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Course: ENGINEER 1509900200, Spring 2009
School: Abraham Baldwin...
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Population 1. 1 : n = ? ; xbar = 25000 ; SD = 6000 Population 2 : n = ? ; xbar = 28000 ; SD = 9000 What is the 95% confidence interval for the difference? I do not have the n (the number of observations), and I need that value in order to calculate the Confidence Interval. The Confidence interval asks that I multiply the 95% coefficient of 1.96 by the Standard Error. To calculate the Standard Error, I must divide...

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Population 1. 1 : n = ? ; xbar = 25000 ; SD = 6000 Population 2 : n = ? ; xbar = 28000 ; SD = 9000 What is the 95% confidence interval for the difference? I do not have the n (the number of observations), and I need that value in order to calculate the Confidence Interval. The Confidence interval asks that I multiply the 95% coefficient of 1.96 by the Standard Error. To calculate the Standard Error, I must divide the Standard Deviations by the number of observations, respectively. 2. Population 1 : n = 100 ; xbar = .57 ; SD = (1-0)(.57)(.43) = .495 Population 2 : n = 100 ; xbar = .32 ; SD = (1-0)(.32)(.68) = .466 What is the 95% Confidence Interval for the difference? Xbar (1-2) = .57 - .32 = .25 SE (1-2) = [(.245/100) + (.217/100) = .068 CI(95) = .25 +/- 1.96(.068) = .25 +/- .13 3. Population 1 : n = 70 ; xbar = .26 ; SD = .11 Population 2 : n = 148 ; xbar = .23 ; SD = .13 Can I be 95% confident the researchers theory is correct? Xbar(1-2) = .26 - .23 = .03 SE (1-2) = [(.012/70) + (.017/148) = .00017 + .00011 = .017 CI(95) = .03 +/- 1.96(.017) = .03 +/- .033 No. I cannot be 955 confident that the researchers theory is correct because the confidence interval contains 0 within its range, meaning that it is possible that having your name at the top of the ballot has no effect on the candidates chances of winning. 4. Graph .2 0 -5 .05 Density .1 .15 0 5 10 zscore 15 20 Statistical Significance Any legitimate voting system should be normally distributed because the number of people who vote and the way in which they vote are completely with random regards to statistics. Therefore, according to the Central Limit Theorem which states that a statistical compilation of random observations will be normally distributed, difference between the fraction of the people who voted for Buchanan on Election Day and via absentee ballots would be normally distributed. The z-score tells us the number of standard deviations the observations is from the mean, so it is important in this regard because it allows us to look at the trend of the voting, like which counties Buchanan received large amounts of votes compared to other counties. It would appear that the number of votes Buchanan received in Palm Beach County is too large to have happened by pure chance because the z-score is 22, meaning this observation is 22 standard deviations from the mean. Typically, z-scores do not go above 4. Causal Significance It would appear that the number of votes Buchanan received in Palm Beach County is too large to have happened by pure chance because the z-score is 22, meaning this observation is 22 standard deviations from the mean. Typically, z-scores do not go above 4. Substantive Significance The number of people that mistakenly voted for Buchanan may be around 955. If the difference is truly too large to have happened by chance, this fact is important from an electoral point of view because it presents a flaw in the voting system. Not only should intended votes go to the intended candidate, the number of mistaken votes may have pushed Gore over the top in Florida, giving him the election.
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Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ENGINEER - 1509900200
Jacinto 1Edwin R. Jacinto-Bringuez Jr. Professor James | TA Baylor Poli Sci 140B 5 June 2009 A Look Into the Next Administration In the Politics Presidents Make, Stephen Skrownek sets out to define and situate the Office of the Presidency in what he call
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ENGINEER - 1509900200
Interference of Visual Running head: INTERFERENCE OF VISUAL STIMULI Interference of Visual Stimuli Lander Vu University of California, Los Angeles1Interference of Visual Abstract2This study explored the effects of interference on visual stimuli and wh
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ENGINEER - 1509900200
Test attachment
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ENGINEER - 1509900200
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ENGINEER - 1509900200
D emocracy in Japan Takeshi Ishida and Ellis S. Krauss Japan is the first industrialized democracy in the non-Western world. Japans Democracy was implanted by American Occupation after WWII, and Occupation forces also tried to implant Democratic culture
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ENGINEER - 1509900200
Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution - May 3, 1947 - A clause in the constitution that prevents the Japanese government from any acts of war. - Forbids them from maintaining air, land, and sea forces. - They have a Self Defense Force, but it is consider
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Public finance, also known as public sector economics or public economics, focuses on the taxing and spending activities of government and their influence on the allocation of resources and distribution of income. Public finance economists both analy
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 3TOOLS OF TOOLS NORMATIVE ANALYSIS ANALYSISCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Welfare EconomicsWelfare Economics branch of economic theory concerned with the social desirability of alternative economic states
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 5ExternalitiesCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.ExternalitiesExternality An activity on one entity that affects the welfare of another entity in a way that is outside the market mechanism Not an Externality
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 6POLITICAL POLITICAL ECONOMY ECONOMYCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Direct Democracy-Unanimity RulesEves share (SE) 0 DrES* Adams share (SA)DrA 0 r* r per year The Lindahl Model6- 2Feasibility of Unani
