ExamII
8 Pages

ExamII

Course: CHEM 1311, Spring 2008

School: Texas A&M...

Word Count: 1714

Rating:

Document Preview

SOLUTION KEY TO PRACTICE EXAM II / CHAPTERS 4 & 5 / CHEM 1311 Part I. Multiple Choice (100 Points Total) #01. (5 pts) To which category does the following reaction belong? PbSO4(aq) + K2O(s) PbO(s) + K2SO4(aq) a. a gas-forming reaction b. an acid-base reaction c. a precipitation reaction answer d. an oxidation-reduction reaction e. none of the above #02. (5 pts) Determine the oxidation number of chromium in H...

Unformatted Document Excerpt
Coursehero >> Texas >> Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi >> CHEM 1311

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one
below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

KEY SOLUTION TO PRACTICE EXAM II / CHAPTERS 4 & 5 / CHEM 1311 Part I. Multiple Choice (100 Points Total) #01. (5 pts) To which category does the following reaction belong? PbSO4(aq) + K2O(s) PbO(s) + K2SO4(aq) a. a gas-forming reaction b. an acid-base reaction c. a precipitation reaction answer d. an oxidation-reduction reaction e. none of the above #02. (5 pts) Determine the oxidation number of chromium in H 2CrO4. You may want to may use of the oxidation number table on page 8. a. Cr+ b. Cr2+ c. Cr3+ d. Cr4+ e. Cr6+ answer Solution: H = +1; O = -2; Cr = x 2(+1) + x + 4(-2) = 0 2+x8=0 x6=0 x = 6 (i.e. Cr6+) #03. (5 pts) Which one of the following is a weak acid? a. HCl b. HNO3 c. H2SO4 d. HBr e. Acetic acid (C2H4O2) answer (all others are strong acids) #04. (5 pts) Oxidation-reduction reactions always involve ____________ . a. the transfer of electrons b. an oxidizing agent c. a reducing agent d. a precipitate e. a, b & c answer CHEM 1311/TAMUCC/J. M. Southard, PhD 1 #05. (5 pts) Balance the acid-base reaction with the smallest whole number coefficients. I've placed blanks in front of each compound for your convenience. Choose the answer that is the sum of the coefficients in the balanced equation. Do not forget coefficients of "one". 3 Ca(OH)2 + 2 H3PO4(aq) 1 Ca3(PO4)2(aq) a. 4 b. 5 c. 8 d. 9 e. 12 answer (b/c 3 + 2 + 1 + 6 = 12) #06. (5 pts) Based on the following balanced equation determine how many moles of O 2 are required to react with 23.5 moles of CH3OH? 2 CH3OH(l) + 3 O2(g) 2 CO2(g) + 4 H2O(g) a. 47.0 b. 35.3 answer c. 11.8 d. 40.0 e. 23.5 #07. (5 pts) Based on the following balanced equation determine how many moles of H 2 can be produced from 72.9 g Mg and an excess of HCl. 2 HCl(g) + Mg(s) MgCl2(s) + H2(g) a. 4.50 mol b. 3.00 mol answer c. 1.50 mol d. 9.00 mol e. 6.00 mol #08. (5 pts) What is the identity of the "oxidizing agent" in the following oxidation-reduction reaction? 