dividends
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dividends

Course Number: FCBA Investment, Spring 2010

College/University: Beirut Arab University

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CHAPTER 15 DISTRIBUTIONS TO SHAREHOLDERS: DIVIDENDS AND REPURCHASES (Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough) Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy: Dividends versus capital gains 1 Answer: d Diff: E . Myron Gordon and John Lintner believe that the required return on equity increases as the dividend payout ratio is decreased. Their argument is based on the assumption that a. Investors are indifferent...

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15 CHAPTER DISTRIBUTIONS TO SHAREHOLDERS: DIVIDENDS AND REPURCHASES (Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough) Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy: Dividends versus capital gains 1 Register to View Answer Diff: E . Myron Gordon and John Lintner believe that the required return on equity increases as the dividend payout ratio is decreased. Their argument is based on the assumption that a. Investors are indifferent between dividends and capital gains. b. Investors require that the dividend yield and capital gains yield equal a constant. c. Capital gains are taxed at a higher rate than dividends. d. Investors view dividends as being less risky than potential future capital gains. e. Investors value a dollar of expected capital gains more highly than a dollar of expected dividends because of the lower tax rate on capital gains. Dividends, DRIPs, and repurchases 2 Register to View Answer Diff: E N . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. In general, stock repurchases are taxed the same way as dividends. b. One nice feature of dividend reinvestment plans is that they enable investors to reduce the taxes paid on their dividends. c. On average, companies send a negative signal to the marketplace when they announce an increase in their dividend. d. If a company is interested in issuing new equity capital, a new stock dividend reinvestment plan probably makes more sense than an open market dividend reinvestment plan. e. Statements b and d are correct. Dividend payout 3 Register to View Answer Diff: E . In the real world, we find that dividends a. b. c. d. e. Usually exhibit greater stability than earnings. Fluctuate more widely than earnings. Tend to be a lower percentage of earnings for mature firms. Are usually changed every year to reflect earnings changes. Are usually set as a fixed percentage of earnings. Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 1 Dividend payout 4 Register to View Answer Diff: E . A decrease in a firms willingness to pay dividends is likely to result from an increase in its a. b. c. d. e. Earnings stability. Access to capital markets. Profitable investment opportunities. Collection of accounts receivable. Stock price. Register to View Answerdescribes the Diff: E theories N of Dividend theories 5 . Which of the following statements best investors preferences for dividends? a. Modigliani and Miller argue that investors prefer dividends to capital gains. b. The bird-in-hand theory suggests that a company can reduce its cost of equity capital by reducing its dividend payout ratio. c. The tax preference theory suggests that a company can increase its stock price by increasing its dividend payout ratio. d. One key advantage of a residual dividend policy is that it enables a company to follow a stable dividend policy. e. The clientele effect suggests that companies should follow a stable dividend policy. Dividend theory and policy 6 Register to View Answer Diff: E N . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. The bird-in-the-hand theory implies that a company can reduce its WACC by reducing its dividend payout. b. The bird-in-the-hand theory implies that a company can increase its stock price by reducing its dividend payout. c. One problem with following a residual dividend policy is that it can lead to erratic dividend payouts that may prevent the firm from establishing a reliable clientele of investors who prefer a particular dividend policy. d. Statements a and c are correct. e. All of the statements above are correct. Optimal dividend policy 7 Register to View Answer Diff: E . Which of the following would not have an influence on the optimal dividend policy? a. The possibility of accelerating or delaying investment projects. b. A strong shareholders preference for current income versus capital gains. c. Bond indenture constraints. d. The costs associated with selling new common stock. e. All of the statements above can have an effect on dividend policy. Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 2 Residual dividend policy 8 Register to View Answer Diff: E N . Trenton Publishing follows a strict residual dividend policy. All else being equal, which of the following factors are likely to increase its per-share dividend? a. An increase in its net income. b. The company increases the proportion of equity financing in its target capital structure. c. An increase in the number of profitable projects that it wants to fund this year. d. Statements a and b are correct. e. All of the statements above are correct. Stock split 9 Register to View Answer Diff: E . A stock split will cause a change in the total dollar amounts shown in which of the following balance sheet accounts? a. b. c. d. e. Cash. Common stock. Paid-in capital. Retained earnings. None of the statements above is correct. Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Stock split 10 . You currently own 100 shares of stock in Beverly Brothers Inc. The stock currently trades at $120 a share. The company is contemplating a 2-for-1 stock split. Which of the following best describes your position after the proposed stock split takes place? a. You will have 200 near $120 a share. b. You will have 200 near $60 a share. c. You will have 100 near $60 a share. d. You will have 50 near $120 a share. e. You will have 50 near $60 a share. shares of stock, and the stock will trade at or shares of stock, and the stock will trade at or shares of stock, and the stock will trade at or shares of stock, and the stock will trade at or shares of stock, and the stock will trade at or Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 3 Stock repurchases and DRIPs 11 Register to View Answer Diff: E N . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. One advantage of stock repurchases is that they are generally taxed more favorably than dividend payments. b. One advantage of dividend reinvestment plans is that they enable investors to avoid paying taxes on the dividends they receive. c. Stock repurchases make sense if a company is interested in increasing its equity ratio. d. Stock repurchases make sense if a company believes that its stock is overvalued and that it has a lot of profitable projects to fund over the next year. e. One advantage of an open market dividend reinvestment plan is that it increases the number of shares the company has outstanding. Repurchases, DRIPs, and stock splits 12 Register to View Answer Diff: E N . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. One reason that companies tend to avoid stock repurchases is that dividend payments are taxed more favorably than stock repurchases. b. One advantage of dividend reinvestment plans is that they allow shareholders to avoid paying taxes on the dividends that they choose to reinvest. c. If a company announces a 2-for-1 stock split and the overall value of the firm remains unchanged, the companys stock price must have doubled. d. All of the statements above are correct. e. None of the statements above is correct. Miscellaneous dividend concepts 13 Register to View Answer Diff: E N . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. If a company puts in place a 2-for-1 stock split, its stock price should roughly double. b. Share repurchases are taxed less favorably than dividends; this explains why companies typically pay dividends and avoid share repurchases. c. On average, a companys stock price tends to rise when it announces that it is initiating a share repurchase program. d. Statements a and b are correct. e. All of the statements above are correct. Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 4 Miscellaneous dividend concepts 14 Register to View Answer Diff: E N . