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CHAPTER 1. 4 QUIZ ALL The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Student Response A. biosynthesis. B. anabolism. C. photosynthesis. D. glycogenesis. Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Feedback Score: 1/1 3. fv 1 Score: 1/1 4. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Score: 1/1 5. In the U.S. diet, carbohydrate supplies approximately what percentage of total kcalories? Score: 0/1 6. Which of the following has the most starch? 2 Score: 1/1 7. Of the following, which is a major source of sucrose? Score: 1/1 8. The term "simple carbohydrates" refers to Score: 1/1 9. 3 You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet? Score: 1/1 10. Sucralose (Splenda) is ______ times sweeter than sucrose. Score: 1/1 1. When insulin is released, it causes 4 Score: 1/1 2. All of the following are characteristic of Type 2 diabetes mellitus except Score: 1/1 3. Which of the following is not true of dietary fibers? Score: 1/1 4. Glycogen is 5 Score: 1/1 5. The main function of glucose is to Score: 1/1 6. Simple sugars in large quantities have been shown to Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following is not a rich source of viscous (soluble) fibers? 6 Score: 1/1 8. The major storage sites for glycogen are Score: 1/1 9. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Score: 1/1 7 10. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state? Score: 1/1 5. What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine? 8 Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? Score: 1/1 8. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Score: 1/1 9. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? 9 Score: 1/1 1. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Score: 1/1 3. Which of the following is true? Score: 1/1 6. 10 The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. Score: 1/1 7. Amylase is Score: 1/1 9. Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding 11 Score: 1/1 10. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? Score: 1/1 The monosaccharides important in nutrition are Score: 1/1 Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Score: 1/1 Viscous (soluble) fibers 12 Score: 1/1 Which of the following is not a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids? Score: 1/1 Which of the following is true about Olestra? Score: 1/1 All of the following describe the characteristics of fat cells except 13 Score: 1/1 Pancreatic lipase digests Score: 1/1 Cardiovascular disease risk factors include all of the following except Score: 1/1 Gram for gram, which of the following contains the most cholesterol? 14 Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? Student Response Feedback @A. Arises most commonly in adulthood B. Sometimes caused by viral infection C. Associated with a tendency to develop ketosis D. Has a genetic link Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following is not a Metabolic Syndrome risk indicator? Student Response Feedback A. High blood pressure B. Elevated triglycerides C. Elevated glucose @D. High HDL cholesterol Score: 1/1 9. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Student Response Feedback A. Acesulfame-K B. Saccharin @ C. Aspartame D. High fructose corn syrup Score: 1/1 10. John Fibernugget wants to increase his fiber intake. Which of the following would be the safest way for him do this? 15 Student Response Feedback @A. Eating more fruits and vegetables and not removing the edible peels B. Buying bran and fiber supplements to add to his current diet C. Eating enriched grains such as Rice Krispies and Saltines D. Reading the labels of grain products and buying those labeled "wheat flour" Score: 1/1 2. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Student Response Feedback A. avoid sugar. B. eat regular meals. @C. lose body fat. D. maintain a constant ratio of carbohydrate to protein to fat throughout the day. Score: 1/1 4. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? Student Response Feedback A. Pancreas B. Kidney C. Heart @D. Liver Score: 1/1 5. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? Student Response Feedback @A. Arises most commonly in adulthood B. Has a genetic link C. Sometimes caused by viral infection D. Associated with a tendency to develop ketosis Score: 1/1 7. Amylose is Student Response Feedback A. branched amino acid chains. B. branched glucose chains. @ C. a long, straight glucose chain. D. a long, straight fatty acid chain. 16 Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following is not true of carbohydrate absorption? Student Response Feedback A. Monosaccharides can enter the villi. B. End products of carbohydrate digestion are transported through the portal vein to the liver. @C. Maltose is transported through the portal vein to the liver. D. Disaccharides are digested to monosaccharides by enzymes attached to intestinal cells. Score: 1/1 8. How many grams of carbohydrate, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis? Student Response Feedback A. 100 @B. 130 C. 75 D. 250 Score: 1/1 9. Which of the following is not a viscous (soluble) fiber? Student Response Feedback A. Mucilages B. Pectin C. Gums @ D. Lignin Score: 1/1 8. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer? Student Response A. Liver Feedback 17 Student Response B. Colon C. Stomach D. Pancreatic Score: 1/1 Feedback 9. Medical conditions related to metabolic syndrome are Student Response Feedback A. Type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and cancer. B. Type 1 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and stroke. @C. Type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and stroke. D. Type 1 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and cancer. Score: 1/1 10. Which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use? Student Response Feedback A. Epinephrine B. Insulin C. Progesterone D. Glycogen Score: 1/1 4. Lactose intolerance is caused by Student Response A. a milk allergy. B. intestinal bacteria. C. lactase deficiency. Feedback 18 Student Response D. milk bacteria. Score: 1/1 Feedback 7. A reasonable and recommended goal for daily dietary fiber intake is how many grams? Student Response A. 20 to 34 B. 10 to 12 C. 25 to 38 D. 15 to 30 Score: 1/1 Feedback 7. Glucose is absorbed via ______ absorption. Student Response A. passive B. facilitated C. active D. participatory Score: 1/1 8. Glucose also is known as Feedback 19 Score: 1/1 The monosaccharides important in nutrition are Student Response A. fructose, glucose, and maltose. B. sucrose, fructose, and glucose. C. fructose, glucose, and galactose. D. glucose, fructose, and lactose. Score: 1/1 The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called F Score: 1/1 1/1 Glycogen is 20 Score: 1/1 Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Score: 1/1 Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding Score: 1/1 Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? 