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 7EDUCATIONCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Real Annual Expenditure Per Pupil in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools (selected years) School Year 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2003 2004 Expenditure per pupil (
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 8COST-BENEFIT COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS ANALYSISCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Projecting Present Dollars into the FutureR0 = \$1000 R1 = \$1000*(1+.01) = \$1010 R2 = \$1010*(1+.01) = \$1020.10 R2 = \$1000*(1+.01)2
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 9The Health The Care Market CareCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Figure 9.1: US expenditures of selected goods and services as share of Gross Domestic Product (19602004)18 16 14 12 Per centageofGDP 10 8 6 4
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 10GOVERNMENT GOVERNMENT AND THE MARKET FOR HEALTH CARE CARECopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Figure 10.1: Uses of health care funds in the United States (2004)Ot her (10%) Research (2%) Pub lic Healt h A ct
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 11SOCIAL SOCIAL SECURITY SECURITYCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Figure 11.1: Social Security expenditures (1937-2005)600 6500 Real Expenditures (2005 \$ Billions)540043003200210010 1937 1942 194
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 12INCOME INCOME REDISTRIBUTION: CONCEPTUAL ISSUES ISSUESCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.The Distribution of Income Among HouseholdsPercentage ShareYear 1967 1977 1982 1987 1992 1997 2002 2004Lowest Fifth
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 13EXPENDITURE EXPENDITURE PROGRAMS FOR THE POOR THECopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill/IrwinA Quick Look at Welfare Spending Means-tested Cash versus in-kind assistance Anti-poverty impact of non
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 14TAXATION AND TAXATION INCOME DISTRIBUTION DISTRIBUTIONCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.0Vocabulary Statutory Incidence Economic Incidence Tax Shifting Partial Equilibrium Models14-2Tax Incidence: Gene
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 15TAXATION AND TAXATION EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCYCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Excess Burden DefinedPounds of corn per year ACaCb C1 F B0E1 i D B1 Pounds of barley per year15-2Effect of Tax on Consumpti
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 16EFFICIENT AND EFFICIENT EQUITABLE TAXATION TAXATIONCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Optimal Commodity Taxationw(T l) = PXX + PYY wT = PXX + PYY + wl wT = (1 + t)PXX + (1 + t)PYY + (1 + t)wl 1 wT = PXX + P
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 18PERSONAL PERSONAL TAXATION AND BEHAVIOR BEHAVIORCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Labor SupplyIncome per week D |Slope| = wGE1 iiiiiIncomeLeisure 0 FWorki T Hours of leisure per weektime endowment
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 19THE THE CORPORATION TAX TAXCopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Ill probably kick myself for having said this, but when are we going to have the courage to point out that in our tax structure, the corporation
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
CHAPTER 20DEFICIT DEFICIT FINANCE FINANCECopyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.How Big is the Deficit? Deficit Surplus On-budget deficit Off-budget deficit20-2How Big is the Deficit?Figure 20.1: Federal government d
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Economics 183DEVELOPMENT OF ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS IN THE UNITED STATESFall 2009 Tuesday, Thursday 9:30-10:45 am Humanities A65 Professor Leah Boustan Course Description: We will apply economic theory and quantitative reasoning to understand how the Unit
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Welcome to Ec 183Development of Economic Institutions in the United StatesWelcome to Ec 183Development of Economic Institutions in the United States Professor Leah Boustan Class: Tuesday, Thursday 9:30-10:45 am Office Hours: Thursday: 11:00-12:15 in 9
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Ec183, Fall 2009Leah BoustanLecture 1:Why Isnt the Whole World Developed?1. 1870-today: Growth for all, but faster in the developed world (rich get richer). 2. How do we measure growth? Does more income mean we are better off? 3. 1500-today: Reversals
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
American Economic AssociationHistory Lessons: Institutions, Factors Endowments, and Paths of Development in the New World Author(s): Kenneth L. Sokoloff and Stanley L. Engerman Source: The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 14, No. 3 (Summer, 2000),
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Lecture 2: A review of growth accounting with one application Last class, we saw that the US overtook the UK as the world economic leader c. 1900 Today, we will decompose the sources of growth into: Factor accumulation (working harder) and total factor p
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Ec183, Fall 2009Leah BoustanAgenda for today Review data table from Sokoloff and Engerman: Reversals of fortune in the Western hemisphere Return to hypotheses about natural resource abundance in US: Favorite of fortune or design? First lecture on facto
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Ec183, Fall 2009Leah BoustanAgenda for today In-class exercise: Sample midterm problem Economic hypotheses for the decline in fertility in the mid-19th century Second lecture on labor force: Economics of slavery in the US SouthReview: Fertility in 19t
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
American Economic AssociationDoes the &quot;New Economy&quot; Measure up to the Great Inventions of the Past? Author(s): Robert J. Gordon Source: The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 14, No. 4 (Autumn, 2000), pp. 49-74 Published by: American Economic Associa