2 Mg(s) + S2(g) 2 MgS(s) a. Mg is "reducing agent b/c Mg Mg2+) b. S2 answer (is "oxidizing agent" b/c S S2-) c. MgS d. This reaction does not involve electron-transfer e. None of the above CHEM 1311/TAMUCC/J. M. Southard, PhD + 6 H2O(l) Solution: 23.5 mol CH3OH 3 mol O2 2 mol CH3OH 35.3 mol O2 Solution: 72.9 g Mg 1 mol Mg 1 mol H 2 24.31 g Mg 1 mol Mg 3.00 mol H 2 2 #09. (5 pts) Based on the following balanced equation, what mass of SiF 4 could be produced by the reaction of 15.0 g SiO2 with an excess of HF? SiO2(s) FW 60.08 + 4 HF(l) FW 20.01 SiF4(l) FW 104.08 + 2 H2O(l) FW 18.02 a. 1.04 g b. 12.0 g c. 26.0 ganswer d. 104 g e. 52.0 g Solution: Note: Since HF is in excess, SiO2 is therefore the limiting reactant. 15.0 g SiO 2 1 mol SiO 2 1 mol SiF4 104.08 g SiF4 1 mol SiF4 60.08 g SiO 2 1 mol SiO 2 26.0 g SiF4 #10. (5 pts) What is the net ionic equation for the following formula unit equation? Cu(NO3)2(aq) + Na2CO3(aq) CuCO3(s) + 2 NaNO3(aq) Total ionic equation (cross out spectator ions for net ionic equation) Cu2+(aq) + 2 NO3-(aq) + 2 Na+(aq) + CO32-(aq) CuCO3(s) + 2 Na+(aq) + 2 NO3-(aq) a. Cu2+(aq) + CO32-(aq) CuCO3(s) answer b. Cu2+(aq) + 2 NO3-(aq) + 2 Na+(aq) + CO32-(aq) CuCO3(s) + 2 Na+(aq) + 2 NO3-(aq) c. Cu2+(aq) + 2 NO3-(aq) + 2 Na+(aq) CuCO3(s) + 2 Na+(aq) + 2 NO3-(aq) d. Cu2+(aq) + CO32-(aq) Cu2+(s) + CO32-(s) e. 2 NO3-(aq) + 2 Na+(aq) 2 NaNO3(s) #11. (5 pts) Based upon the following balanced equation, how many grams of HNO 3 can be prepared from the reaction of 69.0 grams of NO 2 with 36.0 grams of H2O? 3 NO2(g) + FW 46.01 H2O(l) FW 18.02 2 HNO3(aq) + FW 63.01 NO(g) FW 30.01 Notes: We have 2.00 mol H2O We need 0.50 mol H2O So H2O is "in excess" We have 1.50 mol NO2 We need 6.00 mol NO2 So NO2 is the "limiting reactant" a. 252 g b. 63.0 g answer c. 116 g d. 84.0 g e. 76.0 g Moles on hand: 1 mol NO 2 69.0 g NO 2 1.50 mol NO 2 46.01 g NO 2 1 mol H 2O 36.0 g H 2O 2.00 mol H 2O 18.02 g H 2O Moles needed: 1 mol H 2 O 1.50 mol NO 2 0.50 mol H 2 O 3 mol NO 2 CHEM 1311/TAMUCC/J. M. Southard, PhD 3 2.00 mol H 2O 3 mol NO 2 1 mol H 2O 6.00 mol NO 2 1.50 mol NO 2 63.01 g HNO 3 1 mol HNO 3 2 mol HNO 3 3 mol NO 2 63.0 g HNO 3 #12. (5 pts) What is the percent yield of elemental sulfur (S) if 7.54 grams of sulfur are obtained from the reaction of 6.16 grams of SO2 with an excess of H2S? 2 H2S(g) + FW 34.08 SO2(g) FW 64.06 2 H2O(l) + FW 18.02 3 S(s) FW 32.07 a. 72.6% b. 40.8% c. 81.5% answer d. 88.4% e. 91.4% 1 calculate theoretical yield: 6.16 g SO 2 1 mol SO 2 64.06 g SO 2 3 mol S 1 mol SO 2 32.07 g S 1 mol S 9.25 g SO 2 st 2nd calculate percent yield: %Yield 7.54 g 100 9.25 g 81.5% #13. (5 pts) You produce aspirin in lab. Theoretically, you determine that 6.25 grams aspirin may be produced. However, after you isolate your aspirin you determine that made 4.82 grams of