P211 Self Presentation and Social Perception
12 Pages

P211 Self Presentation and Social Perception

Course Number: P 211, Fall 2009

College/University: California PA

Word Count: 1040

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Self Presentation and Person Perception 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 1 What We Will Cover. How we present ourselves to others. Person perception. Attribution theory. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 2 Strategic Self Presentation Expressing ourselves and behaving in ways designed to create a favorable impression or an impression that is consistent with one's...

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Presentation Self and Person Perception 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 1 What We Will Cover. How we present ourselves to others. Person perception. Attribution theory. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 2 Strategic Self Presentation Expressing ourselves and behaving in ways designed to create a favorable impression or an impression that is consistent with one's ideals or goals. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 3 Impression Management Efforts to produce favorable first impressions on others. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 4 Impression Management Strategies (Part 1) Ingratiation Deliberate effort to make a favorable impression, often through flattery. Self-Promotion Efforts to make yourself appear to be more competent. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 5 Impression Management Strategies (Part 2) Intimidation Communicating an ability and inclination to provide negative outcomes to others. Exemplification Creating an impression of moral superiority and integrity. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 6 Impression Management Strategies (Part 3) Modesty Creating an impression of being likeable and competent by understating accomplishments. Sandbagging Creating an impression of being helpless, but really being strong. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 7 Impression Management Strategies (Part 4) Supplication Creating an impression of being helpless, needy, weak, and dependent. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 8 What Happens When the Strategy Doesn't Work? Embarrassment Self-Handicapping A self-presentation strategy in which a person creates obstacles for his or her own performance. 2/4/2007 To excuse failure. To enhance success. Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 9 A Self Evaluation Please take out a blank page of paper and number it from 1 to 6. On the following slide I will have a series of questions. Rate each question on the following scale. 1 2 3 4 2/4/2007 = = = = Definitely not true of me. Generally not true of me. Occasionally true of me. Definitely true of me. Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 10 1 3 = Definitely not true of me. = Occasionally true of me. 2 = Generally not true of me. 4 = Definitely true of me. 1. I would probably make a good actor. 2. I can argue only for ideas I believe in. 3. I feel a bit awkward with strangers and do not show up quite as well as I should. 4. I may fool people by being friendly when I really dislike them. 5. I can make off-the-cuff speeches even on topics about which I have almost no information. 6. I find it hard to imitate the behavior of other people. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 11 Scoring Yourself For items 2 and 6: 1 = 4; 2 = 3; 3 = 2; 4=1 Add your scores for all of the items. Your score should range from 6 to 24. The average for North American college students is about 10-11. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 12 Self Monitoring Changing our behavior to meet the demands of a situation or the expectations of others. Low Somewhat unconcerned with or unaware of social demands. Somewhat concerned with what others think and try to react with appropriate behavior. Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 13 High 2/4/2007 Impression Formation 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 14 Approaches to Impression Formation Person Perception Approaches that look at the way we assess a person's traits and form an overall impression. Attribution Approaches that look at the way we attempt to understand our own and others' behavior. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 15 Person Perception 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 16 First Impressions Attractiveness. Nonverbal Communication. Facial Expression Body language. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social that Perception.ppt 17 Traits Characteristics serve to organize an impression of another person and provide a framework for understanding the person. Big Five Factors 2/4/2007 Openness Conscientiousness Extroversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 18 Central Traits Traits that exert a strong influence on our overall impressions. Influence our assumptions of other traits a person has. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 19 Roles Socially defined expectations that we expect individuals to fulfill in a given situation. Helps us organize what is expected of us. Helps us organize what we expect of others. CONFLICT occurs when we have competing expectations placed on us. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 20 Biases 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 21 Order Effects Primacy Effect Early information has the strongest effect on our perceptions. Recency Effect Later information has the strongest effect on our perceptions. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 22 Positivity and Negativity Bias Positivity Bias Tendency to evaluate individuals more positively than groups. Negativity Bias The tendency for negative traits to be weighed more heavily than positive traits. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 23 ATTRIBUTION 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 24 Attribution Approaches A group of theories that describe how people explain the causes of behavior in themselves and others. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 25 Attribution Theory Elements Personal/Dispositional Attribution The primary cause of an individual's actions is some inherent internal characteristic that influenced the behavior. Situational Attribution The cause of an individual's actions is some environmental condition that influenced the behavior. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 26 Correspondence Inference Theory (Jones & Davis) Degree of CHOICE. Freely chosen behavior is perceived as being Dispositional. Degree of SOCIAL DESIRABILITY. Socially undesirable behavior is perceived as being Dispositional. NONCOMMON EFFECTS. Degree to which a person makes choices that are have unusual consequences helps to determine Dispositional. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 27 Other Inferences SOCIAL ROLE Behaving consistently with a social role is seen as being situationally influenced. Outside the role is dispositional. PREEXISTING EXPECTATIONS. Knowledge about a person's true dispositions helps us understand behavior that is counter to that disposition. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 28 Kelly's Covariation Principles No External Consistent (All the time?) Distinctness (All occasions?) Consensus (Others do it?) Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt Yes Internal No Yes Yes 2/4/2007 No 29 Modifying Elements DISCOUNTING Tendency to attach LESS importance to one potential cause of behavior because other potential causes are present. AUGMENTING Attaching greater importance to potential causes of behavior despite the presence of other factors. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 30 ERRORS 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 31 Fundamental Attribution Error Tendency of observers to underestimate situational factors and overestimate dispositional factors in others' behavior. 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 32 Jones & Harris (1967) Percent saying the essay represented the writer's point of view (Dispositional). Degree of Choice Topic Pro Castro Anti Castro 2/4/2007 No Choice 44.1 22.9 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt Freely Chosen 59.6 17.4 33 Influenced by... Perspective Time Self-awareness Culture 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 34 2/4/2007 Self Presentation and Social Perception.ppt 35
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