 3 0 Math 0 1 2 3 4 5 22. Given Mary and Paul's production possibility tables for answering economics and math problems in a day, if they work together, what is the least number of days they would need to solve 45 economics problems and 15 math problems? A) 3. B) 4. C) 5. D) 6. Use the following to answer question 23: First Bakery Cookies 0 10 20 30 40 50 Pies 15 12 9 6 3 0 Second Bakery Cookies 0 20 40 60 80 100 Pies 20 16 12 8 4 0 23. Given the production possibility tables for First and Second Bakeries presented above, the opportunity cost of producing cookies A) is higher at First Bakery. B) is higher at Second Bakery. Page 7 C) is the same at both bakeries. D) cannot be computed without further information. 24. If a country takes advantage of the comparative advantage of some resources over others its production possibility curve is likely to be A) flat. B) straight. C) bowed outward. D) bowed inward. 25. Treating efficiency as identical to productive efficiency A) assumes that consumption above some minimum is immoral. B) makes sense only if society wants what is produced to be fairly distributed. C) would be wrong under any assumption. D) a...