ART 101 Wk 1-9
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ART 101 Wk 1-9

Course Number: ART ART 101, Spring 2010

College/University: Phoenix School of Law

Word Count: 5939


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Week 1 Visual Literacy After reading chapter two it is obvious that Kenneth Clark holds the Greek sculpture and civilization in higher regards than the African mask and the African civilization. The reason Clarks interpretation of the African mask is ethnocentric is because he is viewing the mask from a different visual convention. He is reading the mask through the eyes of the Western civilization which view the...

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1 Week Visual Literacy After reading chapter two it is obvious that Kenneth Clark holds the Greek sculpture and civilization in higher regards than the African mask and the African civilization. The reason Clarks interpretation of the African mask is ethnocentric is because he is viewing the mask from a different visual convention. He is reading the mask through the eyes of the Western civilization which view the African continent as dark. Clark is not able to see the African mask from a firsthand perspective; therefore, he reads the features of the mask with his own preconceptions of violence, freight and horror. When he speaks of the Greek sculpture he speaks of light and confidence and relates their civilization to his own. It is impossible to view a sculpture using different visual conventions. One has to be completely opened minded and understand the civilization without comparing it to others or judging their beliefs. Although the mask has a horrifying emotional expression it is still beautiful with other conventional meanings. In the reading of chapter two Susan Vogels perspective of the mask is significantly different from Clarks. She sees the horns and the expressions as something beautiful, something Clark is unable to see. Vogel speaks of the mask representing their God and how happy it made their village to dance with the mask. She said it filled her heart with joy. I think the diversity between the two visuals are very interesting. It shows that there are some pieces of art that one may never understand or appreciate. Reading Art: Practicing Iconography After reading about iconography in the textbook I was very surprised to learn that it is not as hard as I thought it would be to identify symbolism in art. The two pieces of art I chose are the Leonardo Da Vinci painting of the last supper, created in 1495-98 and it is a painting of the Renaissance and the Baroque Ages, and the second piece of art is a painting by Peter Paul Rubens, of the rising of the cross. The second painting was created in 1610-1611 and it is also of the Renaissance and the Baroque Ages. I feel that both of these painting show significant signs of iconography along with respective roles of the artists. The painting of the last supper is a great example of iconography. Some examples of iconography includes Jesus sitting in the middle of the table with his apostles surrounding him. Jesus sitting in the middle of the table shows that he was providing the dinner to the others at the table. Jesus holding his hands out toward the food on the table signifies that he was offering the food that he had to the apostles at the dinner table. Also the bread and fish dispersed on the table symbolizes the bread and the fish he multiplied to allow everyone to eat. The painting holds many significant iconography details. I feel that both of the paintings artists lead the role of give visible or tangible form to ideas, philosophies, or feeling. I feel this way because one could look at the painting of the last supper and just see a picture of a dinner party while it really has very symbolic meaning. The dinner represents Jesus last supper before he was hung on the cross. It also holds the traditional story of Jesus turning one loaf of bread and one fish into several so that he and all of his apostles would have enough food to eat. I feel that the painting of the last supper holds visible and tangible forms to ideas, philosophies and feelings. I also feel that the painting of the rising of the cross is also a form of visible and tangible form of ideas, philosophies and feelings because the paining holds such significance to many religions. I also find it very interesting that the artist brings the attention of the viewer to the center of the painting while the outside of the painting holds such significance. The perimeter of the painting is a picture of a window, like the artist wanted to convey the fact that everyone just watched as Jesus died for our sins such as people looking through a window and watching life go by. I think both painting are very interesting and roles of visible or tangible form to ideas, philosophies, and feelings because both painting produce so much emotion. Week 2 #1. It would be very interesting seeing an art exhibit place throughout one of our local parks but we are yet to be so lucky, so far as I know. Buffalo, New York does display art throughout the city but in more subtle