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. The bird-in-the-hand theory argues that investors prefer dividends because dividends are taxed more favorably than capital gains. b. Stock repurchases increase the number of outstanding shares. c. The clientele effect can explain why companies tend to vary their dividends a lot on a year-to-year basis. d. Statements a and b are correct. e. None of the statements above is correct. Miscellaneous dividend concepts 15 Register to View Answer Diff: E N . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. The tax preference hypothesis suggests that companies can reduce their costs of capital by increasing their dividend payout ratios. b. One advantage of the residual dividend policy is that it leads to a stable dividend payout, which is desired by investors. c. Firms with a large number of investment opportunities and a relatively small amount of cash tend to have above average dividend payouts. d. Statements a and b are correct. e. None of the statements above is correct. Medium: MM dividend theory 16 Register to View Answer Diff: M . If the MM hypothesis about dividends is correct, and if one found a group of companies that differed only with respect to dividend policy, which of the following statements would be most correct? a. The residual dividend model should not be used, because it is inconsistent with the MM dividend hypothesis. b. The total expected return, which in equilibrium is also equal to the required return, would be higher for those companies with lower payout ratios because of the greater risk associated with capital gains versus dividends. c. If the expected total return of each of the sample companies were divided into a dividend yield and a growth rate, and then a scatter diagram (or regression) analysis were undertaken, then the slope of the regression line (or b in the equation D1/P0 = a + b(g)) would be equal to +1.0. d. All of the statements above are correct. e. None of the statements above is correct. Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 5 Dividend theory 17 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. If the dividend irrelevance theory (which is associated with the names Modigliani and Miller) were exactly correct, and if this theory could be tested with clean data, then we would find, in a regression of dividend yield and capital gains, a line with a slope of -1.0. b. The tax preference and bird-in-the-hand theories lead to identical conclusions as to the optimal dividend policy. c. If a company raises its dividend by an unexpectedly large amount, the announcement of this new and higher dividend is generally accompanied by an increase in the stock price. This is consistent with the bird-in-the-hand theory, and Modigliani and Miller used these findings to support their position on dividend theory. d. If it could be demonstrated that a clientele effect exists, this would suggest that firms could alter their dividend payment policies from year to year to take advantage of investment opportunities without having to worry about the effects of changing dividends on capital costs. e. None of the statements above is correct. Dividend theory 18 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. The tax preference theory states that, all else equal, investors prefer stocks that pay low dividends because retained earnings can lead to capital gains that are taxed at a lower rate. b. An increase in the cost of equity capital (ks) when a company announces an increase in its dividend per share, would be consistent with the bird-in-the-hand theory. c. An increase in the stock price when a company decreases its dividend is consistent with the signaling theory. d. A dividend policy that involves paying a consistent percentage of net income is the best policy if the clientele effect is correct. e. Statements a and d are correct. Dividend policy 19 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. The tax code encourages companies to pay large dividends to their shareholders. b. If your company has established a clientele of investors who prefer large dividends, the company is unlikely to adopt a residual dividend policy. c. If a firm follows a residual dividend policy, holding all else constant, its dividend payout will tend to rise whenever the firms investment opportunities improve. d. Statements b and c are correct. Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 6 e. All of the statements above are correct. Dividend policy 20 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. If Congress cuts the capital gains rate, but leaves the personal tax rate unchanged, then this would provide an incentive for companies to increase their dividend payouts. b. Despite its drawbacks, a residual dividend policy is an effective way to stabilize dividend payouts, which makes it easier for firms to attract a clientele which prefers high dividends. c. If a firm follows a residual dividend policy, then a sudden increase in the number of profitable projects is likely to reduce the firms dividend payout. d. All of the statements above are correct. e. None of the statements above is correct. Dividend policy 21 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. The bird-in-the-hand theory would predict that companies could decrease their cost of equity financing by raising their dividend payout. b. The clientele effect can explain why firms often change their dividend policies. c. One advantage of adopting a residual dividend policy is that it makes it easier for corporations to maintain dividend clienteles. d. Statements a and c are correct. e. None of the statements above is correct. Residual dividend policy 22 Register to View Answer Diff: M . If a firm adheres strictly to the residual dividend policy, a sale of new common stock by the company would suggest that a. b. c. d. e. The dividend payout ratio has remained constant. The dividend payout ratio is increasing. No dividends were paid for the year. The dividend payout ratio is decreasing. The dollar amount of investments has decreased. Register to View AnswerDiff: M Residual dividend policy 23 . If a firm adheres strictly to the residual dividend policy, then if its optimal capital budget requires the use of all earnings for that year (along with new debt according to the optimal debt/total assets ratio), the firm should pay a. b. c. d. No dividends except out of past retained earnings. No dividends to common stockholders. Dividends, in effect, out of a new issue of common stock. Dividends by borrowing the money (debt). Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 7 e. Either statement c or statement d above could be used. Dividends versus capital gains 24 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Modigliani and Miller (MM) argued that dividend policy is irrelevant. On the other hand, Gordon and Lintner (GL) argued that dividend policy does matter. GLs argument rests on the contention that a. ks = D1/P0 + g is constant for any dividend policy. b. Because of perceived differences in risk, investors value a dollar of dividends more highly than a dollar of expected capital gains. c. Investors, because of tax differentials, value a dollar of expected capital gains more highly than a dollar of dividends. d. Most investors will reinvest rather than spend dividends, so it would save investors money (taxes) if corporations simply reinvested earnings rather than paid them out as dividends. e. None of the statements above is correct. Taxes, DRIPs, and stock splits 25 Register to View Answer Diff: M R . Congress passed a new tax law that reduced long-term capital gains tax rates from 28 percent to 20 percent. The maximum tax rate for ordinary personal income is 39.6 percent. Which of the following statements is most correct for an investor in a high personal tax bracket? a. The stock of a company that pays high cash dividends and has a dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP) is a good investment for this individual because he/she will receive more money that can then be reinvested in the companys stock. b. A 2-for-1 stock split is announced for a stock that the investor currently holds. The company had split the stock because the stock price had increased beyond the optimal price range and is expected to continue to grow. This is good news to the investor because it means that any gains from increased