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The Texas Revolution Class Notes (Day 1) 28/09/2009 20:23:00 Course will begin in the 1820s with the Anglos moving int Texas area A. Anglos Americas Came to America mainly in search of land Austin was a great diplomat Father of Texas Lifelong bachelor Dealt w/ bad health his whole life Son of a one-time Missouri lead-miner; Moses Austin o Moses tried to reverse his setback by sponsoring 300 families in Spanish Texas o Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821 Son took over as leader to colonize area Congress of Mexico approved Austins colony Most of the settlers would be given 4,605 acres each Not of the colonists would have to pay taxes for 6 yrs Austin could charge 12 cents an acre to get money for surveying and what not He and his followers became Mexican citizens (along with other colonists from United States October 10 th , 1835 o Began publishing a weekly newspaper in San Felipe de Austin (only newspaper in Texas at time of revolution) Texas Rangers Existed before the republic of Texas existed Immigrants faced devastating raids from the Indians Mexico, in order to protects civilians called for volunteers to help protect the plains These citizens soldiers were to protect isolated farms and ranches Ranger companies that were formed in 1823 were the ancestors of todays Texas Rangers (Men in White hats) For the first 40 yrs they were neither organized nor effective Fredonian Rebellion of 1826 Disputes over lands, customs duties and fees, disagreement b/t state and natl govt of Mexico Started by civilians of Nacogdoches Started by Hayden Edwards who tried to separate his colony from Mexico Rebels fled with Mexican troops approached the town in 1827 Rebellion failed From this revolt, Mexicans were concerned about the US acquiring land Both the john q adams and Jackson terms and the rapid growth of white population led to the Law of April 6, 1830 Law of April 6, 1830 Outlawed and more immigration into the Mexican territory Total pop of texas in 1830 excluding Indians was about 15,000 with anglos outnumbering tejanos about 4:1 Law relaxed in 1834 Protests and Skirmishing at Port of Anahuac at Galveston Bay/Clash at Velasco in1832 Taxes and duties Constitution of 1824 federalism o Centralized order General Santa Anna reversed his decision and declared himself dictator A stronger central government Anglo settlers came mostly from the south and were convinced that the institution was essential for settlement of texas o Texas must be empire for slavery... View Full Document

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