ways. For example, downtown Buffalo there is a place that people can hang brochures, business cards, and concert dates, etc. The window that people use to tac or tape their things on is a huge black iron sculpture. It is very interesting because it is on the corner of a fairly busy intersection. Also in the museum area of downtown it is filled with iron sculptures throughout the front yards of the museums and near the road. It is very interesting to see because they look so out of place, yet they fit so well. It is different to see a modern iron sculpture placed in the middle of a lawn between trees because it grabs your attention because you know it does not belong there, yet you cannot take your eyes off of it. It must have been a great experience to see the Calder art exhibit first hand. I think that art in public places does help contribute to building a community and a sense of culture because it may not seem like it does but it brings people together. Public art allows people who would normally never visit and art museum have the chance to appreciate art. Also it gives the people of the community a sense of appreciation of their culture especially if the art pieces are representing their specific culture. Art is so interesting and everyone appreciates it in their own way. Public art allows people to come together through their perceptions of the art pieces. #2. It is hard to create an art piece after reading chapter four because those pieces art were so meaningful and unique. If I was to create my own 'public art' I could create something to do with global warming. I do not feel that people are taking the serious issue serious enough as if they can ignore it and it will just disappear. I would create two pieces of art both being of the entire planet Earth. One would be of a green, flourishing earth. The earth would have greenish bluish water, very fresh looking water. The land would be greener than we have ever seen to represent a fresh, pure and green plant, a planet we destroyed. The second world would represent the after effects of what we have done to the planet. It would be brown and black and the water would be shown as significantly less than in the first world sculpture. I would place green dots around the planet to represent the few people that are trying to make a difference. This would represent the fact that these people are trying, but they will not be able to save the planet on their own no matter what sacrifices they make. I would create these two pieces of art to represent a planet that we are destroying, a planet that was so pure before we became so greedy. I think the content of my art work would make people think harder about how selfish they are being. Art and Intention Michelangelos David and Marcel Duchamps Nude Descending a Staircase were both misperceived by the general public. Both of these are pieces were created at such a higher level of knowledge and understanding that the general public was unable to identify their self-intellect within the masterpieces. Michelangelos David objective of David was to represent his triumph over Goliath and was intentionally created to represent the Republic of Florence to and their freedom from foreign and papal domination. People were very misunderstanding of the sculpture such as, Opera del Duomo, the general public and supporters of the Medici. Marcel Duchamps Nude Descending the Staircase was created with pictures that are photographs of time to inspire his art work, photographs that he took himself. It was very intelligent work. The reasons behind Duchamps innovative approach to human form was the breakdown of movement which was described in a book he had read called Movement, written by Etienne-Jules. Duchamp was very inspired by the book and the breakdown of the data of movement. When I first looked at the art work created by Duchamp I did not fully understand what it intended to mean. After reading about how he was educated of the breakdown of movement it made me appreciate his work more. He was ahead of his time. It is strange to see such a diverse piece of art created so long ago. It is disappointing that the general public was not able to become educated on what the meaning of his painting was before judging and criticizing it. I definitely appreciate the piece of art after learning about how much thought, knowledge and time was put into the art work. Week 3 Analytical and Expressive Line Van Gogh used expressive lines in many of his paintings, especially The Sower (1888). Expressive lines are precise, emotionally charged and almost chaotic (Sayre, 2007, Page 82, Para.1). The lines seem to make up the painting with small lines going in every direction to make up a masterpiece of Van Goghs finest work. Sol LeWitt used analytic lines in his paintings. Analytic lines are precise, controlled, mathematically rigorous, logical, and rationally organized (Sayre, 2007, Page 82, Para.1). The analytical lines are bold and stand out in the paintings rather than expressive lines which run together to create a picture. Analytical lines seem to be based on the painting where as expressive lines direct your