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Course Number: STU 102, 2009

College/University: Calvin

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KH compromISe Biologyprofandadministratortogetherexplainissuesof new KH construction. BotS for totS Baby-driven robots dont have to be a frightening idea. SHootINg HoopS calvin could face an early testagainstWashingtonasit hosts a tip-off tourney. See page 3 See page 9 See page 14 chimeS poli-sci prof seeks office By lerae KrooN November 16, 2007 Volume 102 - Issue 12 modifying...

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compromISe KH Biologyprofandadministratortogetherexplainissuesof new KH construction. BotS for totS Baby-driven robots dont have to be a frightening idea. SHootINg HoopS calvin could face an early testagainstWashingtonasit hosts a tip-off tourney. See page 3 See page 9 See page 14 chimeS poli-sci prof seeks office By lerae KrooN November 16, 2007 Volume 102 - Issue 12 modifying bodies Staff Writer In the classroom, political science professor Doug Koopman teaches his students about campaigns. Now, hes kicking off one of his own. Koopman is running for the 72nd district seat of the michigan House of representatives, which includes the city of Kentwood as well as gaines, cascade and caledonia townships. Koopman said he felt it was time to offer his skills to try to solve some of the problems facing michigan. Im sad about whats going on in lansing and sad about whats going on in michigan, he said. I think I need to step into the arena and see if I can do something about it. Because of term limits, the seat is open. Koopman will face three other republican candidates in the primary on aug. 5, and if he wins there, will participate in the general election on Nov. 4. this wont be the first time Koopman has been involved in the real-life word of american politics. He spent 15 years in Washington, D.c., where he served on the staffs of various members of the U.S. House of representatives including michigan representatives fred Upton, paul Henry and pete Hoekstra, as well as serving as a major political and legislative advisor to then U.S. House majorit y leader richard K . armey. He also served on the Joint economic committee, where he wrote congressional publications on economic issues for the U.S. House and Senate. campaign manager and calvin senior Jonathan Hirte says these and many other experiences in politics, along with Koopmans knowledge and work as a professor, make him well-suited for the job. It is apparent in the classroom that he understands complicated issues as they relate to politics, so I have faith that he would make a good state legislator, said Hirte. on top of all this, michigan as a state is in bad shape, and it is apparent that they need new leadership. professor Koopmans understanding of government issues, specif ically his experience with economic policies, gives me hope that the michigan economy can turn around. While Koopman would have to take a break from teaching if he wins the election, he said he isnt leaving calvin forever. the college allows a two-year leave for faculty serving in civic positions. I would not do it today if I could not come back when its done, said Koopman. I like it here. Hirte said the campaign is in its first stages and right now the team is working to lay the groundwork for the upcoming months. Were trying to make sure we get everything together from the start, he said. one challenge the team is preparing for is next semester, when Koopman will b e in Washington, D.c., leading the paul B. Henry semester, necessitating much long-distance communication and creative ways to coordinate elements of the campaign. Well be using web-based project management software, said Koopman, which will be a great learning experience. Hir tes relationship with Koopman goes back to the first political science class he took as a freshman at calvin, american politics. the class helped Hirte decide to major in political Science, and he has stayed in touch with Koopman since then. this summer, Hirte worked as a mcgregor fellow with Koopman and a team of professors on a book project exploring the relationship between religion and politics. over the summer, they occasionally talked about the possibility of a campaign, and when Koopman decided to run, he asked Hirte pHoto coUrteSy of matt JUDge for many, tattoos hold great meaning, depicting symbols of faith, social statements or significant events. By SaraH StateS features editor See Koopman, page 2 finding hope for Burma By KatIe SytSema & emma Slager Staff Writers monday nights concert in the fish House to raise hope and awareness for the crisis in Burma (aka myanmar) was considered to be a success. I think the event was very successful, said senior amy Jonason. Besides raising money, our main goal was to bring people together and [get them] talking. I think everyone who came learned something. t h e co n ce r t f eature d guitar-playing senior matt gruppen. the raspberr y Italian Sodas, a band comprised of seniors chad meekof and Ben alford, sophomores Dathan Hamann and mag Kim and freshman carsten Hamann, also played, according to senior Beth Huizinga, one of the organizers. the idea to raise awareness for Burma developed when mark richie, director of the thailand semester program, visited calvin and talked with the Social Justice committee (SJc) about the free Burma rangers (fBr), explained sophomore rebecca garofano. t-shirts, hemp bags, DVDs and pins were all sold in an effort to raise money and reach the goal of sending $1,600 for fBr relief efforts. money was also collected in Sunday nights loft service. While the of f icial count hasnt been taken, Jonason predicts that about a third of the goal has been met with donations and merchandise sales. Well be selling the rest of the t-shirts, bags and DVDs through the rest of the semester and at area churches that have pHotoS By SaraH StateS shown an interest in the issue, said Jonason. $1,600 equips fBr for one mission, which will reach 1,000-2,000 people with medical needs and provide encouragement and news to more than 2,000. W ith the help of senior miranda Brouwer, SJc screenprinted the bags and t-shirts it had purchase d through clothing matters, a local natural fibers apparel store, according to garofano. the bags and shirts were sold along with DVDs that were produced by fBr. the screen-printed bags and t-shirts featured the profile of aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese pro-democratic leader. the purpose was to get discussion going, but at the same time have some action come out of that, and to provide an avenue for students to donate to an organization that we know about, said garofano. We cant all move to thailand and start running undercover missions to Burma, said Jonason. But we can stay informed, pray and develop a sensitivity toward all forms of injustice that will in turn make us more sensitive to how god is calling us to work for his kingdom. Of tat toos and piercings hurt. and yet they are becoming increasingly popular. through television s h o w s l i ke m i a m i I n k and tattoo sporting celebrities like angelina Jolie and travis Barker, tattoos are slowly losing the negative stigmas attached to them. piercings are also becoming more socially acceptable, and because of this, they are becoming more and more outrageous. people have many different reasons for getting tattoos and piercings, and conversely, people have many reasons for not getting them. With tattoos, it is often the permanence that deters people from getting them. I do not want to get a tattoo because I am not ballsy enough, said sophomore Joshua Donnelly. It is not the pain that scares me; its the fact that in the future, I would not have the choice to simply remove it. many people also find piercings and tattoos unprofessional. there is [not] any place on my body where I think I need a ring or stud. It also looks a little unprofessional. I would be worried about how people would judge me when I am looking for a job, said junior Karen Jackson. there are also many unconventional reasons that people have for not getting piercings and tattoos. Junior Jared Sanders said that he would not get piercings because I couldnt pull it off, and it would be a pain getting through metal detectors. for some people it is not so much a personal decision; instead, they would not get tattoos or piercings because of their parents. my dad would not like my having piercings and [if I did] par t of my f inancial backings for calvin would disappear, said junior David Hoogstra. Junior rob Homan said of the heavily pierced Student Senate president, I wouldnt get piercings because I dont want to be like Ben graves [my former ra] ... I think some people do it excessively. I think that they are stupid. I really just dont like them. While people have many reasons for not getting tattoos and piercings, the motives behind decisions to get them are even more diverse. and because of the permanence of tattoos, people generally put a lot of thought into their designs. my body art/piercings give me the chance to make a connection with other people. they ask me about the piercings/tattoos and it instantly sparks a conversation, said calvin alumni miriam geenen. many people also get religious tattoos to represent a specific aspect of their faith. a lot of my reason for getting [a tattoo of praying hands] was that I just wanted a tattoo, but it represents the importance of prayer, said Sophomore Ben Witte. Junior matt Judge also has tattoos to illustrate his faith: my goal is to tattoo my entire theology on my body. I got my trinitiy tattoo mostly because I was trying not to view christianity as an orgeyporgey feel-good movement, said Judge. one argument against getting tattoos is that as a person gets older, they will no longer want a tattoo on their sagging body. there is also the argument that people may regret their tattoos. But geenen said, Im sure when Im 80, I will still enjoy all the choices Ive made in terms of my body modification. See tatoos, page 10 T h e O f f i c i a l S T u d e n T n e w S pa p e r c a lv i n c O l l e g e S i n c e 19 07 2 News C himes November 16, 2007 Chimes spoelhof Center construction considers students 2007-2008 Kathy Hoogeboom By HaNNaH KeTT staff Writer editoR iN Chief maNagiNg editoR Christy Gordon Courtney Hexham Griffin Jackson News NatioNal & woRld News Katie sytsema Matt decker sCieNCe & teChNology Chris Molnar Brandon Haan sarah states Bruce Van Baren stephanie Brinks aaron Roorda Tommy Heyboer Ryan Veenstra aRts & eNteRtaiNmeNt featuRes spoRts op/ed etC. as students walk to Hiemenga Hall and the Chapel, they pass construction and renovation that is happening in the spoelhof Center. This construction will not only expand the building, but also change the way the admissions and financial aid department works. Henry deVries, the vice-president for administration, finance and information ser vices, explains that this is just another phase in the construction plan for this building, which has been in place since 1997, when iT moved into the basement of Hekman library. dale Kuiper, the director of admissions and financial aid said, We are doing the best to meet the needs of current and prospective students. One large benefit of this renovation is the development of a larger area of reception for prospective and current students. This will be located just inside the front doors of spoelhof where the admissions department is currently situated. Kuiper said that the small area currently offered is the main disadvantage being corrected. Now guests of the college will have a Calvin and GVsU ranked in top 20 place to go without being in the middle of things. as described by Kuiper, the current outside patio will be moved out made much more accessible by a path. This patio will be a nice hospitable outside space for the whole of Calvins campus, said deVries. The current patio will be transformed into a seating area that allows for presentations, relaxing and for people to wait for appointments in the admissions office, Kuiper said. Kuiper added that the windows looking out to the rest of campus as well as the comfortable sitting will allow guests to feel like they belong. The financial aid department will also be moved downstairs. These two departments which were previously separate have now been combined into one department. This area, then, will also allow for easy access for current students to financial aid, according to deVries. inside the financial aid and admissions department offices, other developments will be made. Kuiper said that the conference rooms and areas for student workers being put in place are fulfilling long-time needs. Currently, there is a deficient amount of conference room space to meet with parents and students. after the renovations, conference rooms will be available. another need being met i s a n a d e q u a t e s p a ce f o r student callers. Currently, workers are finding any spot available to do the calling. after the renovations, Kuiper said that all the necessary resources will be within reach of where the students are doing their work. Other developments will be for the art department. ar t histor y classes will be moved from the Gezon Theatre to a new classroom located under the Grand staircase. This will be much more accessible for students and faculty. There will also be improvements in the general heating and cooling of this department. i believe this is a good investment for the college and they will see the benefits, Kuiper said. The construction is expected to be finished by spring semester. PHOTO COURTesy Of CalViN.edU photogRaphy aNd layout sarah states head Copy editoR stephen Mulder Beth Biegun laurel deVries Ruth diemer Katie faasse arielle fischer alissa Goudswaard Kari Holmgren Michele lindstedt Kathleen Merz derek Ornee Kelli Ponstein elizabeth schaefer emma slager alyssa smeding Michelle smit Rachel Talen Maggie Vail annalise Venhuizen Copy editoRs The institute for international ed u c a t i o n (i i e ) r a n ke d C a l v i n College sixth in the country among baccalaureate institutions for its number of students studying abroad for the 2005-2006 school year, according to a Calvin News Release. Grand Valley state University also made the top 20 on the iies list of masters institutions, ranking 12th for students studying abroad. The iies annual report, Open doors, was released on Monday, Nov. 12. students win grant for climate initiative Two members of Calvins environmental service Coalition (esC), senior Tommy Thompson and sophomore emma slager, were awarded a $500 mini-grant from americans for informed democracy (aid) for their Climate Crew proposal. The grant is given to the top ten proposals entered in a nationwide contest sponsored by the organization. Two esC members will travel to Washington, d.C. in december for a training conference. The groups initiative will focus on electricity use to cut carbon emissions. its a great opportunity to raise awareness about energy use on campus and how our actions impact climate., said slager. The money will also afford us an opportunity to take some real action, and were looking forward to implementing the project next semester. Part of the project involves making a video that aid will distribute to other colleges to help them work on similar initiatives. Compiled by News editors Courtney Hexham and Griffin Jackson director of admissions dale Kuiper says Calvin aims to meet needs of students during spoelhof renovations. KoopmaN: campaign kicks off CONTiNUed fROM PaGe 1 to manage the campaign. as i hope to go into some politically related field, i know it will be good for me to have hands on experience with a campaign, said Hirte, who graduates in the spring. i also think it presents a real challenge, which includes both mental and physical toughness. Koopman said he would love to have other Calvin students volunteer for the campaign. While the campaign is just kicking off, throughout the spring and summer volunteers will be needed to knock on doors, make phone calls and march in parades. Or, says Hirte, students can help by simply spreading the word. i think that most students at C al v in w h o have co m e into contact with Professor Koopman have had a positive experience, he said. i think it speaks volumes when those people get excited about his campaign. i understand that not everyone can actively help out with the campaign, so another way to assist us is to tell others about how Professor Koopman can create change in lansing. web maNageR derek slenk Jino Kim C ampus s afety R epoRt saturday 11/10 -at 12:20 a.m. Campus safety investigated a violation of the campus alcohol p olic y in Bo erBennink Residence Hall. The information on the student involved was turned over to the Judicial affairs Office. -at 3:18 p.m. the HPeRds department reported that vandalism had taken place on the cross country course sometime between the afternoon of friday, 11/9 and the morning of saturday, 11/10. The Grounds department had been called to eliminate the vandalism prior to the scheduled regional cross country meet. sunday 11/11 - at 5: 50 p. m . s t af f at the fine ar ts Center re ported a person found in a restricted area of the building. The subject was identified and given a letter of no trespassing and warned not to return to campus. The subject was escorted off campus. adveRtisiNg maNageR dr. simona Goi adviseR Chimes CalviN College 3201 buRtoN stReet se gRaNd Rapids, mi 49546 editoRs: (616) 526-7031 NewsRoom: (616) 526-6578 adveRtisiNg: (616) 526-6729 