aspirin. What is the percent yield for your efforts? a. 77.1% answer b. 22.9% c. 29.7% d. 130% e. 53.9% #14. (5 pts) Complete the reaction by balancing and indicating the phases (or states) on the product-side. may You need to make use of the solubility-table (on page 8). Na2CO3(aq) + CuCl2(aq) a. 2 NaCl(aq) + CuCO3(s) answer b. 2 NaCl(aq) + CuO(s) + CO2(g) c. 2 NaCl(s) + CuCO3(aq) d. 2 Na(s) + Cl2(g) + CuCO3(s) e. Na2Cu(s) + Cl2O2(g) + CO(g) #15. (5 pts) Which of the following is an example of a weak base? a. HCl b. CO2 CHEM 1311/TAMUCC/J. M. Southard, PhD %Yield Solution: %Yield Actual yield (g) 100 Theoretical yield (g) 4.82 g 100 6.25 g 77.1% + 4 c. H2SO4 d. NH3 answer (ammonia) e. All of these are weak bases #16. (5 pts) Which of the following substance(s) is/are insoluble in water? You may want to make use of the solubility-table (on page 8). a. NaBr b. PbBr2 c. AgCl d. NH4NO3 e. Both b and c answer #17. (5 pts) Complete the reaction by balancing and indicating the phases (or states) on the product-side. Na2CO3(aq) + 2 HCl(aq) a. 2 NaCl(aq) + H2CO3(aq) b. 2 NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) best answer c. 2 NaCl(s) + H2CO3(aq) I would accept this answer as well (but H2CO3 decomposes) d. 2 Na(s) + Cl2(g) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) e. NaHCO3(aq) + NaCl(aq) + HCl(aq) #18. (5 pts) What volume, in milliliters, of 0.125 M NaOH would be needed to neutralize 25.0 mL of 0.234 M HCl? Equation: CaVa = CbVb. a. 13.4 mL b. 3.13 mL c. 5.85 mL d. 46.8 mLanswer e. 25.0 mL CaVa = CbVb Ca = 0.234 M Va = 25.0 mL Cb = 0.125 M Vb = ? Vb + Solution: Ca Va Cb Vb (0.234 M ) (25.0 mL) 0.125 M 46.8 mL #19. (5 pts) What is the molarity of a solution made by dissolving 57.6 g of sodium iodide (NaI, FW = 149.90) in sufficient H2O to produce a total volume of 1.00 L? a. 8.63 M b. 0.384 M answer Solution: Molarity no. moles of solute Liter of solution M CHEM 1311/TAMUCC/J. M. Southard, PhD 5 c. 2.60 M d. 8.63 103 M e. 0.116 M 57.6 g NaI 1 mol NaI 149.90 g NaI 1.00 L sol' n 0.384 mol NaI L sol' n 0.384 M NaI #20. (5 pts) Determine the oxidation number of carbon in H2CO3. You may want to may use of the oxidation number table on page 8. a. C+ b. C2+ c. C3+ d. C4+ answer e. C6+ Solution: H = +1; O = -2; C = x 2(+1) + x + 3(-2) = 0 2+x6=0 x4=0 x = 4 (i.e. C4+) Part II. Problem Solving (50 Points Total) #21. (10 pts) What is the maximum mass of Ni(OH) 2 that could be prepared by mixing two solutions that contain 25.9 g NiCl 2 and 10.0 g NaOH, respectively? This is a limiting reagent type problem. For full credit you must show your work and express your answer with the appropriate number of significant digits. NiCl2(aq) + 2 NaOH (aq) Ni(OH)2(s) + 2 NaCl(aq) FW 129.60 Amount on hand: 1 mol NiCl 2 0.200 