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Guide Study for HILD 7A Final Exam Fall 2008 PLEASE BE ADVISED: 1) 2) Plagiarism will not be tolerated under any circumstances. Please also be mindful that the majority of your exam will be multiple choice, completion, T/F, fill in the blank, with some short answer questions. Please use your time accordingly. Read and follow guidelines for take-home essay carefully. Submit hard copies of your mid-term exam essay to the TA for your section before you receive the in-class portion of your exam and email a copy to me at PatWashingtonPhD@aol.com before the conclusion of the exam period for on time submission. Students will only be allowed to have blue books, pens/pencils during the examination period. Please do not bring additional items to the exam area. Students will be asked to leave all backpacks, purses, etc., at the front of the room until exam is submitted for grading. Please sign the Buckley waiver on the back of your Blue book if you want to be able to pick your final exam up from the History Department. (100 point exam; Exam essay question will count 30 points of the 100 point total) I. For each of the following, identify by answering the questions - Who? What? Where? And describe the significance by answering the questions - Why is this important? Why study this? scratching Louis Farrakhan HIV/AIDS Chicago Defender The Populist Party Highlander School Afrocentrism Molefi Asante Down Low Reginald Lewis The Great Migration Barbara Omolade Revolutionary Action Movement Congressional Black Caucus African Blood Brotherhood Mary Ann Shadd Cary Mary Church Terrell Septima Poinsetta Clark 3) 4) 5) Toni Morrison Ella Baker Shirley Chisholm Double V Campaign Eleanor Roosevelt Queen Latifah II. 1. Be prepared to respond to the following: Discuss Fannie Lou Hamers significance to the formal political participation of Blacks, particularly poor Blacks. Discuss how elements of her background contributed to the local, state and national political accomplishments she made in her lifetime. How did Hamer attempt to control the history and legacy of her contributions to civil rights? Explain using specific evidence provided in To Make Our World Anew, for freedoms sake, and course documentaries. Discuss various developments in black culture, the arts, and intellectual leanings during the 1980s and 1990s. Who were some of the major figures? What were the political implications of these developments? The U.S. is a nation founded on the principle that every individual should be able to reach her or his God-given potential. Based on material covered in course lectures, readings and documentaries, list and 2. 3. discuss the ways in which Blacks have had to challenge the disconnect between that principle and their lived experiences in the military, housing and education. 4. What roles has rap music played within the black community, especially during the Reagan years? What are some differences among the various strands of rap music? What facets of black life did it emphasize? Why have some Blacks criticized gangsta rap? What rap artist first emerged to counter the images of women presented by gangsta rap artists? With what techniques is Grandmaster FLASH credited in rap? What elements of those techniques, if any, remain in contemporary rap music? Based on specific material from To Make Our World Anew, one course documentary and class discussion, list and discuss several ways inner-city poverty arguably affects Blacks more harshly than any other groups. Based on specific material from To Make Our World Anew, how did life change for upper-middle-class blacks in the late 1980s? What problems did many poor Blacks continue to face? Based on material from To Make Our World Anew, one course documentary, and lecture, discuss how some Black women have embraced feminism and used feminism to raise important issues in formal and informal politics. What accomplishments have Black feminists made? What problems have Black women specifically had to face and attempted to overcome? Discuss the views of Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam on how to achieve racial equality for Blacks. Based on material from To Make Our World Anew, has Farrakhan been helpful or harmful to most Blacks? What has he been instrumental in doing for blacks? Discuss the details and significance of Shirley Chisholms 1972 candidacy for U.S President. Why was Shirley Chisholms campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination not taken more seriously? With reference to To Make the World Anew and other course materials, discuss how Ronald Reagans election affected African Americans. Based on materials in for freedoms sake, To Make the World Anew and other course resources, describe the economic circumstances for many poor and working class blacks in the 1970s. Describe some issues and concerns that have been perceived as Black womens issues, particularly as those issues are described in for freedoms sake regarding the lived experiences of Fannie Lou Hamer. What has been the Black communitys predominant response to the issues viewed as pertaining to Black women? What historical and contemporary factors explain this response? The Black church is viewed as the most central and unifying social institution within the Black community. It is also viewed as the most socially conservative, patriarchal social institution in the Black community. How have tensions around gender and sexuality sparked a re-examination of the Black church? What, if anything, has been accomplished in terms of greater gender and sexuality equality within the Black church? 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 2 15. What role does hip hop play in advancing a proactive political agenda within the black community? What facets of black life are emphasized in hip hop? Discuss developments in black music during the 1990s and beyond. How has contemporary Black music been criticized in terms of representations of sexuality, gender relations, etc? How has it been celebrated? What does contemporary Black music tell us about the state of gender, sexuality and class relations within Black communities? Why have African Americans, at some times, fought against racial segregation in the U. S. military, institutions of higher education and elsewhere and, at other times, embraced racially segregated institutions (such as the Tuskegee Airmen or Black institutions of higher education)? Beginning with the 1960s, what roles do Black women and youth play in challenging discrimination within the larger society and within Black families and communities? In what ways can popular culture be a useful vehicle for transforming mainstream and Black community attitudes about sexuality and gender in Black life? Based on information covered in course texts, documentaries, and lecture, describe some of the support for and challenges Black