attention toward the meaning of the painting. The expressive lines are disguised by the painting. I do agree with expressive lines connection to feminine qualities because expressive lines are hidden behind the painting. It is hard to see the expressive lines when you first look at a picture using the lines. The initial look directs your attention toward the meaning of the picture so what is happening in the picture. I feel that this relates to feminine qualities because the lines are delicate and easily overlooked. The lines are not bold and they do not stand out. Analytical lines do connect well with masculine qualities because they are bold and stand out. The lines relate very well to masculine qualities. Week 4 Checkpoint Name of Movement The Arts and Crafts Movement Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace (1851). A new type of building which used 900,000 square feet of glass. It was 1,848x408 foot and took nine months to build. Art Nouveau Louis Comfort Tiffany (1904-1915). Newly invented electricity went hand in hand with Tiffany Studios stained glass lamp and complimented interior design. 1904-1909 Representative Artist Approximate Dates of Movement 1850-1903 Art Deco Skyscraper bookcase (1925-1930), was created with a rare type of wood called ebony. It had sharp, bold edges and was like no other type of furniture or art. 1925-1930 The Avant- Gardes Pavilion de IEspirit Nouveau (1925). A pavilion crafted from modern manufactured objects. 1920-1925 The Forties and the Fifties Tulip Pedestal furniture, (1955-1957). Chairs made of plastic with a metal base pained the same color as the plastic gave the illusion that the entire chair was plastic. The tables had a metal base with a wood or marble top. 1940-1959 Formal Analysis Organizing Space and Elements of Color and Light Self-Tests are Attached Seperatly Week 4 #1. Leonardo da Vinci used many principles of design in his painting of The Last Supper. First he used emphasis and focal point to draw our immediate attention to Jesus who is seated in the center of the table. In addition, it appears that light and color was used to obtain the focal point in this art piece, because Jesus is the only one at the table with a red robe, and 2 aspect of bright light surround him; the "door" with the white space underneath him and the window which is almost directly behind him. These two aspects of light appear to illuminate Jesus as the focal point. Moreover, the painting also seems to be well proportioned, meaning the object (s) are not too large or too small for the picture. It's difficult to say which design element is the most useful for an artist and for the creation of a successful art piece because all of the elements of design can interact in some way and complement each other. I think the most important factor is that the artist use his/her own creativity to "tell the story" to the viewer through the art piece. Cubism is geometry in form, using fragmentation on the object(s), and the increase use of abstraction. Instead of a traditional form of perspective, modeling, and foreshortening, cubists wanted to emphasize a two-dimensional aspect on the canvas. Cubists used contrasting vantage point to create a combination of depiction #2. and visibility. Cubist wanted to reduce a natural form into simple geometric figures using cube, sphere, and cylinder. Artist like Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Juan Gris aimed to the intellect in its representation. The cubists is trying to show everyday objects as the mind, not the eye, perceives it, with all sides at once. Design Movements: Appendix C Name of Movement The Arts and Crafts Movement Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace (1851). A new type of building which used 900,000 square feet of glass. It was 1,848x408 foot and took nine months to build. Art Nouveau Louis Comfort Tiffany (1904-1915). Newly invented electricity went hand in hand with Tiffany Studios stained glass lamp and complimented interior design. Representative Artist Art Deco Skyscraper bookcase (1925-1930), was created with a rare type of wood called ebony. It had sharp, bold edges and was like no other type of furniture or art. The Avant- Gardes Pavilion de IEspirit Nouveau (1925). A pavilion crafted from modern manufactured objects. The Forties and the Fifties Tulip Pedestal furniture, (1955-1957). Chairs made of plastic with a metal base pained the same color as the plastic gave the illusion that the entire chair was plastic. The tables had a metal base with a wood or marble top. Week 5 Missing: Drawing Painting Styles Neoclassicism, Impressionism, and Abstract Expressionism art vastly contrast each other and signify three important art eras. My essay will compare and contrast the three different arts techniques, discuss the painting techniques in detail, and explain the formal elements of the three painting techniques. I will also reference three paintings to explain how they relate to each painting technique. I will conclude with my understanding of the different art techniques and my interpretation of them. Neoclassicism painting of the early 1800's classifies a different type and approach to painting. Neoclassicism mostly pertains to the Greek and Roman antiquity. 