This preview has intentionally blurred parts. Sign up to view the full document

View Full Document

Unformatted Document Excerpt

History US AP Review Test 4 The Bonds of Empire, 1660 - 1750 1. According to George Whitefield, [A] the Anglican clergy had abandoned Calvinist doctrine in favor of reason. [B] slaves had souls. [C] members of congregations were as good as, if not better than, their ministers. [D] wives should question their husbands piety. [E] all of these. 2. After 1660, the English [A] outlawed royal ownership of overseas colonies. [B] began a new wave of colony building. [C] abandoned Canada to the French. [D] turned inward to reform their own society rather than establish new societies across the seas. [E] embarked on an era of free trade by repealing most parliamentary acts dealing with overseas commerce. 3. The only British colony on the North American mainland to have a black majority in the eighteenth century was [A] South Carolina. [B] Delaware. [C] Virginia. [D] Maryland. [E] Georgia. 4. Which of the following is one of the reasons that the cultivation of rice changed South Carolina society dramatically? [A] The price of rice had risen dramatically, making rice farmers fabulously wealthy. [B] The discovery of a profitable crop meant that there would be more work for thousands of indentured servants. [C] Rice cultivation required the use of slaves. [D] Vast areas of the interior were opened up to rice cultivation. [E] Because rice could be grown on small farms, with minimal capital investment, South Carolina became a society of small farmers. 5. King Georges War and the French and Indian Wars resulted in all of the following except: [A] planting seeds of misunderstanding, suspicion, and hostility between the British and Anglo-Americans. [B] expulsion of Spain from North America. [C] expulsion of France from North America. [D] a fusing of bonds between the British and Anglo-Americans. [E] All of these were results of the wars. 6. Which of the following European wars is correctly matched with its American name? [A] War of the League of Augsburg: George Whitefields War [B] War of the Spanish Succession: French and Indian Wars [C] War of the Austrian Succession: King Georges War [D] Seven Years War: Queen Annes War [E] none of these 1 7. As a result of King Georges War, [A] the English captured and then returned the French fort on the northern tip of Nova Scotia, guarding the entrance to the St. Lawrence River. [B] four thousand New Englanders were killed in a futile assault on the French bastion of Louisbourg. [C] France was established as the dominant power in North America. [D] the French were expelled from North America. [E] Spain surrendered Florida to England, and France took control of Louisbourg. 8. The treatment of the Tuscarora and Yamasee Indians in North Carolina during the early eighteenth century demonstrated that [A] Native American resistance would not significantly hinder white expansion in the Carolinas. [B] English settlers should have been able to use Native Americans instead of black slaves for rice and tobacco cultivation. [C] Plantation agriculture provided ideal conditions for Indians. [D] Native American tribes could resist white expansion by remaining unified. [E] the British Parliament was too quick to send troops when it thought that English settlers were in danger. 9. As a result of the Stono Rebellion, [A] Native Americans won the right to use English ships of war. [B] a harsh new code was instituted to keep slaves under constant surveillance and ensure that masters disciplined their slaves. [C] South Carolina planters engineered a series of reforms that helped create a more open and equal society. [D] the last vestiges of Native American resistance to white expansion were eliminated. [E] the king of England took direct control by ending proprietary rule and transforming North and South Carolina into royal colonies. 10. Which of the following statements correctly represents one aspect of relations between the French and Indians in Louisiana? [A] Indians became partners with the French in Louisianas lucrative silver mines. [B] The Indians sold French merchants handmade blankets, kettles, axes, chickens, and hogs. [C] The French drove the Kickapoos, Mascoutens, Shawnees, and Delawares out of Louisiana. [D] The French sold the Indians horses and cattle that had been stolen from Spanish ranches. [E] The Indians provided French merchants with corn, bear oil, tallow, and deerskins. 11. What was the environmental impact of the rapid expansion of English settlement in the East? [A] destruction of the rabbit and possum populations [B] development of new methods to prevent soil erosion [C] drying up of many swamps [D] deforestation [E] overpopulation in New York and Boston 12. The last two Stuart kings [A] tried to reign as absolute monarchs. [B] tried to centralize colonial government. [C] were Charles II and James II. [D] disliked representative government. [E] all of these 2 13. Who was responsible for the following: jailing citizens; forcing a Boston Puritan congregation to share its meetinghouse with an Anglican minister; looking into the finances of Harvard College; enforcing the Navigation Acts; and suppressing the colonial legislature? [A] George Whitefield [B] Jacob Leisler [C] Sir Edmund Andros [D] Thomas Hutchinson [E] William of Orange 14. The Glorious Revolution in England touched off rebellion in all of the following colonies except [A] New York. [B] South Carolina. [C] Massachusetts. [D] Maryland. [E] None of these. The Glorious Revolution had very little impact on Englands North American colonies 15. Which of the following correctly describes the impact of the Glorious Revolution in one of the colonies? [A] Maryland: Protestants seize the capital, Maryland becomes a royal colony, and Catholics lose the right to vote. [B] New York: Revolt by a captain in the militia is swiftly suppressed, and New York remains a Stuart stronghold until 1720. [C] Massachusetts: Dominion of New England is dismantled, the colony regains the right to elect its own governor, and New Hampshire is reunited with Massachusetts. [D] Georgia: Catholics seize control from the Protestant elite and repeal the Act of Toleration. [E] Pennsylvania: Quakers are ousted from most government positions and the colony becomes a royal province with a governor chosen by the king. 16. Which of the following resulted from King Williams and Queen Annes wars? [A] The British captured New Orleans and started to settle Louisiana. [B] The French were driven from the North American continent. [C] King William gained the throne of Spain when he married Queen Anne. [D] The Stuart kings were driven from power. [E] The wars heightened Anglo-Americans sense of British identity and made them feel dependent on the mother country for protection. 