21 Score: 1/1 Viscous (soluble) fibers Score: 1/1 Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? Score: 1/1 22 Which of the following is not a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids? Student Response A. Palm oil B. Safflower oil C. Corn oil D. Soybean oil Score: 1/1 Which of the following is true about Olestra? Score: 1/1 All of the following describe the characteristics of fat cells except Score: 1/1 23 Pancreatic lipase digests Score: 1/1 Cardiovascular disease risk factors include all of the following except Score: 1/1 Gram for gram, which of the following contains the most cholesterol? Score: 1/1 1. 24 Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Student Response A. Grapefruit half, 2 fried eggs, 3 bacon slices, 1 slice of toast with butter, coffee B. 8 ounces orange juice, 2 bran muffins, 8 ounces nonfat yogurt, coffee C. 8 ounces orange juice, 2 cups Cream of Wheat with 2 tablespoons sugar, English muffin with jelly, 1 cup whole milk D. 1 cup whole milk, 2 ounces sausage, 2 fried eggs, 1 slice of toast with butter Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state? Feedback Score: 1/1 3. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are 25 Score: 1/1 4. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Score: 1/1 5. What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine? Score: 0/1 6. 26 Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? Score: 1/1 7. The major storage sites for glycogen are Score: 1/1 8. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Score: 27 1/1 9. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? Score: 1/1 10. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the Score: 1/1 1. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Student Response A. two monosaccharides. Feedback 28 Student Response B. two oligosaccharides. C. two polysaccharides. D. one monosaccharide and one polysaccharide. Score: 1/1 2. Feedback Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Score: 1/1 3. Which of the following is true? Score: 1/1 4. 29 Simple sugars in large quantities have been shown to Score: 1/1 5. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 1/1 6. The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. 30 Score: 1/1 7. Amylase is Score: 1/1 8. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Score: 1/1 9. Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding 31 Score: 1/1 10. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? Score: 1/1 Newborn infants receive a single injection of vitamin K at birth due to the fact that: a. newborns do not have enough bacteria in their small intestine to make vitamin K. 100% b. breast milk is a poor source of vitamin K. 0% c. the trauma of labor and delivery depletes the newborn's vitamin K stores. 0% d. newborns cannot absorb any of the vitamin K from breast milk or formula. 0% Which of the following plant sources of calcium has the lowest bioavailability? a. kale 0% b. spinach 100% c. broccoli 0% d. brussels sprouts 0% Prothrombin and factor VII are: a. hormones that regulate the pH of the blood. 0% b. proteins that are involved in the coagulation of blood. c. cofactors of energy metabolism.0% d. transport proteins that aid in the absorption of iron. The toxins produced by microbes are destroyed by heat. 100% 0% 32 False Ninety (90) percent of all food allergies are due to the ________ found in foods. a. toxins 0% b. proteins 100% c. additives 0% d. bacteria 0% The two types of fungi are: a. molds and spongiforms. 0% b. yeasts and helminths. 0% c. prions and dioxins. 0% d. molds and yeasts. 100% Which of the following explains why folate is critical to the health of a newly conceived embryo? a. Folate is needed for proper cell division. 100% b. Folate is essential for maintaining proper fluid balance. 0% c. Folate regulates bone formation. 0% d. Folate is essential for heart function. 0% The first B-complex vitamin discovered was: a. thiamin. 100% b. niacin. 0% c. folate. 0% d. vitamin B12. 0% Chromium assists in ________ uptake. a. calcium 0% b. sodium 0% c. potassium 0% d. glucose 100% Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common nutrient deficiency in young children. True Which of the following describes the main symptom(s) of beriberi? a. dermatitis 0% b. muscle wasting and nerve damage 100% c. hemorrhaging 0% d. blindness 0% Non-heme iron is found only in plant based foods. False Hepatitis A is a food-borne virus that can result in ________ damage. a. nerve 0% b. intestinal 0% c. liver 100% d. muscle 0% Which of the following is the most abundant mineral in our body? 33 a. b. c. d. calcium 100% iron 0% phosphorus 0% fluoride 0% Which of the following BEST describes why the body reduces nonvital body functions in untreated anorexia nervosa? a. There is insufficient estrogen to regulate these functions. 0% b. The body is trying to maintain normal body temperature. 0% c. The body needs to conserve energy. 100% d. The individual's activity level is very low. 0% Foods most commonly associated with Salmonella intoxication are: a. sauces and gravies. 0% b. eggs and chicken. 100% c. seafood and raw fish. 0% d. custard and cream-filled pastries. 0% High zinc intakes can inhibit the absorption of copper. True Insufficient intake of iron will FIRST affect the body's ________ levels. a. hemoglobin 0% b. hematocrit 0% c. transferrin 0% d. ferritin 100% The total amount of energy needed per day for any given age is called ________. a. EER 100% b. RDA 0% c. DRI 0% d. AI 0% In addition to proper growth and development, bone remodeling is critical in maintaining: a. b. c. d. blood glucose levels. blood calcium levels. blood coagulation. vitamin D production. 0% 100% 0% 0% Which of the following is FALSE in regard to trabecular bone? a. very sensitive to changes in hormones and nutrition 0% b. porous and spongy in composition 0% c. turnover is very rapid 0% d. comprises approximately 80% of the skeleton 100% It is difficult for people to consume adequate amounts of the B-complex vitamins without taking a multivitamin each day. False 34 Hormone replacement therapy has been proven to be a safe and effective treatment for heart disease. False The human body typically absorbs less than 20% of the iron consumed in the diet. True The main symptom associated with Clostridium botulinum intoxication is: a. diarrhea. 0% b. paralysis. 100% c. anemia. 0% d. jaundice. 0% Which of the following is associated with increased absorption of zinc? a. vegetarian diet 0% b. growth 100% c. aging 0% d. illness 0% Folate deficiency during pregnancy is associated with: a. Down's syndrome. 