'The painting technique mostly contrasts Rococo art because the women are no longer seen cavorting like mermaids or even luxuriously dressed like the Duchess of Polignac" (Sayre, 2007, Page 487, Para. 4). In many of the Neoclassicism painting women are posing in the nude rather than being seen for their luxurious living styles. In the painting by Jacques Louis David, The Emperor Napoleon in his Study at the Tuileries, 1812 is a formal looking painting with dark colors and the painting is in focus unlike the Impressionism painting technique. The Neoclassicism painting technique is an easier to read and more classic painting technique. Impressionism art surfaced in the late 1800's. "Claude Monet began to employ the same rich, thick brushstrokes Manet was already using, but with an even looser hand" (Sayre, H, 2007, Page 499, Para. 1). Monet was using the new Impressionism painting technique which included the combination of two or more pigments on a single wide paint brush, he also used the 'wet on wet' method that consisted of wet paint being painted over paint that was not yet dried. Monet also preferred to use intense hues. In the painting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, The Luncheon of the Boating Party, 1880-81, it is easy to depict the large brushstrokes. The colors of the painting blend together nicely and the painting has lots of vibrant colors. According to Sayre (2007) Impressionists painted mostly pictures of the Parisian lifestyle. The theaters are painted beautifully and the people in the pictures look happy. The people in the pictures are dressed in very conservative and fine clothing which says a lot about their culture and the way the artists seen the Parisian people. Abstract Expressionism art reflects the era that followed World War II more easily defined as following the modern art era. Abstract art vastly resembles art from the modern era. Artists were using more of a non-objective approach rather than painting a specific image that can be easily viewed. Artists were becoming more complex and creative with Abstract Expressionism art. Their canvases were covered with shapes, images, vibrant colors, black, white, vertical and horizontal lines broken apart to create what is known as abstract art, a form of art that is not easily pieced together with the naked eye. In the painting by Willem de Kooning, Asheville, 1948, the painting uses different hues and a variety of vertical and horizontal lines. The painting vastly contrasts the Neoclassicism painting technique which is a much more formal painting technique. Abstract painting is much different than any other type of painting but flourished during its era. Each of the different painting techniques represents the way cultures change. Neoclassicism was a much simpler and easier to understand type of art. Along with Impressionism art came a new technique of painting, a type of painting that uses more vibrant colors and the painting almost seems to be out of focus because the colors blend together. Lastly, Abstract Expressionism art is more modern and a lot harder to understand. It almost seems as though you cannot depict what the image conveys unless you know the title, the title brings the image hidden in the to painting surface. I feel that each of the different painting techniques represent how complex people became, wanting more than just a regular painting, something that makes the artist and the viewer think very hard about the painting. I think that each of the painting techniques are beautiful in their own way and represent great art eras. References Sayre, H. (2007). A world of art (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Week 6 #1. The most significant difference between the daguerreotype process and modern photography it that the daguerreotype process lacks color. Modern photography produces images with color rather than black and white photos. I feel than most people use modern color photography to capture the entire image, the trees, the color of the person's clothes, stains on the clothes, and any other easily identified characteristic of the photo. With black and white photos they capture basic features of the image and of course make it look flawless. I also, prefer black and white photos but like many my camera is predominantly on color. All in all, I feel that the color of modern photos significantly contrast the daguerreotype process because of the lack of color. #2. Alfred Hitchcock used several different shots to build tension in the preview. For example, he used close-ups of love scenes and shot action scenes from a distance. He also used suspenseful music during the end of the preview to build the tension of the preview. The preview included scenes from the train ride and the main character trying to stop an oncoming truck to make the point of traveling. The director also informs the viewer of love scenes and action scenes when the woman from the love scene shot him at the end of the preview. All in all, I feel that Alfred Hitchcock did a