stock value will be taxed at a new lower long-term capital gains rate when the stock is sold. c. One of the companies in the investors portfolio recently announced that it will embark on a stock repurchase plan. The lower long-term capital gains tax rate will reduce the investors taxes if he/she decides to tender some shares of stock in the company. d. Statements b and c are correct. e. All of the statements above are correct. Taxes, DRIPs, and dividends 26 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. New-stock dividend reinvestment plans are similar to stock dividends because they both increase the number of shares outstanding but dont change the total equity of a firm. b. Investors receiving stock dividends must pay taxes on the new shares at the time the stock dividends are received. c. Stockholders pay no income tax on dividends reinvested in a dividend Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 8 reinvestment plan. d. Statements a and b are correct. e. None of the statements above is correct. Stock repurchases and stock splits 27 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. Stock repurchases can be used by firms to defend against hostile takeovers since they increase the proportion of debt in a firms capital structure. b. After a 3-for-1 stock split, a companys price per share will fall and its number of shares outstanding will rise. c. Investors can interpret a stock repurchase by a firm as a signal that the firms managers believe the stock is underpriced. d. Statements a and b are correct. e. All of the statements above are correct. Miscellaneous dividend concepts 28 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. Companies can repurchase shares either (1) to change their capital structures or (2) to distribute cash to stockholders without paying cash dividends. In the second situation, tax considerations will probably play a key role in the decision to repurchase stock versus to pay more cash dividends. b. Stock dividends provide investors with additional shares of stock, not cash, yet many investors must pay cash in the form of taxes on the value of the stock dividends. For this reason, stock dividends are rarely used today. c. The bird-in-the-hand theory of dividend policy could be rejected immediately if personal income taxes were abolished. d. If the curve relating the WACC and the debt ratio looks like a sharp V, this would make it more feasible for a firm to follow the residual dividend policy than if the curve looks like a shallow bowl (or a shallow U). e. The open market type of dividend reinvestment plan is the best type for firms which need to bring in new equity capital. Miscellaneous dividend concepts 29 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. If a firm repurchases its stock in the open market, the shareholders that tender are subject to capital gains taxes. b. If you own 100 shares in a companys stock, and the company does a 2- for-1 stock split, you will own 200 shares in the company following the split. c. Some dividend reinvestment plans increase the amount of equity capital available to the firm. d. Statements a and b are correct. e. All of the statements above are correct. Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 9 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 10 Miscellaneous dividend concepts 30 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. An open-market dividend reinvestment plan is likely to be attractive to companies that are looking to issue additional shares of common stock. b. Stock repurchases have the effect of reducing financial leverage. c. If a company does a 2-for-1 stock split, its stock price will roughly double. d. All of the statements above are correct. e. None of the statements above is correct. Miscellaneous dividend concepts 31 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. If a company wants to issue new shares of common stock and also wants to implement a dividend reinvestment plan, then it should implement a new-stock dividend reinvestment plan, rather than an open-market purchase plan. b. If a company undertakes a 3-for-1 stock split, then the number of shares outstanding should fall, and the stock price should rise. c. If a company wants to reduce its debt ratio, then it should repurchase some of its common stock. d. Statements a and c are correct. e. Statements b and c are correct. Miscellaneous dividend concepts 32 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following statements is most correct? a. If you were testing dividend theories and found that a dividend increase resulted in higher stock prices, then you could rule out all other theories and conclude that the bird-in-the-hand theory was most consistent with the evidence you found. b. The clientele effect suggests that investors choose their investments based on firms past dividend policies and changes to established dividend policies may be costly to investors. c. Dividends paid under a residual dividend policy might send conflicting signals to investors. d. Statements b and c are correct. e. All of the statements above are correct. Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 11 Miscellaneous dividend concepts 33 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Which of the following actions will enable a company to raise additional equity capital (that is, which of the following will raise the total book value of equity)? a. The establishment of a new-stock dividend reinvestment plan. b. A stock split. c. The establishment of an open-market purchase dividend reinvestment plan. d. A stock repurchase. e. Statements a and d are correct. Miscellaneous concepts 34 Register to View Answer Diff: M N . Firm M is a mature firm in a mature industry. Its annual net income and net cash flow are both consistently high and very stable. The companys growth prospects are quite limited; therefore, the companys capital budget is small relative to its net income. Firm N is a relatively new firm in a new industry. Its annual operating income fluctuates considerably, but the company has substantial growth opportunities. Its capital budget is expected to be large relative to its net income for the foreseeable future. Which of the following statements is most correct? a. Firm M probably has a lower debt ratio than Firm N. b. Firm M probably has a higher dividend payout ratio than Firm N. c. If the corporate tax rate increases, the debt ratio of both firms is likely to fall. d. Statements a and b are correct. e. Statements b and c are correct. Multiple Choice: Problems Easy: Residual dividend policy 35 Register to View Answer Diff: E . Petersen Co. has a capital budget of $1,200,000. The company wants to maintain a target capital structure that consists of 60 percent debt and 40 percent equity. The company forecasts that its net income this year will be $600,000. If the company follows a residual dividend policy, what will be its payout ratio? a. b. c. d. e. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 12 Residual dividend policy 36 Register to View Answer Diff: E . Chandler Communications CFO has provided the following information: The companys capital budget is expected to be $5,000,000. The companys target capital structure is 70 percent debt and 30 percent equity. The companys net income is $4,500,000. If the company follows a residual dividend policy, what portion of its net income should it pay out as dividends this year? a. b. c. d. e. 33.33% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 66.67% Register to View AnswerDiff: E Residual dividend policy 37 . Strategic Systems Inc. expects to have net income of $800,000 during the next year. Its target, and current, capital structure is 40 percent debt and 60 percent common equity. The Director of Capital Budgeting has determined that the optimal capital budget for next year is $1.2 million. If Strategic uses the residual dividend model to determine next years dividend payout, what is the expected dividend payout ratio? a. b. c. d. e. 0% 10% 28% 42% 56% Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Residual dividend policy 38 . Powell Products anticipates that its capital budget next year will be $3 million. The company expects to report net income of $5 million this year. The companys target capital structure is 65 percent common equity and 35 percent long-term debt. Assume the company follows a strict