This preview has intentionally blurred parts. Sign up to view the full document

View Full Document

Unformatted Document Excerpt

)*+,-"."#+ !"#$%&%'( /"0(1"23 4 56.&%7.( !-"%,( !"#$%&'( %)# *)+&*# %),% -#.% *+/01#%#. %)# .%,%#/#$% +2 ,$.3#2. %)# 45#.%&+$6 !" Saffran's experiment in which infants controlled how long they heard groups of sounds by how long they looked at a light provided evidence for #" inverse projection. %" letter analysis. $" &" feature integration. statistical learning. '" A masking stimulus #" highlights a target stimulus by blocking irrelevant surrounding information. %" cues attention to a specific area of the visual field. $" is always the first stimulus that appears during an experimental trial. &" stops further processing of another stimulus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n the interactive activation model for recognizing letters #" the visual system has to determine which letter unit is activated most strongly. %" only one letter unit is activated. $" the visual system has to determine which feature unit is activated most strongly. &" only one feature unit is activated for a particular letter. G" The word superiority effect refers to the finding that #" real words like "blow" are perceived more rapidly than nonsense letter strings like %" $" &" "blorg". high-frequency words can be read more rapidly than low-frequency words. it is easier to identify a word when it is in a sentence than when it is alone. letters are easier to identify when they are part of a word than when they are alone. H" "Every stimulus pattern is seen in such a way that the resulting structure is as simple as possible" refers to which Gestalt law? #" similarity %" common fate $" familiarity &" good figure I" EBJ $;4=/6 05<*$#--5 <-107 #" :#-6/ #-#496 =6 9*66/6" %" 4/K/$0*1,6 =6 3*06" $" &" 3*06 =6 9*66/6" 3*06 =6 :#-6/ #-#496" ! L" 23/ 9*,*9;9 *,0/,6*05 1: # 60*9;-;6 ,//&/& :14 *06 &/0/$0*1, *6 >,18, #6 03/7 #" #%61-;0/ =#-;/" $" #%61-;0/ 034/631-&" %" &*::/4/,$/ 034/631-&" &" 6;%-*9*,#- M;10*/,0" !N" In the "Finding Faces in a Landscape" demonstration in your text, once you perceive a particular grouping of rocks as a face, it is often difficult NOT to perceive them this way. This is due to #" a shift in your attentional focus. $" your prior knowledge. %" the inverse projection problem. &" a recency effect. !!" Research has shown that a conversational speech signal is continuous. Although native speakers of a language have no difficulty separating the sound into words, people unfamiliar with that language perceive only an unbroken string of sound. Your text suggests that one reason why native speakers understand separate words is that #" when producing what researchers refer to as "natural speech" (like during conversations), only native speakers pronounce individual words as carefully in the conversation as they do when stating the word in isolation. %" the most frequent words (like the word "the") are pronounced by most people in the same way, so native speakers have extensive experience with these separate sounds. $" non-native speakers fail to use "accent cues" to separate words while native speakers do so easily. &" even as young children, people learn the rules about permissible beginnings and endings of words which can be used as markers for separating the sounds. !'" O: 51; $3#,+/ 03/ <41%#%*-*05 03/ 6*+,#- 8*-- %/ <4/6/,0 *, # 6*+,#- &/0/$0*1, /@</4*9/,0P 51; #-61 $3#,+/ 03/7 #" 034/631-& 9/#6;4/9/,0" $" %#$>+41;,& :#$0146" %" 1%6/4=/4Q6 $4*0/4*1," &" 1%6/4=/4Q6 6/,6*0*=*05" !(" The inverse projection problem states that ambiguity occurs because the image on the retina #" appears magnified compared to its actual size. %" is inverted compared to its actual orientation. $" can be caused by an infinite number of different objects. &" can only be viewed from one angle. !?" O, 83*$3 1: 03/ :1--18*,+ 9/031& *6 03/ 60*9;-* <4/6/,0/& *, #6$/,&*,+ #,& &/6$/,&*,+ 14&/4 %5 03/ /@</4*9/,0/4A #" R/031& 1: C&K;609/,0" $" R/031& 1: ./6$4*<0*1," %" R/031& 1: S*9*06" &" R#+,*0;&/ T60*9#0*1," !F" O, 6*+,#- &/0/$0*1, /@</4*9/,06P 1,/ 1: 03/ $4*0*$#- :#$0146 *,:-;/,$*,+ 03/ 6/,6*0*=*05 1: 03/ 1%6/4=/4 *6 03/7 #" -*>/-*311& 