0% b. gestational diabetes. 0% c. neural tube defects. 100% d. pellagra. 0% Obsessive-compulsive, perfectionism, socially inhibited, compliant, and emotionally restrained describe personality traits of: a. anorexia nervosa. 100% b. bulimia nervosa. 0% c. binge eating disorder. 0% d. obesity. 0% Food infections result from consuming foods in which microbes have secreted poisonous toxins. False Which of the following conditions have vitamin B6 supplements been used to treat? a. high cholesterol 0% b. hypertension 0% c. baldness 0% d. premenstrual syndrome 100% The cartilage that is located at the end of long bones that closes when growth ceases is called the ________ plate. a. cortical 0% b. trabecular 0% c. ostoid 0% d. epiphyseal 100% Oxalic acid can inhibit the absorption of: a. vitamin E. 0% b. thiamin. 0% 35 c. d. calcium. protein. 0% 100% Excessive exercising is a form of purging. True Bobby is 3 years old and weighs 36 pounds. How many grams of protein should he consume each day? a. 15 grams 0% b. 18 grams 100% c. 20 grams 0% d. 28 grams 0% The proper steps developed for canning foods ensures that all endospores of ________ are eliminated when followed carefully. a. Salmonella 0% b. Clostridium botulinum 100% c. Giardia intestinalis 0% d. Campylobacter jejuni 0% Yo-yo dieting (weight cycling) can lead to heart disease. False Which of the following is FALSE concerning calcium? a. Calcium's alkalinity assists in regulating acid-base balance. 0% b. Ninety-nine percent of calcium is found in the blood and soft tissue. 100% c. When blood calcium falls, osteoclasts will liberate calcium from the skeleton. 0% d. Calcium is a major mineral. 0% Which of the following nutrients increases the absorption rate of calcium? a. iron 0% b. vitamin D 100% c. zinc 0% d. phosphorus 0% Which of the following foods is high in phosphorus? a. soft drinks 100% b. apples 0% c. oranges 0% d. table salt 0% The neural tube is formed by the ________ week of pregnancy. a. 1st 0% b. 4th 100% c. 12th 0% d. 20th 0% All of the following are protective responses to encountering food-borne microbes EXCEPT: a. vomiting and diarrhea. 0% b. increased production of white blood cells. 0% c. fever. 0% 36 d. decreased metabolic rate. 100% Warning signs of the female athlete triad include: a. excessive dieting. 0% b. excessive exercise. 0% c. stress fractures. 0% d. all of these. 100% A goiter can result from: a. inadequate iodine in the diet. 0% b. excessive iodine supplementation. 0% c. cretinism. 0% d. both inadequate iodine in the diet and excessive iodine supplementation.100% Federal guidelines specify that school lunches must provide ________ of the 1989 RDAs for protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, calcium, and energy. a. 1/4 0% b. 1/3 100% c. 1/2 0% d. There are no federal guidelines regulating school lunches. 0% Which of the following is our primary dietary source of vitamin D? a. seafood 0% b. chicken 0% c. green leafy vegetables 0% d. milk 100% Which is NOT a symptom of anorexia nervosa? a. refusal to maintain body weight at a minimally normal weight for age and height 0% b. intense fear of gaining weight 0% c. loss of menstrual cycle 0% d. secretive consumption of large amounts of food in a short period of time100% Phosphorous deficiencies are rare. True What is meant by the notion that eating behaviors are conditioned? a. Eating habits affect our mood. 0% b. Previous experiences, such as those that occur during childhood, affect our current response to food and eating behaviors. 100% c. Food consumption only occurs in response to external stimuli. 0% d. The intensity and duration of physical activity impacts our response to food and eating habits. 0% Increasing one's intake of calcium will result in an elevated blood calcium level. False All of the following are physiological changes that typically occur with aging EXCEPT: a. decreased lean body mass. 0% b. Decreased bone density. 0% 37 c. d. decreased fat mass. 100% decreased immune function. 0% Nitrates have been shown to cause cancer in humans. False Products that are "100% organic" or "organic" must display the USDA seal. False Across the lifespan, vitamin D needs are the lowest for those over the age of 70. False All preservatives must be listed on the food label. True Which is NOT a symptom of hypercalcemia? a. weakness 0% b. mental confusion 0% c. loss of appetite 0% d. hemorrhaging 100% Which government agency regulates organic farming standards in the United States? a. Food and Drug Administration 0% b. United States Department of Agriculture 100% c. Environmental Protection Agency 0% d. Centers for Disease Control 0% Which of the following is TRUE concerning the safe storage of leftovers? a. Leftovers should be refrigerated within two hours of serving. 0% b. Leftovers should be stored at a depth of no greater than two inches. c. Leftovers should only be refrigerated for up to four days. 0% d. All of these are true. 100% Which of the following foods is most likely to contain sulfites? a. peas (canned) 0% b. yogurt 0% c. grapes (fresh) 100% d. ground beef 0% The type of eating disorder characterized by episodes of binging and purging is: a. anorexia nervosa. 0% b. bulimia nervosa. 100% c. compulsive eating disorder. 0% d. binge eating disorder. 0% Increased language fluency, decision-making skills, and physical coordination and dexterity are all characteristics of: a. infants. 0% b. toddlers. 0% c. preschoolers. 100% d. school-age children. 0% 0% 38 The major dietary source of iodine is: a. saltwater fish. 0% b. fruits and vegetables. 0% c. dairy products. 0% d. salt. 100% How can we increase our absorption of dietary magnesium? a. eat a high-fiber diet 0% b. eat a high-carbohydrate diet 0% c. eat a high-protein diet 100% d. eat a high-fat diet 0% For most adults, it is difficult to get adequate nutrients if eating less than ________ kcals a day. a. 1,000-1,200 0% b. 1,200-1,500 0% c. 1,600-1,800 100% d. 1,800-2,000 0% Which of the following increases one's risk of developing an eating disorder? a. large family size 0% b. holding the first order of birth 0% c. having a sibling with an eating disorder 100% d. all of these 0% Which of the following BEST explains why adolescents are more vulnerable to the unrealistic media images of the "perfect body" than are adults? a. The images target young people. 0% b. Adolescents cannot comprehend the objective of advertisements. 0% c. Adolescents are developing their personal identity. 100% d. Adolescents cannot control their environment in the way adults can. 0% Geographical location affects one's ability to synthesize vitamin D. True ________ refers to the two-step process in which bone tissue is recycled. a. Bone growth 0% b. Bone modeling 0% c. Bone remodeling 100% d. Bone regeneration 0% Blood is the only fluid tissue in the human body. True Impulsive, low self-esteem, seeks attention, extroverted, and erratic describe personality traits of: a. anorexia nervosa. 