aNNOUNCeMeNTs can be submitted by Calvin students, faculty and staff to be printed in Chimes at no cost. announcements can be sent via e-mail to chimes@calvin. edu or dropped off at the Chimes office during the week. announcements must be received by 5 p.m. Tuesday to run in fridays paper. Please limit them to 150 words and send with the subject line announcement. Monday 11/5 -at 11:35 p.m. Campus safety investigated a report of an assault by one student against another student. The information on the students involved was turned over to the Judicial affairs Office. friday 11/9 -at 2:12 a . m . C amp us safety responded to a request for medical assistance in Beets-Veenstra Residence Hall. a student had suffered a foot injur y. The victim was evaluated and elected to have a family member transport her to a med center for treatment. -at 5: 07 p.m. Campus safety responded to a request for medical assistance in Kalsbeek- Huizenga Residence Hall. a student had suffered a hand injury. The victim was treated at the scene and elected to seek further treatment at a later time if needed. fax: (616) 526-8670 Chimes is the official newspaper of Calvin College. The mission of Chimes is to serve the community of Calvin College in a variety of ways: we aim to reform, review, challenge and foster dialogue within the community. Classifieds attention students; Part-time work available immediately. Customer sales/service openings. $14.25 base-appt. flexible schedules, no experience necessary, conditions apply. Training provided. apply at or call now (616) 241-6303 dUPleXes for rent. 2981 and 2983 englewood. Nice neighborhood. Plenty of parking. each side has 6 rooms plus kitchen, 2 full baths, washer, dryer, new appliances, deck and yard. sliding rates for 3-5 people. $750-$1000. sign by Nov. and get July free. 616-257-8518 or 443-7501. Helpful management John and sally. The official student Newspaper of Calvin College since 1907 November 16, 2007 C himes News 3 New campaign brings focus to HiV epidemic By GRiffiN JaCKsON News Co-editor There are half a million americans infected with aids and the number is growing with every passing year. in a world where 40 million people are living with the disease, it is clear we need to be educated about HiV/aids and develop our understanding of the future and potential for hope regarding this growing epidemic. This is the aim of three Calvin organizations in one of their latest on-campus awareness-raising campaigns. The student life sexuality series, the Gender studies minor and the international H e a l t h a n d d e ve l o p m e n t organiz ation sp onsore d a lecture on Tuesday night followed by a week-long photo exhi-bition in the library which focused on a womans struggle against aids and disease prevention. Professor simona Goi gave the lecture entitled Giving Women Power Over aids, the same name given to the exhibit itself. The lecture focused on the international aids emergency and specifically the reasons women are particularly vulnerable. Goi pointed to the widespread system of gender inequality around the world, leaving many women and girls uneducated and unable to obtain the opportunities available to many men. a second reason for the susceptibilit y of women to HiV is widespread poverty. Women make up t wo thirds of the worlds population over the age of 16 living in poverty. This state leads naturally to other dangers and inequalities which contribute to the likelihood of being infected. last, outright violence against women is a leading factor in their vulnerability to aids. One in four women will be a victim of violence from someone they know. The statistics clearly show a disparity between the sexes when it comes to HiV. Protection, equal rights and simple accessibility to testing and treatment are clear methods to reduce the vulnerability of women, but there are other, more resolute answers. education, said Goi several times in the lecture. education is one of the keys to stalling the spread of the disease. Though the United states is slowly becoming more educated, worldwide the epidemic is still raging, said Goi, much because of the lack of information. she stressed the importance of bringing information about aids to the world, especially to regions in asia and sub-saharan africa where there is an incredible lack of common knowledge about the disease. There are organizations doing their best to spread the word about HiV, trying to be messengers of the truth and hope concerning this global epidemic. even at Calvin, groups are trying to get students to recognize the situation. in september, one in twenty students wore orange shirts that read orphan to represent the one in twenty sub-saharan african children orphaned by aids. This latest photo exhibition is just another effort. even with the increasing effort around the world, and the medicinal and technological advances, it is still a very significant health crisis, said Goi. access to treatment is painfully lacking. Botswana, the country with the second highest rate of HiV infection (after swaziland), is the first african state to make testing available to the whole population, but other nations are still lagging behind. apart from raising awareness of the dangers of aids, there is new hope in the form of a new treatment known as microbicides. This potential treatment made up half of the exhibition in the library the other half was the story of a family of aids victims living in Zimbabwe. The exhibit by Paula Bock and Betty Udesen of the seattle Times is made up of a series of large posters showing pictures depicting sorrowful faces stained with tears and the pain of mourning, captioned with the story of an african family. The story is of Ruth Chimuonenjis family, victimized by aids in Zimbabwe. Chimuonenji is a 24 year old with two children, Martha, s i x , a n d Ta f a d z w a , f o u r. Chimuonenji was widowed when her husband died of aids and tuberculosis. soon after the seattle Times found the family, Chimuonenji died also, leaving the children, like 14 million other children who have lost one or both parents to aids, to the care of their poor and fragile grandmother. The photographs tell the story. funerals, sad faces, orphaned children and a landscape so unfamiliar to us as americans. as students walked by, many stopped, captured by the gravity of the exhibit. But as students paused to look at the photographs, they also found glimmers of hope. Bock writes, despite terrific burdens, the people of Zimb abwe an d e ls ew h e re are co nf ro ntin g th e chal lenge of aids with limited resources teaching youngsters about safer sex, challenging harmful cultural practices and caring for the children left behind. even more, the other side of the banners speak of the brightening future of treatment. Most students are not aware of microbicides. The exhibition helped to spread the word. across the globe, they could protect daughters and sons from HiV or other debilitating sTds, said Bock. This form of treatment is being tested in a few locations around the world. although not yet available, experiments have shown their ability to reduce HiV transmission, the spread of sTds and even their potential for preventing pregnancies. Microbicides could work to destroy or disable the HiV virus, block the virus from attacking other cells, heighten a humans natural defenses, or thwart the virus from multiplying and spreading. The exhibition showed students two sides of the aids situation, one of the current problems and the other of an optimistic future. Michelle fraser of the international Health and development team of fered two reasons for the importance of bringing an exhibit about the truths, perils, and future of the aids crisis to Calvin: to increase awareness of the dynamics of the gender inequalities of the disease and the hope of drawing attention to the potential of microbicides. another member of the iHd organization, Grant Gardner, seconded frasers view and added his perspective that the exhibition is about raising awareness that our current methods are not sufficient. and their efforts are working. Tuesday s lec ture was well attended and many students stopped to examine the photo exhibition in the library lobby. Weve had a lot of positive responses, said fraser. People were particularly impressed with the information regarding microbicides and the shocking statistics and story accompanying the exhibit. Oftentimes, problems like t h e H i V/a i d s c r i s i s s e e m distant, but its really not. Half a million americans are infected. The lecture and photo exhibition remind us that the situation is happening here and now. The problem, now silhouetted with hope, comes back to the story of Chimuonenjis family and Bocks words: faced with lifes unrelenting calculus, what do you do? Here where the toll ticks, grave by grave, past 2.2 million, there is no gently lingering twilight, no miracle cure, no time to waste. development emerges through disagreement By sHiRley HOOGsTRa & daVid WaRNeRs Guest Writers The new proposed addition to the Kalsbeek-Huizenga residence hall has been a source of rigorous debate among many members of the Calvin community during the past couple week s. The planning team considered 15 different options for the placement of the addition, with five priorities in mind: community, flexibility, trees, parking and cost. some potential sites were eliminated because of their impact on the woodlot. However, there were no biologists on the planning team through this decisionmaking process, something that was regretted later. in the end, the site chosen required losing a mitigation site that had been established in the summer of 2007 as partial compensation for the woodlot loss incurred by the Wellness Center. it also necessitated additional clearing of existing trees on the edge of this campus woodlot, a woodlot that suffered extensive reduction due to the construction of the Wellness Center. Those who had been involved in planning this addition thought they had come up with an environmentally sensitive outcome that also met their student life objectives and needs. Those who had been working on woodlot mitigation had thought they were investing their hard work, time and budget into a project that would remain in perpetuity. The two visions collided and differences of opinion emerged. The first objective in moving forward in any dispute is for both parties to treat each other with proper dignity and affirmation. it requires a commitment to believe both parties have good intentions, even if such intentions are not initially PHOTO COURTesy Of CalViN.edU disagreements, like those surrounding the planned KH addition, should motivate civil conversation. understood. listening to one another, trying to put ourselves in each others position, and doing our best to understand opposing opinions are all aspects of such mutual affirmation. The best way to initiate this first objective is to meet together, face to face. This is what happened on friday, Nov. 3. The two of us met with the architect for this project and with Phil Beezhold, the director of Calvins Physical Plant. The meeting was not a perfect interaction, but through our disagreements and the emotional attachment we each have to our interpretation of how best to proceed, we listened to each other with mutual respect. Out of this meeting emerged a series of compromises, among which are: 1. The residence hall expansion will be shifted slightly to the east, diminishing the amount of the mitigation site and woodlot that will need to be cleared for this project. 2. financial compensation for lost plant material and lost time will be reimbursed to the Wellness Center Mitigation project. 3. The existing trees that will be lost because of this expansion will be mitigated themselves by the establishment of woodland landscaping that will accompany the dorm construction. 4. serious review will be given to how this expansion can incorporate leed criteria, including a commitment to having a geothermal pilot project in some suites. a leedcertified architect has already provided input on the project and there is much interest and experience among the various subcontractors and planning team members. Through this process we have learned that to varying degrees we both share a desire to preserve forest habitat on campus. We also share a common desire to alleviate the overcrowded living conditions in the residence halls. yet, those concerned with the welfare of the woodlot and mitigation site still deeply regret the natural elements of these areas that will be lost. However, we all agree that the revised construction project has been improved because of the collaboration that has occurred. Constructively and compassionately engaging those with whom we disagree is something none of us is naturally inclined to do. There is something twistedly comforting about having an adversary a group or person we can keep at a safe distance and define however we like. it is a tribal kind of thing us versus them plays well not only in athletics but also, sadly, throughout our culture and even among our places of worship. The Rev. John Perkins, a noted voice for social justice and racial reconciliation has said that it seems human beings need someone to hate, and that is not the good news of the gospel. This is one of the reasons why Calvin College is so supportive of cross-cultural experiences through the semester abroad programs, off-campus interims and service-learning opportunities. The CrossCultural engagement require- ment is not a hoop for students to jump through, but an institutional effort to draw us closer to the shalomic vision where discomfort with those different from ourselves is dispelled and people from diverse walks of life are able to learn from each other and live and love together under the lordship of Christ. since this is a goal of the liberal arts education we promote at Calvin College it would seem the least we can do is to model civil engagement in the face of disagreement on our own campus. While this example of the Kalsbeek-Huizenga addition is not a perfect example, we believe it bears some redemptive elements that we wanted to convey. We cannot escape the fact that we all exist together as a community here at Calvin College and while communities can provide the mutual support and nurture we all need, community living is also difficult at times, given our human nature and internal diversity. yet, we both acknowledge that valuable appreciation for each other has emerged from this issue and that we have come to appreciate that we do ultimately share a common vision of love and concern for Calvin College, which is rooted in our common love for Christ. such an outcome may be the best we can offer this side of shalom. it also illustrates that we dont always have to completely agree in order to move forward together toward that coming shalom. shirleyHoogstraisthevicepresident for student life and david Warners is a professor of biology. 