residual dividend policy. What is the expected dividend payout ratio this year? a. 65% b. 39% c. 61% d. 56% e. 100% Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 13 Residual dividend policy 39 Register to View Answer N . Arden a Diff: Manufacturing follows a strict residual dividend policy. The company is forecasting that its net income will be $500 million this year. The company anticipates that its capital budget will be $250 million. The company has a target capital structure that consists of 50 percent equity and 50 percent long-term debt. What is the companys anticipated dividend payout ratio? a. b. c. d. e. 75% 55% 50% 25% 47% Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Residual dividend policy 40 . Redwood Systems follows a strict residual dividend policy. The company estimates that its capital expenditures this year will be $40 million, its net income will be $30 million, and its target capital structure is 60 percent equity and 40 percent debt. What will be the companys dividend payout ratio? a. b. c. d. e. 80% 60% 40% 20% 15% Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Residual dividend policy 41 . Wolfpack Multimedia follows a strict residual dividend policy. Wolfpack forecasts that its net income will be $12 million this year. The company has no depreciation expense so its net cash flow is $12 million, and its target capital structure consists of 70 percent equity and 30 percent debt. Wolfpacks capital budget is $10 million. What is the companys dividend payout ratio? a. b. c. d. e. 16.67% 41.67% 11.67% 0.00% 58.30% Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 14 Residual dividend policy 42 Register to View Answer Diff: E . Plato Inc. expects to have net income of $5,000,000 during the next year. Platos target capital structure is 35 percent debt and 65 percent equity. The companys director of capital budgeting has determined that the optimal capital budget for the coming year is $6,000,000. If Plato follows a residual dividend policy to determine the coming years dividend, then what is Platos payout ratio? a. b. c. d. e. 38% 42% 58% 33% 22% Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Stock split 43 . Albany Motors recently completed a 3-for-1 stock split. Prior to the split, the company had 10 million shares outstanding and its stock price was $150 per share. After the split, the total market value of the companys stock equaled $1.5 billion. What was the price of the companys stock following the stock split? a. b. c. d. e. $ 15 $ 45 $ 50 $150 $450 Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Stock split 44 . Loiselle Graphics recently announced a 3-for-1 stock split. Prior to the split, the companys stock was trading at $90 per share. The split had no effect on the wealth of the companys investors. What will be the new stock price? a. b. c. d. e. $270 $ 45 $180 $ 60 $ 30 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 15 Stock split 45 Register to View Answer Diff: E N . Tarheel Computings stock was trading at $150 per share before its recent 3-for-1 stock split. The 3-for-1 split led to a 5 percent increase in Tarheels market capitalization. (Market capitalization equals the stock price times the number of shares.) What was Tarheels price after the stock split? a. b. c. d. e. $472.50 $ 50.00 $ 47.62 $428.57 $ 52.50 Medium: Residual dividend policy 46 Register to View Answer Diff: M R . Flavortech Inc. expects EBIT of $2,000,000 for the coming year. The firms capital structure consists of 40 percent debt and 60 percent equity, and its marginal tax rate is 40 percent. The cost of equity is 14 percent, and the company pays a 10 percent rate on its $5,000,000 of long-term debt. One million shares of common stock are outstanding. In its next capital budgeting cycle, the firm expects to fund one large positive NPV project costing $1,200,000, and it will fund this project in accordance with its target capital structure. Assume that new debt will have an interest rate of 10 percent. If the firm follows a residual dividend policy and has no other projects, what is its expected dividend payout ratio? a. b. c. d. e. 82.6% 60.0% 40.0% 17.4% 5.6% Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 16 Residual dividend policy 47 Register to View Answerconsidering the following average-risk IRR of Project 12.0% 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.0 Diff: M . Grant Grocers projects: Project Project V Project W Project X Project Y Project Z is investment Size of Project $1.0 million 1.2 million 1.2 million 1.2 million 1.0 million The company has a target capital structure that consists of 50 percent debt and 50 percent equity. Its after-tax cost of debt is 8 percent, its cost of equity is estimated to be 13.5 percent, and its net income is $2.5 million. If the company follows a residual dividend policy, what will be its payout ratio? a. 12% b. 32% c. 54% d. 66% e. 100% Residual dividend policy 48 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Your company has decided that its capital budget during the coming year will be $20 million. Its optimal capital structure is 60 percent equity and 40 percent debt. Its earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) are projected to be $34.667 million for the year. The company has $200 million of assets; its average interest rate on outstanding debt is 10 percent; and its tax rate is 40 percent. If the company follows the residual dividend policy and maintains the same capital structure, what will its dividend payout ratio be? a. b. c. d. e. 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 17 Residual dividend and capital budget 49 Register to View Answer Diff: M . Brock Brothers wants to maintain its capital structure that consists of 30 percent debt and 70 percent equity. The company forecasts that its net income this year will be $1,000,000. The company follows a residual dividend policy and anticipates a dividend payout ratio of 40 percent. What is the size of the companys capital budget? a. b. c. d. e. $ 600,000 $ 857,143 $1,000,000 $1,428,571 $2,000,000 Register to View AnswerDiff: M Residual dividend and capital budget 50 . The following facts apply to your company: Target capital structure: EBIT: Assets: Tax rate: Cost of new and old debt: 50% debt; 50% equity. $200 million. $500 million. 40%. 8%. Based on the residual dividend policy, the payout ratio is 60 percent. How large (in millions of dollars) will the capital budget be? a. b. c. d. e. $ 43.2 $ 50.0 $ 64.8 $ 86.4 $108.0 Register to View AnswerDiff: M Stock repurchase 51 . Makeover Inc. believes that at its current stock price of $16.00 the firm is undervalued in the market. Makeover plans to repurchase 2.4 million of its 20 million shares outstanding. The firms managers expect that they can repurchase the entire 2.4 million shares at the expected equilibrium price after repurchase. The firms current earnings are $44 million. If managements assumptions hold, what is the expected per-share market price after repurchase? a. b. c. d. e. $16.00 $17.26 $18.18 $20.00 $24.40 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 18 CHAPTER 15 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Chapter 15 - Page 19 1 . Dividends versus capital Diff: E N gains Register to View Answer2. Dividends, DRIPs, and repurchases Register to View Answer Diff: E Statement a is false; repurchases are taxed as capital gains. Statement b is false; investors still have to pay income taxes on reinvested dividends. Statement c is false; an increase in dividends is usually a positive signal. Statement d is true. 3 . Dividend Register to View Answer4 . Dividend Register to View Answer5 . Dividend Register to View AnswerDiff: E payout Diff: E payout Diff: E theories N Statement e is true; the others are false. MM developed the dividend irrelevance theory. Reducing the payout would have the effect of increasing the cost of equity if the bird-in-the-hand theory holds. The tax preference theory suggests that a company can increase its stock price by reducing its payout ratio. The residual dividend policy should be followed to determine the long-run target payout ratio. If followed year to year, dividends would fluctuate. 6. Dividend theory and policy Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Statement c is true; the others are false. The bird-in-the-hand theory implies that a company can reduce its WACC and increase its stock price by increasing its dividend payout. 