mol NiCl 2 129.60 g NiCl 2 1 mol NaOH 10.0 g NaOH 0.250 mol NaOH 40.00 g NaOH 25.9 g NiCl 2 FW 40.00 FW 92.71 FW 58.44 Amount needed: 0.200 mol NiCl 2 2 mol NaOH 1 mol NiCl 2 0.400 mol NaOH 0.250 mol NaOH 1 mol NiCl 2 2 mol NaOH 0.125 mol NiCl 2 (a) You have 0.200 mol NiCl2 and you need 0.125 mol NiCl2. Therefore NiCl 2 is in excess! (b) You have 0.250 mol NaOH and you need 0.400 mol NaOH. Therefore NaOH is limiting! Base maximum mass calculation (i.e. "theoretical yield") upon moles of the limiting reactant: 0.250 mol NaOH 1 mol Ni(OH) 2 2 mol NaOH 92.7 g Ni(OH) 2 1 mol Ni(OH) 2 11.6 g Ni(OH) 2 Answer: 11.6 g Ni(OH)2 #22. (10 pts) Provide (a) the total ionic equation and (b) the net ionic equation for the following balanced precipitation reaction. CdCl2(aq) + 2 NaOH(aq) Cd(OH)2(s) + 2 NaCl(aq) Total ionic equation: CHEM 1311/TAMUCC/J. M. Southard, PhD 6 Cd2+(aq) + 2 Cl-(aq) + 2 Na+(aq) + 2 OH-(aq) Cd(OH)2(s) + 2 Na+(aq) + 2 Cl-(aq) Net ionic equation: Cd2+(aq) + 2 OH-(aq) Cd(OH)2(s) #23. (10 pts) Sulfur dioxide, a pollutant produced by burning coal and oil in power plants, can be removed by reaction with calcium carbonate: 2 SO2(g) + 2 CaCO3(s) + FW 64.06 FW 100.09 O2(g) FW 32.00 2 CaSO4(s) + 2 CO2(g) FW 136.14 FW 44.01 (a) What mass of CaCO3 is required to remove 155 g of SO2? (b) What mass of CaSO4 is formed when 155 g of SO2 is consumed completely? Solutions: (a) 155 g SO2 1 mol SO2 64.06 g SO2 2 mol CaCO 3 100.09 g CaCO 3 2 mol SO2 1 mol CaCO 3 242 g CaCO 3 Answer: 242 g CaCO3 required (b) 155 g SO2 1 mol SO 2 64.06 g SO 2 2 mol CaSO 4 136.14 g CaSO 4 2 mol SO 2 1 mol CaSO 4 329.41 g CaSO 4 Answer: 329 g CaSO4 formed #24. (2 5 pts) (a) What is the pH of a 0.0145 M HCl solution? (b) What is the H+ concentration of a solution that has a pH = 1.36? Equations: pH = -log[H+] & [H+] = 10-pH. Solution (need log and antilog key on calculator): (a) pH = log(0.0145) 1.84 Answer: pH = 1.84 (b) [H+] = 10-1.36 0.0437 M Answer: [H+] = 0.0437 M #25. (10 pts) If 38.55 mL of HCl is required to titrate 2.150 g Na 2CO3 according to the following equation, what is the molarity of the HCl solution? Na2CO3(aq) + 2 HCl(aq) 2 NaCl(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l) FW 106.00 Solution: Determine the moles of HCl required then divide by the volume given. CHEM 1311/TAMUCC/J. M. Southard, PhD 7 2.150 g Na 2 CO 3 1 mol Na 2 CO 3 106.00 g Na 2 CO 3 0.03855 L sol' n 2 mol HCl 1 mol Na 2 CO 3 1.052 mol HCl L sol' n 1.052 M HCl Answer: 1.052 M HCl CHEM 1311/TAMUCC/J. M. Southard, PhD 8

Find millions of documents on Course Hero - Study Guides, Lecture Notes, Reference Materials, Practice Exams and more. Course Hero has millions of course specific materials providing students with the best way to expand their education.

