Ch  12 Personality
35 Pages

Ch 12 Personality

Course: PY 101, Fall 2009

School: SEMO

Word Count: 11545

Rating:

Document Preview

12 Theories of Personality Key: Answer, Page, Type, Learning Objective, Level Type A=Applied C=Conceptual F=Factual Level (1)=Easy; (2)=Moderate; (3)=Difficult LO=Learning Objective SG=Used in Study Guide p=page MULTIPLE CHOICE Theories of Personality Learning Objective 12.1- What is personality? 1. The unique way each individual thinks, acts, and feels is called __________. a) personality Correct. The unique...

Unformatted Document Excerpt
Coursehero >> Missouri >> SEMO >> PY 101

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one
below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

of 12 Theories Personality Key: Answer, Page, Type, Learning Objective, Level Type A=Applied C=Conceptual F=Factual Level (1)=Easy; (2)=Moderate; (3)=Difficult LO=Learning Objective SG=Used in Study Guide p=page MULTIPLE CHOICE Theories of Personality Learning Objective 12.1- What is personality? 1. The unique way each individual thinks, acts, and feels is called __________. a) personality Correct. The unique way each individual thinks, acts, and feels is called personality. b) nurture c) a trait Incorrect. A trait is only one particular aspect of personality. d) nature Register to View Answerp. 444, F, LO=12.1, (1) 2. When one thinks of "value judgment" in relation to personality, one is thinking about ____________. a) soul b) character Correct. Character is value judgments of a person's moral and ethical behavior. c) temperament Incorrect. Temperament is enduring qualities a person has from birth. d) conscience Register to View Answerp. 444, F, LO=12.1, (1) 3. One limitation of the trait perspective compared to the other perspectives is there is not much ________. a) description Incorrect. Trait theories are descriptive and deal with the actual end result of personality. b) research c) material d) explanation Correct. Trait theories are not as concerned with explanations of personality as the other perspectives. Register to View Answerp. 444, F, LO=12.1, (1) SG 140 The Man and the Couch: Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Learning Objective 12.2- How did Freud view the divisions of the conscious mind? 4. Sigmund Freud's theory came at a time in history when the predominant attitude toward sex was _____________. a) liberal Incorrect. Freud lived during the sexually repressive Victorian era. b) open c) repressed Correct. Freud lived during the sexually repressive Victorian era. d) obsessed Register to View Answerp. 445, F, LO=12.2, (2) 5. A patient waiting for an appointment with Sigmund Freud looks around the room to see who else is waiting. Who among the following is most likely to have been one of Freud's patients? a) Hal, a coal-mine worker who is severely depressed b) Angela, a maid, who is severely depressed Incorrect. Most of Freud's clients were wealthy women. c) Sue, a wealthy woman who is suffering from sexual repression Correct. Most of Freud's clients were wealthy women. d) Mario, a soldier who is suffering from a hysterical disorder Register to View Answerp. 445, A, LO=12.2, (2) 6. Many have compared Freud's idea of the mind to an iceberg. If that were the case and you were standing on the deck of a ship in Alaska, what part of the mind would you see above the water? a) ego Correct. The ego is the part of the mind that is conscious and in view. b) superego Incorrect. The superego is well below the surface. c) id d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 445, A, LO=12.2, (2) SG 7. The conscious mind can be compared to ______________. a) a deep cave b) long-term memory Incorrect. The conscious mind is more like short-term memory where information is held while it is being used. c) short-term memory Correct. The conscious mind is like short-term memory where information is held while it is being used. d) forgetting Register to View Answerp. 446, F, LO=12.2, (1) 8. Sigmund Freud proposed that his patients' disorders resulted most often from psychological conflicts related to ______________. a) sex Correct. Freud proposed that his patients' disorders resulted most often from psychological conflicts related to sex. b) denial Incorrect. Freud proposed that his patients' disorders resulted most often from psychological conflicts related to sex. c) marriage d) depression Register to View Answerp. 445, F, LO=12.2, (1) 141 9. Which of Freud's levels of consciousness consists of thoughts and feelings that can be easily brought into immediate awareness? a) conscious level Incorrect. The conscious level of the mind consists of thoughts and feelings that one is aware of at any given moment. b) unconscious level c) preconscious level Correct. The preconscious level of consciousness consists of thoughts and feelings that can be easily brought into immediate awareness. d) postconscious level Register to View Answerp. 445, F, LO=12.2, (1) 10. For Freud, ideas, thoughts, and feelings of which we are currently aware are in the ______ mind. a) unconscious b) preconscious Incorrect. For Freud, ideas, thoughts, and feelings of which we are currently aware are in the preconscious mind. c) collective unconscious d) conscious Correct. The conscious level of the mind consists of thoughts and feelings that one is aware of at any given moment. Register to View Answerp. 446, F, LO=12.2, (1) 11. For Freud, material that we are not currently aware of but that can be easily recalled is in the ______ mind. a) unconscious Incorrect. Thoughts at the unconscious level are not easily recalled. b) preconscious Correct. The preconscious level of consciousness consists of thoughts and feelings that can be easily brought into immediate awareness. c) collective unconscious d) conscious Register to View Answerp. 445, F, LO=12.2, (1) 12. For Freud, thoughts and feelings that are well below the surface of awareness and cannot normally be recalled are in the ______ mind. a) unconscious Correct. For Freud, thoughts and feelings that are well below the surface of awareness and cannot normally be recalled are in the unconscious mind. b) preconscious c) collective unconscious Incorrect. Collective unconscious is a term developed by Jung. d) conscious Register to View Answerp. 446, F, LO=12.2, (1) 13. What did you have for lunch an hour ago? Before I asked you that question, the information was in your _______________. a) conscious level Incorrect. The conscious level consists of what is on your mind at any given moment; you are probably not thinking about food that you ate an hour ago. b) unconscious level c) postconscious level d) preconscious level Correct. What you had for lunch is not currently in your mind but can be easily recalled. Register to View Answerp. 445, A, LO=12.2, (2) 142 14. For Freud, the mind is divided into ___ levels. a) one b) two c) three Correct. For Freud, the mind is divided into three levels: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. d) four Incorrect. For Freud, the mind is divided into three levels: conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. Register to View Answerp. 445, F, LO=12.2, (1) 15. Al really likes the revealing dress his buxom date is wearing and says, "What a nice breast you have on." What is the psychodynamic term for this statement? a) Freudian slip Correct. He showed his true feelings by his verbal mistake. b) psychic error Incorrect. The term for a verbal mistake that betrays one's true feelings is Freudian slip. c) instinctive statement d) psychoanalytic indicator Register to View Answerp. 446, C, LO=12.2, (1) 16. "Let me put it to you bluntly. In a changing world, we want more people to have control over your life," said George W. Bush in Annandale, Virginia, on August 9, 2004. According to Freud, this might be characterized as a(n) _________. a) Freudian slip Correct. In a Freudian slip, a person shows his or her true feelings through a verbal mistake. Freud might think Bush betrayed his desire to control people's lives. b) psychic error c) instinctive statement d) psychoanalytic indicator Incorrect. There is no such term as psychoanalytic indicator. Register to View Answerp. 446, C, LO=12.2, (1) Learning Objective 12.3- According to Freud, what are the three parts of the personality and how do they interact? 17. "If it feels good do it" best describes the ______________. a) id Correct. Freud used the term id to describe the primitive side of personality. b) ego Incorrect. Freud used the term ego for the aspect of personality that makes rational decisions and solves conflicts. c) superego d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 446, F, LO=12.3, (1) 18. In Sigmund Freud's theory, the _______ operates according to the pleasure principle. a) id Correct. The pleasure principle is the operative principle for the id. b) ego Incorrect. The ego operates on the reality principle. c) thanatos d) superego Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (1) SG 143 19. You are quite hungry but don't have a dime to your name. If you were described as "all id and only id'" what would you do? a) Distract yourself with images of food. b) Steal a hot dog from the vendor on the corner. Correct. Someone who is all id would have no ability to delay gratification. c) Run all the way home to get something to eat as soon as possible. Incorrect. Someone who is all id would have no ability to delay gratification. Waiting to get home is a delay of gratification. d) Use the defense mechanism of denial to thwart the hunger pangs until an appropriate meal can be obtained. Register to View Answerp. 446, A, LO=12.3, (2) 20. What is Freud's term for the primitive, biological side of personality? a) id Correct. The id is the primitive, biological side of personality. b) ego Incorrect. The ego is the reality-based side of personality concerned with avoiding negative consequences. c) superego d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 446, F, LO=12.3, (1) 21. Which component of a person's personality is responsible for the continuing desire to engage in sex indiscriminately? a) id Correct. The id is amoral and seeks immediate gratification of biological drives, such as the sex drive, regardless of the consequences. b) ego Incorrect. The ego is the reality-based side of personality that is concerned with consequences. c) superego d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 446, F, LO=12.3, (1) 22. The pleasure principle is associated with which element of Freud's personality theory? a) id Correct. The id is associated with the pleasure principle. b) ego Incorrect. The ego is associated with the reality principle. c) superego d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 446447, F, LO=12.3, (1) 23. For Freud, the only personality structure present at birth is the ______. a) id Correct. The id is the only personality structure present at birth. b) ego Incorrect. The ego is not present at birth; it develops later. c) superego d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 446, F, LO=12.3, (1) 144 24. For Freud, the seething cauldron of unconscious urges and desires continuously seeking expression is the ______. a) id Correct. Freud's term for unconscious urges and desires continuously seeking expression is the id. b) superego c) ego Incorrect. The ego is not entirely unconscious and is associated with holding urges and desires in check to avoid negative consequences. d)persona Register to View Answerp. 446, F, LO=12.3, (1) 25. There were three friends. Harry was rational, logical, and cunning. Hermione was rule oriented, moral, and always ethical. Ron was pleasure seeking, found it hard to delay gratification, and usually just did what he wanted. According to Freud, Harry was mostly ____________. a) id b) ego Correct. The ego is rational, logical, and cunning. c) superego Incorrect. The superego is more focused on morality and rules. d) conscience Register to View Answerp. 446447, C, LO=12.3, (2) 26. There were three friends. Harry was rational, logical, and cunning. Hermione was rule oriented, moral, and always ethical. Ron was pleasure seeking, found it hard to delay gratification, and usually just did what he wanted. According to Freud, Hermione was mostly ___________. a) id b) ego Incorrect. The ego is rational, logical, and cunning, not rule oriented and moral. c) superego Correct. The superego is moral, rule oriented, and ethical like Hermione. d) libido Register to View Answerp. 