17. Who bore the bloodiest fighting in the course of King Williams War? [A] the French [B] the Spanish [C] the Iroquois [D] the English [E] the Leislerians 18. How was eighteenth-century colonial settlement affected by the Native American populations? [A] Native Americans negotiated treaties that contained European settlers to a 100-mile-wide strip along the Atlantic coast. [B] Native Americans encouraged English settlement as a way of protecting themselves from the French and Spanish. [C] Resistance from various Native American tribes restricted the growth of European settlements. [D] Through the depopulation and dislocation of Native Americans, European colonial settlements were able to expand rapidly. [E] all of these. 3 19. What was the main reason the population of the British North American colonies shot up in the eighteenth century? [A] a decade of bumper rice crops [B] high birthrate [C] immigration from Europe [D] conclusion of the wars with the Spanish and French [E] discovery of wonder drugs to cure diseases 20. On average how many children did colonial women have? [A] 21 [B] 15 [C] 1.3 [D] 8 [E] 5 21. Eighteenth-century European immigrants to the British North American colonies [A] stayed in the colonies, on average, only four years before returning to live in Europe. [B] were usually middle- and upper-middle-class professionals or skilled artisans. [C] included large numbers of murderers dumped on American shores by the British government. [D] tended to settle in large urban areas in New England, New York, and New Jersey. [E] included large numbers of Irish and Germans and declining proportions of English. 22. Which of the thirteen colonies was the last to be settled and the only one to receive some financial assistance from the British government? [A] the Carolinas [D] Vermont [B] Georgia [E] Delaware [C] Pennsylvania 23. Which of the following statements about Georgia is not correct? [A] It was supposed to flourish by exporting expensive commodities such as wine and silk. [B] In its first decade, half of Georgias immigrants came from Germany, Switzerland, and Scotland, and most had their overseas passage paid by the government. [C] It enjoyed good relations with southeastern Indian tribes. [D] It was populated by large numbers of debtors who otherwise would have had to rot in jail. [E] For a time it was the only English colony where slavery was forbidden. 24. was Mercantilism [A] a colonial American policy of trading primarily with England in order to strengthen political and economic ties. [B] an economic theory carefully elaborated by Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations. [C] a government policy aimed at achieving national economic self-sufficiency. [D] a theory of business organization in which merchants formed joint stock companies to pool their capital. [E] all of these 25. The British Navigation Acts affected the economics of colonial America in all the following ways except that [A] colonial clothing manufacturers were heavily subsidized so that they could meet the demand in England. [B] British West Indian sugar producers benefited at the expense of their French rivals. [C] American producers of items such as silk, iron, dyes, hemp, and lumber were paid bounties by the British government. [D] imperial trade goods had to be carried in British ships. [E] colonial products such as tobacco, rice, furs, indigo, and naval stores had to be shipped through England before going to foreign nations. 4 26. Why did few colonial Americans object to the British navigation system after 1700? [A] The restrictions stimulated the development of an American merchant marine and American maritime industries. [B] Tobacco growers were given a monopoly of the British market, and their income was reduced only slightly. [C] The regulations primarily burdened tobacco and rice exporters, whose income was reduced by less than 3%. [D] Parliament never restricted products such as grain, livestock, fish, lumber, or rum, which accounted for 60 percent of colonial exports. [E] all of these 27. Which of the following statements about women in eighteenth-century America is correct? [A] Women could not inherit their parents land. Only sons could legally inherit family estates. [B] Women could not choose their own husbands. The choice was made by their parents. [C] Women were encouraged to join local militias as a way of establishing their independence from their husbands. [D] Women in rural and urban families played an important part in helping to support their households. [E] Women had legal control over their dowries and other property that they brought with them into marriage. 28. Which of the following correctly suggests the conditions of landownership among farm families in well-settled areas? [A] The great majority of landowners could not provide their children with land when they married. [B] Because of the rapid growth in population, land was becoming scarce and the price of land made it difficult for average people to own their own homes. [C] Land was usually cheaper than manure. [D] Those who wished to own land usually had to concentrate on full-time agricultural work. [E] Because of low interest rates and small down payments, families were able to pay off their mortgages within five years. 