Below is a small sample set of documents:

Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi - ORMS - 3310
QUIZ #1 Based on Chapters 1, 2, and 3 Fill ONLINE quiz form and Scantron form Due at the beginning of class on Tuesday 01/29/2008 1. The data in which scale of measurement will always be numeric? a. Nominal scale b. Interval scale c. Ratio scale d. B
Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi - ORMS - 3310
SP08Quiz2:Ch 4 and 5 Fill up online quiz form. Scantrons due at the beginning of class on Tuesday February 12, 2008 (50 questions x .4 points each = 20 points total) Choose the BEST answer. 4-8: In a city like Corpus Christi, applications for zoning
Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi - ACCT - 2302
Name: _Accounting 2302Test 3Spring 20071. Bledso Supply Corporation manufactures and sells cotton gauze. Expected sales of 25pts gauze (in boxes) for upcoming months are as follows:June . July . August . September. October. November. Decemb
Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi - CHEM - 1311
CHEM 1311 / PRACTICE EXAM II / CHAPTERS 4 & 5 / 150 POINTS DATE: _ YOUR NAME: _(please print)POINT TOTALS: I. Multiple-Choice _/100II. Problem-Solving _/50 Sum = _/150Part I. Multiple Choice (100 Points Total)Directions: Circle the letter adj
Wisconsin - POLI SCI - 209
Machiavelli and the context in which he wrote The Prince In the sixteenth century, when Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince, Italy was not a unified country. Instead, it was a collection of city-states, each with its own court and ruler, each attemp
Wisconsin - POLI SCI - 209
Author and Context Marcus Tullius Cicero, a very well-known Roman poet/writer, wrote De Officiis. Cicero's writings are influenced heavily by Roman virtue, and his background: he grew up in a rustic area of Rome and, while he had the benefit of citiz
Wisconsin - POLI SCI - 209
Summary and Analysis of Book I: Introduction, Chapters 1-5 Summary Hobbes saw the purpose of the Leviathan as explaining the concepts of man and citizenship; he conceved of the work as contributing to a larger, three-pronged philosophical project tha
Wisconsin - POLI SCI - 209
"Of Wealth, Justice, Moderation, and Their Opposites" Summary: Book I Though the dialogue is retold by the narrator, Socrates, one day after it has occurred, the actual events unfold in house of Cephalus at the Piraeus on the festival day of the godd
Wisconsin - POLI SCI - 209
Introduction Summary: The book begins with a short six-line poem, followed by a four-line poem and a letter of greetings from Thomas More, the author, to his friend Peter Giles. The two poems, written by Utopians, describe Utopia as an ideal state. T
Yale - PSYC - 110
Transcranial Magnetic stimulation Inactivation and activation of specific brain areas Electroencephalogram (EEG) - measures brain activity from the skull Positron Emission Tomography - radioactive substance put into blood, then measure how much of t
Yale - SOCY - 130
Affirmative ActionSean HiltonThe Civil Rights Era gave rise to many of the major social movements that have shaped the last 50 years of life in America. Amongst the myriad issues raised during that tumultuous period was the claim that progressive
Yale - PSYC - 126
Views of One's Close Partner as Affected by Self-EsteemSean HiltonOriginal Hypothesis Self-esteem correlates with how one perceives the social and physical attributes of a close friend low self-esteem resulting in lower and less accurate percepti
Yale - FREN - 131
Une Rdaction pour Amertume Sean HiltonA la fin de l'histoire, le fils an nomme la profession de tous les membres de sa famille. A-t-il raison d'tre fier ? Expliquez pourquoi, en vous basant sur l'histoire.Je pense que, bien sr, le fils an de Nzuz
Yale - FREN - 131
Il n'y a pas d'exil (pp. 191) Rsum Au dbut de l'histoire, un jeune fils meurt en tant cras par une voiture chez le voisin de la narratrice. Il y a des pleureuses qui pleurent de douleur pendant tout l'histoire et qui cre l'ambiance pour le rcit. Les
Yale - FREN - 131
La perscution des Juifs en FranceDaniel Lao Sean Hilton 09/11/07Le camp d'internement de DrancyL'Antismitisme des penses et des actions discriminatoire et raciste contre des gens qui sont Juifs en la religion ou en l'ethnicit La discrimination
Wisconsin - NUTRI SCI - 120