0% b. bulimia nervosa. 100% c. binge eating disorder. 0% d. obesity. 0% 39 Consuming processed foods as opposed to whole foods decreases the risk of contracting a foodborne illness. False Individuals who have diseases that result in the malabsorption of ________ are at risk for a vitamin D deficiency. a. carbohydrate 0% b. fat 100% c. minerals 0% d. protein 0% The easiest and most effective way to prevent food-borne illnesses is to: a. wash hands before handling food. 100% b. separate foods to avoid cross-contamination. 0% c. chill foods to prevent microbes from growing. 0% d. cook foods to their proper temperature. 0% All of the following are associated with developing toddlers' healthy eating habits EXCEPT: a. snacking between meals. 0% b. small portion sizes. 0% c. rewarding meal completion with dessert. 100% d. including toddlers in food shopping and preparation. 0% Eating disorders do not occur in adolescent boys. False Using a sunscreen with an SPF of 8 or greater can inhibit the synthesis of vitamin D. True Adequate folate consumption is the most critical during the last trimester of pregnancy. False In which phase of the life cycle is bone loss the greatest? a. puberty 0% b. pregnancy 0% c. lactation 0% d. menopause 100% An estimated ________ of all chicken eggs in the U.S. are contaminated with Salmonella. a. one-fifth 0% b. one-fourth 0% c. one-third 100% d. one-half 0% Janie is four years old. What serving size of green beans would you recommend for her? a. 2 tablespoons 0% b. 3 tablespoons 0% c. 4 tablespoons 100% d. 6 tablespoons 0% Pesticides are: 40 a. chemicals added to food to enhance them in some way. 0% b. chemicals added to food that help prevent microbial spoilage and enzymatic deterioration. 0% c. chemicals used in the field and in storage areas to decrease destruction caused by insects and fungus. 100% d. chemicals produced by microorganisms that harm tissue and elicit an immune response. 0% For which of the following children should a multivitamin/mineral supplement be considered? a. a child who is a vegan 0% b. a child who has cystic fibrosis 0% c. a child who is a picky eater 0% d. All of these 100% Each year it is estimated that over ________ percent of the U.S. population has symptoms of food-borne illness without knowing or reporting it. a. 20 0% b. 30 0% c. 50 100% d. 75 0% The compact bone that makes up the outer surface of all bone is called: a. cortical. 100% b. osteoblast. 0% c. collagen. 0% d. trabecular. 0% Which of the following describes the prevailing theory in the development of food allergies? a. Early weaning and introduction of solids foods to infants produces an allergy. 0% b. Genetic manipulation of plants and animals (GMOs) results in new proteins that cause an immune response. 0% c. Frequent exposure to food allergens not listed on the food label can cause food allergies. 0% d. All of these are part of the prevailing theory on food allergies. 100% Yellow dye #6, corn syrup, and calcium added to orange juice are all examples of: a. additives. 100% b. pesticides. 0% c. preservatives. 0% d. genetically modified organisms. 0% What is the primary reason osteoporosis incidence in the United States is expected to a. inadequate treatment options 0% b. increased diagnostic tools 0% c. increased longevity of the population 100% d. decline in milk consumption 0% Which of the following food preservation methods limits spoilage by drawing water out of foods, making them inhospitable to bacterial growth? a. sugaring 0% b. salting 0% 41 c. d. smoking all of these 0% 100% Assuming equal serving sizes, which of the following foods would be the poorest source of calcium? a. skim milk 0% b. whole milk 0% c. cheddar cheese 0% d. cottage cheese 100% Which of the following organs is responsible for the synthesis of vitamin D? a. skin 0% b. liver 0% c. kidneys 0% d. all of these 100% To be a diagnostic symptom of bulimia nervosa, binge eating must occur on average at least ________ for three months. a. once a week 0% b. twice a week 100% c. four times a week 0% d. seven days a week 0% Which of the following temperature ranges provides optimal growth for the majority of foodborne microbes? a. 20-40 F 0% b. 40-60 F 0% c. 60-80 F 0% d. 80-100 F 100% High intake of fiber may be harmful in young children, as it may interfere with the absorption of nutrients. True ________ is added to municipal water supplies to promote healthy teeth formation. a. Fluoride 100% b. Sodium 0% c. Vitamin D 0% d. Zinc 0% A cyclic food allergy is one that: a. occurs every time the offending food is eaten. 0% b. develops on a fixed time frame, such as once a month. 0% c. develops slowly over time. 100% d. occurs during times of physiological stress, such as during illness or surgery. 0% The absorption of vitamin ________ increases in older adults. a. A 100% b. B12 0% c. C 0% d. D 0% 42 All of the following are characteristic of adolescent eating habits EXCEPT: a. low intake of fruits and vegetables. 0% b. preference for fast food and convenience foods. 0% c. regular consumption of three meals per day. 100% d. soft drinks preferred over nutritionally dense beverages. 0% The development of the ________ is particularly dependent on adequate consumption of fat during the toddler years. a. digestive system 0% b. nervous system 100% c. skeletal system 0% d. urinary system 0% The chronic overconsumption of ________ can result in a biotin deficiency. a. herbal tea 0% b. raw egg whites 100% c. natural licorice 0% d. grapefruit juice 0% Multivitamin/mineral supplements are never recommended for preschoolers. False Bovine spongiform encephalopathy is a food-borne illness also known as: a. mad cow disease. 100% b. typhoid fever. 0% c. Norwalk virus. 0% d. hepatitis A. 0% Clostridium botulinum thrives in an acidic environment. False Some researchers consider food allergies a form of food-borne illness. True 100% The primary sources of folate in the American diet are: a. milk and dairy products. 0% b. fresh fruits and vegetables. 0% c. meat, fish, and poultry. 0% d. enriched ready-to-eat cereals and bread products. 100% The oxygen-carrying protein found in our red blood cells is called: a. myoglobin. 0% b. hemoglobin. 100% c. hemotocrit. 0% d. hemosiderin. 0% School lunches are not regulated by the federal government. False 43 Now that folate has been added to ready-to-eat cereals and bread products, folate deficiencies have been eliminated in the United States. False The loss of the menstrual cycle among female athletes is a harmless, but common, side effect of intense training. False Which of the following is FALSE regarding the RDA for carbohydrate? a. This recommendation stays the same as we age. 0% b. This amount ensures adequate glucose to the brain. 