446447, C, LO=12.3, (2) 27. Jessie becomes furious when her favorite hockey player is intentionally hurt by an opponent. According to Freud's model of the mind, her id would unconsciously feel say _____. a) "Thou shalt not kill" b) "I'm going to tear this program in half!" c) "What, me angry? I never get angry" Incorrect. Denying one's anger would be a defense mechanism practiced by the ego, not the id. d) "I'm so angry I could kill that player" Correct. The id is amoral and puts no controls on urges and desires. Register to View Answerpp. 446447, A, LO=12.3, (2) 28. What is Freud's term for the executive of the personality that has a realistic plan for obtaining gratification of an individual's desires? a) id b) ego Correct. The ego is in charge of reality and decisions. c) superego Incorrect. The superego is there for moral judgments but the ego makes the decisions. d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 448, F, LO=12.3, (2) SG 145 29. An individual operating on the reality principle seeks ____________. a) immediate gratification b) perfect accomplishments c) to reveal unconscious motivations Incorrect. Unconscious motivations are revealed only through therapy. d) rational means for obtaining gratification Correct. The ego, which operates on the reality principle, seeks rational means for obtaining gratification. Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (2) 30. According to Freud, thinking and reasoning are controlled by the ______. a) pleasure principle b) ego Correct. The ego is in charge of thinking and reasoning. c) superego Incorrect. The superego makes moral judgments, but the ego makes the decisions. d) animus Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (1) 31. The ______ controls the satisfaction of the id's drives in the external world. a) personal unconscious b) ego Correct. The ego makes the decisions. c) superego Incorrect. The superego makes moral judgments but the ego makes the decisions. d) persona Register to View Answerp. 447, C, LO=12.3, (2) 32. The ego operates according to the ______. a) guilt/pride principle b) reality principle Correct. The ego operates according to the reality principle. c) pleasure principle Incorrect. The id, not the ego, operates on the pleasure principle. d) reflex principle Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (1) 33. According to Freud, the reality principle is ______. a) the way in which the ego tries to delay satisfying the id's desires until it can do so safely and successfully Correct. The ego tries to avoid negative consequences that might result from the unrestricted pursuit of pleasure. b) the way in which the id tries to obtain gratification and avoid pain Incorrect. The id works on the pleasure principle, not the reality principle. c) the way in which the ego ideal establishes standards of what one would like to be d) the way in which young children instinctively seek self-actualization Register to View Answerp. 447, C, LO=12.3, (3) 34. A personality that consisted of only the ego and the id would be completely ______. a) illogical b) selfless c) rational Incorrect. The ego is rational but the id is not. d) amoral Correct. A personality that consisted of only the ego and the id would have no superego to dictate what is right or wrong. Register to View Answerp. 447, C, LO=12.3, (3) 146 35. Which element in Freud's personality theory is composed of the conscience and the ego ideal? a) id b) ego Incorrect. The ego has no conscience, just a need to reduce anxiety. c) superego Correct. The superego is composed of the conscience and the ego ideal. d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 447448, F, LO=12.3, (1) 36. What term did Freud use to describe the superego's standard for moral behavior? a) ego b) ego ideal Correct. The ego ideal is the term Freud used to describe the superego's standard for moral behavior. c) conscience Incorrect. Freud used the term conscience to describe the active part of the superego that measures behavior against the ego ideal. d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (1) 37. The superego develops ______________. a) at birth b) during infancy Incorrect. The superego develops during the preschool years. c) during the preschool years Correct. The superego develops during the preschool years. d) during adolescence Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (1) 38. The superego is made up of the _________ and __________. a) ego; id b) conscious; unconscious Incorrect. The superego is made up of the ego ideal and conscience. c) ego ideal; conscience Correct. The superego is made up of the ego ideal and conscience. d) libido; ego Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (1) 39. For Freud, the moral guardian of personality is the ______. a) id b) superego Correct. The superego is the moral voice. c) ego Incorrect. The ego is a mediator, not a moral voice. d) libido Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (1) 147 40. According to Freud, the standard of perfection by which the superego judges the ego's actions is known as the ______. a) conscience b) archetype Incorrect. Archetype is a concept in Jung's theory. c) ego ideal Correct. The ego ideal is Freud's term for the standard of perfection by which the superego judges the ego's actions. d) animus Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (1) 41. According to Freud, the ______ acts as our conscience. a) id b) superego Correct. The superego is the moral voice. c) ego Incorrect. The ego is a mediator, not a moral voice. d) collective unconscious Register to View Answerp. 447, F, LO=12.3, (1) 42. In the metaphor the angel, the devil, and me, the angel is the ____________. a) id b) ego Incorrect. The superego is the angel because it serves as the moral conscience. c) superego Correct. The superego is the angel because it serves as the moral conscience. d) unconscious Register to View Answerp. 448, C, LO=12.3, (2) 43. In the metaphor the angel, the devil, and me, the devil is the _________. a) id Correct. The id is the devil because it makes immediate demands to get what it wants. b) ego Incorrect. The ego cannot be the devil because its role is to mediate between the id and superego. c) superego d) libido Register to View Answerp. 448, C, LO=12.3, (2) 44. In Freud's personality theory, the ________ are in conflict and the _______ must mediate between them. a) ego and superego; id b) id and superego; ego Correct. The ego mediates between the id and superego c) id and ego; superego Incorrect. The superego does not mediate. d) id, ego, and superego; conscience Register to View Answerp. 448, C, LO=12.3, (2) 148 45. What is Freud's term for the unconscious efforts by the ego to deny or distort reality for the purpose of protecting itself when conflict becomes too intense? a) false cognitions b) coping techniques Incorrect. Freud did not use the term coping techniques. c) disordered thinking d) defense mechanisms Correct. Freud used the term defense mechanisms to refer to unconscious efforts by the ego to deny or distort reality for the purpose of protecting itself when conflict becomes too intense. Register to View Answerp. 448, F, LO=12.3, (2) 46. According to Freud, the result of conflict between the id and superego is ___________. a) libido b) depression Incorrect. Anxiety is the result of conflict between the id and superego. c) psychosis d) anxiety Correct. Anxiety is the result of conflict between the id and superego. Register to View Answerp. 448, F, LO=12.3, (1) 47. Yongmei is studying for her math test. Her boyfriend Marcus asks if she can go to the movies with him. She would love to go but she knows she has to study for the math test in order to pass the class. What part of Yongmei's personality will say "You must stay home and study because passing the class is necessary for you to graduate." a) her ego because it is the moral conscience of her personality Incorrect. The superego is the moral conscience; therefore, it is this part that will make her stay home and study. b) her id because studying is what she really wants to do c) her libido because she knows her boyfriend will love her more if she studies d) her superego because it is this part of the personality that is the moral conscience Correct. The superego is the moral conscience; therefore, it is this part that will make her stay home and study. Register to View Answerp. 448, A, LO=12.3, (3) Learning Objective 12.4- What are the stages of personality development in Freudian theory? 48. Sigmund Freud's psychosexual stages focus on several parts of the body identified as _______. a) focal zones b) erogenous zones Correct. Freud's psychosexual stages focus on several parts of the body identified as erogenous zones. c) pleasure zones Incorrect. The term pleasure zones appears to mean the same thing as erogenous zones but is not the term Freud used. d) unconscious zones Register to View Answerp. 448, F, LO=12.4, (1) 49. What did Sigmund Freud believe could happen if our needs were delayed at a particular psychosexual stage? a) We could become fixated at that stage. Correct. Fixation occurs when needs are not met. b) We would revert to our biological predispositions. Incorrect. Reversion to biological predispositions would be a type of regression, which is not what Freud believed would happen when needs were delayed at a particular psychosexual stage. c) We would be more capable of overcoming the obstacle in adulthood. d) We could become overly dependent on the superego for future guidance. Register to View Answerp. 448449, F, LO=12.4, (1) 149 50. According to Freud, during the first 18 months of life, the dominant source of sensual pleasure is the ______. a) genitals b) mouth Correct. According to Freud, during the first 18 months of life, the dominant source of sensual pleasure is the mouth. c) hands d) anus Incorrect. According to Freud, during the first 18 months of life, the dominant source of sensual pleasure is the mouth. The anus is the focus of children aged 18 months to 3 years. Register to View Answerp. 449, C, LO=12.4, (2) 51. The age at which a baby was weaned would have most impact on the ____ stage. a) oral Correct. The need for oral gratification will be affected by weaning from breast feeding. b) anal Incorrect. This is the toilet training time. c) phallic d) genital Register to View Answerp. 449, F, LO=12.4, (1) 52. According to Freud, personality develops through a series of psychosexual stages. During infancy, the psychosexual stage is called the _____________. a) latency stage b) oral stage Correct. The psychosexual stage of infancy is the oral stage. c) anal stage Incorrect. The anal stage occurs during toddlerhood. d) phallic stage Register to View Answerp. 449, F, LO=12.4, (1) 53. Dan plays the trumpet, is on the debate team, bites his nail, and chews gum. Freud might say Dan was fixated in the _____ stage. a) oral Correct. Dan's whole life is focused on doing things with his mouth. b) anal Incorrect. Since Dan seems to choose to do only things that involve using his mouth, Freud would say he is fixated in the oral stage. c) phallic d) genital Register to View Answerp. 449, A, LO=12.4, (1) 54. Toilet training takes place during which of Freud's psychosexual stages? a) oral b) anal Correct. Toilet training takes place during the anal stage. c) latency d) phallic Incorrect. Toilet training takes place during the anal stage. Register to View Answerp. 449, F, LO=12.4, (1) 150 55. Steve is extremely uptight and compulsively neat and orderly. According to Freudian theory, he became fixated at the _____ stage of psychosexual development. a) oral b) anal Correct. Freud believed that people who are uptight and compulsively neat are fixated in the anal stage. c) latency d) genital Incorrect. Freud believed that people who are uptight and compulsively neat are fixated in the anal stage. Register to View Answerp. 449, F, LO=12.4, (1) 56. According to Freud and his followers, what is the most significant event that occurs during the anal stage of psychosexual development? a) The child is toilet trained. Correct. Toilet training is the most significant event that occurs during the anal stage. b) The child discovers his or her genitals. Incorrect. The child discovers his or her genitals in the phallic stage, not the anal stage. c) The child develops sexual feelings toward the parent of the other sex. d) The child has nightmares that reflect the development of sexual feelings. Register to View Answerp. 