Lipids Study Questions Definition What are lipids? Lipids are soluble inorganic solvents (ether or chloroform) that are not water soluble Fatty acid structure What is the basic structure of FAs? Fatty acids are made up of long carbon chains of 4-22 c
Wisconsin - NUTRI SCI - 120
Carbohydrate (CHO) Study Questions What is the general formula for CHO? The general formula for CHO is CnH2nOn where n is any number greater than 6. What process produces CHO? What are the starting materials? CHO is produced by photosynthesis: CO2 +
Wisconsin - NUTRI SCI - 120
Balanced Diet Study Questions What is a nutrient? There are several chemicals that are body requires which we call essential nutrients. The body requires an essential nutrient to operate normally, and it cannot synthesize an essential nutrient. Nutri
Wisconsin - NUTRI SCI - 120
Protein Study Questions Nitrogen cycle What is the nitrogen cycle? How does it link ecology and nutrition? Name a few of the paths nitrogen takes. Nitrogen is incorporated in body proteins of plants and animals, and returned to the soil via death and
Wisconsin - NUTRI SCI - 120
Energy Balance Study Questions Energy What do we mean by the conservation of energy? Energy is neither created nor destroyed but it does change form. What is the ultimate source of all biological energy? What is the process that converts this energy
Ba┼čkent ├ťniversitesi - COMPUTER E - bil334
11/17/00UNIXWilliam Stallings This document is an extract from Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles, Fourth Edition Prentice Hall, 2000, ISBN 0-13-031999-6 It is available at WilliamStallings.com/OS4e.htmlCopyright 2001 William Sta
Midwestern State University - ENG - 1123-05
Logan Lane ENGL 1123-05 Dr. Lansing Smith Works Cited Toman, Rolf. The Art of the Italian Renaissance: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . New York: Konemann, 1998 Adams, Laurie Schneider. Italian Renaissance Art . Westview Press, 2001 Lowry, Bates.
Penn State - NUTR - 251
I. Digestion, Absorption and MetabolismBackground Before each cell can be nourished, food must be changed into most simple form so it can be absorbed into the blood. Then it must be transported to the cells for use.Digestion is the process of cha
Penn State - NUTR - 251
Carbohydrates/ AlcoholI. Carbohydrates A. Definition: an essential nutrient provided almost entirely by plant foods and is the major source of energy and fiber B. Two Main Groups 1. Simple CHO a. primarily sugars and naturally found in fruits and m
Penn State - NUTR - 251
PROTEINI. Protein A. Chemical Properties 1. Constituent of every cell 2. Protein in the body: _ _ 3. Essential Nutrient a. definition: essential nutrient must be consumed in the diet because it cannot be synthesized by the body b. provides energy _
Virginia Tech - PSYC - 2004
Metacognition: thinking about thinking Define consciousness into two parts: awareness and arousal William James describes the mind as a stream of consciousness: a continous flow of changing sensations, images, thoughts, and feelings (mind races fr
Virginia Tech - GEOS - 1024
For the last couple of years, global warming has become an extremely important issue of my generation to me. Throughout high school, teachers would try to educate students on how to help the planet so it would not become destroyed in the next fifty y
Virginia Tech - ACIS - 1504
ACIS 1504Name: Student ID Number: Username: Creation Date: Purpose: Experience for S1:Experience for S2:Page 1 of 11ACIS 1504Allison Spencer 905300534 aspence4 3/14/2008 To demonstrate mastery of spreadsheet design and development. This ass
Virginia Tech - ACIS - 1504
Homework #1: 1. Information is made from data or facts that can be easily processed in a meaningful way. 2. If you give your employer a copy of your transcript, it is not considered information. The transcript is data such as your college GPA that wi
Virginia Tech - ACIS - 1504
Chapter 2 Homework-Competitive Advantage1. The principles of competitive advantage pertain to the company FiredUp in many ways. The first principle states that the company should create a new product which FiredUp has done by creating a stove that
Michigan State University - ACCT - 201
Austin Co. Income Statement For the Year End December 31, 2007 (In Thousands of Dollars) Revenues Service Revenue Total Revenues Expenses Salaries and Benefits Expense Supplies Expense Insurance Expense Depreciation Expense Remaining Expenses Total E