7 . Optimal dividend policy Register to View Answer8. Residual dividend policy Register to View Answer Diff: E N Diff: E Statement a is true. If net income increases, and all else is equal (that is, the same number of projects are available to invest in as before, etc.), the company will have more money left over after making its investments to pay out as dividends. Statement b is false. If the company increases the proportion of equity financing in its target capital structure, it will either need to increase the proportion of equity (by increasing retained earnings, therefore, leaving less money for dividends) or reduce the proportion of debt it uses (meaning it will have less debt to finance new projects and will need more of its retained earnings to make investments). Statement c is false. If the company has more profitable projects, it will leave less money for dividends. 9 . Stock Register to View AnswerDiff: E split 10. Stock split Register to View Answer Diff: E N With a 2-for-1 stock split, the price is (roughly) halved and the number of shares doubles. 11. Stock repurchases and DRIPs Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Statement a is true. If a company repurchases stock instead of paying dividends, the existing shares will go up in value. This capital gain is taxed at a lower rate than dividends, which are taxed at ordinary income tax rates. Statement b is false. As soon as the dividend is paid, the taxes due are calculated. The IRS doesnt care if the investor reinvests them or buys a plane with them. Statement c is false. If a company repurchases its stock, it reduces assets (it uses cash to buy back the shares) and reduces equity. The amount of debt remains unchanged; however, since equity has decreased the proportion of debt increases. Statement d is false. If a company believes the stock is overvalued, it will not repurchase shares because it will end up paying too much for the shares. If the company has many profitable projects, it will want to invest in those and not use its cash to repurchase shares. Statement e is false. An open-market DRIP means that dividends are used to buy shares from someone else on the secondary market. The total number of shares outstanding does not change. 12. Repurchases, DRIPs, and stock splits Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Dividend payments are taxed at the personal tax rate. Stock repurchases end up producing capital gains, which are taxed at a lower rate than the personal tax rate. Therefore, statement a is false. Dividend reinvestment plans (DRIPs) are not a way to circumvent the IRS. The company really paid a dividend, which is taxed like ordinary income. You chose to reinvest it. The IRS doesnt care whether you bought more stock or bought a new car. You still receive the income and you still pay income taxes on it. Therefore, statement b is false. If there is a 2-for-1 stock split, this means that for every share you used to own, you now own two. In order for your net wealth to remain unchanged, the stock price would have to fall by half, not double. Therefore, statement c is false. Since statements a, b, and c are false, the correct choice is statement e. 13. Miscellaneous dividend concepts Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Statement c is true; the others are false. If a 2-for-1 stock split is initiated, a firms stock price should decrease by one-half its original price. Repurchases allow shareholders to obtain capital gains by selling their stock, which are taxed at a lower rate than dividends. Since repurchase announcements are viewed as positive signals by investors, the stock price would tend to increase. 14 . Miscellaneous dividend Diff: E concepts N Register to View Answer Statement a is false; the theory states that investors prefer dividends because they are more certain about receiving dividends than they are about capital gains. In addition, the statement is false because capital gains are taxed more favorably than dividends. Statement b is false because stock repurchases decrease the number of outstanding shares. Statement c is false. If a company attracts a particular clientele, it would want to keep that clientele. Changing its dividends frequently would make it impossible for any one clientele to be happy. Therefore, the correct choice is statement e. 15. Miscellaneous dividend concepts Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Statement e is the correct choice. The tax preference theory suggests that individuals prefer capital gains to dividends due to the capital gains preferential tax treatment. A residual dividend policy leads to an unstable dividend payment. The residual policy is used only to develop a long-run dividend payout policy. A firm with a large number of investment opportunities and a small amount of cash would have a low dividend payout. 16 . MM dividend theory Register to View Answer17 . Dividend Register to View Answer Diff: M theory Diff: M The dividend irrelevance theory is MMs theory, and states that dividend policy has no effect on either the price of a firm s stock or its cost of capital. Therefore, the slope of a regression of dividend yield and capital gains would equal -1.0. The tax preference theory prefers capital gains to dividends, while the bird-in-the-hand (G-L) theory prefers dividends to capital gains. The clientele effect assumes that investors are attracted to a firms particular dividend payout policy. 18 . Dividend Register to View Answertheory Diff: M Statement a is true; the other statements are false. The bird-in-the-hand theory states that investors prefer dividends; therefore, if dividends are increased, the cost of equity decreases. The signaling theory states that dividend decreases are bad news, so stock price will decrease. Paying a consistent percentage of net income will result in fluctuating dividends because net income fluctuates. The clientele effect states that investors prefer a stock that has a high or low steady dividend, but not a fluctuating one. 1 19 . 20 Dividend policy . Register to View AnswerDividend Register to View AnswerDiff: M policy Diff: M Statement c is true; the other statements are false. Investors would prefer their distributions in the form of capital gains since they are made relatively more attractive with a cut in the capital gains tax rate. A residual policy does not stabilize dividend payouts. A residual policy involves paying dividends only after all profitable projects have been undertaken. An increase in the availability of these projects would leave less available for dividends after projects are financed. 2 21 . Dividend policy Register to View AnswerDiff: M Statement a is true; the other statements are false. The clientele effect suggests that firms should change dividend policies infrequently. The residual dividend policy would make it difficult for investors to reliably predict dividends and form clienteles. 2 22 . Residual dividend policy Register to View AnswerDiff: M Statement c is true; the other statements are false. The residual dividend policy implies that dividends should be paid only out of leftover earnings. The sale of new stock implies that the firm has already used all retained earnings. Therefore, no dividends would have been paid. 2 23 . 24 Residual dividend policy . Dividends Register to View Answerversus Diff: M gains capital Diff: M stock Diff: M Register to View Answer25 . Taxes, DRIPs, and splits R Register to View Answer Statements b and c are true; therefore, d is the appropriate choice. The dividends in a DRIP are still taxed at the personal income tax rate; this would be a bad investment for an individual in a high tax bracket. Stock splits are good signals because management believes the stock price will continue to increase. The increases in the stock price will be taxed at the lower long-term capital gains rate when the stock is sold. The investor will be taxed at the lower long-term capital gains rate if she tenders her shares in a stock repurchase. 2 26 . Taxes, DRIPs, and dividends Register to View AnswerDiff: M Statement e is true. New-stock DRIPs increase the equity of a firm. Investors receive new shares with a stock dividend, but dont incur any taxes unless they sell the shares later for a gain. Stockholders do pay taxes on dividends reinvested. 2 27 . 