449, F, LO=12.4, (1) 57. On which of the following traits would you expect a person described as "anal retentive" to obtain an elevated score? a) sloppiness Incorrect. A person described as "anal retentive" is the opposite of sloppy; he or she is overly neat. b) outgoingness c) conscientiousness Correct. A person described as "anal retentive" is very conscientious. d) openness to experience Register to View Answerp. 449, C, LO=12.4, (3) 58. On which of the following traits would you expect a person described as "anal expulsive" to obtain an elevated score? a) sloppiness Correct. A person described as "anal expulsive" would be very sloppy. b) serenity c) neatness Incorrect. A person described as "anal expulsive" would be the opposite of neat. d) orderliness Register to View Answerp. 449, C, LO=12.4, (3) 59. The Freudian stage in which boys must resolve the Oedipus complex is the ______ stage. a) genital Incorrect. The genital stage comes later than the phallic stage, in which boys must resolve the Oedipus complex. b) oral c) phallic Correct. Boys must resolve the Oedipus complex in the phallic stage. d) anal Register to View Answerp. 450, F, LO=12.4, (1) 151 60. According to Freud, the stage in which children develop a marked attachment to the parent of the opposite sex and become jealous of the same-sex parent is the ______. a) anal stage b) genital stage Incorrect. The genital stage comes later than the phallic stage, in which children develop a marked attachment to the parent of the opposite sex and become jealous of the same-sex parent. c) oral stage d) phallic stage Correct. Children in the phallic stage develop a marked attachment to the parent of the opposite sex and become jealous of the same-sex parent. Register to View Answerp. 450, F, LO=12.4, (1) 61. Four-year-old Larry squeezes between his Mommy and Daddy as they sit together on the couch. He cuddles with Mommy and pushes Daddy away. This illustrates which Freudian concept? a) superego Incorrect. The superego is the moral voice inside a person's head. b) Oedipus complex Correct. The Oedipus complex involves affection for the opposite-sex parent and jealousy toward the same-sex parent. c) sublimation d) regression Register to View Answerp. 450, A, LO=12.4, (2) 62. According to Freud, a boy's sexual attachment to his mother and jealousy of his father is called _______. a) the Oedipus complex Correct. The Oedipus complex involves affection for the opposite-sex parent and jealousy toward the same-sex parent. b) the Electra complex Incorrect. The Electra complex, named by Jung, involves a girl's attachment to her father and jealousy of her mother in the female version of the Oedipus complex. c) transference d) countertransference Register to View Answerp. 450, F, LO=12.4, (1) 63. Sigmund Freud proposed that little boys' fears that their fathers may retaliate against them for forbidden sexual and aggressive impulses may lead to ________. a) penis envy. Incorrect. Freud believed girls, not boys, had penis envy. b) penis anxiety. c) castration phobia. d) castration anxiety. Correct. Freud believed boys were afraid of being castrated. Register to View Answerp. 450, F, LO=12.4, (1) 64. What did Freud perceive as the outcome of successful resolution of the Oedipus complex? a) attraction to the same-sex parent b) attraction to the opposite-sex parent Incorrect. Freud believed attraction to the opposite-sex parent is the cause of the problem. c) identification with the same-sex parent Correct. Freud believed identification with the same-sex parent is the result of a successful resolution of the Oedipus complex. d) identification with the opposite-sex parent Register to View Answerp. 450, F, LO=12.4, (1) 152 65. Jill is an 8-year-old girl who is having a birthday party. According to Freud, since Jill is in the latency period, whom would you expect to be at her party? a) mostly girls Correct. Children in the latency stage stick with members of the same sex and avoid those of the opposite sex. b) mostly boys Incorrect. Children in the latency stage tend to stay away from members of the opposite sex. c) mostly male parents who look like her father d) mostly parents Register to View Answerp. 451, C, LO=12.4, (3) 66. In which psychosexual stage do sexual interests reawaken and become stronger? a) anal b) latency Incorrect. Sexuality is dormant during the latency stage. c) genital Correct. Sexual interest awakens during the genital stage. d) phallic Register to View Answerp. 451, F, LO=12.4, (1) 67. According to Freud, personality develops through a series of psychosexual stages. The last stage is called the _____________. a) latency stage Incorrect. The latency stage is the next to last stage of psychosexual development. b) anal stage c) genital stage Correct. The genital stage is the final stage of psychosexual development. d) phallic stage Register to View Answerp. 451, F, LO=12.4, (1) 68. What is the correct sequence of Freud's psychosexual stages? a) latency, anal, oral, genital, phallic b) oral, genital, latency, phallic, anal Incorrect. The sequence of Freud's psychosexual stages is oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital. c) anal, oral, latency, phallic, genital d) oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital Correct. The sequence of Freud's psychosexual stages is oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital. Register to View Answerp. 449451, F, LO=12.4, (1) Learning Objective 12.5- How did Jung, Adler, Horney, and Erikson modify Freud's theory? 69. The neo-Freudian, Carl Jung, suggested the existence of a collective unconscious that contains images shared by all people called ______. a) schemas b) paradigms c) archetypes Correct. Jung suggested the existence of a collective unconscious that contains images shared by all people called archetypes. d) prototypes Incorrect. Prototypes sounds similar to archetypes but is not the term Jung used. Register to View Answerp. 452, F, LO=12.5, (2) 153 70. Jung believed that there were two levels to the unconscious mind, the personal and the ________. a) collective Correct. Jung believed that there were two levels to the unconscious mind, the personal and the collective. b) animus Incorrect. Animus is a term for one of Jung's archetypes. c) anima d) preconscious Register to View Answerp. 452, F, LO=12.5, (2) 71. According to Jung, each person's own repressed thoughts, undeveloped ideas, and forgotten experiences are contained in the ______. a) persona b) personal unconscious Correct. According to Jung, each person's own repressed thoughts, undeveloped ideas, and forgotten experiences are contained in the personal unconscious. c) archetype d) collective unconscious Incorrect. The collective unconscious contains the memories and fears of our entire species, not our own individual thoughts. Register to View Answerp. 452, F, LO=12.5, (1) 72. According to Jung, the memories and behavior patterns inherited from past generations are part of the ______. a) persona b) personal unconscious Incorrect. According to Jung, the personal unconscious contains each person's own repressed thoughts, undeveloped ideas, and forgotten experiences. c) alter-ego d) collective unconscious Correct. According to Jung, the memories and behavior patterns inherited from past generations are part of the collective unconscious. Register to View Answerp. 452, F, LO=12.5, (2) 73. Carl Jung's term for recurring themes that have been important to humans since prehistoric times, such as the concepts of mother, hero, or villain, is ______ . a) personas Incorrect. The persona is the side of one's personality that is shown to the world. b) animas c) animisms d) archetypes Correct. Carl Jung's term for recurring themes that have been important to humans since prehistoric times is archetypes. Register to View Answerp. 452, F, LO=12.5, (2) 74. Which neo-Freudian viewed personality disturbances as resulting from the feelings of inferiority all people share? a) Carl Jung Incorrect. Jung focused on archetypes in the collective unconscious. b) Alfred Adler Correct. Adler viewed personality disturbances as resulting from the feelings of inferiority all people share. c) Carl Rogers d) Karen Horney Register to View Answerp. 453, F, LO=12.5, (1) SG 154 75. Which defense mechanism figured prominently in the theory of Alfred Adler? a) repression Incorrect. Freud, not Adler, focused on repression. b) compensation Correct. Adler focused on compensation, as it is a defense mechanism used to overcome feelings of inferiority. c) depression d) rationalization Register to View Answerp. 452, F, LO=12.5, (1) 76. According to Karen Horney, men had __________. a) penis envy b) breast envy Incorrect. Horney believed men had "womb envy" and had to compensate for their lack of child-bearing ability. c) womb envy Correct. Horney believed men had "womb envy" and had to compensate for their lack of child-bearing ability. d) vagina envy Register to View Answerp. 453, F, LO=12.5, (2) 77. Which defense mechanism was a prominent part in both Adler's and Horney's theories? a) compensation Correct. Both Adler and Horney suggested that compensation was a major defense mechanism in their theories. b) rationalization Incorrect. Both Adler and Horney suggested that compensation was a major defense mechanism in their theories. c) suppression d) intellectualization Register to View Answerp. 453, C, LO=12.5, (3) 78. Which neo-Freudian theorist believed social relationships were the key to understanding personality? a) Carl Jung b) Alfred Adler Incorrect. Adler viewed personality disturbances as resulting from the feelings of inferiority all people share. c) Carl Rogers d) Erik Erikson Correct. Erikson believed social relationships were the key to understanding personality. Register to View Answerp. 453, F, LO=12.5, (1) Learning Objective 12.6- How does modern psychoanalytic theory differ from that of Freud? 79. Your teacher organizes a debate on Freudian theory. You are assigned to be on the anti-Freud side and, therefore, must point out problems in the theory. Which of the following will be at the top of your list? a) Children do not have sexual motives. b) Psychodynamic concepts are difficult to test. Correct. Lack of testability is the main problem with Freud's theory. c) Defense mechanisms actually increase anxiety. Incorrect. Defense mechanisms reduce anxiety. d) Psychoanalytic therapy is effective for treating psychotics only. Register to View Answerp. 454, C, LO=12.6, (3) 155 80. Your teacher organizes a debate on Freudian theory. You are assigned to be on the anti-Freud side and, therefore, must point out problems in the theory. Which of the following will be at the top of your list? a) Parents have little influence on their children's motives. b) His interpretations of what his patients told him were ambiguous. Correct. The ambiguity of his interpretations of what his patients told him is a problem with Freud's theory. c) Defense mechanisms actually increase anxiety. Incorrect. Defense mechanisms reduce anxiety and are accepted by many. d) Psychoanalytic therapy is effective for treating psychotics only. Register to View Answerp. 454, C, LO=12.6, (3) 81. You are reading an article that critiques Freud's theory. Which of the following could be the title? a) "Sex Is More Influential Than We think" b) "Never Use Sexual Frustration and Dreams as a Basis for a Theory." Correct. Many of Freud's clients were sexually frustrated women. c) "The Id Really Does Exist!" Incorrect. This actually agrees with Freud and does not critique his theory. d) "Sometimes a Cigar Is Just a Cigar" Register to View Answerp. 454, C, LO=12.6, (3) The Behaviorist's View of Personality Learning Objective 12.7- How do behaviorists explain personality? 82. For the behaviorist, personality is a set of learned responses or _______. a) traits b) conditions c) stimuli Incorrect. Stimuli are elements that cause a response or reaction. d) habits Correct. According to behaviorists, habits are learned responses. Register to View Answerp. 