great job because I even plan to rent the movie now. It looked really interesting. I also like the way that action scenes, such as when the main character tried to stop the truck. These scenes are interesting because it shows how far we have come in the movie industry and most directors' get their material from old movies such as 'North by Northwest.' Films and Popular Cinema Film began with directors exposing a sequence of rapidly exposed photos. The photos were arranged into order and ranged from full shots, medium shots, close-ups, extreme close-ups and long shots. Most films were of the early nineteenth century. According to Sayre (2007) Sergei Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin of 1925 included one hundred and fifty-five shots in a four minute and twenty second span, a rate of 1.6 seconds per shot. Most of the early films are distinctively recognized for their intellectual writing and creative invention of films. Popular cinema is a more modern idea of film. Popular cinema films included sound, animation, comedy, drama, horror, basically a new type of entertainment for every type of audience. The Gold Rush film starring Charlie Chaplin of 1925 was an eighty- minute long film and opened the doors to comedy when Charlie Chaplin cooks and eats his old leather shoe. Popular cinema included all the main stream movies that people wanted and had to see including The Wizard of Oz, Citizen Kane, Fantasia, Gone with the Wind, Star Wars and The Black Pirate. All of these movies gained their popularity through Hollywood's glamour through popular actresses and actors. Popular cinema and films vastly contrast each other throughout chapter thirteen because films are portrayed as being short, informative and a repetition of clips of photos whereas popular cinema is defined by a camera, Hollywood, glamorous actresses and actors and millions of dollars. References Sayre, H. (2007). A world of art (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Week 7 Greek and Roman Architecture After reading chapter 16 in our 'World of Art' textbook it feels to me like the Greek and the Roman civilizations did not contrast much in architecture. They actually look very similar. The only difference I can see is that the Romans mastered the Greek architectural ideas, building them stronger, bigger and more detailed. The Greeks are well known for their magnificent and beautiful columns and they are best seen on what is left of 'The First Temple' of Hera, Paestum, Italy, 550 BCE. The Greeks used the Doric column, the plainest of them all. The Parthenon also conveys great architecture done by the Greeks. The Romans used the Corinthian column on the exterior of the Pantheon 117-125CE. The Corinthian columns are the most detailed and fanciest of all of the three column designs. The Romans design of the Pantheon also includes the perfection of the dome. The inside of the Pantheon includes a hemisphere shaped dome. According to Sayre (2007) the dome is also known as a continuous arch rotated 360 degrees on its axis. The Pantheon is one of the Romans most well known architectural structures. The Greeks seem to have invented the arches and the columns to form a beautiful structure but the Romans used the columns and arches to build lavished structures. The Romans got all of their ideas from the Greeks but used them to their fullest potential. References Sayre, H. (2007). The World of Art: The Formal Elements and their Design fifth Edition. Pearson; Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. Missing: Architecture and Function Week 8 #1. Egyptian and Greek sculptures are alike because they were both used to convey the beauty through their architectural structures. They are also similar because Greek sculptures are considered to be low and high relief and Egyptian sculptures are considered to be low relief which is less than 180 degrees from the plane. Greek sculptures were used as a form of art, it seems to mostly convey the beauty of the human body. Greeks mostly created sculptures to mark significant periods of time or to honor men and women, Gods and Goddesses. An example of these types of sculptures would be Herakles, Athena, Socrates, and 'Atlas Bringing Herakles the Golden Aplles.' Egyptian used sculptures in a more formal form. They only used them to honor their Kings and Queen, they worshiped their King and Queen. 