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16 1. Chapter Which of the following best describes Project Verb Student Response a. media literacy curriculum for adolescent girls that promotes healthy body images b government campaign to encourage school children to be more physically active . c. nationwide initiative that aims to improve the nutritional disparity among senior citizens d. fundraising campaign to supplement the financial revenues institutions will lose when vending machines are banned from public schools 2. What are dental caries? Student Response a. cavities b. spotting on tooth enamel c. space that is left following the loss of teeth d. juvenile teeth 3. Obesity in children is defined as: Student Response a. BMI 100th percentile. b. BMI 85th percentile. c. BMI 95th percentile. d. BMI 75th percentile. 4. On average, Americans have a life expectancy that reaches into the: Student Response a. early seventies. b. late eighties. c. early eighties. d late seventies. . 5. In older adults, which of the following is a mineral important to a healthy immune system and wound healing? ? Student Response a. calcium b. zinc c. vitamin A d. vitamin C 6. Girls gain more body fat through adolescence than do boys. Student Response True 7. Limiting sugary sweets in children's diets is only important once their permanent teeth have erupted. Student Response False 8. The growth spurt starts earlier in boys than in girls. Student Response False 9. School lunches are not regulated by the federal government. Student Response False 10. High intake of fiber may be harmful in young children, as it may interfere with the absorption of nutrients. Student Response True 11. Meals-on-Wheels is a nonprofit food program that: Student Response a. provides coupons to low-income seniors to purchase food at local farmers' markets. b delivers fully prepared meals to homebound ill and elderly clients. . c. offers canned goods and other nonperishable food items to seniors free of charge. d. provides coupons to low-income seniors to purchase food at local grocery stores. 12. Janie is four years old. What serving size of green beans would you recommend for her? Student Response a. 4 tablespoons b. 6 tablespoons c. 3 tablespoons d. 2 tablespoons 13. Which of the following correctly describes "milk displacement"? Student Response a. the self-weaning of an infant from breast milk b. the avoidance of dairy products due to the fear of agricultural contaminants c. the selection of low-nutrient beverages (e.g., soda) in place of milk d. the recent surge in formula use 14. For which of the following children should a multivitamin/mineral supplement be considered? Student Response a. a child who has cystic fibrosis b. a child who is a picky eater c. a child who is a vegan d All of the above . 15. Jennifer is three years old and weighs 32 pounds. What is her EER (estimated energy expenditure)? Student Response a. 1,215 kcals b. 1,025 kcals c. 2,768 kcals d. 1,599 kcals 16. Multivitamin/mineral supplements are never recommended for preschoolers. Student Response False 17. Boys can continue to gain height during early adulthood. Student Response True 18. Snacking between meals is associated with childhood obesity. Student Response False 19. The development of the ________ is particularly dependent on adequate consumption of fat during the toddler years. Student Response a. skeletal system b. digestive system c. nervous system d. urinary system 20. Peak bone mass is typically achieved in: Student Response a. the late thirties. b. late childhood. c. late teens and early twenties. d. early teens. 21. ________% of U.S. youths are overweight. Student Response a. Five b. Twenty-five c. Fifteen d. Thirty-five 22. Which of the following is associated with the premature closure of the epiphyseal plate? Student Response a. undernutrition b. obesity c. anabolic steroid use d. Both A and B 23. Due to the additional losses via the menstrual cycle, adolescent girls require more iron than do adolescent boys. Student Response True 24. Physical inactivity is more common in girls than in boys. Student Response True 25. If a toddler is overweight, a practical approach would be to start the child on 1% milk. Student Response False 26. ________ is added to municipal water supplies to promote healthy teeth formation. Student Response a. Sodium b. Vitamin D c. Fluoride d. Zinc 27. Which of the following is NOT related to the increased iron needs in adolescence? Student Response a. Skeletal muscle mass increases. b Iron utilization slows down. . c. Food choices are often inadequate in iron. d. Iron is lost as a result of menstruation (in girls). 28. On average, humans experience a ________ increase in height during adolescence. Student Response a. 20-25% b. 35-45% c. 10-20% d. 25-35% 29. Current federal regulations prohibit soda-vending machines from public high schools. Student Response False 30. Due to oxidative stress, older adults need to increase their consumption of both vitamin C and vitamin E. Student Response False 31. The most common nutrient deficiency in young children is caused by inadequate ________ consumption. Student Response a. zinc b. folate c. iron d. calcium 32. Bobby is 3 years old and 36 weighs pounds. How many grams of protein should he consume each day? Student Response a. 20 grams b. 15 grams c. 28 grams d 18 grams . 