0% c. Most healthy individuals require more than this recommendation. 0% d. This amount is difficult for elderly individuals to consume in their diets. 100% Which of the following is NOT a recommendation to avoid allergies in children? a. If a child has a negative reaction to a food, never offer it to that child again. 100% b. Introduce new foods one at a time. 0% c. Rotate foods in the diet rather than serving them every day. 0% d. When introducing a new food, watch for any allergic reaction for a week before offering another new food. 0% After the age of 20, bone formation ceases. False ________ is added to table salt in the United States in order to reduce the risk of developing a goiter. a. Iron 0% b. Sodium 0% c. Iodine 100% d. Magnesium 0% Which of the following are the most common form of pesticides? a. insecticides 0% b. herbacides 100% c. fungicides 0% d. biopesticides 0% Which of the following best describes Project ? a. government campaign to encourage school children to be more physically active 100% b. nationwide initiative that aims to improve the nutritional disparity among senior citizens 0% c. fundraising campaign to supplement the financial revenues institutions will lose when vending machines are banned from public schools 0% d. media literacy curriculum for adolescent girls that promotes healthy body images 0% The DSM-IV describes an "Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified" as: a. recurrent episodes of extreme overeating followed by self-induced vomiting. 0% b. self-starvation that leads to severe nutrient deficiencies. 0% c. a variety of atypical eating behaviors used to maintain or lower body weight. 100% d. compulsive eating disorder. 0% 44 The primary symptom of Giardia infection is: a. jaundice. 0% b. diarrhea. 100% c. dementia. 0% d. anemia. 0% In addition to dietary sources, vitamin K is produced in our: a. brain. 0% b. mouth. 0% c. stomach. 0% d. large intestine. 100% On average, humans experience a ________ increase in height during adolescence. a. 10-20% 0% b. 20-25% 100% c. 25-35% 0% d. 35-45% 0% Which of the following BEST describes the Delaney Clause? a. government action that prevents the intentional addition of compounds that have been shown to cause cancer in animals or humans 100% b. government recommendation that all predatory fish be tested for mercury before being sold to the consumer 0% c. list of food additives generally regarded as safe; established in 1958 by the U.S. Congress 0% d. pending legislation to ban irradiation as a method of food preservation 0% Consumption of high levels of folate supplements can mask a(n) ________ deficiency. a. niacin 0% b. vitamin B6 0% c. iron 0% d. vitamin B12 100% The primary method used to preserve seafood is: a. adding salt. 100% b. smoking. 0% c. drying. 0% d. adding sugar. 0% Which of the following BEST describes an episode of binge eating? a. eating a large amount of food in a short period of time 100% b. eating without regard to hunger 0% c. consuming food beyond feeling satiated (i.e., until overfull) 0% d. consuming any food outside the parameters of a self-imposed restrictive diet What is the primary symptom of niacin toxicity? a. dizziness 0% b. diarrhea 0% c. fatigue 0% d. flushing 100% 0% 45 Vitamin B12 is essential for the proper functioning of: a. epithelial cells. 0% b. nerve cells. 100% c. gastric (stomach) cells. 0% d. hepatic (liver) cells. 0% Which statement is FALSE regarding thiamin? a. It plays a critical role in the breakdown of glucose for energy. b. Rich dietary sources include enriched cereals and grains. c. It is often toxic when consumed in excess. 100% d. Deficiency produces the disease beriberi. 0% 0% 0% Although considered an epidemic among U.S. adults, obesity rates in school-aged children have remained constant since the 1970s. False Which of the following will impair iron absorption? a. low amounts of stomach acid 100% b. low dietary intake of iron 0% c. iron-deficiency anemia 0% d. chronic blood loss 0% Mary G. is 60 years old and at risk for osteoporosis. Which of the following dietary supplements would be the MOST helpful to minimize bone loss? a. magnesium and fluoride 0% b. vitamin K and fluoride 0% c. calcium and phosphorus 0% d. calcium and vitamin D 100% Which of the following BEST describes disordered eating? a. a psychiatric condition that requires a physician's diagnosis 0% b. any condition in which one's eating behavior changes more than 6 times per year 0% c. general term that describes a variety of abnormal or atypical eating behaviors 100% d. any disorder in which one attempts to reduce one's body weight below a healthy range 0% Why do fungi rarely cause food infection? a. Few species of fungi cause serious illness. 0% b. Fungal growth makes food look unappealing. 0% c. Fungal growth makes food taste unappealing. 0% d. All of these are reasons fungi rarely cause food infection. 100% The incidence of bulimia nervosa is higher than that of anorexia nervosa. True Overweight in children is defined as: a. BMI 75th percentile.0% b. BMI 85th percentile.100% 46 c. d. BMI 95th percentile.0% BMI 100th percentile.0% The concept that disordered eating occurs "on a continuum" refers to which of the following? a. Once disordered eating starts it is very difficult to prevent the development of a serious eating disorder. 0% b. Different eating behaviors occur on a spectrum that can't be divided precisely. 100% c. All adults are at risk for disordered eating at some point in their lifetime. 0% d. Disordered eating occurs at all times of the day. 0% Chronic dieters have elevated cortisol levels. What is cortisol? a. a stress hormone 100% b. an appetite stimulant 0% c. a neurotransmitter 0% d. a lipoprotein 0% Which of the following is NOT a good source of vitamin K? a. exposure to sunlight 100% b. spinach 0% c. soybean oil 0% d. intestinal bacteria 0% Most of the body's phosphorus is stored in: a. the liver. 0% b. adipose tissue. 0% c. the skeleton. 100% d. the kidneys. 0% Females are at a greater risk for iron deficiency than men. True Which of the following BEST explains why individuals with anorexia nervosa have an increased risk for developing osteoporosis? a. decreased estrogen production 100% b. frequent electrolyte imbalance 0% c. malabsorption of calcium 0% d. low body weight 0% A T-score between -1 and 1 on a DEXA signifies: a. lower than normal bone density. 0% b. osteoporosis. 0% c. normal bone density. 