4 NatioNal & World NeWs C himes November 16, 2007 Royal squabble transpires between leaders Associated Press Pr e si d e nt H u g o Ch ave z lashed back at Spains king Sunday for telling him to shut up during a summit, suggesting the monarch knew in advance of a 2002 coup that briefly ousted the Venezuelan leader from power. Chavez claimed that Spains ambassador had backed interim president Pedro Carmona and appeared at Venezuelas presidential palace during the two-day coup in 2002. He demanded to know how deeply King Juan Carlos had been involved. Mr. King, did you know about the coup detat against Venezuela, against the democratic, legitimate government of Venezuela in 2002? Chavez said before repor ter s in S antiago. It s ver y hard to imagine the Spanish ambassador would have been at the presidential palace sup- AP PHoTo Spains Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero (left) and King Juan Carlos (right) were less than enthused by President Chavezs outburst. Strike stretches across the country By CHRISTy GoRdoN porting the coup plotters without authorization from his majesty. Chavez touche d of f the spat Sunday at the closing session of a summit of Latin American nations, Spain a n d Po r t u g a l . Ch ave z a ccused former Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar of backing the 2002 coup and repeatedly calling him a fascist in an address to leaders gathered in the Chilean capital. Sp ains cur re nt Pr im e Minister, socialist Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, asked Chavez to be more diplomatic and show respect for other leaders despite political differences. Chavez continued to interrupt as Zapatero spoke, although his microphone was off. King Juan Carlos, seated next to Zapatero, then leaned toward Chavez and loudly asked, Por que no te callas? or Why dont you shut up? The leftist Venezuelan leader has often grabbed attention with flamboyant speeches at international gatherings, including calling President Bush the devil on the floor of the United Nations last year. Chavez regularly accuses Washington of helping orchestrate the 2002 coup against him, a charge U.S. officials deny. U.S. and Spanish ambassadors did meet with Carmona and his newly appointed foreign minister on April 13, 2002, hours before Chavez was restored to AP PHoTo Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez renewed his reputation of calling other international leaders names at a summit last Sunday. power following massive demonstrations. o f f icials at the Spanish Embassy in Venezuela and the royal palace in Madrid could lent protests at home against proposed constitutional reforms that would greatly boost his power, said the incident had been exaggerated by the I hope this will not damage relations ... But I think its imprudent for a king to shout at a president to shut up. ~Hugo Chavez not be reached for comment Sunday. In comment s publishe d by the Spanish newspaper El Mundo, Chavez recalled his spat with the monarch. He acted like an angry bull as he stormed out, Chavez said. Im no bullfighter, but ol! Ch ave z , w h o f a ce s v i o media. I hope this will not damage relations, Chavez said as he left his Santiago hotel room Sunday morning. But I think its imprudent for a king to shout at a president to shut up. Mr. King, we are not going to shut up, he said. Managing Editor Coinciding with the writers strike in Holly wood, a stagehands strike has begun in New york, bringing more than 20 Broadway shows to a temporary close. According to BBC News, the strike follows a three month negotiation process between producers and the parent union of the stagehands. The negotiations, meant to settle struggles over wages and working conditions, led to no compromise, and on the 10th, the strike, which involves lighting, scenery sound and special effects workers, began. This is the first time Broadway stagehands have Poppins, Pygmalion and be felt far beyond the theorganized a strike. A similar others are still running, but atres closed today ... The city strike led by musicians occurred the overwhelming majority of continues to stand ready to four years ago. That strike Broadways best, most lauded h e l p i n a ny w ay w e c a n had a tremendous economic productions have come to a (BBC). impact on the city; though screeching halt (the New york At press time, there was its duration was only four Times). no end in sight for the strike. days, it cost New york City on the situation, New york T h e s a m e g o e s f o r t h e approxiHollywood mately $7 writers million While this is a private labor matter, the economic strike, is seeeach day which (BBC). ing support impact is very public and will be felt far beyond All but from those the theatres closed today. eight shows in front of have been the cam~Michael Bloomberg shut down. era as well Some of as behind the more the scenes prominent productions that City mayor Michael Bloomberg workers. have been canceled include said, While this is a private The casts of ER, Friends, Wicked, The Lion K ing labor matter, the economic Greys Anatomy and Ugly and The Color Purple. Mary impact is very public and will Betty, as well as television and film stars such as david duchovny, Jay Leno and Robin Williams, have been spotted picketing alongside other protesters (BBC). And, as reported by the A sso ciate d Press, CBS writers may also be joining the strike. According to the BBC, till the strike is over, there will be an increase in unscripted reality shows, news broadcasts and reruns. Not everyone is pessimistic, though. A Heroes writer told the Associated Press that, though he had to revise the conclusion of this seasons 11th episode so it would work as a finale, the audience wont be left in a lurch. AP PHoToS Left: Hollywood actors such as bagel-bearing Robin Williams (left) and david duchovny (right) have joined Broadway and television strikers arguing for better wages and working conditions. Above: The formerly bustling Broadway row in NyC is now vacant due to the strikes. Writers are still needed for the Nat-World Section, and you still need to fill that extra-curricular writing-sized hole in your life. Contact to fulfill these needs. November 16, 2007 C himes NatioNal & World NeWs 5 A pirates life for them their target and subsequently kidnap or kill crew members. Guest Writer Those who are kidnapped are later brought inland and sold Think pirates are a thing for ransom. of the past? Theyre back, but Although it seems piracy these modern pirates hardly is alive and well, it is about resemble traditional pirates. to be dealt a swift blow by the Pirates today are mostly U.S. Navy. during this month, found off the coast of Africa, North Korean and Japanese since African governments are boats continued to be attacked too weak and impoverished to off the coast of Somalia. patrol territorial waters. Promising to intervene deThis perfect pirate breeding spite tense relations between ground often finds pirates trav- the U. S. and Nor th Korea, eling in small, open skiffs sent Hill, an American envoy to out from a larger mother ship. North Korean, claims, youll Instead of muskets and can- always find our Navy prepared nons, these pirates fight with to help any ship in distress and AK-47s and carry shoulder-fir- certainly any ship that is coning rockets. fronting pirates. And with satellite navigaAlready twice this month the tional and communications U.S. Navy has had to aid ships equipment, they are capable in distress. of hijacking various commeron Tuesday, a North Korean cial ships. Using ladders and tanker was attacked, and a grappling hooks, they board bloody battle ensued between the North Koreans and the pirates. After the North Koreans managed to re take their ship, the Americans arrived on AP PHoTo the scene, With an increase in pirate attacks, the United offering States has become involved rescuing victims. help to the By KRISTEN FLETCHER wounded. Three Korean crew members were injured, five pirates were captured, and two pirates died in the battle. Captured pirates are being held for prosecution. Just last week the Navy destroyed two pirate ships attached to a Japanese vessel. It was later discovered that the Japanese ship were carrying benzene, a highly flammable chemical, making the situation all the more delicate and dangerous. Pirates are still holding the ship along with 23 crew members onboard. Negotiations are underway. demands for ransom are still expected. Worldwide pirate attacks have gone up 14 percent in the first nine months of 2007. Statistics f ind the highest concentration of attacks in Indonesia, followed by Somalia and Nigeria. Between January and September of this year, there have been a reported number of 198 worldwide pirate attacks. In the same amount of time in 2006, only 174 attacks occurred. Clearly, as the Assistant Secretary of State Christopher Hill states, This is a very serious security problem on the African coast. These are not pirates who will remind you of Johnny depp. These are quit different kinds of pirates. An attempt for Indian smog reduction The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), a prominent Asian environmental group, is currently focusing on the issue of smog overtaking delhi, the capital of India. The CSE says that air pollution is worse than it was before a clean air initiative began seven years ago. The worsening air quality is most likely due to the increase of automobile purchase and use. Nearly 1,000 private automobiles are purchased every day in delhi. This number will only grow larger when Tata, the largest car company in India, releases the worlds cheapest automobile. The car will cost 100,000 rupees, which is approximately US $2,500. delhi Chief Minister Sheila dixit is proposing plans for reform, asking that people speak up against diesel-run cars and vowing to make her city pollution-free by 2010, according to the BBC. debt relief seeks to bring healing to Liberia The International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced Tuesday that some of Liberias debt will be forgiven after sufficient funding was granted, according to the BBC. Pledges for $842 million have been made by IMF donors to help relieve Liberias debt as it continues to overcome its brutal past of a 14-year-long civil war which ended in 2003 with 270,000 deaths. It enables our country to now move forward and accelerate the pace of reconstruction with the resources ... as a result of this major development, said Gabriel Williams, Liberias deputy Information Minister, according to the BBC. Compiled by Christy Gordon and Katie Sytsema, Managing Editor and Nat-World Editor Replacement U.S. attorney general announced Associated Press The Senate confirmed retired judge Michael Mukasey as attorney general Thursday night to replace Alberto Gonzales, who was forced from office in a scandal over his handling of the Justice department. President Bush thanked the Senate, even though the margin had been whittled down from nearly unanimous by a sharp debate over Mukaseys refusal to say whether the waterboarding interrogation technique is torture. He will be an outstanding attorney general, Bush said in a statement from his ranch in Crawford, Texas. Republicans were solidly behind Bushs nominee. democrats said their votes were not so much for Mukasey as they were for restoring a leader to a Justice department left adrift after Gonzales resignation in September. In the end, Mukasey was conf irme d as the nations 81st attorney general by a 5340 vote. Six democrats and one independent joined Republicans in sealing his confirmation. The choice, according to one of those democrats, was essentially between whether to confirm Michael Mukasey as the nex t at torney gen eral or whether to leave the department of Justice without a real leader for the next 14 months, said Sen. dianne Feinstein of California. This is the only chance we have, she said, referring to Bushs threat to appoint an acting attorney general not subject to Senate confirmation. But members of her own party didnt agree. Mukasey, his opponents argued, refused to say whether waterboarding is torture and put the onus on Congress to pass a law against the practice. This is like saying when somebody murders somebody with a a baseball bat and you say, We had a law against murder but we never mentioned baseball bats, said Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, d-Vt. Murder is murder. Torture is torture. Being better than Gonzales or an acting attorney general is not enough qualification for the job, said Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, d-Mass. The next attorney general must restore confidence in the rule of law, he said. We cannot afford to take the judgment of an attorney general who either does not know torture when he sees it or is willing to look the other way. The conf irmation vote capped 10 months of scandal and resignations at the Justice department. Mukaseys chief democratic patron, Sen. Chuck Schumer, d -N.y., drove the probe into the purge of nine federal prosecutors that helped push Gonzales out. The debate came af ter a tense day of negotiations that at one point featured Majority Leader Harry Reid threatening to postpone Mukaseys confirmation until december. His confirmation had long been certainty despite the debate over waterboarding. Waterboarding, used by interrogators to make someone feel as if he is going to drown, is banned by domestic law and international treat i e s . B u t U. S . l aw a p p li e s to Pentagon personnel and n o t t h e CI A . T h e a d m i n i stration wont say whether it has allowed the agencys employees to use it against terror detainees. The United States will not be viewed kindly if we confirm as chief law enforcement officer of this country someone who is unwilling or unable to recognize torture when he sees it, said Sen. dick durbin of Illinois, the Senates No. 2 democrat. Mukasey has called waterboarding personally repugnant, and in a letter to senators said he did not know enough about how it has been used to define it as torture. He also said he thought it would be irresponsible to discuss it since doing so could make interrogators and other government officials vulnerable to lawsuits. He felt that he could not make that pronouncement without placing people at risk to be sued or perhaps even criminally prosecuted, said Sen. Arlen Specter of Penns ylvania, the rank ing Republican on the Senate Judiciary Committee. M u k as ey, w h o r e ce i ve d a strong endorsement from S c h u m e r, w a s t h e W h i t e Houses first choice to replace Gonzales. Gonzales announced his resignation on Aug. 27, and the White House interviewed Mukasey the same day. Three weeks later, Bush introduced the 66-year-old Mukasey as a tough but fair judge and asked the Senate to confirm him quickly. Mukasey, the former chief U. S . d i s t r i c t j u d g e i n t h e Manhattan courthouse just blocks from ground zero, was first appointed to the bench in 1987 by President Reagan. He also worked for four years as a trial prosecutor in the U.S. Attorneys office in New yorks Southern district, one of the Justice departments busiest and highest-profile offices in the country. Mukasey oversaw some of the nations most significant terror trials in the years before and after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. He sentenced omar Abdel Rahman, known as the blind sheik, to life in prison for a plot to blow up New york City landmarks, and he signed in 2002 the material witness war- rant that let the FBI arrest U.S. citizen Jose Padilla. That warrant marked the star t of a case that wound its way through several federal cour t s as the government declared Padilla an enemy combatant and held him for three and a half years before he was convicted last month on terrorism-related charges. In an opin ion article in The Wall Street Journal, Mukasey criticized U.S. national security law as too weak in some areas AP PHoTo by noting that Michael Mukasey, the former chief U.S. prosecutors are sometimes district judge in Manhattans courthouse, forced to reveal has been confirmed as Alberto Gonzales details of cases at the risk of successor. tipping off terrorists. He is also a supporter Tom Carper of delaware, Mary of the governments anti-ter- Landrieu of Louisiana and ror USA Patriot Ac t, wr yly Ben Nelson of Nebraska. of writing in 2004 that the awk- the Senates two independents, ward name may very well be Joe Lieberman of Connecticut the worst thing about the stat- voted for confirmation and ute. Bernie Sanders of Vermont Mukasey, a partner at New voted against. york-based law firm Patterson Not voting were democratic Belknap Webb & Tyler, is also presidential candidates Joe a close friend to former New Biden of delaware, Hillar y york Mayor Rudy Giuliani, a Clinton of New york , Chris Republican. He stepped down d o d d of Co nn e c ticut an d as an adviser to Giulianis pres- Barack obama of Illinois. All idential campaign, on which he four had said they opposed served as part of an advisory Mukaseys nomination. committee on judicial nomiRepublican presidential cannations. didate John McCain of Arizona B e s i d e s S c h u m e r a n d also was absent, as were GoP Feinstein, democrats voting Sens . L amar Ale xander of to conf irm Mukasey were: Tennessee and John Cornyn Sens. Evan Bayh of Indiana, of Texas. 6 NatioNal & World NeWs C himes November 16, 2007 Protests lead to deaths, crisis Associated Press Hamas securit y forces opened fire Monday during a mass memorial service for the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, forcing demonstrators to flee in panic during the largest show of force by the rival Fatah movement since Hamas seized control of the Gaza Strip in June. At least six people were killed and 85 wounded, medical officials said the deadliest showdown in Gaza since the Hamas takeover. More than 250,000 Fatah supporters joined Mondays rally in a major square of Gaza City. As shots were fired, protesters scrambled for cover and masked Hamas security men ran through the city streets firing weapons. Bodyguards of senior Fatah officials were seen covering their bosses and dragging them out of the rally grounds. Two hours later, hundreds of Hamas gunmen were in control of the protest site. Hundreds of protesters were still in the area, trying to get out. Hamas men were seen arresting protesters, and sporadic gunfire could be heard. An eyewitness, identifying himself as Abu Samir, said Hamas security men appeared to f ire unprovoked. I saw brutality. I saw gunmen shoot at people. I saw them catch a boy and beat him with a stick, he said. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas office denounced Hamas actions as a heinous crime. Hamas of f icials accused Fatah of provoking the violence. Hamas has ruled Gaza with an iron grip, rounding up Fatah supporters, confiscating weapons and barring many large public gatherings. Before the rally, Fatah militants were deployed throughout the area, said Ehab Ghussen, spokesman for the Hamascontrolled Interior Ministry. Fatah is responsible for continued incitement against the Palestinian police, and there was a clear attempt to bring back chaos. After keeping a low profile in recent months, Fatah supporters came out en masse for Mondays rally. An international boycott of Hamas has devastated the already depressed Gazan economy, and public pressure against the government has been mounting. Demonstrators waved Palestinian and yellow Fatah f lags, and huge posters of Arafat hung from buildings in the area. People arrived on bicycles and donkey carts, snarling traffic in downtown Gaza City. Whoever thinks that Fatah is dead, let him come and see Gaza today. Gaza is all Fatah, Ahmed Heles, a senior Fatah official, told the rally. Fatah organizers said Hamas security prevented busloads of Fatah supporters from reaching Gaza City from southern towns. T here were Hamas checkpoints on the road to the rally. The violence started when a group of Fatah supporters behind the courtyard came under fire, apparently after throwing stones at the security compound in the area. H a m a s s a i d Fa t a h g u n men had taken position on the rooftop of a building near the rally site. There were no Fatah gunmen visible on the streets during the clashes, though earlier, a handful of Fatah militiamen were turned away from the rally by event organizers. The Gaza takeover has left the Palestinians with two rival governments. The Hamas regime in Gaza and a moderate government led by Abbas in the West Bank. Israel and the international communit y has welcomed A b b a s p r o - We s t e r n g o v ernment, while driving the Hamas regime into deep isolation. Abbas has been using the third anniversary of Arafats death to rally support on the Palestinian streets ahead of a U.S. hosted peace conference this month. By por traying himself as Arafats heir, Abbas is trying to harness Arafats iconic status among Palestinians. Moving to bolster Abbas, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert said he would release more than 400 Palestinian prisoners before the U.S. conference. Israel holds more than 8,700 Palestinian prisoners for so-called security crimes and most Palestinians have at least one relative among them, making prisoners one of the conflicts most emotionally charged issues. Olmer t also said he was confident he could reach a final peace agreement with Abbas, telling lawmakers, It is not impossible to bridge the gaps. Israel and the Palestinians hope the conference will be a springboard for relaunching peace talks, which broke down in violence seven years ago. AP PHOTO On Monday, thousands of Palestinians gathered to commemorate Yasser Arafats death, causing Hamas leaders to open fire, killing six people. November 16, 2007 c himEs youve got sinews snapping and bone joints cracking. Its wonderful! Prof. engbers, english Etc. 7 Profs Say the Darnedest Things Its like asking where babies come from ... its too complicated! Prof. Vanbaak, Physics A Call for Submissions! by emmA SLAger Staff Writer readers of the rapid ride: Chimes needs you. Im going to be gone next semester, and we need your help to fill this column. While Im off enjoying far superior systems of public transportation in the streets of Oxford, I wont be able to carry on with writing for the newspaper here, so its up to you to write in with your own rapid rides. Consider the benefits: 1) your name will be published in the newspaper. Just think, one more hit when you google yourself when things get slow at work. 2) you can share your favor- ite places with curious people. maybe you know of some great restaurant hidden away on route 7. Do the owner a favor, tell people. 3) Win an iPod! Not really. If you love grand rapids, or even just like it, you probably know a place or two that Calvin students might like to go. Spread the knowledge, share the joy, ride the rapid. Start sending your submissions now and well publish them next semester. everyone will thank you, and I will give you a high five. Send your rides to chimes@ Friday, Nov. 16 - 6 p.m. Calvin Tip-Off Tourney game 1 Ohio Northern vs. #1 Wash Univ. - 8 p.m. game 2 Calvin vs. grace bible - 8 p.m. rosie Thomas concert at the Ladies Literary Club Saturday, Nov. 17 - 1 p.m. Calvin Tip-Off Tourney Consolation game - 3 p.m. Championship game - 7:33 p.m. river City Improv at the Ladies Literary Club -8 p.m. FAb Fashion Show at the gezon Auditorium - 8 p.m. Downfall at the bytwerk Theater monday, Nov. 19 -8 p.m. esther miller Student recital at the Seminary Chapel Etc. feature contributions may be sent to Contributions must be sent in by 6 p.m. Tuesday. Last Weeks Answers Thursday, Nov. 22 THANKSgIVINg! 8 Science & Technology c himeS November 16, 2007 Will the caldera burp? by melissa haegert staff Writer yellowstone National Park in Wyoming has slight problems with indigestion. a recent study reports that the giant magma chamber that slumbers beneath the beautiful park has been slowly taking a deep breath, expanding upwards due to internal pressure. the large volcanic field that lies hidden beneath the scenic landscape of yellowstone tips its hand through the plenteous geysers and hot springs that pepper the land. the park sits on top of the yellowstone Caldera, a 40-mile-long, 25mile-wide bowl depression left over after a previous volcanic eruption in the area. Directly beneath this caldera lies a massive pocket of hot, molten rock that begins about 400 miles deep and rises to about 30 miles from the earths surface. this hotspot is spread out over a 300-milewide area. Occasionally, giant blobs of magma break off from this hotspot and drift upwards to settle just underneath the surface. the floor of the yellowstone Caldera has recently been undulating with pressure from one of these giant blobs, according to a theory proposed by scientists studying the activity underneath yellowstone. robert smith, a seismologist from the University of Utah, reported on Nov. 2 that the caldera floor has risen about seven inches in the past 2.5 years, the biggest growth rate ever measured. smith and his team measured the recent rise in the yellowstone floor by using gPs and satellite radar measurements. the growth rate increased to 2.8 inches in the last two years, up from 0.8 inches in past years. the last eruption of the yellowstone volcano possibly occurred 640,000 years ago, creating the caldera. the rise and fall of the caldera has been measured since 1923, and the last spike in the growth rate occurred between 1976 and 1985, when the floor rose at about one inch per year. smith and his team were quick to reassure that there is no indication that the volcano will erupt anytime soon. there is no evidence of an imminent volcanic eruption or hydrothermal explosion. thats the bottom line, said smith. a lot of calderas worldwide go up and down over decades without erupting. the calderas underneath Californias long Valley and italys Campi Flegrei (near Naples) have apparently been doing the same rise-and-fall breathing for thousands of years without eruptions. although he insists that there is no evidence that the volcano is preparing for an eruption, smith admits that sometimes [the calderas] burp. the magma chamber underneath yellowstone is big enough that even a small burp would cause great destruction, on the order of hundreds of times worse than that caused by the eruption of mount st. helens in 1980. Despite the assurance that the volcano is currently slumbering peacefully, the prospect of a yellowstone eruption will keep the eyes of volcanologists like smith fixed on the gentle swelling of the caldera floor. Cars that fold by teD laCkmaN staff Writer Oftentimes i wish i could take the bus somewhere and save the world some gas, but the bus stop is just too far from the destination is going. Or i wish that i could go somewhere relatively close, but its just out of practical walking distance and quickly becomes a pain bus stops and train stations, as well as airports, to ferry people to their final destination. the problem with mass transit is it kind of takes you to where you want to go and at the approximate time you want to get there, but not exactly, said Ph.D. candidate Franco Vairani of mits school of architecture. sometimes you have to walk up to a mile from the last train or subway stop. File PhOtO mit is working on the city car, which could be the next big step in public transportation. to get to. thus, it seems that even for daily life, the car is indispensable. is there nothing that bridges the gap between public transpor t and owning a car? in densely populated metro areas, theres got to be a better answer than just taking the car for a five minute drive down to your favorite shop. With gas prices rising, and more and more awareness about emissions and such, people are trying to find ways to save on gas. Well, mit seems to have a possible answer ready: the mit Cit y Car. the Cit y Car is basic enough. its a small, electrically powered car just big enough for two people and their cargo. mit suggests that the City Car be placed around such vehicles, shared by the community, might make taking public transport convenient enough to be accessible to more people in the local communit y. according to mit, the vehicle weighs between 1,000 and 1,200 pounds, and is powered by lithium ion batteries. according to Vairani, there could be multiple versions of the City Car to accommodate a certain citys needs. For example, if a similar car were made for New york, battery and speed requirements might be less because of the traffic congestion. the cars also fold up to save space when not in use. if everything goes according to plan, mit will debut a prototype sometime next year. seismologists are getting nervous about the possibility of volcanic activity in yellowstone which could potentially be more explosive than mount st. helens. File PhOtO Vitamin D is a turn on for your genes by hayley Faber guest Writer as winter draws nearer and our exposure to sunlight drops to the five minutes it takes to shuffle from dorm to dining hall, our bodies are actually losing essential vitamin D products that could help us in ways ranging from fighting the common cold to repairing bones and decreasing the risk of cancer. What is this magical vitamin and what does it actually do? acco r d i n g to s c i e nt i f i c american, vitamin D can be thought of as vitamin or hormone. the body can ac tually make it in the presence of Ultraviolet b light, and it can also be gained from various foods. the way the vitamin works is by binding to a protein, also known as a transcription factor, which interacts with the DNa inside a cell. the binding of many transcription factors recruits an enzyme, rNa polymerase ii, and in turn transcribes a gene, which can then be translated into a protein. Vitamin D can essentially turn on the genes in many different cells, and produce a wide array of proteins which is why it can affect so many cells (immune, bone, etc.) in the body. that sounds great, but how much vitamin D do people need? the american Journal of Clinical Nutrition states that the current recommended Dietary allowance (rDa) or amount a person should take in daily set by the FDa ranges from 200 to 600 iU (international units), depending on a persons age. recent studies have shown that much more (around 1000 iU) is in fac t needed to reap all desired health benefits of vitamin D, however. according to scientific american, low levels of the vitamin increase a persons risk for breast, prostate, colon and ovarian cancers. low levels of vitamin D also increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis and diabetes. studies indicate that the factors affecting the level of vitamin D found in the body include climate and skin tone. in northern climates such as michigans during months with little sunlight, the amount of vitamin D found in the body drops to deficient levels. according to scientific american, a 2005 study of healthy adolescent girls in northern europe found that 92 percent were severely vitamin D deficient. though the public has generally been taught to limit sun exposure, small amounts (five to 15 minutes in the summer) can generate enough vitamin D for good health. in the winter, when UVb intensit y is too weak to generate the recommended amount of vitamin D, sources from food or supplements should be added to the diet. most multivitamins contain around 400 iU of Vitamin D. Other sources of the vitamin include cooked tuna or salmon (1/2 can equals 200-360 iU), dairy products, fortified orange juice, fortified cereals (one serving equals 60100 iU) or egg yolk (20 iU). though some studies have shown tanning beds to be an effective source of vitamin D, tanning beds are also related to increased incidences of skin File PhOtO in addition to tasting delicious, tuna and other foods rich in vitamin D can help the body fight off the common cold and decrease the risk of cancer. cancer, according to american overlooked in the past, current Journal of Clinical Nutrition. research into the promising in this instance the benefits of potential of vitamin D as a vitamin D production are over- treatment for an array of condishadowed by the other adverse tions, including cancer, could health risks. soon rocket this vitamin to the though the health benefits top of consumers shopping of vitamin D have been greatly lists. November 16, 2007 c himeS Science & Technolgy 9 infants driving robots Childrencannowexploremoreoftheirworldinstyle by matt DeCker sci-tech editor robots designed for in fants. it sounds like a bad joke, or perhaps the premise for a Jetsons episode, but two researchers from the University of Delaware are trying to make it a reality. the researchers, professor of physical therapy James C. galloway and professor of mechanical engineering sunil agrawal, are working with the concept that babies will be able to explore their world and stimulate their brain more efficiently if they have a robot to drive around. according to science Daily, the children that galloway and agrawal have in mind specifically are babies with disabilities that hinder development such as Down syndrome, cerebral palsy and autism. the hope is the children w h o h av e t h e s e d i s a b i l i ties can be helped in their development stages by this invention. the contraption they have in mind is operated by a joystick, which they claim the children have not had a very hard time figuring out, even at the ripe age of seven months. the overall design is somewhat go kart-esque, with a bit more sophistication. if these infants were adults, therapists would have options of assistive technology such as power wheelchairs, galloway said. Currently, children with significant mobility impairments are not offered power mobility until they are five to six years of age or older. this delay in mobility is particularly disturbing when you consider the rapid brain development during infancy. their actions, feelings and thinking all shape their own brains development. babies literally build their own brains through their exploration and learning in the complex world. When a baby starts crawling and walking, everything ch a n g e s f o r eve r yo n e in volved. Now consider the negative impact of a half decade of immobility for an infant with already delayed development, galloway said. When a baby doesnt crawl or walk, everything also changes. immobility changes the infant and the family. given the need, you would think that the barriers to providing power mobility must be insurmountable. in fact, the primary barrier is safety. t h e r a p is t s a n d p a r e nt s fear a young child in a power wheelchair might mistakenly go the wrong way, end up in a roadway and get hit by a car. it seems to me that the issue of safety in this discussion is paramount. it is hard for me to put my finger on, but something about this concept just puts me off. my biggest problem is that it is so unnatural. i d o n t li ke th e i d e a o f children being raised on a robot. We say that it is unhealthy for children to play the amount of video games that they do. Well, it seems worse that children could be raised with a j oy s ti ck in th e ir h a n ds . Fu r t h e r m o r e , i w o n d e r i f placing the children on this robot would hinder their desire to learn how to walk. it seems to me they would be less apt to care about walking if they could just drive everywhere. in response to the question of safety, galloway said, this is, of course, understandable, and is the same fear that every parent with a newly walking infant faces. it is the solution to the safety problem that is the real barrier. the current clinical practice is to avoid power mobility until the child can follow adult commands. agrawal said the robots are being designed with a smart technology built in so objects are detected. h e s a i d th e m a ch in e is capable of taking over the controls and maneuvering the baby out of tight spots itself. this seems to pose even more safety questions, though. File PhOtO What is wrong with this picture? simple robots are being designed to aid children with disabilities which impair their movement. i am not sure i even like the around on. it seems to me that other idea of the child sitting on a robot which is driving under ways can be found to stimuits own power, even for a mo- late the minds of these young ones. ment. i hope, though, that if this i realize that the motivations of these two researchers are idea advances any fur ther, genuine and noble. however, i ever y pre caution is t aken just do not like the idea of mak- to ensure the safety of the baing robots for babies to cruise bies. 10 Features C himes November 16, 2007 tattoos: Gain worth pain for most CO N T I N U E D FR O M PAG E 1 Maybe some of the tattoos Ive gotten and the piercings I have are a hindrance to a job right now, but that is the only thing I half-regret. As tattoos and piercings become more socially accepted, parents and other adults are also more accepting of them. My parents took me to get my f irst tattoo, said Witte. They thought it [my desire to get tattoos] would just subside after one. But I kept getting more, and they werent very happy. As time went on, they completely changed their perceptions. At first they were worried about me getting a job, but now even my mom has decided to get one. Some parents are more accepting of body modification if the person getting it has thought a lot about what they are getting. Ive been the brunt of jokes every holiday about what a crazy tattooed liberal Ive become, and how I should go join the circus or something, said junior Katie Sytsema. When I got my first tattoo, it took an elaborate explanation for my mom to even begin to warm up to the idea. I explained to her why I wanted the design and how significant