03/ 6*+,#- *6 <4/6/,0" $" *,0/,6*05 1: 03/ 60*9;-;6" %" #91;,0 1: <#51:: :14 # 9*66" &" #91;,0 1: <#51:: :14 # 3*0" !G" C 6;%K/$0 *6 6318, # -*+30 1: =#45*,+ *,0/,6*05" 23/ /@</4*9/,0/4 &/0/49*,/6 03/ *,0/,6*05 #0 83*$3 03/ -*+30 *6 &/0/$0/& 3#-: 03/ 0*9/" U3#0 *6 %/*,+ &/0/49*,/&A #" 23/ &*::/4/,$/ 034/631-&" $" 23/ #%61-;0/ 034/631-&" %" 23/ #=/4#+/ &/0/$0*1, /4414" &" 23/ VD." ' !H" O, # )*+,#- ./0/$0*1, /@</4*9/,0P #, 1%6/4=/4 8*03 # -#4+/ &Q =#-;/7 #" 3#6 # 3*+3 $4*0/4*1, =#-;/" %" 3#6 # 3*+3 :#-6/ #-#49 4#0/" $" 63186 # 3*+3 +;/66*,+ 4#0/" &" 8*-- 9#>/ 914/ 3*06 14 :/8/4 :#-6/ #-#496 03#, #, 1%6/4=/4 8*03 # 69#-- =#-;/" !I" 23/ #&1<0*1, 1: # $1,6/4=#0*=/ $4*0/4*1, %5 #, 1%6/4=/4 W03/5 ,//& 914/ *,:149#0*1, 01 6#5 X5/6YZP 8*-- 5*/-& [[[[[ #,& [[[[[ 3*06" #" :/8/4 :#-6/ #-#496 \ :/8/4 $" :/8/4 :#-6/ #-#496 \ 914/ %" 914/ :#-6/ #-#496 \ :/8/4 &" 914/ :#-6/ #-#496 \ 914/ !L" C, #66;9<0*1, 1: ]/$3,/4Q6 S#8 *6 03#07 #" C-- OQ6 #4/ /M;#-" %" VD.Q6 *,$4/#6/ -1+#4*039*$#--5" $" &" C-- VD.Q6 #4/ /M;#-" OQ6 *,$4/#6/ +/19/04*$#--5" 'N" C 03/145 #66;9*,+ :#$0146 *, #&&*0*1, 01 03/ 1%6/4=/4Q6 &*6$4*9*,#0*=/ #%*-*05 14 03/ 60*9;-;6 *,0/,6*05 <-#56 # 41-/ *, 03/ 1%6/4=/4Q6 #%*-*05 01 &/0/$0 03/ <4/6/,$/ 1: # 60*9;-;6 *67 #" )0/=/,6Q ^18/4 S#8" $" ]/$3,/4Q6 S#8" %" U/%/4Q6 ]4#$0*1," &" )*+,#- ./0/$0*1, 23/145" '!" The rat-man demonstration shows how #" meaningfulness determines perceptual organization. %" things that are near to each other appear to be grouped together. $" Gestalt psychologists approach perception. &" recently acquired knowledge can influence perception. ''" Change blindness experiments demonstrate #" what gives humans an advantage over computers. %" how context can change perception. $" how attention can affect perception. &" how heuristics result in best-guess solutions to problems. '(" A heuristic is a #" series of rules that specify how we organize parts into wholes. %" "rule of thumb" that provides a best guess solution to a problem. $" short algorithm. &" procedure that is guaranteed to solve a problem. '?" 23/ 9/#6;4/ 1: 03/ 69#--/60 &*::/4/,$/ %/08//, 081 60*9;-* 03#0 $#, %/ &/0/$0/& *6 03/7 #" )0/=/,6Q S#8 % =#-;/" $" &*::/4/,$/ 034/631-&" %" U/%/4 :4#$0*1," &" #%61-;0/ 034/631-&" 'F" Maria took a drink from a container marked "milk". Surprised, she quickly spit out the liquid because it turned out the container was filled with orange juice instead. Maria likes orange juice, so why did she have such a negative reaction to it? Her response was most affected by #" focused attention. $" top-down processing. %" bottom-up processing. &" reception of the stimulus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llusory conjunctions occur #" only in patients with Balint's syndrome. %" because features exist independently of each other at the beginning of the perceptual $" &" process. because of a failure during the recognition-by-components stage of perception. only if the stimuli differ slightly in shape and size. ? (F" "Perceiving Machines" are used by the U.S. Postal service to "read" the addresses on letters and sort them quickly to their correct destinations. Sometimes, these machines cannot "read" an address, because the writing on the envelope is not sufficiently clear for the machine to "match" the writing to an "example" it has stored in "memory". Human postal workers are much more successful at reading unclear addresses, most likely because of #" top-down processing. %" repeated practice at the task. $" their in-depth understanding of principles of perception. &" bottom-up processing. (G" View invariance refers to #" pop out of a hidden object when the angle of view is changed. %" neurons in the visual cortex that respond to the direction objects are moving. $" the property that geons can be identified when viewed from different angles. &" the assumption that light is coming from above. (H" O: 51; 8/4/ -*60/,*,+ 01 9;6*$ 1, 51;4 *^1& #,& O 8#,0/& 01 >,18 318 9;$3 O $1;-& 0;4, &18, 03/ =1-;9/ %/:14/ 51; ,10*$/&P O 81;-& ,//& 01 >,18 51;47 #" 04#,6&;$0*1, 034/631-&" $" 6/,6145 034/631-&" %" &*::/4/,$/ 034/631-&" &" #%61-;0/ 034/631-&" (I" Humans perceive by using both the information that stimulates their receptors