100% d. growing bone. 0% Because the absorption of dietary iron varies greatly, the RDA for iron is not adequate for most people. False Which of the following sports is frequently associated with its female athletes being at risk for developing the female athlete triad? a. basketball 0% 47 b. c. d. field hockey 0% soccer 0% swimming and diving 100% ________% of U.S. youths are overweight. a. Five 0% b. Fifteen 100% c. Twenty-five 0% d. Thirty-five 0% In the United States, the most common food-borne illnesses result from which of the following bacteria? a. Giardia lamblia 0% b. Salmonella 0% c. Campylobacter jejuni 100% d. Clostridium botulinum 0% Which of the following individuals would be at risk for a vitamin K deficiency? a. a 55-year-old perimenopausal woman 0% b. a 16-year-old adolescent who drinks 4-5 cans of soda each day 0% c. a 30-year-old with Crohn's disease 100% d. a 6-year-old child who doesn't eat any vegetables 0% Current federal regulations prohibit soda-vending machines from public high schools. False Research has repeatedly shown that the overconsumption of soft drinks leads directly to bone loss. False It is 10 a.m. and Julie is trying to decide what to prepare for tonight's dinner. She selects a frozen turkey breast and must thaw it before she can proceed with her cooking preparations. Which of the following would be an appropriate method of thawing her poultry? a. Julie could use her microwave. 100% b. Julie could place the turkey breast out on the kitchen counter (since she will be cooking the turkey the same day). 0% c. Julie could place the turkey breast in a basin of warm water. 0% d. All of these are appropriate thawing methods. 0% Which of the following would NOT be an appropriate treatment strategy in treating someone with anorexia nervosa? a. psychotropic medications 0% b. minimum weight gain of five pounds/week 100% c. family therapy 0% d. restoration of healthy eating habits 0% Which of the following is NOT a recommended method for preventing cross-contamination? a. washing utensils and cutting boards in the dishwasher 0% b. using a porous wood cutting board 100% c. washing dishtowels and aprons often 0% d. separating raw and cooked foods 0% 48 Which of the following is MOST likely to occur if you were to consume too much calcium via the diet? a. You would experience hypercalcemia. 0% b. You would begin to produce kidney stones. 0% c. Your gastrointestinal tract would limit the absorption of calcium. 100% d. Calcium deposits would accumulate in the soft tissues of the body. 0% Sexual abuse in childhood increases the risk of developing an eating disorder. True Few foods naturally contain iodine. True The loss of tooth enamel seen in bulimia nervosa is due to the insufficient intake of calcium. False What percentage of U.S. women have bulimia nervosa? a. 1-4% 100% b. 5-7% 0% c. 7-12% 0% d. 15-20% 0% Which of the following is an example of food intoxication? a. hepatitis A 0% b. Norwalk virus 0% c. Salmonella 0% d. Clostridium botulinum 100% There are no labeling requirements for products containing recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH). True What are the standard criteria used for diagnosing an eating disorder? a. analysis of atypical food behavior 0% b. disordered eating questionnaire 0% c. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 0% d. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 100% How much fat is recommended for a preschooler? a. 10-20% of total energy 0% b. 15-25% of total energy 0% c. 25-35% of total energy 100% d. 40-50% of total energy 0% High concentrations of homocysteine in the blood are associated with the development of: a. diabetes. 0% b. heart disease. 100% c. neural tube defects. 0% d. osteoporosis. 0% 49 Cortical bone has a faster turnover rate than trabecular bone. Flase In women, full height is typically reached by: a. the start of adolescence. 0% b. the end of adolescence. 0% c. menarche. 100% d. the start of the growth spurt. 0% When dietary intake of calcium is low, calcium absorption increases. True Heme iron is absorbed better than non-heme iron. True Which of the following is the BEST source of thiamin? a. citrus fruits 0% b. green leafy vegetables 0% c. milk 0% d. whole grains 100% Bone cells that are responsible for the breakdown of bone tissue are called: a. osteoclasts. 100% b. cortical. 0% c. osteoblasts. 0% d. trabecular. 0% The most common nutrient deficiency in young children is caused by inadequate ________ consumption. a. calcium 0% b. iron 100% c. folate 0% d. zinc 0% The diagnostic criteria for eating disorders cannot be applied to men. False Peak bone mass is typically achieved in: a. late childhood. 0% b. early teens. 0% c. late teens and early twenties. 100% d. the late thirties. 0% Pellagra is the deficiency disease associated with: a. folate. 0% b. niacin. 100% c. thiamin. 0% d. riboflavin. 0% In addition to being a nutrient, vitamin D acts as a hormone. 50 True Dowager's hump is one characteristic of: a. fluorosis. 0% b. osteoporosis. 100% c. rickets. 0% d. the female athlete triad. 0% Five to twenty percent of individuals with anorexia nervosa will die from complications of the eating disorder within 10 years of diagnosis. True 100% Vitamin D toxicity is associated with: a. sunburns. 0% b. suntan lotions. 0% c. seafood. 0% d. supplements. 100% In which of the following environments does Clostridium botulinum flourish? a. acidic 0% b. alkaline 100% c. < 40F 0% d. > 140F 0% Physical inactivity is more common in girls than in boys. True Which government agency regulates the labeling, sale, distribution, use, and disposal of all pesticides in the United States? a. Food and Drug Administration 0% b. United States Department of Agriculture 0% c. Environmental Protection Agency 100% d. Centers for Disease Control 0% What is transamination? a. a deficiency of vitamin B6 0% b. a symptom of niacin toxicity 0% c. a step in the synthesis of nonessential amino acids 100% d. vitamin deficiency resulting from inadequate protein intake 0% On average, Americans have a life expectancy that reaches into the: a. early seventies. 0% b. late seventies. 100% c. early eighties. 0% d. late eighties. 0% Vitamin K deficiency is associated with an overgrowth of intestinal bacteria. False All of the following can contribute to chronic dehydration in elderly individuals EXCEPT: a. Kidney function decreases with advancing age. 0% 51 b. The thirst mechanism is impaired in the elderly. 0% c. Perspiration increases as we age. 100% d. Older adults may limit fluid intake due to urinary incontinence. 0% There are no known side effects associated with consuming large amounts of vitamin K from supplements or food. False Restricting calories can lower the basal metabolic rate. True Although relatively rare in the United States, deficiencies of the B-complex vitamins are still seen in: a. newborns. 0% b. burn patients. 0% c. alcoholics. 