455, F, LO=12.7, (1) The Social Cognitive View of Personality 83. A famous psychologist argues that there are three factors that influence personality: environment, person, and behavior. This psychologist is most likely a ______ psychologist. a) psychodynamic b) social cognitive Correct. Social cognitive psychologists focus on the interaction of environment, person, and behavior. c) psychoanalytic d) trait Incorrect. Social cognitive psychologists focus on the interaction of environment, person, and behavior. Register to View Answerp. 456, F, LO=12.7, (1) 156 84. What is Albert Bandura's term for the relationship among the three factors that influence personality? a) feedback loops b) learned responses Incorrect. Bandura called the relationship among the three factors that influence personality reciprocal determinism. c) reciprocal determinism Correct. Bandura called the relationship among the three factors that influence personality reciprocal determinism. d) external expectancies Register to View Answerp. 456, F, LO=12.7, (1) 85. Albert Bandura's notion that people are affected by their environment but can also influence that environment is known as __________. a) self-efficacy Incorrect. Self-efficacy refers to one's perception of how effective a behavior will be in any particular circumstance. b) locus of control c) phenomenology d) reciprocal determinism Correct. Reciprocal determinism is Bandura's notion that people are affected by their environment but can also influence that environment. Register to View Answerp. 456, F, LO=12.7, (2) SG 86. A baseball player's son is quite talented; he has received lots of awards over the years. When he gets up to bat he expects to get a hit, and when he is in the field he expects to make every catch. According to Bandura, what characteristic does this young man seem to have? a) self-regard b) self-centeredness c) self-efficacy Correct. Self-efficacy refers to one's perception of how effective a behavior will be in any particular circumstance. d) self-actualization Incorrect. Self-actualization has to do with self-fulfillment and reaching one's full potential. Register to View Answerp. 456457, A, LO=12.7, (2) SG 87. You are about to undergo delicate brain surgery that requires great skill on the part of the surgeon. As the surgical team wheels you into the operating room, you hope the surgeon has a high level of _____. a) ego b) extraversion Incorrect. Extraversion is not a quality that is associated with competence. c) self-efficacy Correct. Self-efficacy refers to one's perception of how effective a behavior will be in any particular circumstance. surgeon A with a high level of self-efficacy will be confident. d) superego Register to View Answerp. 456457, A, LO=12.7, (2) 88. According to Albert Bandura, a person's belief about his or her skills and ability to perform certain behaviors is known as ________. a) self-efficacy Correct. Self-efficacy refers to one's perception of how effective a behavior will be in any particular circumstance. b) locus of control c) phenomenology d) reciprocal determinism Incorrect. Reciprocal determinism is Bandura's term for the relationship among the three factors that determine behavior. Register to View Answerp. 456457, F, LO=12.7, (1) 157 89. One of the main differences between the psychoanalytic view and the social cognitive view is ________________. a) the social cognitive view allows for testing whereas the psychoanalytic view does not Correct. It is much easier to test social cognitive theories. b) that the mind is more important to the psychoanalyst than the cognitivist Incorrect. The mind is important in both theories. c) the psychoanalytic view requires feedback from clients and the social cognitive view does not d) the social cognitive view is more abstract than the psychoanalytic view Register to View Answerp. 453457, C, LO=12.7, (3) The Third Force: Humanism and Personality Learning Objective 12.8- How do humanists explain personality? 90. _____________ theory is called the third force in personality theory. a) Psychoanalytic b) Behaviorist Incorrect. Behaviorist theory is the second force. c) Cognitive d) Humanistic Correct. Humanistic theory is called the third force in personality theory; the first two are psychoanalytic theory and behaviorist theory. Register to View Answerp. 457, F, LO=12.8, (1) SG Learning Objective 12.9- What was Rogers's view of the self? 91. What do Abraham Maslow's and Carl Rogers's theories have in common? a) They are both stage theories. b) They focus on unconscious motivation. Incorrect. Neither Maslow nor Rogers discussed the unconscious. c) They believe humans are always striving to fulfill their capabilities. Correct. Both Maslow and Rogers believed humans are always striving to fulfill their capabilities. d) They both fit in the learning/cognitive perspective. Register to View Answerp. 457, C, LO=12.9, (3) 92. Which of the following descriptions is likely to fit the quality of self-actualization? a) shy, silent, and humorless b) real self close to ideal self Correct. Having a real self that comes close to matching the ideal self is necessary for self-actualization. c) ideal self dominating real self Incorrect: If the ideal self dominates, negative feelings will result; the goal is for the ideal self to be something that is not impossible for the real self to become. d) superego dominating id Register to View Answerp. 457458, C, LO=12.9, (2) 93. According to Carl Rogers, maladjustment occurs when _______. a) a person has low self-esteem b) there is congruence between the real self and ideal self Incorrect. Congruence between the real self and ideal self is a good thing. c) there is a discrepancy between the real self and ideal self Correct. According to Rogers, maladjustment occurs when there is a discrepancy between the real self and ideal self. d) the individual receives too much unconditional positive regard 158 Register to View Answerp. 457-458, C, LO=12.9, (2) 94. In Carl Rogers's theory, our perception of our abilities, behaviors, and characteristics is known as ________. a) personality b) self-regard c) self-esteem Incorrect. Self-esteem has more to do with one's sense of worth. d) self-concept Correct. In Carl Rogers's theory, our perception of our abilities, behaviors, and characteristics is known as the selfconcept. Register to View Answerp. 457, F, LO=12.9, (1) SG 95. Jeff has to get up early to go to school, but he wants to stay up late and watch television. His parents disapprove of him staying up late, but when they go out for the evening he disregards their wishes and stays up late anyway. The next day he feels extremely guilty. How would Carl Rogers explain Jeff's guilt? a) It results from Jeff's inferiority complex, which has been enlarged by Jeff's adoption of his parents' value judgments. b) It results from the conflict between Jeff's need to seek pleasure and his desire to do well in school. Incorrect. There is no evidence that Jeff wants to do well in school. His guilt has to do with his parents. c) It results from a psychological conflict between Jeff's personal desire to stay up late and the opinion adopted from his parents that it is wrong to stay up late. Correct. Jeff's real self is in conflict with his ideal self. d. It results from an overactive superego, which is punishing Jeff's id for gratifying his desires. Register to View Answerp. 457458, A, LO=12.9, (3) 96. Carl Rogers emphasized accepting people for what they are, not for what you would like them be. This acceptance is termed ___________. a) conditional esteem b) unconditional esteem c) conditional positive regard Incorrect. Rogers's term conditional positive regard refers to the kind of acceptance that requires a person to meet certain expectations. d) unconditional positive regard Correct. Rogers's term unconditional positive regard refers to the acceptance of people for who they are, not for who you want them to be. Register to View Answerp. 458, F, LO=12.9, (2) 97. Carl Rogers believed people question themselves and experience negative effects on their self-concept when they receive ______. a) conditional esteem b) unconditional esteem c) conditional positive regard Correct. Conditional positive regard creates feelings of inadequacy in the person who does not live up to the expectations set for him or her. d) unconditional positive regard Incorrect. Unconditional positive regard has positive effects on the person who receives it. Register to View Answerp. 458, F, LO=12.9, (2) 159 98. Unconditional positive regard is MOST important to the theory of ______. a) Freud b) Maslow Incorrect. Rogers came up with the term unconditional positive regard. c) Jung d) Rogers Correct. Rogers came up with the term unconditional positive regard. Register to View Answerp. 458, F, LO=12.9, (1) 99. According to Rogers, people brought up with unconditional positive regard ______. a) tend to be vain and narcissistic b) are unlikely to be fully functioning Incorrect. Rogers believed unconditional positive regard is what people need to be fully functioning. c) feel valued regardless of their attitudes and behaviors Correct. Rogers believed that people brought up with unconditional positive regard know they are loved for who they are, not for what they do. d) live lives directed toward what others want and value Register to View Answerp. 458, F, LO=12.9, (2) 100. According to Rogers, which of the following people is MOST likely to become a fully functioning person? a) someone with a strongly developed superego b) someone with an extraverted personality c) someone brought up with conditional positive regard Incorrect. Rogers believed that someone brought up with conditional positive regard was not likely to become a fully functioning person. d) someone brought up with unconditional positive regard Correct. Rogers believed that someone brought up with unconditional positive regard was most likely to become a fully functioning person. Register to View Answerp. 458, F, LO=12.9, (2) 101. What do humanistic and psychoanalytic theories have in common? a) They are both testable. b) They are both difficult to test. Correct. There is no empirical basis for testing humanistic or psychoanalytic theories. c) They both rely on stages. Incorrect. There are no stages in humanistic theory. d) They both base much of their theory on early stressful events. Register to View Answerp. 459, C, LO=12.9, (3) Trait Theories: Who Are You? Learning Objective 12.10- What is the trait perspective? 102. Which one of the goals of psychology would be most relevant in the trait perspective? a) description Correct. Traits are descriptive features. b). explanation Incorrect. Traits are aspects of a personality; they do not explain anything. c) maintenance d) control Register to View Answerp. 460, C, LO=12.10, (2) 160 103. What did Gordon Allport think about traits? a) He thought they were like stages. b) He thought they were wired into the nervous system. Correct. Allport thought traits were wired into the nervous system. c) He thought they were learned. Incorrect. Allport thought traits were not learned but rather were wired into the nervous system. d) He thought they were the result of cognitive modeling. Register to View Answerp. 460, F, LO=12.10, (1) SG 104. Which theories are less concerned with the explanation for personality development and changing personality than they are with describing personality and predicting behavior based on that description? a) trait theories Correct. Trait theories are less concerned with the explanation for personality development than they are with describing personality and predicting behavior. b) psychodynamic theories c) archetype theories d) behaviorist theories Incorrect. Behaviorist theories focus on explaining personality development through experience. Register to View Answerp. 460, F, LO=12.10, (1) 105. What did Raymond Cattell call the underlying traits that direct surface traits? a) source traits Correct. According to Cattell, source traits underlie surface traits. b) secondary traits Incorrect. Cattell did not use the term secondary traits. c) background traits d) subordinate traits Register to View Answerp. 460, F, LO=12.10, (1) 106. Someone who was interested in measuring a person's source traits, as described by Raymond Cattell, would use the ______________. a) NEO Personality Inventory b) California Psychological Inventory (CPI) c) Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF) Correct. The 16PF was developed by Cattell to measure source traits. d) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Incorrect. The MMPI was a personality test that measured other dimensions and was not developed by Cattell. Register to View Answerp. 