Michigan State University - ANP - 264
ANP 264 3.26.2008 Archaeo-astronomy and ethno-astronomy Definitions: The study of ancient and modern astronomical practices among non-western cultures Mainly examines alignments and their relations to various celestial bodies (i.e. plants and stars)
Michigan State University - ACCT - 201
Austin Co. Balance Sheet December 31, 2007 (In Thousands of Dollars) Assets Cash Accounts Receivable Supplies Pre-paid Insurance Equipment Other Assets Total Assets Liabilities and Stockholder's Equity Accounts Payable Accrued Expenses Payable Income
Michigan State University - PHL - 201
For short writing assignment, read Frankfurt's entire article. Then read passage about Jones4 and the principle of alternate possibilities. Should explain the principle of alternate possibilities, and then explain the case of Jones4. Explain how the
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 9.11.07 I. II. III. IV. V. VI. Chisholm's objection to Ayer Walter Stace Chisholm- what it takes (to be free) Agent causation/event causation Doing something x/ doing something that makes x happen Accident argument of AyerChisholm-Libertari
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
Philosophy 200 8.30.07 I. Moral responsibility: one is morally responsible for an action if it is appropriate to either praise or blame the person for the action.Free will/Freedom: Just whatever it takes to be morally responsible. Ayer says : Abili
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
Phl 200 9.13.2007 I. II. III. IV. Chisholm's response to the "I don't do things to my brain" objection Accident objection to Chisholm What is the real difference between A just happening and a person agently causing A to happen? FrankfurtStep one:
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 9.18.2007 I. II. III. IV. Descartes and the structure of our beliefs Sensory error argument The dream argument EVIL DEMONSSensory Error argument: 1. Our senses sometimes deceive 2. Whatever sometimes deceives cannot be trusted entirely 3. S
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 9.25.2007 1. if it is possible that I am being deceived in believing x, then it is possible that I am mistaken in believing x 2. It is possible that I am being deceived in believing x, 3. It is possible that I am mistake in believing x, [1, 2
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 10.2.2007 I. II. III. IV. V. 1. 2. 3. 4. Finish Moore Philosophy of Mind Dualism/Monism General considerations in favor of dualism One of Descartes' arguments for dualism If you know p and you that p entails q, then you know q (closure princi
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
I.Four potential problems for dualism a. The interaction problem: minds interacting with physical objects i. The casper problem when casper picks water up off table it falls right through him b. Scientific extra c. Scientific violation (conservatio
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 10.23.07 1. Suffering and death from lack of food, shelter, and medical care are bad. 2. if it is within our power to prevent something bad from happening without sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, then we ought, morally to
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 10.25.07 I. II. III. IV. the cultural differences argument moral relativism (cultural relativism) absurd consequences of Moral Relativism Less disagreement than it seemsMoral relativism: An action is morally permissible if and only if the a
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 11.8.07 I. II. III. IV. V. remind you of Rowe's definitions Anselm's 3-way distinction a. Reductio ad absurdum 4 sentences Rowe inspired schema Gaunillo's objectionP.O (Possible Object): on left or logically possible to be on left I.O (Impo
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 10.30.07 I. Ethical theories and morally relevant considerations The theories that tell us how to act; Ethical theory is instrument that we use to view an action as morally right or wrong Morally relevant considerations: if you blow your frie
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 11.13.07 I. II. III. IV. V. Gaunillo and replies Kant Rowe Aquinas' cosmological argument Monkeys typing Hamlet1. the GCT exists in the mind 2. the GCT is a possible object 3. if a thing exists only in the mind and could have existed in rea