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Economics 183 DEVELOPMENT OF ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES Professor Leah BoustanHypothesis Assignment (Due in class, October 13th)Read the article Institutions, Factors Endowments, and Paths of Development in the New World by Kenneth Sokol
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 19DeferredCompensation Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C19-1 C19-Qualified Plans(slide 1 of 11) Deferred compensation defined: Payments for services made available to the taxpayer after the peri
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 4GrossIncome: ConceptsandInclusionsIndividual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C4-1 C4-Gross Income (slide 1 of 3) Definition: Gross income includes all income from whatever source derived, unless specifical
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 1AnIntroductiontoTaxationand UnderstandingtheFederalTaxLaw Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C1-1 C1-History of Taxation (slide 1 of 2) Prior to 1900s income tax financed wars 1861: First Federal i
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 2WorkingwiththeTaxLawIndividual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C2-1 C2-Statutory Sources of Tax Law(slide 1 of 2) Internal Revenue Code Codification of the Federal tax law provisions in a logical sequenc
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 3TaxFormulaandTaxDetermination; AnOverviewofPropertyTransactionsIndividual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C3-1 C3-Tax Formula (slide 1 of 2)Income (broadly conceived) Less:Exclusions Gross Income Less:Dedu
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 5GrossIncome:Exclusions Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C5-1 C5-Exclusions Defined Items of income that are specifically designated as not included in gross income Exclusions are generally found i
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 6DeductionsandLosses:InGeneral Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C6-1 C6-Deductions Exclusive definition of deductions Deductions are allowed based on legislative grace and defined narrowly Substan
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 7DeductionsandLosses:CertainBusiness ExpensesandLosses Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C7-1 C7-Bad Debts If an account receivable arising from credit sale of goods or services becomes worthless A
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 8Depreciation,CostRecovery, Amortization,andDepletion Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C8-1 C8-Cost Recovery Recovery of the cost of business or incomeproducing assets is through: Cost recovery or
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 9Deductions:Employeeand SelfEmployedRelatedExpenses Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C9-1 C9-Employee vs. Self-Employed(slide 1 of 2) Business expenses for self-employed persons are deductible for
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 10DeductionsandLosses: CertainItemizedDeductions Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C10-1 C10-Itemized Deductions(slide 1 of 2) Personal expenditures that are deductible from AGI as itemized deducti
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 11InvestorLosses Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C11-1 C11-Passive Loss Rules(slide 1 of 2) Require income and losses to be separated into three categories: Active Portfolio Passive Generally,
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 12AlternativeMinimumTax Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C12-1 C12-Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) AMT is separate from, but parallel to, the regular income tax system The AMT computation reconciles
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 13TaxCreditsandPaymentProceduresIndividual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C13-1 C13-Tax Credit VS. Tax Deduction Tax benefit received from a tax deduction depends on the marginal tax rate of the taxpayer
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 14PropertyTransactions: DeterminationofGainorLoss andBasisConsiderationsIndividual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C14-1 C14-Determination of Gain or Loss(slide 1 of 7) Realized gain or loss Difference be
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 15PropertyTransactions: NontaxableExchanges Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C15-1 C15-Nontaxable Transactions(slide 1 of 4) In a nontaxable transaction, realized gain or loss is not currently rec
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 16PropertyTransactions: CapitalGainsandLosses Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C16-1 C16-Taxation of Capital Gains and Losses Capital gains and losses must be separated from other types of gains an
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 17PropertyTransactions:1231and RecaptureProvisions Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C17-1 C17-1231 Assets(slide 1 of 4) 1231 assets defined Depreciable and real property used in a business or for
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 351
Chapter 18AccountingPeriodsandMethods Individual Income TaxesCopyright 2010 Cengage Learning Individual Income Taxes C18-1 C18-Accounting Periods(slide 1 of 3) Taxable year The tax year may be shorter but is usually not longer than 12 months Taxpaye
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 5646
Name: _ Class: _ Date: _ID: AACCT217 - Sample Exam 2Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. _ 1. Taupe Corporation is considering deferred compensation plans for its executive employees over age 55
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 5646
Name: _ Class: _ Date: _ID: AACCT217 - Corporate &amp; Partnership Taxation: Sample Exam 1aMultiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. _ 1. Spencer and Ashley are married and live in a common law state. Sp
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - ECONOMY - 5646
Name: _ Class: _ Date: _ID: ASample Exam 2True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. _ 1. A cash basis taxpayer who charges an expense on a bank credit card is allowed to claim a deduction at that point in time whereas a ca