28 Stock repurchases and stock splits . Miscellaneous Register to View AnswerDiff: M concepts dividend Register to View Answer Diff: M Firms often repurchase shares to enable them to change their capital structure more quickly than they could do so normally. Also, firms repurchase shares to distribute cash to those stockholders desiring to sell their stock. Stockholders receive capital gains, and long-term capital gains are taxed at lower rates than cash dividends. Thus, for individuals in high-tax brackets capital gains would be preferred to cash dividends. Consequently, tax considerations play a key role in the decision to repurchase stock versus to pay more cash dividends. The other statements are false. 2 29 . Miscellaneous dividend concepts Register to View AnswerDiff: M 30 . Miscellaneous dividend Register to View Answer concepts Diff: M Statement e is true. An open-market dividend reinvestment plan buys existing shares in the market. No new additional shares are issued. Stock repurchases increase financial leverage by reducing equity. With a 2-for-1 split, a firms stock price would roughly halve. 3 31 . Miscellaneous dividend concepts Register to View AnswerDiff: M Statement a is true; the other statements are false. A 3-for-1 split results in an increase in the number of shares outstanding and a fall in the price per share. The firm would increase its debt ratio by repurchasing some of its own shares. 3 32 . Miscellaneous dividend concepts Register to View AnswerDiff: M Statements b and c are true; therefore, statement d is the correct choice. A dividend increase leading to an increase in stock price is consistent with signaling also. 3 33 . Miscellaneous dividend concepts Register to View AnswerDiff: M The correct answer is a. Of the statements, only statement a will result in new equity for the firm. 3 34 . Miscellaneous concepts Register to View Answer Diff: M N Statement a is false. Since Firm M has less business risk than N, it is likely to have a higher debt ratio than N because M can take on more financial risk. Statement b is true. Firm M will have a higher dividend payout ratio than N since it does not need the funds for investment. Statement c is false. If the corporate tax rate increases, debt financing will become more attractive to both firms. 35 . Residual dividend policy Register to View Answer Diff: E The amount of new investment which must be financed with equity is: $1,200,000 40% = $480,000. Since the firm has $600,000 of net income only $120,000 will be left for dividends. This means the payout ratio is $120,000/$600,000 = 20%. 3 36 . Residual dividend policy Register to View AnswerDiff: E $5,000,000 0.3 = $1,500,000 of retained earnings needed to fund the capital budget. $4,500,000 - $1,500,000 = $3,000,000 of net income available for dividends. Dividend payout ratio = $3,000,000/$4,500,000 = 0.6667, or 66.67%. 3 37 . Residual dividend policy Equity requirement = 0.6($1,200,000) = $720,000. Register to View AnswerDiff: E 38. Expected NI $800,000 Equity requirement 720,000 Available for dividends $ 80,000 Payout ratio = $80,000/$800,000 = 0.10 = 10%. Residual dividend policy Register to View Answer Diff: E N Out of the $3 million capital budget, 65 percent must be funded by equity, so (0.65)($3,000,000) = $1,950,000 of the capital budget must be funded from retained earnings. Earnings available to be paid out as dividends = $5,000,000 - $1,950,000 = $3,050,000. Payout ratio = $3,050,000/$5,000,000 = 61%. 39. Residual dividend policy Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Since the capital budget is $250 million and the capital structure is 50% equity and 50% debt, $125 million of the capital budget will come from debt and $125 million will come from equity. Subtracting the $125 million (needed for the equity portion) from NI, leaves you with $375 million to pay out as dividends. $375/$500 is a 75% payout ratio. 40. Residual dividend policy Step 1: Register to View AnswerDiff: E N Determine the equity portion that will be used to fund capital expenditures: Capital expenditures are $40 million. Forty percent of this will be funded by debt and 60 percent by equity. The equity portion used to fund capital expenditures = 0.6 $40 million = $24 million. Determine the amount of net income left to pay dividends: If $24 million of net income is used to pay for capital projects, there will be $6 million of net income left to pay dividends, $30 $24 = $6 million. Calculate the dividend payout ratio: Payout ratio = Div/NI = $6/$30 = 20%. Residual dividend Diff: E policy N Step 2: Step 3: 41 . Register to View Answer Facts given: NI = $12 million; NCF = $12 million; Capital budget = $10 million; Target capital structure: 70% equity, 30% debt. Of this $10 million, 70% will be funded with equity ($7 million), and 30% with debt ($3 million). Therefore, the company will use $7 million of its net income towards its capital budget. This leaves $5 million ($12 million $7 million) for dividends. Payout ratio = Div/NI = $5 million/$12 million = 41.67%. 42 . Residual dividend policy Register to View Answer Diff: E If the firms optimal capital budget requires $6,000,000 in financing, then, to stay at its target capital structure, Plato will retain earnings of $6,000,000 0.65 = $3,900,000. This leaves $5,000,000 - $3,900,000 = $1,100,000 available for dividends. Thus, Platos payout ratio is $1,100,000/$5,000,000 = 0.22 = 22%. 43. Stock split Register to View AnswerDiff: E N The shareholder gets three shares for every one he/she used to have, so now he/she has three times as many shares. In order to have the same amount of wealth, the value of each share must fall to 1/3 of what it was before. Therefore, the new per share value is $150/3 = $50. Before the split, a shareholder with one share had $150 of stock. Now, after the split, a shareholder with three shares will have 3 $50 = $150 of stock. 44. Stock split Register to View AnswerDiff: E N 1 share of stock will now become 3 shares, but the total dollar value must remain the same. Therefore, the new stock price is $90/3 = $30. 45 . Register to View AnswerStock Diff: E N split If the stock splits 3-for-1, there will be 3 shares now for each one that used to exist. If the number of shares triples, the price of each share would be 1/3 of what it was before. Therefore, the price would immediately be 1/3 of $150, or $50. However, the stock split also led to a 5 percent increase in the stock price. Therefore, the new price would be $50 1.05 = $52.50. 46 . Residual dividend Diff: M policy R Register to View AnswerEBIT Int EBT Taxes NI Project funding Residual earnings payable as dividends Dividend payout ratio = 4 47 . Residual dividend policy $2,000,000 548,000 $1,452,000 580,800 $ 871,200 720,000 ($5,480,000 debt 10% coupon) ($1,452,000 EBT 40% tax rate) $1,200,000 project funded: 0.60 equity = $720,000 $ 151,200 0.40 debt = $480,000 $151,200/$871,200 = 17.36% 17.4%. Register to View AnswerDiff: M The companys WACC is 8%(0.5) + 13.5%(0.5) = 10.75%. Comparing the WACC with the project IRRs reveals that the company will undertake projects V, W, and X. Total financing costs for these projects is $3,400,000. Of this amount, 0.5($3,400,000) = $1,700,000 will be financed from retained earnings. Thus, $2,500,000 - $1,700,000 = $800,000 will be available for dividends. The payout ratio is then $800,000/$2,500,000 = 32%. 48 . Residual dividend policy Capital budget = $20 million. Optimal capital structure: 60% equity, 40% debt. EBIT = $34.667 million. Assets = $200 million. kd = 10%; T = 40%; Dividend payout = ? Debt = 0.40($200 million) = $80 million. Interest = 0.10($80 million) = $8 million. EBIT $34.667 Int 8.000 EBT $26.667 Taxes (40%) 10.667 NI $16.000 Capital budget = $20 million. Equity needed = 0.60($20 million) = $12 million. NI $16 Equity needed 12 Amount remaining for dividend $4 Dividend payout = $4/$16 = 25%. 4 49 . Residual dividend and capital budget Register to View AnswerDiff: M Register to View AnswerDiff: M Since the company expects to pay out 40% of net income or $400,000, it must expect to have $600,000 of retained earnings available for capital investment. Given that the firm will finance new investment with 70% equity and 30% debt, $600,000 must represent 70 percent of the firm s capital budget, that is, $600,000 = (0.7)CB or CB = $857,143. 50 . Residual dividend and capital budget Register to View AnswerDebt = 0.5(Assets) = 0.5($500) = $250 million. Interest = 0.08($250) = $20 million. EBT = EBIT - I = $200 - $20 = $180. NI = $180 - Taxes = $180 - $180(0.4) = 0.6($180) = $108 million. Dividends = $108(0.6) = $64.80 million. Retained earnings = NI - D = $108.00 - $64.80 = $43.20 million. Diff: M Half of the capital budget will be debt, half common equity from retained earnings, so the capital budget will be: $43.20 Capital budget = = $86.40 million. 0.5 51 . Stock repurchase Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: Step 4: Register to View Answer Diff: M Current EPS = $44 million/20 million = $2.20 per share. P/E ratio = $16.00/$2.20 = 7.27x. EPS after repurchase = $44 million/17.6 million = $2.50. Expected market price after repurchase: 7.27 $2.50 = $18.175 = $18.18 per share. 5