29. Which of the following was not a typical condition in eighteenth-century American cities? [A] contagious disease running rampant because of poor sanitation [B] longer spells of unemployment and declining wages [C] declining population because of out-migration to regions beyond the mountains where land was available [D] inhabitants who were caught in a downward spiral of declining opportunity [E] poor rolls that were bulging with the survivors of mariners lost at sea 30. Compared with indentured servants, slaves [A] ate more. [B] worked for a far longer portion of their lives. [C] had a shorter work week but less vacation time. [D] were healthier. [E] all of these 31. If you lived in 1750 and were talking about a member of the gentry, what might you say about him? [A] He doesnt fit in because of his extreme wealth. He should return to England. [B] The town gossip is that he is deeply in debt and has yet to accumulate enough savings to purchase a farm of his own. [C] He recently received a shipment of costly English fashions and expensive chinaware that he is going to use at the elegant formal he is holding three weeks hence. [D] He says that it is more sensible to buy land, servants, or slaves than luxuries. [E] I often see him driving his wagon to cockfights. 5 32. After the middle of the eighteenth century, what was the generally accepted objective of Chesapeake landowners such as George Washington and Thomas Jefferson? [A] to free themselves from the economic cycles of the English market by developing new markets in France or Spain [B] to refinance their operations by using slaves as collateral for new loans [C] to achieve self-sufficiency on their estates and to diversify away from dependence on a single crop [D] to concentrate all the estates resources on the profitable cultivation of one crop [E] to have a simpler life by selling off land and retiring to the country 33. What was the typical qualification for holding office in eighteenth-century English colonies, outside of New England? [A] there were none; any voter could hold office [B] property ownership of at least 1,000 acres [C] a high school diploma and the $100 registration fee [D] being born in the colonies, or having lived there at least thirty-five years [E] membership in the Anglican church 34. Which of the following could vote in the English colonies? [A] indentured servants [B] Native Americans [C] women [D] African Americans [E] none of these 35. To which branch of government did the colonial gentry turn to defend their own interests? [A] the upper house of the legislature (the council) [B] the lower house of the legislature (the assembly) [C] the executive branch (the governor) [D] the crown in London [E] the judiciary 36. The considerable powers that colonial governors possessed included all of the following except [A] the power to call or dismiss assembly sessions at will. [B] the right to veto acts. [C] the authority to schedule elections at any time. [D] control over taxes and the budget. [E] These were all powers possessed by colonial governors. 37. Which of the following was not one of Benjamin Franklins accomplishments? [A] establishing Philadelphias first volunteer fire company [B] earning enough money to retire by the age of forty-two [C] initiating a movement to encourage organized churches to resolve their theological differences [D] organizing the American Philosophical Society [E] inspiring the creation of a circulating library 38. What did most eighteenth-century American intellectuals think about science? [A] They feared that science could pose the greatest threat to organized religion since the Reformation. [B] They suspected that the mysteries of the universe were too complex for any human to truly understand. [C] They thought that science amounted to little more than turning lead into gold and experimenting with balloons. [D] They believed that science could be useful because it could make everyones life more comfortable. [E] all of these 6 39. Deists [A] claimed that the best argument against the existence of God could be derived through the study of natures harmony and order. [B] believed that the Church of England had to be purged of Roman Catholic influences and merged with the Presbyterian church. [C] believed in a God who had created a perfect universe and then allowed it to operate according to natural laws. [D] insisted that where the Bible conflicted with reason, one should follow the words of the Bible rather than the false dictates of reason. [E] argued that the only true knowledge was religious truth, and that God was unknowable. 40. The Great Awakening was [A] the realization by the colonial elites that regulations imposed upon them by the Board of Trade were restricting their liberties. [B] a scientific movement in which people were encouraged to observe the natural world with the naked eye. [C] a revival movement that emphasized the corruption of human nature, the fury of divine wrath, and the need for immediate repentance. [D] a movement by American religious leaders to reunite many warring sects into one Protestant church. [E] an attempt at opening the eyes of Americans to the need for a more rational American religion. 41. New Light preachers like Gilbert Tennent shook the foundations of the social order by sowing seeds of doubt about [A] ministers. [B] merchants. [C] scientists. 42. Which of the following was not a long-term effect of the Great Awakening? [A] the fostering of religious toleration by blurring theological differences among New Lights [B] the emergence of black Protestantism [C] the founding of new colleges such as Columbia, Princeton, Brown, Rutgers, and Dartmouth [D] the decline in the influence of Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists, and the increasing importance of Quakers, Anglicans, and Congregationalists [E] None of these. These were all long-term effects of the Great Awakening 43. The situation in Mose, Florida, demonstrates [A] the Spanish belief in racial equality. [B] the role of African Americans in Anglo-Spanish colonial rivalries. [C] the instability of a colony defended by black militia. [D] the constructive result of the collaboration of blacks and Indians. [E] none of these [D] royal governors. [E] imperial tax collectors. 7 ... View Full Document

End of Preview

Sign up now to access the rest of the document