100% d. individuals suffering from diseases that result in the malabsorption of fat. 0% Growth rates slow during the preschool years. True Which of the following psychiatric disorders causes the most deaths among women? a. schizophrenia 0% b. depression 0% c. psychosis 0% d. anorexia nervosa 100% Inadequate intrinsic factor is associated with: a. pernicious anemia. 100% b. sickle-cell anemia. 0% c. neural tube defects. 0% d. thalassemia. 0% If a toddler is overweight, a practical approach would be to start the child on 1% milk. False Fifty percent of Americans with osteoporosis are men. False Which of the following T-scores indicates osteoporosis? a. -3 100% b. -2 0% c. 0 0% d. 2 0% Organic farmers cannot use pesticides. False 100% Weight cycling is unlikely to cause immediate illness. 52 True 100% Boys can continue to gain height during early adulthood. True 100% The MFP factor is: a. a special factor found in meat, fish, and poultry that enhances iron absorption. 100% b. the protein carrier needed by the body to absorb dietary manganese, folate, or vitamin B6. 0% c. a coenzyme involved in the metabolism of protein and fat. 0% d. the increased absorption of dietary folate by the mother during pregnancy. 0% The size and shape of bones do not change significantly after puberty. True It is unsafe to thaw frozen foods on the kitchen counter (at room temperature). True Which of the following is associated with the premature closure of the epiphyseal plate? a. undernutrition 0% b. anabolic steroid use 100% c. obesity 0% d. Both undernutrition and anabolic steroid use 0% It is unsafe to use food past its "use by" date. False Which of the following foods would be the best source of dietary calcium for a young toddler? a. spinach 0% b. skim milk 0% c. whole milk 100% d. All of these are equally good choices. 0% Children never outgrow food allergies. False Females reach their full adult height later than males do. False When does bone growth and modeling start? a. during fetal development 100% b. at birth 0% c. during infancy 0% d. during childhood 0% Female athletes who experience amenorrhea are at risk for developing osteoporosis. True Which of the following is a modifiable risk factor that increases one's chances of developing osteoporosis? a. Asian heritage 0% 53 b. c. d. female gender 0% smoking 100% all of these 0% At which stage of the life cycle is calcium absorption the most efficient? a. pregnancy 0% b. infancy 100% c. adulthood 0% d. later life 0% Of diagnoses of bulimia nervosa, 75% are linked to genetics. False Irradiation is a permitted preservation technique used by organic farmers. False Vitamin K serves as a(n) ________ to various enzymes involved in the coagulation of blood. a. inhibitor 0% b. coenzyme 100% c. antagonist 0% d. carrier 0% All of the following are associated with binge eating EXCEPT: a. loss of self control. 0% b. sense of euphoria. 0% c. weight loss. 100% d. consuming large quantities of food. 0% Overexposure to the sun can result in vitamin D toxicity. False Which of the following B-complex vitamins is involved in the metabolism of fatty acids? a. vitamin B6 0% b. vitamin B12 0% c. folate 0% d. pantothenic acid 100% Which agency monitors all confirmed cases of food-borne illness? a. FDA 0% b. CDC 100% c. USDA 0% d. EPA 0% The primary role of the B-complex vitamins is to: a. provide the body with energy. 0% b. act as coenzymes. 100% c. maintain and repair body tissues. 0% d. maintain acid-base balance. 0% Which of the following correctly describes "milk displacement"? 54 a. b. c. d. the self-weaning of an infant from breast milk 0% the recent surge in formula use 0% the avoidance of dairy products due to the fear of agricultural contaminants 0% the selection of low-nutrient beverages (e.g., soda) in place of milk 100% Which group has the highest incidence of eating disorders? a. Caucasian females 100% b. African American females 0% c. Latino females 0% d. Asian females 0% Foods of animal origin are the most common sources of food-borne illnesses. True One should avoid consuming excess vitamin E when taking the medication: a. Coumadin. 100% b. Zocor. 0% c. Tylenol. 0% d. Motrin. 0% Which of the following is an example of a persistent organic pollutant? a. mercury 100% b. GMO 0% c. sulfite 0% d. coal tar 0% Snacking between meals is associated with childhood obesity. False Most people who suffer from bulimia nervosa are underweight. False 100% The B-complex vitamin involved in oxidation-reduction reactions is: a. niacin. 0% b. riboflavin. 100% c. thiamin. 0% d. folate. 0% Which of the following is NOT an advantage of using biopesticides? a. degrade rapidly and are easily washed away by water 0% b. do not leave pesticide residues on crops 0% c. can be produced synthetically and are therefore inexpensive d. are less toxic to humans and the environment 0% Why is rBGH given to many U.S. dairy cows? a. to prevent the growth of microbes in the cows' milk b. to improve the nutritional quality of the cows' milk c. to strengthen the cows' immune systems0% d. to increase milk production without increasing feed What is atrophic gastritis? 0% 0% 100% 100% 55 a. b. c. d. malabsorption of the B-complex vitamins indigestion 0% cancer of the GI tract 0% low stomach-acid secretions 100% 0% Which of the following eating disorders is the most common among men? a. anorexia nervosa 0% b. bulimia nervosa 0% c. binge-eating disorder 100% d. reverse anorexia 0% According to the American Psychiatric Association, anorexic nervosa is diagnosed when body weight is less than ________ percent of expected height and weight. a. 70 0% b. 75 0% c. 85 100% d. 90 0% Iodine is essential for the synthesis of ________ hormones. a. estrogen 0% b. growth 0% c. thyroid 100% d. androgen 0% The safety of raw seafood cannot be guaranteed; it must be cooked. True Trabecular bone is more sensitive than cortical bone to changes in hormonal and nutritional factors. True Which component of the blood is essential to immune function? a. leukocytes 100% b. platelets 0% c. plasma 0% d. erythrocytes 0% What percentage of individuals diagnosed with anorexia nervosa are women? a. 50-60% 0% b. 70-80% 0% c. 80-90% 0% d. 90-95% 100% Which of the following organs is the site of dietary vitamin D absorption? a. mouth 0% b. stomach 0% c. small intestine 100% d. large intestine 0% Which of the following is FALSE regarding the prion that causes mad cow disease? a. It can survive traditional cooking temperatures. 0% 56 b. c. d. It is found in tissue of the central nervous system of infected animals. 0% Ground meats are most often contaminated. 0% It is concentrated in the milk and muscle meat of animals. 100% There are no risks involved in offering vegan diets to toddlers. False Limiting sugary sweets in children's diets is only important once their permanent teeth have erupted. False Insufficient vitamin D during childhood is associated with: a. rickets. 