it was to me. It commemorates a specific time in my spiritual journey, and I want it with me for the rest of my life to symbolize who I was andPiercings Pierced & marked for Jesus? PHOTO By SARAH STATES Tattoos By SARAH STATES C himes Features 11 PHOTO COURTESy OF TERESA MARTIN Senior Ben Graves decided to get piercings for a new experience. He explained, My typical response [to why I get piercings] is ... Why not? The first few I got, it was the exhilaration of something new. Touching on something my parents didnt like. And now I keep returning because there is a strange enjoyment in having them. Piercings and tattoos are also a visual means of rebelling from social norms. Unconventional piercings are becoming increasingly popular because people always want to be unique and stand out in the crowd. I specifically got my surface piercing done because it is unique and different, said senior Betsy DeHaan. I was the first person in my high school to have their nose pierced, but then a lot of people decided to get them as well. I then decided to pierce my Junior Sara Botbyl (left) and sophomore Teresa Martin (right) both have their lips and septums pierced. before it and who I am now. My mom reluctantly accepted the idea only because it was spiritual. Shes totally fine with it now, and probably wont admit it, but thinks my second one is pretty great. Historically, it was typically the outcasts and social deviants who had tattoos and piercings. Even today, many people get these body modifications to be unique, make a political statement or just for the sheer enjoyment. Judge had his lip pierced to represent an aspect of his social/ political views: your heart is revealed by the words you say, he said. Throughout the punk movement, putting a piece of steel through your lip was not about fashion. It was a means of connecting the fact that your words can hurt. Look at the cultural norms that are total lies. They set people up for disappointment; [lip piercings] put an ugly picture on it. Sophomore Brandon Haan has a tattoo of the Chicago flag inside the outline of Illinois to represent his love for his home city and state. wrist because I wanted to be more original and unique. Sophomore Teres a M ar tin is also a fan of body modification because of its ability to make her stand out. I have piercings be cause they are interesting and unique, and also very dif ferent. Really they are jus t plain f un to get. I mean cmon it s not e ve r yd ay yo u PHOTO By SARAH STATES PHOTO By SARAH STATES Senior Betsy DeHaan is one of the few people at Calvin to have a surface piercing. PHOTO COURTESy OF BEN GRAVES Senior Ben Graves has had 11 piercings. walk around Calvin seeing someone with their septum pierced. While the reasons people have for getting tattoos and piercings are very different, whats really important is to seriously consider what you are doing to your body. There are a lot of risks that come with body modification, and it is important to research the shop where you are having your work done. As long as it is done responsibly, [body modification is OK], said Graves. It is kind of like drinking alcohol, if it is done responsibly its enjoyable. Same with piercings: its all OK, but you need to pierce responsibly. a tattoo. But for some people, the Bible Features Editor and their faith actually gives them more reason to get tat1 Corinthians 6:19-20 toos. Do you not know that your body Junior Matt Judge said, The is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who verse [Gal. 6:17] that says the is in you, whom you have received devil will not be able to harm from God? you are not your own; me because I bear the mark of youwereboughtataprice.Therefore Jesus reflects that tattoos are a honor God with your body. physical way to actually put the name of Jesus on you. For people religiously opSome people also believe that, posed to tattoos and piercings, through body modification, they the your body is a temple verse can further illustrate the passage in 1 Corinthians. There are pictures on the walls of temples and stained glass in churches. They change and get renovations; whos to say you cant do that to your body? said sophomore Ben Witte. Ta t t o o s c a n a l s o ser ve as an outward sign of religious devotion. Exodus 13:9 says, And it shall be to you as a sign on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the law of the Lord may PHOTO COURTESy OF KATIE SyTSEMA be in your mouth. is generally the key aspect of My tattoo [see left], which their argument. portrays faith, hope and love [I would not get a tattoo] in Greek, symbolizes, for me, because I value what the Old the simplicity of my faith, said Testament scripture says, and j u n i o r K a t i e Sy t s e m a . M y I want to live by the principles spirituality is less of trivial terms and laws in the Old Testament, and debatable theology, and fosaid sophomore Eric Ledy. I cuses instead on how my faith think additionally that there in Gods love gives me hope for might be a higher level of re- my future. spect for myself by not getting It is very difficult to take every PHOTO COURTESy OF BEN WITTE Sophomore Ben Witte is planning on having his sleeve completed at Mos Eisleys in the next six months. aspect of the Bible completely literally because we are living according to the New Law. Witte said that there is something to say in taking that literally. If you do, you have to take it all the way. If you believe that [your body is a temple] and eat at McDonalds, you are completely contradicting yourself. you cant just take it at face value. Romans 7:6 says, But now we are discharged from the law, dead to that which held us captive, so that we serve not under the old written code but in the new life of the Spirit. Because the New Law abrogates the Old Law, we are no longer bound by certain laws such as abstaining from certain foods and sacrificing animals. Viewing your body as a temple can also be illustrated in many different ways. My body is a temple, said senior Ben Graves. you know the temple in Jerusalem has a lot of gold and silver. Im just adding a little gold and silver to mine. Tattoos can be a reflection of our faith and relationship with God. Said Calvin alum Miriam Geenen, We are not just shells representing God, and for those who are against piercings and tattoos on Gods temple, I respect that belief, but I also feel that, personally, I am reflecting Gods beauty and the diversity therein. Also, it is my actions that should speak louder than my piercings. The but ter f ly is a personal symbol for struggle. When I was little my mom and I were walking through a field and we found a butterfly that was fighting to get out of its cocoon. I bent down to help it but my mom stopped me. I remember very clearly her saying, We c an t h e lp i t because if it doesnt have to struggle now its wings wont be strong enough to fly. I remember thinking that was a very profound statement. The violet is a symbol for forgiveness for the play Ivan and Adolph: the Last Man in Hell. Forgiveness happens when the violet lends sweet fragrance to the heel that crushes it. Basically, the tattoo as a whole is about understanding that everything Ive gone through in my life has made me the person that I am, which is a realization that makes forgiveness easier. I got the tattoo as a reminder PHOTO COURTESy OF EDGE BRUSSEL I decided a few years ago that I wanted the Picasso Dove of Peace for my first tattoo, and I got it at the end of this past summer. It means a lot because Picasso is a Spanish artist and Im a Spanish major, so Ive studied his art and I absolutely love his sketches. The dove is a reminder of the story of Noahs ark in Genesis and Gods promise to never abandon us. Also, the dove is a symbol of peace, and I believe God stands for peace, so its a reminder to me to promote peace, not just socially or politically, but also in my heart and my interactions with others. Personal Stories PHOTO COURTESy OF MATT JUDGE tery of God. It is meant to be a reminder that no matter how many attributes theology assigns or bars from the character of God, there is never complete Morgan Blizzard In thinking about applying something as permanent as a tattoo, I wondered what else in my life had been/currently was/would continue to be so permanent. Eventually, it turned out that the only answer was worship, and thereby its theology and object (namely, God). All of that was manifested in a theologically charged tattoo that a friend of mine once claimed takes at least a month to fully explain, but Ill try to be brief about it. Joyce Dunlap Edge Brussel of that for when I go through future struggles. And for the record, foot tattoos are horribly painful and this one took three hours. PHOTO COURTESy OF MORGAN BLIzzARD [I have a tattoo of ] a skull with a dove flying. It was designed by a white power inmate. If he wasnt a drug dealer, he wouldnt have been able to hire a lawyer to get him off of the death penalty. Through death comes life and resurrection of new life; trying to keep things positive. Although the white power [brother] killed, he could make something that I see as beautiful and that glorifies God. Whenever people ask me about my tattoo, I tell them that the mans name is Russel and that they should pray for him. Matt Judge The Triune Ichthus: This has a two-fold significance. It is representative of the three persons of the Trinity. They are distinct but never separate, made up of one substance; which is why, although you can see three distinct fish, they are made up of one continuous line. Secondly, the ichthus stands on its own as a recognizable and historic Christian symbol and so seemed appropriate as an iconic stand-in for the Persons of the Trinity. The Dark Triangle: This represents the impenetrable mys- understanding. The Light/Skin-tone Triangle: This is the reassuring balance to the mystery. While God is mysterious, he also invites us into a relationship with him, a relationship into which some understanding of him as one and as three enters. It signifies the unification of Christ with his followers and with the Father, and shows the Spirit s role as helper to the followers of Christ, as it is mapped out in the New Testament. (Also, the combination of this triangle with t h e Tr i u n e Ichthus may be read as an allusion to th e St ar of David, which is impor tant to PHOTO By SARAH STATES me since historically continuity is an important element in church tradition.) The Four-Winged Creatures/ Seraphim: The seraphim that stand before the throne of God as described in Revelation are the six-winged, many-eyed creatures that call all of heaven to worship before the throne. In ecclesiastical art there is often a parallel drawn between these four creatures and the four Gospel writers, who call all of earth to worship. The Leaves: There are 12 leaves on each branch, and as with each of the other elements, they have multiple references. There are 12 leaves first for the 12 tribes and second, for the apostles. Taken all together as 24 they reference the 24 elders in heaven who fall before the throne of God at the creatures call to worship. Of additional significance, of course, are the many references to the branch and the vine, the olive branch as a promise to mankind, etc. Revelation 4:8: This is the scriptural reference for the Thrice Holy; holy is the one is and was and is to come, which, in addition to being the heavenly cry of worship, returns full circle to the eternal, triune and mysterious nature of God. 12 Arts & EntErtAinmEnt C himEs November 16, 2007 blink and youll miss them Nowthattheyreapart,blink182splinterprojectsleavemuchtobedesired by braNdoN haaN diamond bright indeed by ChrIS MoLNar assistant a&E Editor Sometimes there are bands, movies, concerts, books and other forms of media that I really, earnestly want to like. I desperately want them to be good, and Im more than disappointed when I realize that they probably wont be ... ever. This is the point Ive reached with angels and air waves, and while Im at it, Im going to go ahead and lump +44 in there too. In case you dont know who these bands are, they are the paltry efforts that have barely limped out of the ashes of the downfallen, poppunk act blink 182. angels and airwaves is fronted by Tom deLonge, known as the guitarist, co-vocalist and resident toilet humor comedian for blink, but possibly better as the most annoying voice in all of music. Meanwhile, +44 is comprised of the other two members of the blink trio, Mark hoppus (bass and the other half of the vocals) and Travis barker (drums). T h e b and sp lit ap ar t in 2005 with the schism leaving deLonge on his own against hoppus and barker with both parties slinging a lot of Who cares? style drama back and forth at each other. The whole situation turned into a lot of he said, he and he said, leaving many loyal fans waiting to see what the outcome would be. Unfortunately, two years later, the only results are some wholly mediocre albums and more petty arguing about just who the biggest moron of the group truly is. Im going to go ahead and vote for all of them. Maybe it s the fact that theyre all still acting just as immature as they were in the Enema of State days (only this time theyre fighting like preschoolers instead of joking like them) or maybe its the fact that their music is actually worse now than some of it was back then (adams Song, Stay Together for the Kids), but mostly I think its the fact that Im sick and tired of being let down. This feeling comes after a number of hours spent listening to the newest product of this depressing debacle, angels and airwaves second release, IEmpire. The name is fitting, seeing as its as bloated and overbearing as any empire actually is. Its a pitiful reminder that none of these musicians will ever come close to matching the sort of genius they had finally (and I really mean this) attained on their final album together as blink 182. That al- bum, coming on the heals of the other, equally stellar, release by deLonge and barkers side project box Car racer, was the long-awaited maturation of a band that, until that moment, had seemed to be perpetually stuck in junior high both musically and lyrically. The box Car racer project was part of what eventually brought about the original trios demise. hoppus exclusion from the group caused tensions between him and deLonge during the recording and touring of blinks earlier-mentioned, self-titled, final masterpiece. during this time he and barker discussed the conception of +44, fairly close to the time of deLonges exit. Still, despite being the perceived cause of all of the bickering, box Car racer was the best thing any of them had done up until that point, and I would say its still the best for both barker and deLonge, with blinks last work being a very close second. In light of this, I was naturally both excited and intrigued to see where angels and airwaves would go when I heard the first rumblings regarding their debut album We dont Need to Whisper in late 2005. I hoped for music as captivating and qualified lyrically as box Cars had been, yet as well composed as the seemingly final blink album was. I received neither, and this second time around has been barely any better (+44s 2006 release left much to be desired as well). M usi c a ll y, th e a lb u m is barely distinguishable from its predecessor. Its the same guitar work, the same synth, space rock that sounded like a cheap 80s rip off the first time and even more so now. It could be a lot worse, my point is, though, by about the fourth song you start to wonder if you havent already heard every riff before, either on the last album, or this one. I suppose this is forgivable since deLonge has been advertising it as the second part of Whisper, but somehow it seems to me that even so, a little variety might be nice. Lyrically, this album goes a very little bit deeper than Whisper with an emphasis on the very little part. My main problem with the debut was that for all the praise deLonge gave himself for its excellence, it fell far short ideologically of the pedestal he was desperately trying to reach up and place it on. I couldnt believe that the man who so much wanted to be the next U2 and who had once written songs like I Feel So, Watch the World and I Miss you could fail so miserably with his ideas, positive as they were/are. one aspect I would like to commend the band on is that of the vocal arrangements. Though deLonges voice will never be that of the greatest rock and roll revolution or best music in decades that he claims angels and airwaves to be, he does a far better job on Empire with it than on Whisper. The hooks from a number of different songs have had me singing along, even after the song is over, something I havent done since blink. however, this in no way makes up for this albums unbelievable sense of lacking. deLonge wants to change the world with this music, an admirable cause to be sure, but the truth is he was much closer to doing so with box Cars darker, angrier feel. angels and airwaves is a very, very positive, idealistic band, but one that, due to its inherently lofty expectations, furthered by deLonge himself, falls far short. box Car racer succeeded in a way very similar to that of rage against the Machine, angrily questioning society, often without providing answers, but doing so in a powerful, and thus thought-provoking way. angels and airwaves, however, is too focused on becoming something so far out of its reach that it ultimately collapses in on itself. This album, though noble in intentions, simply does not come close to doing what