to LGBT equality within Black families and communities. How has religion continued to influence Black attitudes about sexuality? What benefits did Marcus Garvey and his ideas bring to many Black people? What author influenced Garveys early ideas about changing circumstances for Blacks? What organizations and business enterprises did Garvey create? How did other Black leaders, like W. E. B. Du Bois and A. Phillip Randolph, etc., view Garvey? What 1960s civil rights leader was very much influenced by Garvey and continued some of his ideas? What, if anything, did Du Bois and Garvey have in common? How did Garvey react to the KKK? Discuss the origins, development, accomplishments ofand resistance toA. Phillip Randolph and the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. According to articles in To Make Our World Anew and other course materials, what are three or four generalities can be made about Black farmers in the South during the late nineteenth century? List and explain the four strategic demands that Eric Mann believes provide the framework for a coherent internationalist and human rights movement for racial justice work in New Orleans and beyond. Discuss the origins and development of the Freedmans Bureau. What were the official duties and responsibilities of the Freedmans Bureau? What informal political developments constrained the exercise of the formal political authority granted the Freedmans Bureau? What benefits, if any, did Blacks obtain through the Freedmans Bureau? 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. Eric Mann claims that Jesse Jacksons bid to be the Democratic Partys nominee for President in 1998 was sabotaged in several ways, including through maneuvers from within the Democratic Party. List and discuss some of the ways Jacksons presidential bid was undermined. Using material from, To Make Our 3 World Anew, Katrinas Legacy and the documentary, Chisholm 72: Unbought and Unbossed, compare and contrast Jesse Jacksons experiences with those of Shirley Chisholm. What ideas did Jackson during his candidacies for President in 1984 and 1988? How did Jacksons and Chisholms backgrounds prepare them for their presidential candidacies? 27. Mann argues that Blacks, as a group, contribute to their own subjugation within formal politics in various ways. Discuss the evidence he provides to support this argument. Is this argument supported or challenged by information covered in other course materials? Explain. List and discuss the four interrelated reasons the devastating consequences of Hurricane Katrina were human-made. Discuss the core provisions of the 13th Amendment. Is Mann justified in arguing that the 13th Amendment should be understood as the source of justifications for the incarceration of Blacks that continues into the present? How does Eric Mann explain the epidemic of imprisonment of Blacks in the United States? How is the contemporary incarceration of Blacks in the U. S. a continuation of similar trends in previous historical time periods? 28. 29. 30. Based on information covered in for freedoms sake, To Make Our World Anew, and course documentaries, describe some key contributions of student movements to civil and human rights efforts of the 1960s and beyond. Have young people become more or less significant in struggles for civil and human rights? 31. Summarize Manns argument that international pressure can assist in promoting Black equality in New Orleans and other parts of the United States. Based on course materials, including at least one documentary, discuss how Blacks have used international pressure to promote Black equality in previous generations? Based on information covered in Katrinas Legacy and To Make Our World Anew, discuss the significance of antiracist Whites in civil and human rights struggles within the U. S. in several different historical time periods. Discuss the impact of the Clinton Presidency on the economic, political and educational quality of life for Black people across economic class lines. How did Blacks view Clinton? How did his policies and political appointments help or hurt Blacks? What was the impact of Clintons Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 on impoverished Blacks? What made many Americans fear the spread of communism? What was the general Black response to communist efforts to recruit and support Black people? What aspects of communist endeavors in the U.S. appealed to some Blacks? List and discuss some typical and unjust characteristics of sharecropping for Blacks. How did Fannie Lou Hamer use creative methods to assist Black sharecroppers in her local community? Discuss Ida B. Wells Barnetts significance to Black American history, survival and resistance to oppression. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 4 37. Discuss the phenomenon of lynching in America over the period of 1889-1932. What were the stated causes versus the actual causes of the lynching of Blacks? How did the Black farmers in the Colored Farmers Alliance see economic issues differently than Whites? What was the role of Blacks in the Populist Party? Discuss some of the goals and objectives of the Populist Party? Discuss black migration during the late nineteenth century. Where did Blacks migrate? What did they expect to find in their new locations and what realities did they experience? Why didnt more blacks leave the South, since conditions in the South seemed so poor? What is the significance of the Harlem Renaissance to the political, cultural and economic advancement of Black people? What challenges did the Harlem Renaissance present for other efforts to advance Black equality? Define advocacy journalism. Based on material covered in the Soldiers Without Swords documentary and articles in To Make Our World Anew, discuss the ways the Black Press in America has generally been considered an advocacy press, as well as a vehicle for community uplift and advancement. How has the Black press challenged depictions of Blacks in predominantly White media outlets? Based on material covered in To Make Our World Anew, for freedoms sake, and Soldiers Without Swords, discuss ways in which Black Americans ran the risk of being labeled as un-American during various historical time periods. Who has been most likely to be labeled un-American? Under what circumstances? Who escapes being labeled un-American? Under what circumstances? Discuss specific instances where the Black press played a meaningful role in challenging (or supporting) the labeling of Blacks as un-American. Describe the role of Black athletes in the Black Power Movement in the United States. Discuss the significance of black athletes attempting to use Olympics as a vehicle for drawing attention to racism and the Black struggle in the U. S. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 5 ... View Full Document

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