460, A, LO=12.10, (2) 107. Cattell used the statistical technique called _______. a) factor features Incorrect. Cattell used a factor analysis, which sounds similar but is not the same. b) t test. c) pf analysis d) factor analysis Correct. Cattell used this to group his many traits. Register to View Answerp. 460, F, LO=12.10, (1) 161 108. Cattell and Allport are both prominent ______ theorists. a) psychodynamic b) trait Correct. Both Cattell and Allport were involved in the trait theory movement. c) behavioral d) humanistic Incorrect. Both Cattell and Allport were involved in the trait theory movement. Register to View Answerp. 460, F, LO=12.10, (1) 109. What are the Big Five personality traits? a) conscientiousness, openness, agreeableness, extraversion, dominance b) neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness Correct. The Big Five personality traits are neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. c) sensation seeking, conscientiousness, openness, agreeableness, dominance Incorrect. Neither sensation seeking nor dominance are among the Big Five personality traits. d) neuroticism, psychoticism, extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness Register to View Answerp. 461, F, LO=12.10, (1) 110. An investigation of students' housing preferences would probably show that single rooms are preferred by _____whereas suites are preferred by _____. a) extraverts; introverts Incorrect. Extraverts are more outgoing and would probably not want to live in a single room; introverts like to spend time alone and would enjoy the single room. b) introverts; extraverts Correct. Introverts like to spend time alone and would enjoy the single room; extraverts are more outgoing and would probably prefer the suite. c) good students; poor students d) poor students; good students Register to View Answerp. 461, C, LO=12.10, (2) 111. Which of these is an acronym that could help you remember the Big Five traits? a) START b) BEGIN Incorrect. The Big Five traits are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism, which form the acronym OCEAN. c) DUNES d) OCEAN Correct. The Big Five traits are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism, which form the acronym OCEAN. Register to View Answerp. 461, C, LO=12.10, (1) 112. Ellen has been described as creative, imaginative, curious, artistic, and nonconforming. She is likely to obtain an elevated score on a questionnaire designed to measure ______________. a) extraversion b) agreeableness c) conscientiousness Incorrect. Conscientiousness refers to a person's degree of organization and motivation, not to creativity. d) openness Correct. Openness scores reflect imaginative and creative people. Register to View Answerp. 461, A, LO=12.10, (2) 162 113. Ted is friendly, loves to tells jokes at parties, and is perceived by others as warm and considerate. On which two of the Big Five traits would you expect Ted to obtain high scores? a) agreeableness and extraversion Correct. Ted's warmth, friendliness, and consideration for others mean he would score high for agreeableness; his friendliness and joke-telling at parties indicate he would score high for extraversion. b) extraversion and conscientiousness Incorrect. There is no indication that Ted is especially conscientious (i.e., organized or motivated). c) neuroticism and openness to experience d) openness to experience and conscientiousness Register to View Answerp. 461, A, LO=12.10, (2) 114. What psychoanalytic theorist most notably influenced the Big Five theory of personality? a) Freud Incorrect. Freud's views are not involved in trait theory. b) Jung Correct. Jung's theory mentioned extroversion, which is one of the Big Five traits. c) Erikson d) Horney Register to View Answerp. 461, A, LO=12.10, (2) SG 12.11 How do trait theorists view personality? 115. Which of the following is correct concerning cross-cultural studies on trait theories? a) No evidence has been found to support these theories. b) Research in this area is too new to report any findings. Incorrect. Research shows over 10 cultures with the five trait dimensions. c. Evidence for the five trait dimensions has been found in several cultures. Correct. Research shows over 10 cultures with the five trait dimensions. d. Most cultural research methods are too vague to be validated. Register to View Answerp. 462, F, LO=12.11, (2) The Biology of Personality: Behavioral Genetics Learning Objective 12.12- What part do biology and heredity play in personality? 116. The field of _____________ is devoted to the study of just how much of personality is due to inherited traits. a) behavioral genetics Correct. The field of behavioral genetics focuses on inherited aspects of behavior. b) genetic microbiology Incorrect. Genetic microbiology focuses on underlying microbes in biology, not behavior. c) genomanalysis d) geometric heredity Register to View Answerp. 462, F, LO=12.12, (1) 117. What major conclusion about personality traits emerged from the Minnesota twin study? a) Identical twins are more similar than any other type of sibling. Correct. Identical twins, who share the same genes, are more similar in personality than are any other type of siblings. b) Siblings reared apart were much more similar than identical twins. c) Fraternal twins reared together were much more similar than identical twins. Incorrect. Identical twins, who share the same genes, are more similar in personality than are any other type of siblings. d) Personality scores for twins were not related in either case. 163 Register to View Answerp. 463, F, LO=12.12, (1) SG 118. Research on _____________ supports the hypothesis that personality differences are due in part to genetic differences. a) the heritability of traits Correct. Research on the heritability of traits supports the hypothesis that personality differences are due in part to genetic differences. b) peak experiences c) the use of defense mechanisms Incorrect. The use of defense mechanisms has nothing to do with genetically determined aspects of personality. d) unconditional positive regard Register to View Answerp. 464, C, LO=12.12, (2) 119. Adoption studies focusing on the heritability of traits have _____________. a) disputed the findings of twin studies Incorrect. Adoption studies focusing on the heritability of traits report findings similar to those of twin studies. b) been attacked for ethical reasons c) confirmed what twin studies have shown Correct. Adoption studies focusing on the heritability of traits report findings similar to those of twin studies. d) shown that twin studies have methods that need to be reexamined Register to View Answerp. 464, F, LO=12.12, (1) Learning Objective 12.13- What were Hofstede's dimensions of cultural personality? 120. Using Hofstede's dimensions of cultural personality, how would you describe a culture characterized by loose ties between individuals, shared activities among friends, autonomy, and equality? a) individualistic Correct. Individualistic cultures are characterized by loose ties between individuals, shared activities among friends, autonomy, and equality. b) high in power distance c) masculine d) high in uncertainty avoidance Incorrect. Cultures with high uncertainty avoidance are usually strict and one dimensional. Register to View Answerp. 465, F, LO=12.13, (2) 121. Which of the following choices describes the cultural personality of the United States, according to Hofstede's dimensions of cultural personality? a) individualistic Correct. The United States has an individualistic, not a collectivistic, culture. b) high in power distance Incorrect. Americans expect power to be well distributed rather than held by an elite few; democracies are typically low in power distance. c) low in individualism d) high in uncertainty avoidance Register to View Answerp. 465, F, LO=12.13, (2) SG 164 122. Using Hofstede's terms, how would you describe a cultural personality in which the majority of the members of the culture accept that power is in the hands of the few? a) individualistic b) high in power distance Correct. A culture in which the majority of the members of the culture accept that power is in the hands of the few is said to be high in power distance. c) masculine d) low in power distance Incorrect. A culture low in power distance is one in which the majority of the members of the culture expect power to be widely distributed. Register to View Answerp. 465, F, LO=12.13, (2) 123. According to Hofstede's dimensions of cultural personality, cultures that are __________ are assertive and competitive. a) collectivistic Incorrect. Collectivistic cultures are not known for being especially competitive. b) masculine Correct. Masculine cultures are assertive and competitive. c) high in power distance d) high in uncertainty avoidance Register to View Answerp. 465, F, LO=12.13, (2) 124. Mei is Chinese American. She is very loyal to her family. Her sister lives with her, and she mails money back to China to her father and younger brother. Mei's way of life is typical of someone who comes from a culture that is _____. a) collectivistic Correct. A collectivist culture is one in which family ties and obligations are very strong. b) low in power distance Incorrect. Power distance has to do with the distribution of power in a society. Mei's example has to do with the strength of family bonds, not power distribution. c) feminine d) low in uncertainty avoidance Register to View Answerp. 465, C, LO=12.13, (3) 125. Karesh is from India and really cares about others' welfare. His wife is Chinese and he is known for the fact that he does not adhere to strict rules and regulations. He is tolerant of others and plans to become a social worker. According to Hofstede, what type of cultural personality would Karesh be? a) highly individualistic Incorrect. Karesh is not individualistic because he is focused on others and wants to be a social worker. b) low in uncertainty avoidance Correct. Cultures low in uncertainty avoidance are tolerant of uncertainty, less rigid, and not rule based. c) highly masculine d) feminine Register to View Answerp. 465-466, A, LO=12.13, (2) 165 Assessment of Personality Learning Objective 12.14- What are the advantages and disadvantages of using interviews to measure personality? 126. When assessing personality, many psychologists take the eclectic view, which means they _____. a) use only one specific approach Incorrect. When assessing personality, many psychologists take the eclectic view, which means they use a variety of approaches. b) use a variety of approaches Correct. When assessing personality, many psychologists take the eclectic view, which means they use a variety of approaches. c) focus on behavior d) focus on unconscious motives Register to View Answerp. 466, F, LO=12.14, (1) 127. Interviews in which the interviewer asks questions about any material that comes up and asks follow-up questions whenever appropriate are known as ______ interviews. a) unstructured Correct. Interviews in which the interviewer asks questions about any material that comes up and asks follow-up questions whenever appropriate are known as unstructured interviews. b) structured Incorrect. Interviews in which the interviewer asks questions about any material that comes up and asks follow-up questions whenever appropriate are known as unstructured interviews. c) global d) wide-focus Register to View Answerp. 466, F, LO=12.14, (1) 128. Freud's refusal to believe his patients who said they were sexually molested as children is an example of _________. a) the horn effect b) unconscious motives Incorrect. This had nothing to with Freud's refusal to believe the patients' reports. c) interviewer bias Correct. Freud chose to interpret these reports as fantasy rather than reality so his theory would be justified. d) the halo effect Register to View Answerp. 466, F, LO=12.14, (1) 129. The tendency to form a favorable impression of someone at the first meeting is called the _____________. a) bias effect Incorrect. The bias effect refers to all types of bias, not just positive types. b) interview bias c) halo effect Correct. A favorable first response creates a positive perception called the halo effect, which can affect the subsequent assessment. d) subject bias effect Register to View Answerp. 