deLonge wants it to. hes been saying that this band is going to reinvent rock, but it hasnt so far, and I highly doubt it ever will. My stance is this: If youre going to claim youre the best there is, and compare yourself to U2 and Pink Floyd, had you better make sure you actually follow through on that, or at the very least, make sure that what youre doing is better than aLL of your previous work. Is it nice to listen to? yes, its fine, as background music. Is it bad, musically or lyrically? Not entirely, its mediocre. So whats the problem? The problem is this: For all the album could have been, its nothing but a forgettable pin drop in modern alternative rock. box Car racer and the new blink 182 had the potential to do something, to make a difference; angels and airwaves, as it is now, will never come close. Ironically enough, the bands deLonge saw as holding him back were the ones that could have taken him the furthest towards the goal he is so desperately trying to reach, and since he is the one who abandoned them, he has no one to blame for these recent failures but himself. a&E Editor The concert series this year is notable for the number of recurring musicians and those intimately tied to the same. over The rhine, rosie Thomas, Martin Sexton, anathallo, denison Witmer and prospects Iron & Wine and Jef f Tweedy have all performed at Calvin before, some quite recently. and in lieu of our favorite son Sufjan Stevens, we have Shapes and Sizes and My brightest diamond, both on his label asthmatic Kitty. Plus, we appear to be trying to catch St. Vincent (the nom de plume of annie Clark, who has played in his band). Like Clark, My brightest diamond leader Shara Worden has also appeared in Stevens touring ensemble, and it was her band that played a memorable show at the Ladies Literary Club on Saturday. Playing soulful, straightforward rock as a three-piece band consisting of Worden on guitar and rhodes piano as well as a drummer and bassist, Mbds goth-tinged anthems proved surprisingly nimble and impressive on stage. harkening back to an early- is buffeted by rippling drums and intensifying rhodes, and second Freak out, a Joan Jett-style freak out with a energetic chorus that managed to get some of the audience on their feet. Those t wo ends punkier and fun, as well as quietly unnerving came together to provide one of the more entertaining and well played concerts that Calvin has seen lately, proving that simple arrangements and classic styles can, in the right hands, produce still more interesting and worthwhile music. The one-song encore, performed alone by Worden, was proof alone that good music has only somewhat to do with talent and style St. Vincent surely has both, but has none of the overpowering feeling that was present in the uncomplicated, but convincingly played song. opening was Tim Fite, who perhaps blurs the line between raw and engaging and directionless talent. his tightly planned, hilarious set combined strikingly well-produced rap, generic if convincingly played indie rock , as well as spoken word interludes and Soggy bottom boys-type Southern posturing. his projected sketches and stories were uniformly funny in a nonsensical way; however, the FILE PhoTo Shara Worden, also known as My brightest diamond, paid a visit to the LLC last weekend. 80s, almost post-punk sound, the band is really a vehicle for Wordens warbling voice and distinctive, poetic lyrics. Unlike St. Vincent, whose music is marked by an overwhelming sense of soulless, meaningless genre exercise and directionless talent, one of the main characteristics of My brightest diamond is the pleasantly raw, engaging feel. Initially their set seemed a bit awk ward, with her between-song banter seeming more affected than nervously goofy and the songs failing to distinguish themselves from each other. The dark atmosphere created by their music seemed negated by the warm, white house lights and the stripped down instrumentation. however, as their set drew on, the players seemed to become more comfortable with the music and the songs became stronger. The last two songs of the set were the most superlative, and together encapsulate the bands sound first the brooding, effortlessly ominous Workhorse, where vague, animalistic imagery music itself suffered from karaoke-style triggered background tracks, although some of them were quite remarkable. Worst of all were the didactic, cause-oriented lyrics of the songs that avoided non sequitur (yeah, consumerism is bad, we get it), and the raps, all of which ended up heavy handed, boring and borderline racist in their attempt to parody the slang of mainstream rappers. overall, however, the evening showcased two up-andcoming talents whose specific mediums seem to be well defined and mastered, if not necessarily the songs themselves. My brightest diamond shows the potential of becoming a strong new voice not just in gothic post-punk or indie circles, but in music as a whole, if only Worden can write a whole sets worth of engaging melodic material to accompany her impassioned performance and distinctive niche sound. If Fite drops the hamhanded parody and economics critique, I feel that he too will make something more of himself. and if Calvins track record of up and comers who blossom and keep coming back remains, Im sure they will. Its Tuesday. youre bored. Want to lay out a&E? Enjoy the perks of free snacks, playful banter and a chance to hang out with the coolest kids on campus. For more information, contact Christy at November 16, 2007 C himEs Arts & EntErtAinmEnt 13 TVs Twin Peaks is worth another look by ChrIS MoLNar a&E Editor Twin Peaks. youve probably heard the name, but thanks to the ever building, syndication-unfriendly serialization format, as well as whatever other vagaries keep successful shows from re-airing that often, you might not know much about it. but youve definitely seen one of the many newer series inspired by Twin Peaks, including Lost, desperate housewives or even The XFiles. although it only ran for two seasons from 1990 to 1991, it quickly became a cultural touchstone and an enduring work of art in its own right. The series trademark blend of mystery, comedy, horror, surrealism (courtesy of co-creator david Lynch), soap opera and supernatural elements was revolutionary for its time, and the engrossing tale of the murder of Laura Palmer captured the publics imagination in a way few others have done. Even more, it now stands on the rarefied level of The Twilight Zone and the original Star Trek as a popular and acclaimed television show that continues to have a high level of influence and exposure even today. recently, it has undergone something of a renaissance thanks to the october release of a dVd box set containing the entire series as well as various deleted scenes, commentary and documentaries, plus a long-awaited soundtrack to the second season, something that has been almost as hotly anticipated amongst the shows large cult following thanks to the integral role that music plays throughout the series. however, if youre a poor college student, it would be advisable to instead take this opportunity to scoop up a cut-rate copy of the now outdated individual season box sets at Cd -dVd or another used video store like I did, and watch the 29 episodes from scratch, along with the 1992 film prequel Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me. The show begins with a murder in the town of Twin Peaks, Wash., and follows FbI Special agent dale Cooper, played inimitably by Kyle Maclachlan, as he investigates. The small town and its inhabitants are endearingly quirky lovers of donuts, coffee and cherry pie, but their quirks soon prove to be more complex as the show progresses, avoiding the binary opposites of good and bad characters that is typical in television. This proves true on a number of different levels, as at the end of the show you are left with a funny feeling as characters initially intriguing have stagnated, others have grown interestingly complicated and still others have exited or entered in unsatisfying ways. It is this ever changing play of defied expectations, of good and evil lurking in all of us that Twin Peaks gets its philosophical heft, and is what sets it apart from nearly all other shows of its kind. To portray characters with inner turmoil convincingly and interestingly was not a strategy often employed before this show, but this aspect alone has been hugely influential over similarly existentialist programs like NyPd blue. but that isnt all by half. There is too the ghostly pres- Six is electrifying by PaUL MENN Guest Writer FILE PhoTo Who killed Laura Palmer? Twin Peaks explored this and other more philosophical issues during its run. ence of bob, the evil spirit that exists in the surrounding woods, as well as the mysterious White and black Lodges, which provide a perfect metaphor for the complexly rendered characters and provide the series with a scare factor remarkable for a network show, as well as the supernatural presence that permeates the town. Somehow the show also manages to pack in complicated love stories and funny sight gags, as well as the surrealist visuals that director david Lynch traffics in. Twin Peaks declined in its second and final season thanks to a nonsensical time slot move to Saturday and also, partially, to the much requested solution for the initial mystery of Laura Palmers killer. but the show itself rarely faltered, and the hour long episodes all hold up like movies unto themselves, especially in their f ilmic visual quality, yet another aspect that has influenced television to follow. Some of the guest directors do not hold their weight, however, and a few subplots are more curious failures than truly riveting television. however, in a cer tain sense the series represents the ultimate intersection of everything that makes television and film great. In it lies the meeting of the avant garde and the mainstream, the comedic and the tragic, the fantastic and the real. That it was the cultural phenomenon that it was seems to me proof of the accessibility of truly good art, and with the new reissues this is the perfect time to introduce yourself to Twin Peaks. Norma: the Mets best in show by ChrISTIaN oCIEr Staff Writer This past Monday, I tuned in to the Met opera broadcasts on Sirius Internet radio to listen to that greatest of all Italian operas, bellinis Norma. It has been years since this piece has been staged at the Met, mostly because the lead soprano part is inarguably the most difficult in the entire female repertoire. The role requires extraordinary vocal control that combines a quasi-Wagnerian declamatory force with the ability to spin the most beautiful, delicate melodies with a tranquility bordering on stasis. a soprano with this kind of skill is so rare that hearing a great Norma in ones lifetime is an event akin to seeing haleys Comet. This Mondays Norma, however, was one of the finest examples of dramatic bel canto singing that Ive heard in a very long while. The armenian soprano hasmik Papian brought her Norma to New york and the Sirius audience for the first time on this long-anticipated broadcast. I can say that this is perhaps one of the most exciting and excellent performances of an opera I have heard. In fact, I would add that this by far is the best performance that I have heard from the Mets current season. hasmik Papians Norma offers an interpretation that easily ranks with an echelon of singers who have achieved apotheosis with this quintessential Italian role. She imbues her singing with the nobility that great Normas own in abundance, but we get something that is different from the legendary priestesses of Callas, Caballe and Sutherland. She bathes her vocal line with authority and tenderness, but she can also summon dramatic steel when the role requires her to deliver and declaim vehemence. She takes little bits and pieces from these three operatic legends and combines their insights into an interpretation that she makes her own. Upon Papians entrance, one could already hear the grandness and security in her delivery of bellinis difficult line. her recitative, Sediziose voci, is brimming with authority and vulnerability without sacrificing the more reflective instances of this diametric scene. T h e o p e r as m o s t w e l l known aria, Casta diva, was sung with a silvery delicacy, a tenderness and a musical accuracy that is simply befuddling when one has heard it butchered by many train wreck sopranos. It was as if the listener were transported in a pause of celestial, ethereal beauty, all of this carried on the wings Papians magnificent instrument. her delivery of the cabaletta sounded like a walk in the park compared to the majority of sopranos who cannot even rise to the occasion to deal with bellinis florid writing. It was a memorable scene, and an assuring promise of a great performance for the remainder of the evening. It is usually customary to cast a Norma with singers who play second best to the lead sopranos caliber, but the rest of the team was assembled from the finest resident artists the Met could offer. For instance, the adalgisa of the evening was none other than the titanic american mezzo, dolora Zajick. With such a singer whose resources are better known in domineering roles such as amneris, Eboli and azucena, it was impressive to hear Zajick in a role where a softer side to her art could be realized. her voice blended surprisingly well with Papians finer-grained instrument in their duets, and her interactions with Pollione are taken almost so viciously that one would think she could have sung Norma. It was a fine performance from one of todays greatest artists. how sad it is that in a few years, she will be retiring from her preeminence as the worlds greatest dramatic mezzo. It was during the moments when these two women were together on stage that the opera took on another otherworldly beauty. Their act II duets, beginning with oh rimembranza, were delicately spun with thread after thread of bellinian legato. The great act III duet, Mira o Norma, was another one of the operas jewels. but perhaps the operas shining glory came when Norma admits to her error and immolates herself willingly upon the operas close. Papian gives a tragic performance that captures the beauty of this extremely complex character in the mould of the great Greek actors. What a performance! The leading men were unfortunately assumed by singers who were not up to par with these stage lionesses. The Pollione, Franco Farina, screamed his way through the role with an extremely dry and graceless tone. If it isnt a very big part for a tenor, it certainly requires more than just belting out notes. In fact, during the moments when Pollione is on stage, he is given some of bellinis most beautiful music. another singer could have mastered the roles more technical aspec ts. The oroveso was taken by the Ukrainian bass Vitalij Kowaljow, who at least sang his lines with authority despite his woolly tone. The operas bellinian line was well sculpted by the conductor Maurizio benini, a specialist in the bel canto repertoire. While he does not capture the spiritual extremities of the score in the way that Tullio Serafin does, he more than makes up for this by sensitively pacing the score with the singers. The chorus also did a magnificent job, especially in the first and fourth acts where they dominated the scenes. Kudos to donald Palumbo and the ongoing improvement of the chorus singing quality. Norma broadcasts again M onday with the same cast at 8 p.m. on Sirius Internet radio. This is an essential listen for anyone who wants to hear what a great bel canto opera should sound like, and it doesnt get any greater than bellinis Norma. Very few concerts amaze me anymore. I grew up going to concerts all the time, and over time, Ive become jaded to the whole live music experience. The sound is usually terrible, the band never plays the songs I love and I always end up standing behind the most obnoxious people in the entire concert hall. This past weekend, however, I was blown away by Michigans own Electric Six, and my love of the entire concert-going experience was reinvigorated. although the band members describe themselves as legends due to putting out four albums, I have the suspicion that the band remains largely unknown to C a l v i n s s t u d e n t b o d y. Therefore, I will do my best to enlighten Calvin about arguably the greatest rock band Michigan has ever spawned. however, I am at a bit of a disadvantage in comparison to other musical reviewers for Chimes because they can simply throw in catchy phrases/name drops such as Sufjan-esque, avantgarde indie pop, pretentious or whisper-singing ensued. Sadly, none of these terms can be applied to Electric Six. If I were forced to label Electric Six by Calvin terms, I would describe them as such: Imagine if Suf jan went back in time to the 70s, and instead of playing pretentious, avant-garde indie pop full of of f-key whisper singing, he played disco-influenced retro-dance rock. hopefully that will give you a slight idea of the musical stylings of Electric Six. on stage, Elec tric Six was simply magical. Singer dick Valentine is by far the most captivating and prolif ic frontman of any band I have ever seen. his voice was like velvet, his dancing simply divine and his between-song banter kept the audience laughing and begging for more. The band treated the crowd to a full offering of classic fan favorites like dance C o m m a n d e r, N u c l e a r War (on the dance Floor) and danger! high Voltage, as well as a selection of material from their newest album. Self-described as Kent Co unt y s p re mi e r p ar t y band, Electric Six is a band that has its collective tongue planted firmly in its cheek (check out their danger! high Voltage video if you really want proof ). Their live show is a spectacle not to miss under any circumstances. as one of my friends told me after seeing them play in Wisconsin, That concert made me want to drop out of life and follow Electric Six around forever. Now that I have had the pleasure of seeing Electric Six live, I can honestly say the same thing. 