33. Increased language fluency, decision-making skills, and physical coordination and dexterity are all characteristics of: Student Response a. toddlers. b. school-age children. c. infants. d. preschoolers. 34. In women, full height is typically reached by: Student Response a. the start of adolescence. b. the end of adolescence. c. the start of the growth spurt. d. menarche. 35. The absorption of vitamin ________ increases in older adults. Student Response a. D b. C c. A d. B12 36. Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common nutrient deficiency in young children. Student Response True 37. The fluid needs of adolescents are higher than those of children. Student Response True 38. ________ are the leading cause of death among high-school youths. Student Response a. Drug overdoses b. Eating disorders c. Alcohol intoxication occurrences d Automobile accidents . 39. Federal guidelines specify that school lunches must provide ________ of the 1989 RDAs for protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, calcium, and energy. Student Response a. 1/2 b 1/3 . c. 1/4 d. There are no federal guidelines regulating school lunches. 40. The cartilage that is located at the end of long bones that closes when growth ceases is called the ________ plate. Student Response a. cortical b. ostoid c. epiphyseal d. trabecular 41. Growth rates slow during the preschool years. Student Response True 42. Eating disorders do not occur in adolescent boys. Student Response False 43. Overweight in children is defined as: Student Response a. BMI 75th percentile. b BMI 85th percentile. . c. BMI 100th percentile. d. BMI 95th percentile. 44. Which of the following is NOT a recommendation to avoid allergies in children? Student Response a. If a child has a negative reaction to a food, never offer it to that child again. b. Rotate foods in the diet rather than serving them every day. c. When introducing a new food, watch for any allergic reaction for a week before offering another new food. d. Introduce new foods one at a time. 45. Which nutrient is generally NOT a concern for vegan children? Student Response a. vitamin B12 b vitamin C . c. protein d. iron 46. How much fat is recommended for a preschooler? Student Response a. 10-20% of total energy b. 40-50% of total energy c. 15-25% of total energy d 25-35% of total energy . 47. One should avoid consuming excess vitamin E when taking the medication: Student Response a. Coumadin. b. Motrin. c. Zocor. d. Tylenol. 48. Which of the following is FALSE regarding the RDA for carbohydrate? Student Response a. This amount is difficult for elderly individuals to consume in their diets. b. This amount ensures adequate glucose to the brain. c. This recommendation stays the same as we age. d. Most healthy individuals require more than this recommendation. 49. There are no risks involved in offering vegan diets to toddlers. Student Response False 50. The energy needs of older adults are higher than those of younger adults. Student Response False 51. Which of the following is generally NOT a nutrient of concern during adolescence? Student Response a. calcium b vitamin C . c. iron d. vitamin A 52. All of the following are physiological changes that typically occur with aging EXCEPT: Student Response a. decreased fat mass. b. Decreased bone density. c. decreased immune function. d. decreased lean body mass. 53. Although considered an epidemic among U.S. adults, obesity rates in school-aged children have remained constant since the 1970s. Student Response False 54. Which of the following foods would be the best source of dietary calcium for a young toddler? Student Response a. whole milk b. skim milk c. spinach d. All of the above are equally good choices. 55. All of the following are associated with developing toddlers' healthy eating habits EXCEPT: Student Response a. rewarding meal completion with dessert. b. snacking between meals. c. small portion sizes. d. including toddlers in food shopping and preparation. 56. All of the following can contribute to chronic dehydration in elderly individuals EXCEPT: Student Response a. Perspiration increases as we age. b. Kidney function decreases with advancing age. c. The thirst mechanism is impaired in the elderly. d. Older adults may limit fluid intake due to urinary incontinence. 57. Growth acceleration in adolescence is primarily driven by: Student Response a. increased caloric intake. b. increased physical activity. c. hormonal changes. d. both A and B. 58. Atrophic gastritis is a common condition among older adults that impairs the ability to absorb ________. Student Response a. vitamin C b. zinc c. vitamin B12 d. vitamin B6 59. All of the following are characteristic of adolescent eating habits EXCEPT: Student Response a. low intake of fruits and vegetables. b. regular consumption of three meals per day. c. preference for fast food and convenience foods. d. soft drinks preferred over nutritionally dense beverages. 60. The total amount of energy needed per day for any given age is called ________. Student Response a. DRI b. RDA c. EER d. AI ... View Full Document

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