and knowledge they bring to a situation. This concept is known as #" experience-dependent discriminability. %" Gestalt psychology. $" &" feature integration theory. perceptual intelligence. (L" The process by which small objects become perceptually grouped to form larger objects is #" perceptual fusion. $" conjunction. %" perceptual discriminability. &" perceptual organization. ?N" Which heuristic prevents us from seeing things in our environment as being into chopped pieces when they are partially obscured by other objects? #" occlusion heuristic %" projection heuristic $" &" oneness heuristic illusory conjunction heuristic ?!" Which of the following statements concerning "Change Blindness" is true? #" Change blindness does not occur when observers are confident in their own abilities that %" $" &" they will notice changes to a scene. Change blindness does not disrupt our day-to-day functioning, because real-life changes are often accompanied by motion which signals a change. Change blindness does not occur when people are warned a change may occur. All of the above statements are true. ?'" According to Treisman's feature integration theory, the first stage of perception is called the ____ stage. #" preattentive $" focused attention %" letter analysis &" feature analysis F ?(" A difference between a heuristic and an algorithm is #" heuristics usually take longer to carry out than algorithms. %" heuristics do not result in a correct solution every time as algorithms do. $" algorithms are usually less systematic than heuristics. &" algorithms provide "best guess" solutions to problems more so than heuristics. ??" The Recognition-by-Components approach proposes that there are a number of basic features such as #" curvature and tilt. $" horizontal lines and vertical lines. %" rectangular solids and cubes. &" movement and brightness. ?F" Speech segmentation is defined as #" organizing the sounds of speech into individual words. %" recognizing a few words out of many when hearing a largely unfamiliar language. $" ignoring the spaces between the spoken words of a sentence. &" creating a sentence from a series of spoken words. G Name: ____________________________________! ! Lab Instructor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`/4/P 8/ 9;60 <#5 #00/,0*1, 01 1%K/$06 01 $19%*,/ 03/*4 :/#0;4/6 *,01 # 6*,+-/ </4$/<0;#/@</4*/,$/P 103/48*6/ 8/ 9#5 6// [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[P 1%K/$06 03#0 &1,Q0 #$0;#--5 /@*60 *, 03/ =*6;#:*/-&" H ?I" WFZ 23/ [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[ *6 03/ &*::/4/,$/ *, *,0/,6*05 081 60*9;-* ,//& 01 %/ :14 #, 1%6/4=/4 01 &/0/$0 # &*::/4/,$/ %/08//, 03/9 FNa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b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c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a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a 1: &/0/$0*1,6 4*+30" B, 03/ 103/4 3#,&P *: 03/ $;4=/ %186 [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[ *0 *,&*$#0/6 3*+3 6/,6*0*=*05P 14 03/ #%*-*05 01 &/0/$0 # 4/-#0*=/-5 8/#> 60*9;-;6" Word bank; no non answer terms have been added, some terms are used twice. algorithm! anticipate! can act upon! change blindness! characteristics or features! close linkage! constructed from! constructivist! cup or mug! difference threshold! do or dont! doesnt have to be! experiences and expectations! false alarms! feature integration theory! focused attention! geons! gestalt laws! heuristics hits! illusory conjunctions! implicit associations! intelligent! just guessing! just noticeable difference! made brighter! made dimmer! method of limits! mind and brain! often miss! organizing and structuring! parts and wholes! perceptual contents! picture or model! preattentive! proximity ratio of intensities! receiver operating characteristic! representation! right answer! same time! sand pail! sensitivity! separate exponent! similarity! specic to! speeds up! statistical learning! stevens law! three dimensional! transduction! two dimensional! up to the left! very reliably! viewing angle or conditions! we can predict !! ... View Full Document

End of Preview

Sign up now to access the rest of the document