467, F, LO=12.14, (1) 166 Learning Objective 12.15- How are projective tests used to explore personality, and what are the problems with projective tests? 130. Which assessment technique requires people to respond to unstructured or ambiguous stimuli? a) dynamic b) projective Correct. A projective test is one in which a person is shown a series of ambiguous pictures or inkblots and is asked to describe what he or she perceives. c) objective Incorrect. Objective tests are structured and ask straightforward questions. d) predictive Register to View Answerp. 468, F, LO=12.15, (1) 131. Frank and Gina are looking at an abstract painting in a museum. Gina describes objects and people she thinks she sees in the painting. Frank says, "It's a bunch of paint thrown on a canvas." Gina responds, "No, there is so much here that you just don't see." During lunch they agree that their experience reminds them of what concept they learned in introductory psychology? a) social cognition Incorrect. This theory of personality leaves little to interpret. b) trait theory c) projective testing Correct. A projective test is one in which a person is shown a series of ambiguous pictures or inkblots and is asked to describe what he or she perceives. d) the Big Five Register to View Answerp. 468, F, LO=12.15, (1) 132. A person's responses to a projective test are thought to reflect ____________. a) current events b) daydreaming themes c) maladaptive patterns of behavior Incorrect. Many responses to projective tests are not maladaptive at all. d) unconscious thoughts and feelings Correct. Projective tests use ambiguous stimuli in the hope that the subject will project unconscious thoughts and feelings onto them. Register to View Answerp. 468, F, LO=12.15, (1) 133. When Anna looks at some modern artwork at the museum, she often thinks she sees human figures or faces and likes to make up stories about them. When she tells the stories to her friend, her friend says that the stories reflect Anna's unconscious thoughts. In psychological terms, what Anna does is most similar to ______. a) classical conditioning b) a projective test Correct. Projective tests use ambiguous stimuli in the hope that the subject will project unconscious thoughts and feelings onto them. c) behavior sampling d) an objective test Incorrect. Objective tests ask straightforward questions that do not ask the subject to make up stories. Register to View Answerp. 468, A, LO=12.15, (3) 167 134. Which of the following statements is a claim often made by critics of projective testing? a) The interpretation of projective tests is too subjective. Correct. The interpretation of projective tests is subjective, which is a legitimate criticism. b) These tests are effective in predicting job performance. c) People try to answer questions in ways that make them look better than they are. Incorrect. The fact that people try to answer questions in ways that make them look better is a criticism of personality inventories, not projective tests. d) These tests create anxiety in those being tested. Register to View Answerp. 468469, F, LO=12.15, (1) 135. Which personality test relies on the interpretation of inkblots to understand personality? a) MMPI b) 16PF c) TAT Incorrect. The TAT is a projective test in which a person sees a series of ambiguous pictures and is asked to make up a story. d) Rorschach Correct. The Rorschach test is a projective test focusing on the interpretation of inkblots. Register to View Answerp. 468, F, LO=12.15, (1) SG 136. Which psychological test asks the subject to tell a story based on a picture of one or more people in which it is unclear what is going on? a) Rorschach test Incorrect. The Rorschach test is a projective test focusing on the interpretation of inkblots. b) Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Correct. The TAT is a projective test that asks the subject to tell a story based on a picture of one or more people in which it is unclear what is going on. c) California Psychological Inventory (CPI) d) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Register to View Answerp. 468, F, LO=12.15, (1) 137. All the following are projective tests EXCEPT the ______________. a) Rorschach test b) Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Incorrect. The TAT is a projective test that asks the participant to tell a story based on a picture of one or more people in which it is unclear what is going on. c) House-Tree-Person Test d) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Correct. The MMPI is an inventory that asks straightforward questions, not a projective test. Register to View Answerp. 468, F, LO=12.15, (1) 138. Tony has devised a test in which people look at clouds and talk about what they see. What type of test would psychologists call this? a) dynamic b) projective Correct. A projective test is one in which a person is shown a series of ambiguous pictures or inkblots and is asked to describe what he or she perceives; clouds can be perceived as looking like various objects or figures. c) objective Incorrect. Objective tests are structured and do not ask for any creativity. d) predictive Register to View Answerp. 468, C, LO=12.15, (1) 168 139. Ron often sees the shapes of animals in the clouds, and he tells his children stories about what the animals are doing. In psychological terms, what Ron is doing is most similar to ______. a) hallucinating b) taking a projective test Correct. A projective test is one in which a person is shown a series of ambiguous pictures or inkblots and is asked to describe what he or she perceives; clouds can be perceived as looking like various objects or figures. c) having delusions d) taking an objective test Incorrect. Objective tests are structured and do not ask for any creativity. Register to View Answerp. 468, C, LO=12.15, (1) 140. What is one criticism of projective tests? a) They are inappropriate for use with children. Incorrect. There are several projective tests used with children. b) They are too simple in their administration and scoring. c) They have low validity and reliability. Correct. Projective tests have low validity and reliability because there is so much interpretation involved. d) They fail to take into account differences in the testing environments. Register to View Answerp. 468469, F, LO=12.15, (2) Learning Objective 12.16- How can behavioral assessments be used in assessing personality? 141. Direct observation is most like _______________. a) case studies Incorrect. Doing case studies involves gathering information through interviews rather than through actually observing the individual in a natural setting. b) naturalistic observation Correct. In naturalistic observation, one directly observes behavior in a relatively natural environment. c) experimental methods d) correlation Register to View Answerp. 469, C, LO=12.16, (1) SG 142. Personality assessments conducted by behaviorists rely primarily on ____________. a) projective tests Incorrect. Assessors who are behaviorists just record what they see and do not look for projected unconscious thoughts and feelings. b) observation Correct. Observation is the underlying mechanism for behaviorists. c) detailed analysis of dreams d) interviews Register to View Answerp. 469, F, LO=12.16, (1) 143. Personality assessments conducted by behaviorists sometimes make use of _____. a) projective tests b) introjective tests c) reports by friends Incorrect. Reports by friends are of little value to behaviorists. d) rating scales and frequency counts Correct. Rating scales and frequency counts are often used by behaviorists when they assess personality. Register to View Answerp. 469, F, LO=12.16, (1) 169 144. Probably the biggest problem with personality assessments by behaviorists is the _____. a) observer effect Correct. The observer cannot help but be subjective. b) subject bias Incorrect. Subject bias is not a big problem in personality assessments by behaviorists. c) experimenter bias d) test bias Register to View Answerp. 469, F, LO=12.16, (1) Learning Objective 12.17- What are the different kinds of personality inventories used to measure personality? 145. Someone interested in an inventory that might be helpful for making a career choice should try _____. a) the TAT b) a Rorschach test c) the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Correct. The Myers-Brigg test is often used for career choice assessment. d) the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Incorrect. The MMPI is more likely to be used for assessing abnormal behavior and personality dysfunction rather than career choice. Register to View Answerp. 470, F, LO=12.17, (1) 146. As part of an application for a job, Dan is asked to complete some psychological tests including one in which he responds true or false to items such as "I feel sad most of the time," or "I had a good childhood." What type of psychological test is Dan taking? a) a behavioral log b) the TAT Incorrect. The TAT is a projective test. c) a projective test d) an inventory Correct. Inventories typically ask a series of short questions. Register to View Answerp. 470, F, LO=12.17, (1) 147. What is one purpose of the validity scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)? a) to assess levels of current stressors b) to check the appropriateness of a particular diagnosis Incorrect. The MMPI assesses, but it does not diagnose. c) to detect tendencies of test takers to present themselves in a favorable light Correct. The MMPI is one of the few tests that checks whether test takers are trying to present themselves in a favorable light. d) to distinguish items that incorrectly diagnose from those that correctly diagnose an individual Register to View Answerp. 470, F, LO=12.17, (3) 148. As part of the initial screening for possible employment, a nuclear power company administers a psychological test that yields scores on tendencies toward depression, schizophrenia, and psychasthenia. What is the name of this psychological test? a) Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) b) Myers-Briggs Personality Indicator Incorrect. The Myers-Briggs does not focus on abnormal behaviors. c) Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Adults (WAIS) d) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Correct. The MMPI tests for abnormal behavior patterns. Register to View Answerp. 470, A, LO=12.17, (2) 170 149. While taking the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Vince notices that it contains certain questions that are asked several times in different ways. He asks his daughter, who is a graduate student in psychology, why that is. What is his daughter likely to say? a) Truly psychotic individuals expect to find "strange" items on tests. b) Those items contain hidden content that is not apparent to normal people. Incorrect. Repeating a question will help check for valid answers. c) Some items are used to determine if test takers are trying to "fake" the test by not reading. Correct. Repeating a certain question in different ways helps testers check for valid answers. d) The MMPI contains a number of experimental items that are used in developing future versions of the test. Register to View Answerp. 470, A, LO=12.17, (2) 150. The most commonly used personality inventory is the _____________. a) MMPI-2 Correct. The MMPI-2 is used more often than any other inventory. b) MBTI Incorrect. The MMPI-2 is used more often than any other inventory. c) TAT d) CPI Register to View Answerp. 470, F, LO=12.17, (1) SG 151. The main advantage of personality inventories over projective tests and interviews is _____________. a) inventories are standardized Correct. Standardization is a positive aspect of inventories. b) interviews are standardized c) interviews have higher validity Incorrect. Interviews are varied and often lack validity. d) There are no major differences Register to View Answerp. 471, F, LO=12.17, (1) Applying Psychology to Everyday Life: Personality Testing on the Internet Learning Objective 12.18- How good are the personality tests found on the Internet? 