14 SportS C himeS November 16, 2007 Hoops prepare for seasoning-opening tourney By BRUCe VAN BAReN WithawinoverGraceBibletonight,Calvincouldfacetop-rankedWashingtonUniversitytomorrowat3p.m. Sports editor Calvin Tip-Off Tournament Tonight at 6 p.m. The NCAA tournament is over for Calvin fall sports, but it doesnt seem like it with this weekends mens basketball matchup. Calvin will face Grace Bible College in its season opener tonight and, with a win, will most likely face the number one team in the country Washington University tomorrow. Weve had that [game] circled on the calendar since the end of last year, said Coach Kevin Vande Streek. Were certainly not looking past Grace, but it would be a great measuring stick for us, and a win would give us a great deal of confidence. Washington would have to beat Ohio Northern, also a perennial powerhouse, at Calvin on Friday. The Knights start the season ranked 17th after bowing out in round two of the NCAA tournament to Hope College a year ago. Calvin began last season ranked 10th in the pre-season rankings and finished the season unranked. Calvin returns three of five starters and 12 of the 14 players on the roster are returning letter winners; two of those played JV a year ago. We have a nice group of returnees, said Vande Streek. Its the first time we could say that in a few years. Its a huge difference to have a lot of returnees. Vande Streek hopes that will allow the Knights to start off a lot better than they have in recent years. Last year they began the season hovering around .500, including early double-digit defeats to Hope, Wheaton and Carthage. We know where were supposed to be and hopefully well start better, said Vande Streek. It took until February to figure out how we had to play to win. Now theyve figured it out and we can work on other things. NCAA Tourney weekend recap Mens Cross Country: Junior Jed Christiansen led the team to its 11th-straight regionalcrown.Christiansen won his first regional title. Womens Cross Country: Senior Christina OverbeckledCalvinfinishing third. She was one of three runners in the top 10 for the Knights, who won the team regional title. Mens Soccer: Calvin outshot John Carroll 29-9, including 13-3 in shots on goal, but fell 1-0 on a free kick goal in the 65th minute in the first round. Womens Soccer: In its first round game, Calvin went a perfect 5for-5 in penalty kicks and sophomore keeper Alyssa Bergsma saved the second shot as Calvin advanced Friday night. On Saturday, Calvin fell victim to a penalty kick shootout. Volleyball: Senior Molly Krikke led Calvin to victory in the first round with 21 kills, but the Knights were swept in the second round against #6 Capital on Friday. Ohio Northern #1 Washington University Tonight at 8 p.m. Grace Bible #17 Calvin College Saturday 1 p.m. - Consolation Game 3 p.m. -Championship Game Back are all three of the starting guards: seniors Derek Griffin and Dustin Smith and pre-season all-American junior Caleb Veldhouse. This year, however, Vande Streek will star t only Grif f in and Veldhouse as part of a much bigger starting lineup. The Knights have a much different offense as well, moving away from the three-guard system they have had the past two seasons. We have more guys who can score and more guys who can score from a variety of places, said Vande Streek. Last year Calvins three starting guards averaged 27.2 points per game and accounted for three of Calvins top four scorers. Were going to try to put the ball inside more, but were not dumb. We wont t ake away shots from [Griffin and Veldhouse], but the offense is built around [the post], said Vande Streek. Specifically, its built around sophomore John Mantel, who bulked up in the off-season, adding 20-25 pounds. Last year, as a freshman, Mantel played in all 29 games and averaged 7.2 points per game, behind only Veldhouse, Griffin, and Smith and graduated forward Josh Meckes. Were going to try to put the ball inside more because you shoot a higher percentage and get to the free throw line more. [Mantel] is the first option [in the post], said Vande Streek. Also getting the starting nod for the first time since making varsity as a freshman is junior captain Tim Katt. Katt, who is also a captain for the first year, will serve primarily as a rebounder. The hardest decision for the coaching staff was who to start at the third spot with sophomore Matt Veltema getting the nod after an outstanding defensive performance in Saturdays scrimmage. Veltema was just behind Mantel a year ago, averaging 6.3 points per game. Calvins second rotation, likely to begin rotating in three to four minutes into the game, consists of Griffinwho remains in, Smith, junior Tyler Zoerhof, and freshmen Brent Schuster and Josh engelsma. The second rotation will bring a new look to defenses with incredible speed and quickness. Griffin and Smith run the floor with a higher pace than Veldhouse and this will complement Calvins much bigger first rotation. As for the guard rotation, Veldhouse, Smith and Griffin will rotate in for around fourminute stretches throughout the game. Veldhouse will run the point with Griffin and play shooting guard with Smith. Griffin will always play shooting guard. Veldhouse led the Knights with 15 points per game a year ago, while Griffin was second with 14.8 points per game. Smith was fourth with 7.4. The only knock on Smith, according to Vande Streek, is that he makes us small [de- Sophomore John Mantel will be the key to the Knights offense this year. Calvin was ranked second to Hope in the MIAA pre-season coaches poll. fensively]. Katt will start, but Zoerhof will also play a major role and a more offensive role than Katt, playing most of his time alongside two first year varsity players, Schuster and engelsma. Vande Streek said Zoerhof led the team in positive things in Saturdays scrimmage and has a chance to [be] pretty good. [Zoerhof] does a lot of things that no one else on our team can do, said Vande Streek. Hes the spark off the bench COURTeSy OF CALVIN.eDU and really brings energy. Hes improved his play in the low post. Hes fast and explosive in his first and second step. This year, unlike last year when we had almost a scripted rotation, were not worried whos on the floor with whom. Any guy can play with whomever. Vande Streek compared the rotation to Calvins 2000 team. That team has a national championship banner hanging in the Fieldhouse. Mens soccer dominates but drops heartbreaker it was back. Calvin out shot John Carroll 29-9, held a 13-3 shots on goal advantage and totaled 13 corner kicks, but fell 1-0 to the Blue Streaks in a game played at Ohio Wesleyan University. The lone goal came in the 65th minute when Alex Bernot assisted Scott McKinney on a free kick from the corner. Bernot led the Blue Streaks with 12 goals and picked up his team high 14th assist on the play. McKinney, who was John Carrolls other go-to player, picked up his ninth goal of the year on the set piece. The goal came af ter the Knights held possession from almost the start of the second half. Calvin had several chances early, but simply could not finish. The corner kick was set up after a quick counter attack. Calvin seemed caught off guard after not having to defend most of the second half. McKinney, one of the smaller players on the John Carroll roster at 510, elevated just enough to put a head on the perfectly placed ball. The goal came on John Carrolls first shot of the second half. The quick counter attack goal sucked the wind out of the sails of the Knight offense that had been pounding shot after shot at John Carroll goal keeper Matt DeMarchi. It didnt take long, however, for Calvin to re-establish that offensive momentum as the Knights again flooded the Blue Streak net with shots. Af ter the goal, Calvin added an extra midfielder in Jeff Grater, who replaced defensive stopper Luke Holtrop. John Carroll countered, however, and packed it in defensively over the final 15 minutes of play. Still, the Knights had several opportunities for the equalizer over the final ten minutes. Sophomore Michael Holwerda had a ball deflected to him inside the box, but missed a left footed shot just wide right. Calvin had six corner kicks in the second half, but a tall and physical John Carroll defense, anchored by 64 Steve Rock, limited the Knights scoring chances on its corner kicks. Calvins best scoring chance came with under five minutes to play, when a cross came to freshman Scott Hooker who was open on the far side. The shot, however, floated across the open net and was cleared out by a John Carroll defender just before it would have landed in the goal. It was one of three team saves the Blue Streaks had in the game. But DeMarchi was outstanding as well picking up ten saves of his own and seeing shot after shot poured onto his net in the First Round NCAA game Fridays Result John Carroll 1 Calvin 0 pHOTO COURTeSy OF CALVIN.eDU Junior A.J. Dufendach and the Knights controlled possession most of the game, but fell 1-0 on a free kick goal. By BRUCe VAN BAReN Calvin out-shot the Blue Streaks 29-9, including a 13-3 advantage in shots on goal, but fell 1-0 after a free kick goal in the 65th minute. The Knightscontrolledmostofthe first half and nearly the entire secondhalfwiththeexception of the free kick goal they surrendered mid-half. second half. In all, Calvin out shot the Blue Streaks 20-3 in the second half, but were unable to find the net. The shutout loss snaps the Knights undefeated streak and ends the scoring streak it has possessed since the loss to Kalamazoo. It also ends Calvins season with a 14-5-2 record. John Carroll fell in the regional final on Saturday 4-3 in a shoot out to Transylvania. Sports editor The Knights inability to finish had been absent over their last 13 games, when Calvin had outscored opponents 43-8 and was undefeated. The last sign of it was in Calvins conference opener, nearly two months ago, when the Knights outshot Kalamazoo 19-1, but fell 1-0 to the Hornets. In Friday nights first round NCAA tournament game, November 16, 2007 C himeS SportS 15 Favored cross country teams sweep regionals By LUKe FeNNeMA Staff Writer The Calvin cross countr y teams punched their tickets to nationals last Saturday with strong performances at the G reat L akes R e gi o nal . O n their home course, the mens team raced to their 11th straight regional title, while the women improved upon their second place finish last year to win the regional title as well. The teams now look ahead to the national meet this Saturday, where the men hope to repeat as national champions and the women seek to better their 2006 third place finish. In the womens individual race, esther erb of Case Western Reserve University and Gwen Kemple of Anderson University set the pace earl y, p ullin g aw ay f ro m th e chase pack by the first mile, with Calvin senior Christina Overbeck not far behind in third. erb lengthened her lead throughout the race on her way to a first-place finish in a time of 21:13 for the 6K course, 19 seconds ahead of Kemple (21:32). Overbeck withstood St. Marys strong-finishing Megan Gray to hold on for third to lead the Knights, finishing in a time of 21:45. The Calvin womens team, fueled by their dominant pack, placed five runners in the top 15 on their way to the team championship. After Overbeck, junior Lauren Bergstrom was second for the Knights, finishing eighth overall in a time of 22:02. Sophomore Jessica Koster had a phenomenal race to finish tenth (22:06), with senior Lynn Marsh and junior Calah Schlabach not far behind in 13th (22:09) and 14th (22:11) places respectively. Junior Jesi Hale (19th, 22:21) and sophomore Liz Tomorrow at St. Olaf College Womens Race 11 a.m. Mens Race 12 p.m. Smit (25th, 22:45) rounded out Calvins contingent. The second-ranked Knights scored 47 points for a comfortable 27-point victory over then seventh-ranked Case Western, which finished second with 73 points. The top-ranked Calvin men were able to hold off a challenge from Andersons Sean Hudson and swept the top three individual places en route to a dominating team victory. Junior Jed Christiansen grabbed individual honors with his first place finish, covering the 8K course in a time of 24:52. Not far behind Christiansen was the rest of the Knights fearsome front pack, with senior Tad Hulst finishing second in 24:55 and senior Jon Gries taking third in a time of 24:59. Junior erik Van Kampen moved up throughout the race and finished in sixth place overall in a time of 25:06, while junior Nate De H aan w as C al v ins f inal scorer, taking 15th place in a time of 25:27. Senior Dan Vanden Akker and junior Tim Langenburg also raced well, finishing in 23rd (25:43) and 30th (25:48) respectively. The Knights beat second place Ohio Northern by an 87-point margin, 27-114. The Knights strategy for the race was effective. At the gun, they quickly moved to the front of the race. However, when a competitor took the lead early, the team did not immediately go with him. We wanted to get out quick, but not out of control, said junior and mens individual champion Jed Christiansen. We didnt want to get into breathing trouble too early in the race. When the time came we were going to make our move. Ultimately, the top three re e l e d all oth e r co mp e ti t o r s i n . A n d e r s o n s S e a n Hudson attempted to stick with them, but Christiansen, Hulst and Gries pulled away from him for their fantastic 1-2-3 finish. The teams now look ahead to the NCAA Division III National Championships, held this Saturday at St. Olaf College in Minnesota. Both teams are expected to contend for the national title, but the race will not be easy. The top-ranked men will have to hold off challenges from 2ndranked New york University and 3rd-ranked Universit y of Wisconsin-La Crosse, both of which ran fast times to win their regional meets. The second-ranked womens team faces threats from topranked Amherst, who won the New england Regional, and Midwest Regional Champion #3 Washington University of St. Louis. Individually, Calvins team returns four All-Americans, led by junior Jed Christiansen, who finished fifth at last years championships. According to Christiansen, other top runners vying for the individual title include Atlantic Regional champion peter Kosgei of Hamilton College, Midwest Regional champion Tyler Sigl of University of Wisconsin- Individual Champion: Jed Christiansen pHOTO COURTeSy OF CALVIN SpORTS INFORMATION Junior Jed Christiansen won his first individual regional and the team won its 11th straight. Christiansen picks up right where graduated two-time regional champion Tim Finnegan left off. Christiansen finished second and third to Finnegan over the past two years, before winning this year. platteville, top returnee Julian Boggs of Colorado College and Allegheny Colleges Ryan place. Senior Christina Overbeck is Calvins lone female AllAmerican returne e. O ther top women to watch include Case Westerns esther erb, defending champion Sarah Zer z an of W illam et te and Atlantic Regional champion L i z M o ntg o m e r y o f SU N y Geneseo. For teams that have been dreaming of championships throughout the season, this weekend is the culmination of all their efforts. Christiansen stressed that in order to win the championship, they will need to be focused. We need to predetermine that we wont give up, he said. We have to go out and run the race like we know we can. Shootouts determine womens soccer fate in NCAA a 0-0 score into a shootout bef o re f allin g to Wittenberg. While there was no scoring, the games were far from boring. In their third s traight N C A A tournament appearance, the Knights made their penalty kicks count, scoring on all five attempts after outshooting Capital 15-5 during regulation play. Obviously, it would have been better to win in regulation ... especially because it seemed like we dominated, said freshman elaine Schnabel. But pHOTO By JeFF NyHOFF it was nice to win Sophomore goalkeeper Alyssa Bergsma a shootout, since had a huge save in Fridays shootout, w e d j u s t l o s t one. which the Knights won 5-3. Schnabel p laye d e xceptionally we ll By LUKe LeISMAN after moving to defense for Staff Writer Saturdays game due to an injury to junior Juliana Litts. Three consecutive scoreelaine played huge for us, less games brought the Calvin said f if th-year senior Leah womens soccer season to a Scholten. players stepped up close this weekend. After earn- people knew it was a big ing an NCAA bid with a shoot- game and were putting evout loss to Albion on Nov. 3, erything they had out there. the Knights defeated Capital However, the Knights were in a shootout and then took unable to find the back of the net while the teams combined for only 13 shots during regulation and two overtimes. They converted only one of their shootout attempts against Wittenberg while Wittenberg converted three. The second games ending was disappointing, said Schnabel. I felt like we played well; we just didnt score. I hate losing in shoot-outs because they seem