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Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 15 COST OF CAPITALAnswers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1.It is the minimum rate of return the firm must earn overall on its existing assets. If it earns more than this, value is created. Book values for debt are likely to b
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 10 THE COST OF CAPITAL(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Capital components1Answer: cDiff: E.Which of the following is not considered a capital component for the purpose of calculating the wei
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
Exam Code:ADate _DR. DANA PAULIS BUSINESS FINANCE SPRING 2000, FIRST MIDTERM EXAM EXAM INSTRUCTIONSAll questions are either true-false or multiple choice. In each question there is only one correct answer. Select the answer you believe to be most corr
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Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 21 MERGERS, LBOs, DIVESTITURES, AND HOLDING COMPANIES(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Merger tactics1Answer: e tactics to fight off undesiredDiff: E These.Firms use defensive tactics include
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CHAPTER 20 HYBRID FINANCING: PREFERRED STOCK, LEASING, WARRANTS, AND CONVERTIBLES(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Lease cash flows1Answer: cDiff: E.The riskiness of the cash flows to the lessee, wit
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 19 MULTINATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:International operations motivation1Answer: e are reasons why companies inDiff: E into of.Which of the following interna
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 18 DERIVATIVES AND RISK MANAGEMENT(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Options1Answer: bDiff: E at a.An option that gives the holder the right to sell a specified price at some time in the future is
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 17 FINANCING CURRENT ASSETS(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Short-term financing1Answer: aDiff: E.Firms generally choose to finance temporary assets with short-term debt because a. Matching
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 16 MANAGING CURRENT ASSETS(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Working capital1Answer: c which of the following willDiff: E cause an.Other things held constant, increase in working capital? a. b
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 12 CASH FLOW ESTIMATION AND RISK ANALYSIS(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Relevant cash flows1Answer: dDiff: E.Which of the following statements is most correct? a. The rate of depreciation
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 11 THE BASICS OF CAPITAL BUDGETING(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Ranking methods1Answer: bDiff: E.Assume a project has normal cash flows (that is, the initial cash flow is negative, and al
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 9 STOCKS AND THEIR VALUATION(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Required return1Answer: eDiff: E.An increase in a firms expected growth rate would normally cause the firms required rate of retu
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 8 BONDS AND THEIR VALUATION(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Interest rates1Answer: eDiff: E.One of the basic relationships in interest rate theory is that, other things held constant, for a
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 7 TIME VALUE OF MONEY(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough) Note: Effective annual interest rate problems that cannot be readily solved using tables or that require a calculator with an exponential key are included in the financial cal
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 6 RISK AND RATES OF RETURN(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Risk concepts1Answer: eDiff: E.Which of the following statements is most correct? a. Risk refers to the chance that some unfavorabl
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 5 THE FINANCIAL ENVIRONMENT: MARKETS, INSTITUTIONS, AND INTEREST RATES(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Financial markets1Answer: dDiff: ER.The New York Stock Exchange is primarily a. b. c.
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 4 FINANCIAL PLANNING AND FORECASTING(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Percent of sales method1Answer: e sales method is based on which of theDiff: ER.The percent assumptions?offollowinga.
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 3 ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Current ratio1Answer: cDiff: E.Other things held constant, which of the following will not affect the current ratio, assumi
Beirut Arab University - FCBA - Investment
CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CASH FLOW, AND TAXES(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Net cash flow1Answer: eDiff: EN.Last year Aldrin Co. had negative net cash flow, yet its cash on the balance she
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CHAPTER 1 AN OVERVIEW OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)Multiple Choice: Conceptual Easy:Forms of business organization1Answer: cDiff: EN.Which of the following could explain why a business might choose to or
Baptist College of Health Sciences - FCBA - MBA608
CHAPTER 4 RISK AND RETURN: THE BASICS(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)True-False Easy:Payoff matrix Answer: a Diff: E 1 . If we develop a weighted average of the possible return outcomes, multiplying each outcome or "state" by its respe
Baptist College of Health Sciences - FCBA - MBA608
EstimatingReturnandRiskChapter7 Jones,Investments:Analysis andManagement1InvestmentDecisionsInvolveuncertainty s FocusonexpectedreturnsssGoalistoreduceriskwithout affectingreturns Estimatesoffuturereturnsneededto considerandmanagerisk Accomplishe
Baptist College of Health Sciences - FCBA - MBA608
Bodie Kane MarcusEssentials of InvestmentsFourth EditionChapter 8Capital Asset Pricing and Arbitrage Pricing TheoryIrwin/McGrawHill2001TheMcGrawHillCompanies,Inc.Allrightsreserved.Bodie Kane MarcusEssentials of InvestmentsFourth EditionCapital A
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Chapter 6 THE RISKS AND RETURNS FROM INVESTING Multiple Choice QuestionsReturn 1. d. Total return is equal to: yield + price change.(d, easy) 2. The return component that gives periodic cash flows to the investor is known as the: a. capital gain b. inte
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Ch. 16, Chapter 16: Technical AnalysisMultiple Choice Questions1. The oldest approach to common stock selection is: a. b. c. d. fundamental analysis technical analysis random walk analysis value analysisAns: b Difficulty: easy Ref: Overview2. Technica
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File: Ch. 10, Chapter 10: Common Stock ValuationMultiple Choice Questions1.The relative valuation measure that is most heavily utilized by market participants today is: P/E ratio. Price/book value ratio Price/sales ratio E/P ratio\a.b.c.d.Ans: a D
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Ch.19, Chapter 19: OPTIONSMultiple Choice Questions1.Put and call options on equity securities are considered: Commodity derivatives Financial derivatives Forward contracts Futures contractsa. b. c. d.Ans: b Difficulty: easy Ref: Overview2. a. b. c.