152. One of the dangers of taking online personality tests is ____________. a) they are all invalid b) there is a small normative group c) there are too few of them Incorrect. There are numerous online personality tests. d) there is no face-to-face contact to help put the results in perspective Correct. Putting the results in perspective is important and online tests do not do that. Register to View Answerp. 472, F, LO=12.18, (1) 171 TRUE OR FALSE 153. Sigmund Freud proposed that his patients' disorders resulted most often from psychological conflicts related to sex. Register to View Answerp. 445, LO=12.2 154. The id operates according to the reality principle. Register to View Answerp. 447, LO=12.3 155. Steve is extremely uptight and compulsively neat and orderly. According to Freudian theory, he became fixated at the oral stage of psychosexual development. Register to View Answerp. 449, LO=12.4 156. According to Freud, the stage in which children develop a marked attachment to the parent of the opposite sex and become jealous of the same-sex parent is the phallic stage. Register to View Answerp. 450, LO=12.4 157. Carl Jung believed that the most important thing during the early years was sexual awareness. Register to View Answerp. 452, LO=12.5 158. Jung's collective unconscious and Freud's unconscious are very similar. Register to View Answerp. 452, LO=12.5 159. Karen Horney viewed personality disturbances as resulting from the basic anxiety all people share. Register to View Answerp. 453, LO=12.5 160. Albert Bandura called the relationship of the three factors that influence personality psychic determinism. Register to View Answerp. 456, LO=12.7 161. Self-efficacy refers to the ability of a person to give unconditional positive regard. Register to View Answerp. 456, LO=12.7 162. According to Rogers, a person whose real self and ideal self are close has a good chance of reaching selfactualization. Register to View Answerp. 458, LO=12.9 163. Gordon Allport thought traits were wired into the brain. Register to View Answerp. 460, LO=12.11 164. A great way to remember the Big Five personality traits is with the acronym OAKEN. Register to View Answerp. 461, LO=12.11 165. The MMPI-2 and the TAT are both well-known projective tests. Register to View Answerp. 470, LO=12.18 166. Projective tests like the Rorschach inkblot test have a distinct advantage over other tests because of their high validity and reliability. Register to View Answerp. 468469, LO=12.16 167. The main advantage of personality inventories over projective tests and interviews is that inventories are standardized. Register to View Answerp. 469, LO=12.18 172 SHORT ANSWER 168. Briefly discuss Freud's idea of the unconscious. LO=12.2, p. 446 169. Define id, ego, and superego LO=12.3, p. 446-447 170. Describe an adult who is fixated in the oral stage. LO=12.4, p. 449 171. What did Carl Jung mean by collective unconsciousness? LO=12.5, p. 452 172. Discuss one major difference between modern psychoanalytic theory and Freud's theory of psychoanalysis. LO=12. 6, p. 445-455 173. Briefly discuss how the behaviorists explain personality. LO=12.7, p. 455-456 174. What does Carl Rogers mean by unconditional positive regard? LO=12.9, p. 458 175. What is a trait? LO=12.10, p. 459 176. Describe what is meant by a collectivist culture. LO=12.13, p. 465 177. Describe one projective test and list its advantages and disadvantages. LO=12.15, p. 467-469 173 ESSAY 178. Why does Freudian theory garner so much criticism? What are some positive qualities of Freud's theory that might describe behavior in the twenty-first century? LO=12.2-12.4, p. 445-451 179. Take two of the main ideas of Carl Jung's theory and apply them to the film Star Wars. Be sure to include the ideas of archetypes and the collective unconscious. LO=12.5, p. 452 180. Discuss the similarities between Carl Jung and Carl Rogers. How do their theories explain the self? LO=12.5, 12.9, p. 452, 457-459 181. What are the pros and cons of trait theories of personality? LO=12.10-12.11, p. 459-462 182. If you were to design a personality test, what things would you have to consider? Which of the personality tests that you have studied would you use as a model and why? LO=12.10-12.11, p. 459-462 174

Find millions of documents on Course Hero - Study Guides, Lecture Notes, Reference Materials, Practice Exams and more. Course Hero has millions of course specific materials providing students with the best way to expand their education.

Below is a small sample set of documents:

Alaska Pacific University - COMP - 163
Database Management Systems September 2, 2008 Lecture 3 Sections 4.1-4.5 Enhanced Entity-Relationship DiagramsREVIE WakaExtended Entity-Relationship Model adds Inheritance indicates that one entity type is an extension of another entity type
Alaska Pacific University - COMP - 163
Advanced TopicsCOMP163: Database Management Systems University of the Pacific December 9, 2008Advanced Topics in Databases Active Databases Temporal and Spatial Database Deductive Databases Distributed Databases XML Data Mining Data Wa
Alaska Pacific University - COMP - 151
Uncertainty and Probabilistic ReasoningChapters 13 & 14COMP151 April 30 2007Uncertainty (Example)Let action At = leave for airport t minutes before flight Query: Will At get me there on time? Problems: 1. partial observability (road state, other
Alaska Pacific University - COMP - 157
Greedy Strategies (Chapter 9)COMP157 Nov 9, 2007Greedy TechniqueConstructs a solution to an optimization problem piece by piece through a sequence of choices that are: feasible locally optimal irrevocableFor some problems, this yields an
W. Alabama - AFM - 372
INPUTS Asset cost Interest rate Lease rental payment Tax rate CCA rate Year Depreciation schedule Residual After-tax cash flows from leasing After-tax rental payment20,000 11% 5000 40% 40% 0 1 4000 2 6400 3 3840 4 2304 5 1,382 2,074-3000-3000
Canisius College - INF - 564
Class: INF564 Information Architecture Student: David P. Salley Assignment: #1 Due Date: March 3, 2005 This paper is a critique and comparison of two websites. The first, known as "David P. Salley's University of Buffalo Webpage" is located at http:/
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 582
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: hw2.dvi %Pages: 2 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o hw2.ps hw2.dvi %DVIPSParameters: dpi=300, compressed, comm
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 582
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: hw3.dvi %Pages: 1 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o hw3.ps hw3.dvi %DVIPSParameters: dpi=300, compressed, comm
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 582
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: hw4.dvi %Pages: 1 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o hw4.ps hw4.dvi %DVIPSParameters: dpi=300, compressed, comm
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 582
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: hw5.dvi %Pages: 1 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o hw5.ps hw5.dvi %DVIPSParameters: dpi=300, compressed, comm
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 582
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: exam2.dvi %Pages: 1 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o exam2.ps exam2.dvi %DVIPSParameters: dpi=300, compressed
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 582
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: final-exam.dvi %Pages: 6 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o final-exam.ps final-exam.dvi %DVIPSParameters: dpi=
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: cs241.dvi %Pages: 20 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real cs241 %DVI
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-1.0 %DocumentFonts: Courier %Title: hw4suri.ps (mpage) %Creator: mpage %CreationDate: Mon Sep 7 23:39:45 1998 %Pages: (atend) %BoundingBox: 20 20 596 776 %EndComments /mp_stm usertime def /mp_pgc statusdict begin pagecount end def statusdi
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: lectures.dvi %Pages: 10 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips lectures -o lectures.ps %DVIPSParameters: dpi=300, comp
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: l10.dvi %Pages: 9 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real l10 %DVIPSPar
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: l11.dvi %Pages: 8 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real l11 %DVIPSPar
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: l15.dvi %Pages: 16 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real l15 %DVIPSPa
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: l16.dvi %Pages: 20 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real l16 %DVIPSPa
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: l20.dvi %Pages: 17 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real l20 %DVIPSPa
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: l21.dvi %Pages: 4 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real l21 %DVIPSPar
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: l22.dvi %Pages: 7 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real l22 %DVIPSPar
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: l23.dvi %Pages: 12 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real l23 %DVIPSPa
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: l24.dvi %Pages: 9 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %DocumentPaperSizes: Letter %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/teTeX/bin/dvips.real l24 %DVIPSPar
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvips 5.490 Copyright 1986, 1992 Radical Eye Software %Title: q1.dvi %Pages: 3 1 %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o q1.ps q1 %BeginProcSet: tex.pro %! /TeXDict 250 dict def TeXDict begin /N{def
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvips 5.490 Copyright 1986, 1992 Radical Eye Software %Title: q2.dvi %Pages: 3 1 %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o q2.ps q2 %BeginProcSet: tex.pro %! /TeXDict 250 dict def TeXDict begin /N{def
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvips 5.490 Copyright 1986, 1992 Radical Eye Software %Title: q5.dvi %Pages: 2 1 %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o q5.ps q5 %BeginProcSet: tex.pro %! /TeXDict 250 dict def TeXDict begin /N{def
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 241
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvips 5.490 Copyright 1986, 1992 Radical Eye Software %Title: q6.dvi %Pages: 2 1 %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o q6.ps q6 %BeginProcSet: tex.pro %! /TeXDict 250 dict def TeXDict begin /N{def
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 455
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvips 5.521 Copyright 1986, 1993 Radical Eye Software %CreationDate: Wed Jan 25 13:09:40 1995 %Pages: 2 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -f %DVIPSSource: TeX output 1995.01.25
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 455
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Pages: 2 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -f %DVIPSParameters: dpi=300, compressed, comments removed %DVIPSSource: TeX
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 455
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Pages: 1 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -f %DVIPSParameters: dpi=300, compressed, comments removed %DVIPSSource: TeX
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 456
XXX System YYY Subsystem Software Design Document Date of Document Generation Revised 1.x (If Needed)Prepared for: Customer Prepared by: Developer Name (Please identify which team 10-11, 11-12, 12-1, 1-2) E-Mail Address Web SiteTable of Contents
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 456
Introduction to Software Engineering Intro to Software Engineering - What Is It? Intro to Software Engineering - Engineering? Intro to Software Engineering - Who Is It? Intro to Software Engineering - Why Is It Important? Intro to Software Engi
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 456
S/W Development Lifecycle What is a Lifecycle? What is the total Lifecycle of a Software Product? What is the Development Lifecycle? A.k.a. Development Model Development ProcessCopyright 1997-99, Keith J. Bennett, Washington University in St.