like such a ridiculous extension of the game, but it happens. While ending the season in a shootout is rather disappointing, the team still considers the season a success overall. Its difficult to be knocked out on penalty kicks for the third s tr aight year b ut at the same time, its also the third consecutive year that we have not been defeated in the NCAA III Tournament, said seventh-year coach Mark Recker who is now 10627-12 as the head coach of the Knights. That s some thing that this team can hang its hat on. Wittenberg is a very strong team and I feel they will represent our region well. Calvins success was no guarantee at the beginning of the season. [Before the season] we didnt know how things were going to turn out, said Scholten. We knew coming in that with all the seniors that left we had big shoes to fill and that it was a big change from high school to college [for the 9 freshman on the team]. However, in spite of early struggles, they prevailed, outscoring opponents 38-3 during league play. One of our main goals from the beginning of the season was to win the MIAA and we did that, said Schnabel. Along with adjusting to college play, the large turnover meant that the girls had to learn to play with new teammates. B eyo n d [w innin g th e MIAA] we learned how to play with a completely new team and had a lot of fun doing it, so yeah, Id say [the season] was a success, said Schnabel. We jelled, said Scholten. part of this jelling was the leadership by fifth-year senior Scholten and others. Id say that the team leadership was one of the best parts about our team, said Schnabel. Leah was great to have on the team; she was always really encouraging to everyone and shes a great player. The teams only graduating senior, this was a special time for Scholten. They call me Grandma, she laughs. Its going to be a reality check next year not playing competitively Im really going to miss it. While the team loses Scholten, this season points to even more future success. The fact that were only losing one player is really great, and it was really great to get the NCAA tournament experience because the team had so many freshman this year, Leah Scholten, Hudsonville pHOTO By JeFF FeBUS Scholten, a stopper back, headed a Calvin defense that totaled 12 shutouts this season and was the lone senior captain. Scholten was named to the All-MIAA second team for the second straight year. She has started all but six games in herfour-yearcareer,whichincluded a medical red shirt in 2005. said Schnabel. Scholten too expressed excitement about the prospects of this team as it continues to grow. Theyre going to be someone for other teams to be worried about, she said. The taste of the NCAA tournament is gunna make them want it even more. This drive for victory is part of Calvin soccer. Were not just here to play soccer, we are here to win. So we step up and do the best that we can, said Scholten. The Knights stepped up to another successful season, and their success shows exciting prospect for next season. Said Scholten, Theyre definitely going to be scary. 16 SportS C himeS November 16, 2007 ATHLETE in F cus Calvin says goodbye to seniors Katie Zondervan Lakewood, Calif. Volleyball out in second round By JON BeHM Staff Writer All-American Second team All-American Third team *SeeLeahScholteninwomenssoccerstoryonpreviouspage Nick Capisciolto Hudsonville Zondervan, a setter, leaves as Calvins career leader in assists and isalsoCalvinssingle-seasonrecord holder. In addition, she holds the single-matchrecordforserviceaces with12.Shehasbeennamed to the All-MIAA first team all four years and was also named a third-team All-American and was ranked secondinthenationinassists-per-game heading into last weekend. Kristen Kalb Stow, Ohio Capisciolto,amidfielder/striker,has started all but five games over the course of his four year career. This year he was named All-MIAA first team for the second time and was tied for the team lead in goals with nine. In 2005, he led Calvins Sweet 16 team with 17 assists and nine goals. In 2004, he tallied four goals and three assists and as a freshman had eight goals. Jared Litty Hudsonville Kalb, an outside hitter, was named MIAA MVP a year ago, as well as a first-team All-American. She was also named to the All-MIAA first team for the second time in her career.Kalbleavesasthecareerrecord holder in kills with 1,934. This year Kalb was second on the team with 4.46 kills per game, and leaves with a career average of 3.70 kills per game. Molly Krikke Greenwich, Ohio Litty,amidfielder,scoredeightgoals and three assists to finish fourth on the team in total points. A year ago, Litty was one of only three players to start all 20 games and led the Knights with six goals and three assists for a team-high 15 points. In 2005, Litty came off the bench to lead Calvin with 14 goals in the teams Sweet 16 season. As a freshman he played in all but one game. Dave Fortosis West Chicago, Ill. All good things must come to an end. The volleyball team found out as they fell to #6 Carthage College last Friday night in three games. The loss marked the end of another phenomenal season of Knights volleyball. We were in one of the toughest regionals, coach Amber Warners commented, but I still think we did good. The girls really thought they were capable of winning it all, and even though we lost, it wasnt our mindset that did it. Having won on Thursday, Nov. 18 against #18 uW-La Crosse in four (26-30, 30-26, 30-20 and 30-15) the Knights (30-5) not only achieved their third straight 30-win season, but they also advanced to the second round of the NCAA tournament. The team placed nice on Thursday, Warners stated. They were able to eliminate their nerves and play the game like they knew how to. Carthage proved to be too much for the Knights to handle, as they lost in three by scores of 30-26, 30-23 and 30-7. Calvin was led in kills by senior Kristen Kalb with 10, senior Katie Zondervan led with 25 assists and junior Lauren DeGroot led with 19 digs. Totals on the night included 29 kills, four aces, four blocks, 25 assists and 44 digs. Only one team doesnt end their season with a loss, Warners reminded. We shouldnt focus on the fact that we lost. We should concentrate on the success. We were one of the last 32 teams in the nation to be playing. Despite their early exit, the Calvin volleyball team was a true success this season. Besides having their third straight 30win season, the Knights also made their fourth consecutive trip to the MIAA tournament and were able to defend their conference title. Im proud of this team, Warners said. They struggled at the beginning of the season to find their chemistry, but were still able to produce an outstanding record. They dealt with their problems maturely, and showed that they are amazing Christian women. I believe that to [be] far more important than anything they did on the court. Many individuals were also honored this season. Seniors Molly Krikke, Kalb and Molly Krikke Senior, Greenwich, Ohio Zonder van were named to t h e A l l - M I A A F i r s t Te a m , and teammate DeGroot was named to second team. Krikke was also named the MIA A MVP. Krikke and Kalb were both ranked nationally in kills per game at 20th and 32nd, respectively. Krikke averaged 4.82 kills per game, while Kalb averaged 4.49. Zondervan also was able to rank nationally. Her 13.78 assists per game average ranked her second nationally, only 0.01 assists per game behind the leader. As a team, the Knights finished with the best assists-pergame average in the nation, with 15.27 assists per game. Also, the Knights were third in kills per game (16.41), 12th Katie Zondervan Senior, Lakewood, Calif. in win-loss percentage (.879) and 41st in hitting percentage (.238) We grew as a group all season, Warners reflected. Thats good, but its the individual lessons that we learned that will last us for a lifetime. The Knights will be losing four very good and influential players after this season. The team has four seniors: Kalb, Krikke, Zondervan and Sarah ernst. There are four seniors on this seasons team, Warners said. They led the group and did what they needed to do. Im going to miss them next year, but I want them to know this: They put Calvin volleyball on the national map. Junior Jessica Garlick and sophomore Sara Kramer will have to step up to fill the void left by seniors hitters Molly Krikke and Kristen Kalb. They were fifth and third, respectively, on the team in kills this season. PHOTO COurTeSy OF CALVIN.eDu Intramural C rner Soccer Standings W L Channel 4 News Peteys Stealthy Salmon Green Street Wolverines Los Que Juegan Scruffies Screw ups Sentient Beings Hope Mcelroy 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 4 Intramural weekly MVP Andrew rescorla Sophomore This weeks schedule November 19 Its goin down vs. Knights 8 east gym November 19 Mikasa vs. Team America 9 east gym PING PONG CHAMPION November 19 Janelle Aupperlees team vs. SWAT Volleyball B Standings W L Aupperlees Team SWAT Team Knights Tallness Its goin down underdogs Ptow Plus Team America Mixn Match Mikasa 55 Bolsheviks 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 10 east gym Krikke, a middle hitter, was named this years MIAA MVP and a secondteamAll-American.Sheled theKnightswith4.79killspergame this year and was named to the All- MIAA first team for the second straight year. Last year Krikke was second on the team with 4.00 kills pergameand1.16blockspergame. This year she led the league with 579 kills. Fortosis,agoalkeeper,wasthelone senior captain this season. He began the year as the starting keeper, but was knocked out with a head injury in just the second game of the season. A year ago, Fortosis recordedfourshutoutsanda.64goals againstaveragetogoalongwitha61-2recordafterhebegantheyearas a defensive back. As a freshman he recordedfourshutoutsasabackup. Volleyball A Standings W L 747 Zooooom! Better than the undecided Gheto SuperStars Set to Kill The Naturals Destroyers Team Domination Team Bang Krug We B V ballin Fighting Futans 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 Hometown: Zionsville, Ind. Major: engineering Athlete: Brett Favre Car: 2001 Ford Taurus Quote: Winning isnt everything; its the only thing.-Vince Lombardi News and Notes: - V-ball A and soccer will resume play after Thanksgiving Break - Check out the new bulletin board by the IM office - Basketball sign-ups for next semester begin Dec. 3. Start getting your teams together! By BruCe VAN BAreN ~ ALL PHOTOS COurTeSy OF CALVIN SPOrTS INFOrMATION November 16, 2007 C himEs acceptance of the superiority of some people over others. in the future, when this is common practice, there will still be people that wont be able to afford the procedure. are their children then to be inferior to the children that receive the therapy? Genetic therapy threatens to become the new eugenics, and its a practice with great benefits but philosophically questionable ethics. Who wouldnt want to have the perfect baby? and more importantly, what determines the superiority of one gene over another? One recent theory predicts a future something like that in the H.G. Wells book The Time Machine, with a class of people that is genetically superior to a lower class. While it uses evolution as an explanation, it says that in 1,000 years all the smart and attractive people will have been so selective in their choosing of a mate, that it will leave behind an ugly, dumb class that alternatively keeps breeding among itself. arguably, however, gene therapy could bring about this future more quickly. Those who can afford the expensive procedures (and dont have ethical dilemmas about them) will give birth to superior children. if this practice is repeated over a number of generations, would the intelligence become more concentrated with each new generation? The beauty more pronounced? While this wouldnt be constrained to race (any race would be able to do it), what if a parent decides that her child would have a better chance of success if it had a certain skin color? arguably, white people still make more money and are afforded more freedoms than people of other races; wouldnt it then be beneficial to make your child white? Heritage and individuality are at stake, and few people are taking the threat as credible. But what about conditions that have mixed ways of bein g e x p re ss e d? Ta ke ad d for example (the existence of an actual condition may be disputed, but lets assume it does). it is a condition marked by unruliness and an inability to pay attention, so it would follow that the gene should be identified and taken out. There are benefits to the condition, though. Some scientists argue that add is a valuable condition to have because it makes a person more creative or, at the very least, makes a person see the world in a unique way. Some new theories speculate that the wide variety of inventions, art and writings of leonardo da Vinci may be a direct product of add. The lack of focus on one specific vocation gave birth to some of the greatest art and inventions of the renaissance. Would we take that away? is the loss of the creativity and uniqueness a worthy cost? Who decides? What about something much easier to diagnose, like depression? if there was a genetic reason for it, wouldnt it be logical to take care of it? Hasnt some of mankinds greatest art and writing come from people who are depressed? didnt Hemingways depression help drive him to write so poetically and give his writing its signature hopelessness? What if an embryo tested positive for hereditary deafness? There could be no logical reason to keep an embryo deaf. But who knows what Op/Ed 17 By aarON rOOrda Op/Ed Co-Editor Modern science is proving the Nazis right. racists, bigots and prejudiced people of all creeds seem to be gaining ground in their arguments of racial superiority. Modern genetics has begun accepting ideologically shaky ground that includes acceptance of the superiority of some genes over others. James Watson, a Nobel prize winning scientist that helped discover dNas proper ties went as far as saying all our social policies are based on the fact that their [africans and african-americans] intelligence is the same as ours whereas all the testing says not really. This statement seems like the ranting of any run-of-themill racist until he backs up his theor y with the following: There is no firm reason to anticipate that the intellectual capacities of peoples geographically separated in their evolution should prove to have evolved identically. Our wanting to reserve equal powers of reason as some universal heritage of humanity will not be enough to make it so. Using evolution as the explanation for the racial superiority of one race over another is nothing new. The Nazis main goal was the propagation of the aryan race, a mythical Nordic bloodline that was pure and far superior to any other race. While the Nazis were admittedly crazy (they attempted to prove the existence of atlantis as the origin of the aryan race), philosophies of genetic superiority are gaining new ground. it seems like not a day goes by without a new gene being mapped: a gene that predisposes you to cancer, a gene that will give you alzheimers, a gene that makes you gay (they havent actually found one for that yet). There could be genes that could affect intelligence or creativeness, too; eventually, we could all be birthing beautiful Einsteins like it was going out of style. during in vitro fertilization, you can genetically scan the embryos for a variety of diseases and conditions and pick the healthiest one. This makes sense. after all, why would you want to give birth to a child with autism or Parkinsons? What about other factors, though? is it OK to choose the embryo with blonde hair and blue eyes or the embryo that has the smarts gene? What about gene therapy for normal pregnancies that fix the embryo? its not science fiction anymore, and the greater development of the science there is, the pickier parents will be able to be. So what does all this have to do with racism? it admits the superiority of certain genes over others. What follows is the Beethoven would sound like if he could have heard himself? in the end, many of the conditions and diseases that are such a hindrance in peoples lives drive them to do things they wouldnt otherwise do. if we take away all of the conditions and diseases in the world, it would be a great step forward in mankinds development. However, its impossible to judge what the effect on our culture and uniqueness would be. Part of my personality is my add, which often makes me manic and off the wall. i wouldnt trade it for the world, but its a real possibility that people will soon be deciding for their children whether or not to change it, which brings up the last problem with gene therapy. While most of the applications would be beneficial, the intangibles of the personality will be altered as well, and the people this would affect would be given no voice in the matter. i see no reasonable way that wed be able to change the genes of an adult, but changing the genes of an embryo is altering somebody without his or her consent. Sure, a person wont be depressed now, but was he the next Vonnegut? Sure, he wont die at 30, but will he ever achieve in 70 years what he would have been so driven to do in 30? its impossible to determine whats worthy of being superior, and yet, were so ready to jump in and begin slicing and dicing our genes. So the Nazis were right. There is such a thing as a superior person, and if they had their way wed all be white, blonde-haired, blu...