Michigan State University - PHL - 200
PHL 200 9.20.2007 I. II. III. IV. V. VI. Beliefs that escape dream argument doubt A priori/ a posteriori Evil Demon Argument Knowledge Standards of justification The cogito: "I think, there I am"There is something blue in front of me The color blue
Michigan State University - ANP - 264
ANP 264 Great Discoveries in Archaeology Lecture Outline (Mar. 12) I. What is rock art? (4 questions) a. What forms does it take? i. Always placed on stone (ROCK art) ii. Portable/mobiliary-images on stones that can be carried by hand iii. Parietal-i
Michigan State University - ANP - 264
ANP 264 Great Discoveries in Archaeology Lecture Outline (tut's family curse) I. II. Who discovered the tomb of King Tut? a. Howard Carter What were the reasons originally suggested for the demise of King Tut's family line? a. The inbreeding of his f
Michigan State University - ANP - 264
ANP 264 Great Discoveries in Archaeology 1/30/08 Lecture Outline (famous graves 2) I. Ancient Graves: a. The implications of grave goods. i. What does it say about a person when they are buried with a lot of `stuff'? ii. Social importance- the indivi
Michigan State University - ANP - 264
ANP 264 Monday, January 14, 2008 History and Human Origins I. The Biblical world and the problems of fossils a. Biblical history i. In 1636, Archbishop James Ussher of Ireland used the bible to date the creation of the world to 4004 B.C 1. 6011 years
Michigan State University - ANP - 264
ANP 264 Wednesday, January 09, 2008 I. Archaeological Stereotypes a. Archaeologists look for treasure or mysterious ritual objects i. Treasure is looked for. b. Archaeology is interested in spectacular sites (pyramids of Egypt, sunken ships) i. Do wo
Michigan State University - GLG - 201
GLG 201 2.21.07 Mass Extinction Possible causes? Your Ideas! Meteors impact earth and throw up dust in atmosphere, blocks out sun's rays and cools earth; volcanism, same as above, lots of ash; Climate change: meteor, volcano, change in oxygen percent
Michigan State University - ANP - 264
ANP 264 Monday, January 07, 2008 Only school in the great lakes region that specializes in great lake archaeology Which edition of the book FMM should we get? 5th edition Bloc is a group of people united in a single cause.
Michigan State University - GLG - 201
Introduction to Deformation and Topographic Maps Forces that drive deformation can build Mountains Rocks can be pushed up 6 Km Marine fossils in Alps at 5.5 Km Stress (forces that are acting on these rocks) Force is the force/area that causes deforma
Michigan State University - GLG - 201
Geology 201 Lecture 2.7.07 Glacial Erosion Plucking o Remember frost wedging? -expansion of water during freezing breaks rocks apart Abrasion o Ice is filled with piece of rock o Pieces polish underlying rock Glaciers and landscape Glaciers shape lan
Michigan State University - GLG - 201
GLG 201 3.14.07 Lithification: the hardening or consolidation of material to form rock Igneous Rocks Start as magma (melt) Melt cools, crystals form, and ROCK results Deposition=lithification Sedimentary Rocks Chemical Sedimentary rocks Detrital (cla
Michigan State University - GLG - 201
GLG 201 3.21.07 Why does relative sea level fall or rise? Absolute sea level rise/fall Igneous oceanic rocks are created on sea floor Large volume of rock forces water out of basins Change in amount of water in oceans Climate change: build-up and mel
Michigan State University - GLG - 201
GLG 201 3.23.07 Why does relative sea level fall or rise? Absolute Land Rise/Fall Mountain-building Results from continents crashing together Results from continents and oceans crashing together Associated with LOTS of volcanic activity Can cause cli
Michigan State University - GLG - 201
Types of Magnetic Behavior Paramagnetism Diamagnetism Ferromagnetism Almost all materials fall in to one of these categories, and materials can switch categories under different conditions, particularly changes in temperatureParamagnetism: Weak Mat
Michigan State University - GLG - 201
GLG 201 3.30.07 Igneous Rocks: Last Depositional Environment On continents, where does most volcanic material come from? Material comes from pockets of molten material beneath the Earth's surface. Igneous Environments Higher SiO2: Higher resistance t