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C C 303: Greek Mythology C C 303: Greek Mythology Lecture 2: Historical Lecture 2: Historical Background Background 09/02/2008 09/02/2008 FYI: My office # is 471-8607 FYI: My office # is 471-8607 Periods of Greek History Periods of Greek History Early/Middle Bronze Age (3000-1600 BC) Late Bronze Age (also known as Mycenaean Age) (1600-1150 BC) Dark Age (1150-800 BC) Archaic Period (800-490 BC) Classical Period (490-323 BC) from Persian Wars to the death of Alexander Hellenistic Period (323-30 BC) from the death of Alexander to the death of Cleopatra VII, the last ruling descendant of the generals of Alexander. Early/Middle Bronze Age (3000- Early/Middle Bronze Age (3000- 1600 BC) 1600 BC) The Palace civilization on Crete (Minoan Crete) and mainland Greece Dont try this at home! Dont try this at home! Minoan Crete Minoan Crete Named after mythical king Minos (cf. myths of the gold-fleeced bull and the Minotaur are these reasons for abundance of bulls in Minoan art?) Extremely wealthy No walls/fortifications Thucydides tells that this was the first naval empire Destroyed ca. 1450 BC, perhaps by Mycenaeans from mainland Greece Mycenaean Age (1600-1150 BC) Mycenaean Age (1600-1150 BC) Named for the citadel of Mycenae Mycenaean Civilization Mycenaean Civilization Kept records in Linear B (nonalphabetic script). Several gods mentioned in records Mysterious collapse/destruction at the end of the Bronze Age The collapse attributed by later Greeks (and some modern scholars) to return of the children of Heracles (Dorian Invasion) Dark Age (1150-800 BC) Dark Age (1150-800 BC) No more monumental building Serious decline in population Original form of writing disappears Invention of the Greek Alphabet (based on Phoenician alphabet) at the end of the Dark Age or in the beginning of the Archaic period. Archaic Period (800-490 BC) Archaic Period (800-490 BC) Many events/figures a convoluted web of myth and history. Many dates are uncertain. Rise of the polis (city-state; plural poleis ). No unified Greece, but a bunch of independent city-states. Colonization: colonies established by Greek city-states individually or jointly Key Cultural Institutions Key Cultural Institutions in the Archaic period and beyond in the Archaic period and beyond Xenia (guest-friendship) already mentioned in Homer (e.g., Diomedes and Glaucus). A way for personal connections between families in different poleis . ... View Full Document

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