'King Menkaure and His Queen, Khamerenebty II' conveys the significant difference between the two civilizations. Greeks created sculptures to bring the human beauty out of a person, detailing their muscles, hair, and genitals. Greek sculptures were completely detailed. Egyptian were more formal the genitals are covered up and the sculpture is less detailed, but much more formal. #2. The title of the art is 'Head On.' It was created by a Chinese artist Cai Guo-Qiang. It was installed in the Guggenheim museum, Berlin, Germany on August 26, 2006-October 15, 2006. The art is of wolves running after the leader and when the leader of the pack slams into the glass they all follow and fall to the ground while the others from accross the room take up their spaces. I think the meaning of the art is to describe the loyalty of the wolves that although they see what is happening to the wolves in the from their are still willing to leap through the air and hopefully land or fall to the ground with their leader. I really liked the art piece because it was different and interesting to look at. I also find it fascinating to think of the loyalty and determination of the wolves. References: Caiguoqiang. (2006). Project 2006. Retrieved June 5, 2009, from, project_detail.php?id=196&iid=962 Sculpture and Medium: Appendix D Type of Title Artist Date Medium Additive, Subtractive, Sculpture Carving Nativity Patrocinio Barela 1966 Wood, Juniper tree or Neither Subtractive Carving Atlas' Slave Michelangelo 1513-1520 Stone Subtractive Modeling Case of Bottles Robert Arneson 1964 Ceramic Additive Casting Head of an Oba African, Nigeria, Edo, Court of Benin 18th Century Brass Neither Assemblage Spade with Chains David Hammons 1973 Steel Additive Earthworks Sun Tunnels Nancy Holt 1973-1976 Stone Neither Week 9 Capstone Checkpoint The Art's Council in Buffalo and Erie Country is the main advocate for arts in my community. The organization helps fund local galleries and struggling artists. The Art Council somehow manages to extend a hand to almost everyone throughout Buffalo and Erie County. I feel that the organization is one of the best known advocates for art in our community. Although the organization is the most supportive, they are by far one of many. We actually have a street or an area downtown that is all artsy, it is called Allentown. There are several small galleries owned by locals and the stores and the bars on the street support the art by hanging it in their store or bar to show their support and to promote local artists. In my area there are constantly benefits being help to support this group of artists or that group of artists. There is definitely lots of support for the arts in my area. I have never been to into art. I really just like to enjoy art in the privacy of my own home. I am the type of person that takes an hour of staring at a painting to finally get something from it. My fianc and I do not attend many gallery benefits but once is awhile we will attend a small gallery benefit for local artists and we always go to the Buffalo Museum of Art. I do not feel like I personally do enough to support the art in my area but it has never captivated my interest. Maybe someday I will learn to really enjoy art for what it is. Final Art Timeline: Greek Sculptures Ancient Greek arts are known for contributing much to our civilization especially in the areas of sculptural and architectural art forms. Greek art has influenced the entire world from past to present times. Much of their work has been destroyed and only few have survived. Listed are the ten most famous surviving Greek sculptures to date. Figure 1 Between 130 and 100 B.C Aphrodite de Milos (Venus De Milo) Alexander Antioch Greek Sculpture Louvre Museum, Paris "The statue of Aphrodite de Milos is regarded as the most beautiful model of a woman's body" (Bermosa, 2008, Para.2). The sculpture is displayed today at the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. The ancient Greek statue is known as one of the most famous works of ancient Greek sculpture. It was created between 130 and 100 BC. According to Bermosa (2008) it is believed to depict Aphrodite (called Venus by the Romans), the Greek goddess of love and beauty. The marble sculpture stands 6.7 feet high. Her arms and original plinth have been lost which contributes to the mystery of the sculpture. The sculpture in known to have been created by Alexander Antioch, the art remains as one of Antioch's best works of art. Figure 2 3rd Century B.C The Winged Victory of Samothrace Greek Sculpture Louvre Museum, Paris The second sculpture on the timeline is Nike of Samothrace. "It is a third century B.C. marble sculpture of the Greek goddess Nike (Victory)" (Bermosa, 2008, Para.3). The sculpture is also currently being housed at the Louvre Museum in Paris, France as of 1884. The sculpture is best known as woman facing the sea ready to announce an arrival while the strong breeze ripples the woman's dress. According to Bermosa (2008) the rippling garments remains to be one of the most compelling aspects of the sculpture. Figure 3 1st Century B.C. Laocoon and His Sons Rhodian Greek Sculpture Vatican Museum, Rome "The statue of Laocoon and His sons is also called the Laocoon Group" (Bermosa, 2008, Para.5). The detailed sculpture of the Laocoon Group was created from a block of marble which later became known as one of the most interesting and detailed sculptures of the Greek civilization. The sculpture is currently being shown in the Vatican Museum in Rome, Italy. "The statue is attributed by the Roman author Pliny the Elder to three sculptors from the island of Rhodes: Agesander, Athenodoros and Polydoros" (Bermosa, 2008, Para.4). The sculpture was created to represent the Trojan priest Laocoon and his sons Antiphantes and Thymbraeus being strangled to death by sea serpents. The sculpture was found and has been maintained in fairly