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 456
Introduction to UMLKeith Bennett Washington UniversityWhat is UML? UML (Unified Modeling Language) An emerging standard for modeling object-oriented software. Resulted from the convergence of notations from three leading object-oriented methods
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 456
Test Management What is Testing? Incorrectly Implemented Design Incorrectly Coded Software Incorrectly Implemented Requirements Find BugsCopyright 1997-99, Keith J. Bennett, Washington University in St. Louis Use of this material by written pe
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 456
Risk Management What is a Risk? What is Risk Management? A Method for Dealing with Project Risks Identification and Handling of Risks Can be simple or complex On-Going ActivityCopyright 1997-99, Keith J. Bennett, Washington University in St.
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 456
XXX System YYY Subsystem Software Design DocumentPrepared for: Customer Prepared by: DeveloperDateTable of Content List of Figures 1. INTRODUCTION The purpose of the SDD is to describe the design of a software system or software subsystem. It can
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0%Title: (lect-one)%Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8 8.3.4)%CreationDate: (10:11 AM Wednesday, January 14, 1998)%For: (marrs)%Pages: 5%DocumentFonts: Palatino-Roman Symbol Palatino-Bold Palatino-Italic Times-Bold Times-BoldI
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0%Title: (lect2)%Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8 8.3.4)%CreationDate: (9:11 AM Wednesday, January 21, 1998)%For: (marrs)%Pages: 14%DocumentFonts: Palatino-Bold Times-Bold MonotypeSorts%DocumentNeededFonts:% %DocumentSupplie
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0%Title: (SQL96)%Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8 8.3.4)%CreationDate: (11:28 AM Wednesday, February 4, 1998)%For: (marrs)%Pages: 80%DocumentFonts: Palatino-Roman Palatino-Bold Symbol%DocumentNeededFonts:% %DocumentSuppliedF
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0 %Title: (fds-normalization) %Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8 8.3.2) %CreationDate: (9:19 AM Thursday, February 8, 1996) %For: (marrs) %Pages: 57 %DocumentFonts: Times-Bold Palatino-Roman Symbol Palatino-Bold Palatino-Bold
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0%Title: (Extended Relational)%Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8 8.3.4)%CreationDate: (2:47 PM Monday, March 9, 1998)%For: (marrs)% %Pages: 5%DocumentFonts: Helvetica Helvetica-Bold Palatino-Roman Palatino-Bold Palatino-BoldI
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0%Title: (odbms-lecture-1996)%Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8 8.3.4)%CreationDate: (9:17 AM Tuesday, March 17, 1998)%For: (marrs) %Pages: 6%DocumentFonts: Palatino-Roman Palatino-Bold Times-Bold MonotypeSorts% %DocumentNeed
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0 %Title: (query-optimization2-1998) %Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8 8.3.4) %CreationDate: (3:12 PM Wednesday, April 1, 1998) %For: (marrs) %Pages: 26 %DocumentFonts: Palatino-Bold Palatino-Roman Symbol %DocumentNeededFont
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0 %Title: (trans-lecture-1996) %Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8 8.3.3) %CreationDate: (3:14 PM Tuesday, March 26, 1996) %For: (marrs) %Pages: 62 %DocumentFonts: Times-Bold Palatino-Roman Symbol Palatino-Bold Helvetica-Bold
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0 %Title: (trans-lecture-1996) %Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8 8.3.3) %CreationDate: (3:12 PM Tuesday, March 26, 1996) %For: (marrs) %Pages: 11 %DocumentFonts: Helvetica Helvetica-Bold Times-Bold Palatino-Roman Symbol Pala
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 530
%!PS-Adobe-3.0 %Title: (cs530) %Creator: (Microsoft PowerPoint: LaserWriter 8.0 8.0) %CreationDate: (11:44 AM Thursday, April 18, 1996) %For: (kahn) %Pages: 6 %DocumentFonts: Palatino-Roman Courier %DocumentNeededFonts: Courier %DocumentSuppliedFonts
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 456
XXX System YYY Subsystem Software Design DocumentPrepared for: Customer Prepared by: DeveloperDateTable of Content List of Figures 1. INTRODUCTION The purpose of the SDD is to describe the design of a software system or software subsystem. It can
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 563
#%-12345X@PJL JOB @PJL SET RESOLUTION = 1200 @PJL SET ECONOMODE = OFF @PJL ENTER LANGUAGE = POSTSCRIPT %!PS-Adobe-3.0 %Title: HW04_Merge.doc %Creator: Windows NT 4.0 %CreationDate: 15:56 1/23/2001 %Pages: (atend) %BoundingBox: 13 13 599 779 %Language
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 507
Exercise 5 Spring 2001 Due 21 February 01CS 507T Formal Languages and AutomataPrepare the following problems from the Martin text for working on the board and handing in. Individuals will be called to present problems on the board. Some of the pr
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 507
Exercise 11 Spring 2001 NOT due May 2 or May 8.CS 507T Formal Languages and AutomataThese problems are NOT due for hand-in, but can be worked as representative of problems from Chapters 11, 12 and 14. Problems: 11.1a, 11.3c, 11.7, 11.8, 11.10, 12
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 554
Tentative Spring 2000 Schedule CS 554A Digital Image Processing and Computer VisionMonday 1/24 1/31 2/7 2/14 2/21 2/28 3/6 3/13 3/20 3/27 4/3 4/10 4/17 4/24 5/1 5/4-5/11 Topic Fundamentals, Tools Camera Models, Reference Systems Sampling Theory, Fou
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 136
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: stuff.dvi %Pages: 2 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/tex_3.1415/bin/dvips stuff.dvi -o stuff.ps %DVIPSParameters:
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 136
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: labsyl.dvi %Pages: 1 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/tex_3.1415/bin/dvips labsyl.dvi -o labsyl.ps %DVIPSParamete
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 136
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: life.dvi %Pages: 5 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/tex_3.1415/bin/dvips life.dvi -o life.ps %DVIPSParameters: dp
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 136
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: q1f97.dvi %Pages: 10 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: /pkg/tex_3.1415/bin/dvips q1f97.dvi -o q1f97.ps %DVIPSParameters
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 528
Homework #1 11 Jan 99 Due Jan 25, 1999 1.CS 528A Spring 99It is desired to run a robot interactively, through a Web browser interface. A camera with the robot will provide images of the robot workspace, on demand (but not with guaranteed service
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 528
Homework #3 08 Feb 99 How Accurate or Repeatable is the Robot? Due Feb 22, 1999 1.CS 528A Spring 99Devise, perform and document an experiment with the Microbot robot, to evaluate its accuracy of positioning in one of the following circumstances (
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 528
Homework #5 05 Apr 99 The VAL Robot Language Due April 19, 1999CS 528A Spring 991.Write a VAL program to implement the task for Robot A given in the accompanying task definition and cell diagram. Be sure to comment the code, and provide a "user g
Washington University in St. Louis - CS - 441
%!PS-Adobe-2.0 %Creator: dvipsk 5.58f Copyright 1986, 1994 Radical Eye Software %Title: sample-hw4sol.dvi %Pages: 1 %PageOrder: Ascend %BoundingBox: 0 0 612 792 %EndComments %DVIPSCommandLine: dvips -o sample-hw4sol.ps sample-hw4sol.dvi %DVIPSParamet