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CHAPTER 8 FINANCIAL OPTIONS AND THEIR VALUATION(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, T = Tough)True-False Easy:Options1Answer: aDiff: E.An option is a contract which gives its holder the right to buy or sell an asset at a predetermined price within a
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CHAPTER 7 STOCKS AND THEIR VALUATION(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)True-False Easy:Total stock returns Answer: b Diff: E 1 . The total return on a share of stock refers to the dividend yield less any commissions paid when the stock is
Baptist College of Health Sciences - FCBA - MBA608
CHAPTER 6 BONDS AND THEIR VALUATION(Difficulty: E = Easy, M = Medium, and T = Tough)True-False Easy:Discounted cash flows Answer: b Diff: E 1 . The market value of any real or financial asset, including stocks, bonds, or art work, may be found by deter
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9-1CHAPTER 9Stocks and Their Valuation Features of common stock Determining common stock values Efficient markets Preferred stockCopyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. All rights reserved.9-2Facts about Common Stock Represents ownership. Ownership implie
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8-1CHAPTER 8Bonds and Their Valuation Key features of bonds Bond valuation Measuring yield Assessing riskCopyright 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. All rights reserved.8-2Key Features of a Bond1. 2.Par value: Face amount; paid at maturity. Assume $1,000. Co
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OptionsChapter17 Jones,Investments:Analysis andManagementWhyOptionsMarkets?Financialderivativesecurities:derive allorpartoftheirvaluefromanother (underlying)security s Optionsarecreatedbyinvestors, soldtootherinvestors s Whytradetheseindirectclaims?s
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TechnicalAnalysisChapter16 Jones,Investments:Analysis andManagement1WhatisTechnical Analysis?Useofpublishedmarketdatafor analysisofbothaggregatestock pricesandindividualstocks s Mayproduceinsightintothe psychologicaldimensionsofthe market s Usedbyinve
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CH. 17, Chapter 17: Bond Yields and PricesMultiple Choice Questions1. One percentage point of a bond yield represents: a. b. c. d. 1 basis point 10 basis points 100 basis points 1000 basis pointsAns: c Difficulty: easy Ref: Bond Yields2. Subtracting t
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POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes February 5th, 2009Adam Smith The central premise of Adam Smith, also a central premise of mainstream liberalism, is that man is both egoistic and altruistic. Smith believes that mans natural sociability is the product o
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POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes February 10th, 2009 Economic Liberalism Economic liberalism is based on theories put down by Locke, Smith, and then classical economists. A fundamental theory put down by Locke, a central tenet of liberalism, is that the
FIU - POT - 3302
POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes 02/12/2009 FOR TUESDAY: Read What is a Nation? and Stalins essay and compare. What is a Nation? A shared history and a desire to move forward as a group. A nation is an exercise of choice, a choice to exist. Nationhood i
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POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes 02/17/2009 Joseph Stalin Marxism and the National-Colonial Question Stalin believed that nationalism was a threat to the union of the proletariat. It divided the working class among nationalities. Stalins definition of a
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POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes 02/19/2009 CONSERVATISM the anti-ideology ideology Conservatism tries to preserve a very ancient western idea. This idea is the following: from the time of the Greek to the Romans, to the Christians to the medieval age,
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POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes 03/10/2009 SOCIALISM A fundamental difference between modern ideologies and post-modern ideologies is that modern ideologies are goal-driven, whereas post-modern ideologies are issue-driven (e.g. feminism for womens righ
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3.12.2009 There were incredible events set loose by the industrial revolution and liberalism. Man had had an eminently collectivist lifestyle for most of his history. The cultures of Western civilization was a bit more individualistic. But basic Christian
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POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes 03/24/2009 SOCIALISM Bakunin anarcho-syndicalism What is the essence of socialism? What is its main value? - Equality Families of Socialism: Utopian socialists: stemmed from Utopia by Sir Thomas Moore; sought to transfor
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POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes 03/26/2009 Karl Marx (cont.): Marx has a dynamic view of materialism. He believes that the human social world evolves through class struggle, that the engine of history is class struggle. The engine of history is how man
FIU - POT - 33032
POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes March 31st, 2009 Marxism and Ethics - The end justifies the means; as long as the revolution succeeds, it does not matter how it was achieved. Marxism was either completely true, or completely false. If it were true, the
FIU - POT - 33032
POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes 04/07/2009 (Read New Science of Politics ASAP; bring book to class Thursday) (RECOMMENDED: History of Fascism, The Origins of Totalitarianism) TOTALITARIANISM Totalitarianism is a political phenomenon that takes place on
FIU - POT - 33032
POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes 04/09/2009 Eric Voegelin is one of the most important political theorists of the 20th century. He belongs to a group of central and eastern European intellectuals who lived through either communism or the coming of fasci
FIU - POT - 33032
POT3302 Political Ideologies Notes 04/14/2009 Final Exam: April 21st, 2009 7:15PM 9:15PM Voegelin Man did not create politics, but that politics is the result of mans very nature. Politics and philosophy are not distinct entities, and in order to understa
Ohio State - STAT - 427
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Ohio State - STAT - 427
NAME_ 1. [20 points] A small accounting firm does not own computing facilities. It leases hardware and software on an hourly usage basis from Arthur Enron, Inc (AEI). The firm must plan its computing budget carefully and hence has studied its weekly usage
Ohio State - STAT - 427
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Ohio State - STAT - 427
Name_FINAL EXAMINATION - STAT 427 Wed., June 7, 2006. 9:30AM - 11:20AM Journalism Bldg. Room 304 Prof. Prem Goel Please write your name on each sheet, just in case the staple comes off. This examination consists of six problems, worth a total of 140 poi
Ohio State - STAT - 427
NAME: SOLUTION to Midterm II_ STAT 427 Prof. Goel Midterm II Spring, 2007 MWF 9:30 - 10.20Problem 1. [10 points] A gas station has two islands: Island #1 has six pumps, and Island #2 has four pumps. Let the random variables X and Y denote: X = number of
Ohio State - STAT - 427
STAT 427 Calculus ReviewProf. P. GoelNote: Good understanding of calculus is essential for your success in Stat 427. Please review the following concepts by the begining of third week. Function, limit, continuity, differentiation; Innite sequences and s
Ohio State - STAT - 427
NAME: _STAT 427 Prof. GoelMidterm ISpring, 2007 MWF 9:30 - 10.20REMARKS: This is a closed book examination. However, you are allowed to use your own calculator as well as two (8.5 x 11 two-sided) crib-sheets. There are four problems worth a total of 6
Ohio State - STAT - 427
Spring 2007 Solutions to Home Work Assignment # 7STAT 427 Dr. GoelAdditional Explanations for (f) X +7 x + 7 x+7 p ( X x) = p ( )= ( ) = 0.75 14 14 14x +7 = 0.6744 14x = 0.6744* 14 7 =-4.4763Additional Explanations for (g) X +7 x+7 x+7 p ( X x) = 1 p
Ohio State - STAT - 427
Spring 2007 Solutions to Home Work Assignment # 6STAT 427 Dr. GoelSpring 2007 Solutions to Home Work Assignment # 6STAT 427 Dr. GoelSpring 2007 Solutions to Home Work Assignment # 6STAT 427 Dr. Goel4.7.14 Machine is operated 5 times, denoted 1,2,3,4
Ohio State - STAT - 427
Spring 2007 Solutions to Home Work Assignment # 4STAT 427 Dr. Goel
Ohio State - STAT - 427
Spring 2007 Solutions to Home Work Assignment #3STAT 427 Dr. Goel2.1.6(b) F(x) 0 1/8 2/8 3/8 5/8 6/8 7/8 1 x < 6 6 x < 4 4 x < 2 2 x < 0 0 x<2 2 x<4 4 x<6 6 x<2.1.8 pmfxp ( x)-1 0 1 3 4 51/6 1/6 1/6 1/6 1/6 1/6Spring 2007 Solutions to Home Work A
Ohio State - STAT - 427
Spring 2007 STAT 427 Solutions to Home Work Assignment #21.9.14 If 4 machines: # of ways of assigning 5 tasks to each machine = Choose 5 tasks out of 20 for Machine 1*Choose 5 tasks from the remaining 15 tasks for Machine 2* Choose 5 tasks from the remai