decent condition. Figure 4 460 B.C. Bronze Sculpture Greek Sculpture National Archeological Museum, Athens According to Bermosa (2008) the Bronze Sculpture is thought to be either Poseidon or Zeus created in about 460 B.C. The Artemision The sculpture was discovered in the sea off Cape Artemision in Northern Euboea in 1928. The sculpture is known to represent either Aeuse or Poseidon and is relatively life size. "The debate over whether the statue represents Poseidon or Zeus hinges on the lost attribute held in the right hand (Bermosa, 2008, Para.5). The sculpture is currently being shown at the National Archeological Museum in Athens. Figure 5 420 B.C.E. Diadumenos Polycitus Greek Sculpture National Museum, Athens The Diadumenos sculpture was created around 420 B.C.E. by the famous Greek artist, Polycitus. The Diadumenos sculpture represents a young man in a strictly idealized representation of young men in a completely naturalistic manner. The Diadumenos represents a young man that was the winner of an athletic contest. The young man is lifting his arms to knot his winning ribbon. The ribbon is known to have been bronze, signified by the sculpture appearance. The sculpture is a very detailed work of art and reflects the winner accepting his winning ribbon while still appearing in his natural state. The sculpture is housed in the National Museum in Athens. Figure 6 Venus Brachi. Greek Sculpture Munich Glyptothek "This statue is the so-called Venus Braschi by Praxiteles, a type of the Knidian Aphrodite. It is housed in Munich Glyptothek" (Bermosa, 2008, Para.7) Figure 7 4th Century B.C. The Marathon Youth Praxiteles Greek Sculpture National Archeological Museum, Athens The Marathon Youth was created by Praxiteles. The bronze statue was created around the 4th century BC. The sculpture is currently being housed in the National Archeological Museum in Athens. "Besides this work, connected with Praxiteles on definite evidence, there are in our museums works without number of the Roman age, statues of Hermes, of Dionysus, of Aphrodite of Satyrs and Nymphs and the like, in which a varied amount of Praxiteles style may be discerned" (Bermosa, 2008, Para.9). The bronze sculpture represents a different outlook of human movement than the other Greek sculptures. Figure 8 330 B.C. Statue of Hermes Praxiteles Greek Sculpture Archeological Museum, Olympia The Statue of Hermes is known to be more than 2,000 years old. The sculpture was created by the famous Greek artist, Praxiteles. "Hermes, the herald of the Olympian gods, is the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia, daughter of Atlas and one of the Pleiades" (Bermosa, 2008, Para.10). The statue is one of the most important of any of the Greek sculpture because it is one of the oldest. Scientists have created a protective shield barrier around the sculpture to prevent any harm from earthquakes and it is currently being isolated in the Archeological Museum of Olympia in Greece, under watchful eye. Figure 9 470 B.C. The Charioteer of Delphi Greek Sculpture Delphi Archeological Museum, Delphi "The Charioteer of Delphi is one of the greatest surviving works of Greek sculpture, dating from about 470 B.C" (Bermosa, 2008, Para.11). The sculpture is currently being housed in the Delphi Archeological Museum in Delphi. The sculpture is one of the oldest and most diligent of its kind so extra care is taken to preserve the Greek treasure. Figure 10 1st Century B.C. Statue of Zeus and Ganymede Greek Sculpture Archeological Museum, Olympia "Zeus, the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea, he was the supreme ruler of Mount Olympus and of the Pantheon of gods who resided there, being the supreme ruler he upheld law, justice and morals, and this made him the spiritual leader of both gods and men" (Bermosa, 2008, Para.12). Zeus is known to have been a weather God, having control over thunder, lightning and rain, thus his known lightning bolt. "Theocritus wrote circa 265 BCE: "sometimes Zeus is clear, sometimes he rains, and "he is also known to have caused thunderstorms" (Bermosa, 2008, para.12). The terracotta statue of Zeus and Ganymede is housed in the Olympia Archeological Museum. References Aphrodite de Milos (Venus De Milo). [Greek Sculpture]. (2007). Retrieved June 1, 2009, from Bermosa, N. (2008). 10 Most Famous Surviving Greek Sculptures. Retrieved June 1, 2009, from Bronze Sculpture. [Greek sculpture]. (2006). Retrieved June 1, 2009, from Diadumenos. [Greek Sculpture]. (2007). Retrieved June 1, 2009, from Laocoon and His Sons. [Greek Sculpture]. (2006). Retrieved June 3, 2009, from Statue of Hermes. [Greek Sculpture]. (2006). Retrieved June 3, 2009, from Statute of Zeus and Ganymede. [Greek Sculpture]. (2004). Retrieved June 4, 2009, from The Charioteer of Delphi. [Greek Sculpture]. (2005). Retrieved June 4, 2009, from The Marathon Youth. [Greek Sculpture]. (2007). Retrieved June 6, 2009, from The Winged Victory of Samothrace. [Greek Sculpture]. (2007). Retrieved June 6, 2009, from Venus Brachi. [Greek Sculpture]. (2007). Retrieved June 4, 2009, from

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