100% b. osteomalacia. 0% c. osteoporosis. 0% d. hypocalcemia. 0% Which of the following techniques can assess for osteoporosis? a. blood calcium assessment 0% b. dual energy X-ray absorptiometry 100% c. underwater weighing 0% d. bioelectrical impedance testing 0% Research has clearly demonstrated that a deficiency of vitamin K causes osteoporosis. False Obesity in children is defined as: a. BMI 75th percentile. 0% b. BMI 85th percentile. 0% c. BMI 95th percentile 100% d. BMI 100th percentile. 0% Growth acceleration in adolescence is primarily driven by: a. increased physical activity. 0% b. increased caloric intake. 0% c. hormonal changes. 100% d. both increased physical activity and increased caloric intake. The growth spurt starts earlier in boys than in girls. False Which vitamin can be made from the amino acid tryptophan? a. niacin 100% b. vitamin C 0% c. vitamin K 0% d. vitamin B12 0% The fluid needs of adolescents are higher than those of children. True Mad cow disease has never been reported in the United States. 0% 57 False The majority of food infections are caused by bacteria. True Thoroughly cooking beef, pork, or fish will destroy helminth larvae and prevent infection. True Most bottled waters do not contain fluoride. True 100% Which of the following family characteristics is NOT associated with anorexia nervosa? a. rigid family structure 0% b. angry and disruptive family environment 100% c. avoidance of open discussions to resolve disagreements 0% d. None of these are associated with anorexia nervosa. 0% Which human organ system is most affected by toxic levels of mercury? a. nervous 100% b. renal 0% c. cardiovascular 0% d. digestive 0% Which of the following does NOT increase the risk of developing osteoporosis? a. smoking 0% b. moderate alcohol consumption 100% c. low dietary intake of calcium 0% d. high caffeine consumption 0% Which of the following foods are good sources of magnesium? a. green leafy vegetables 100% b. citrus fruits 0% c. french fries and onion rings 0% d. soft drinks and fruit juices 0% Among the U.S. adult population, binge-eating disorder is more common than either anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. True Meals-on-Wheels is a nonprofit food program that: a. offers canned goods and other nonperishable food items to seniors free of charge. 0% b. provides coupons to low-income seniors to purchase food at local farmers' markets. 0% c. delivers fully prepared meals to homebound ill and elderly clients. 100% d. provides coupons to low-income seniors to purchase food at local grocery stores. 0% CH 4 58 1. When insulin is released, it causes Student Response A. the liver to break down glycogen and release glucose into the blood. B. muscle and fat cells to increase glucose uptake. C. fat breakdown in fat tissue. D. the liver to make glycogen from protein. Score: 0/1 2. Those with lactose intolerance usually can consume all the following except Feedback Score: 1/1 3. You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet? 59 Score: 1/1 4. The term "simple carbohydrates" refers to Score: 1/1 5. Of the following, which is a major source of sucrose? Score: 1/1 6. 60 The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Score: 1/1 7. Glucose also is known as Score: 1/1 8. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Score: 1/1 61 9. Which of the following shows the process of starch digestion? Score: 1/1 10. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Student Response A. Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking, which softens tough skins. B. Carbohydrate digestion begins Feedback 62 Student Response in the stomach. C. Chewing food does not assist in carbohydrate digestion. D. Saliva production does not influence starch digestion. Score: 1/1 2. Feedback All of the following are characteristic of Type 2 diabetes mellitus except Score: 1/1 3. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer? Score: 1/1 4. 63 You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet? Score: 1/1 5. After absorption, galactose is converted to ________ in the liver. Score: 1/1 6. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to 64 Score: 1/1 7. Glucose is absorbed via ______ absorption. Score: 1/1 8. When eating a high-fiber diet one should Score: 1/1 9. Which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use? 65 Score: 1/1 10. Lactose intolerance is caused by Score: 0/1 1. The term "simple carbohydrates" refers to Student Response A. monosaccharides. B. monosaccharides and disaccharides. C. disaccharides. D. polysaccharides. Score: 1/1 2. Feedback 66 After absorption, galactose is converted to ________ in the liver. Score: 1/1 3. Sucralose (Splenda) is ______ times sweeter than sucrose. Score: 1/1 4. The main function of glucose is to Score: 1/1 67 5. Which of the following has the most starch? Score: 0/1 6. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 1/1 7. Glucose is absorbed via ______ absorption. 68 Score: 1/1 8. Glucose also is known as Score: 1/1 9. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer? Score: 1/1 10. Which of the following is not true of dietary fibers? 69 Score: 1/1 1. Glucose also is known as Student Response A. levulose. B. ribose. C. maltose. D. dextrose. Score: 1/1 2. You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet? Feedback Score: 1/1 70 3. The main function of glucose is to Score: 1/1 4. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? Score: 1/1 5. The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. 71 Score: 1/1 6. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? Score: 1/1 8. Which of the following has the most starch? 72 Score: 1/1 9. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 1/1 10. Which of the following is not a rich source of viscous (soluble) fibers? Score: 1/1 73 1. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer? Student Response A. Colon B. Liver C. Pancreatic D. Stomach Score: 1/1 Feedback 2. Starch is comprised of hundreds and perhaps thousands of which molecule? Score: 1/1 3. Which of the following is not a rich source of viscous (soluble) fibers? 74 Score: 1/1 4. Medical conditions related to metabolic syndrome are Score: 1/1 5. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? 75 Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following shows the process of starch digestion? Score: 1/1 8. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Score: 1/1 76 9. What enzyme is responsible for carbohydrate digestion in the small intestine? Score: 0/1 10. When insulin is released, it causes Score: 1/1 Which of the following is a major source of lactose? Student Response A. Skim milk B. Broccoli C. Apples D. Honey Score: 77 1/1 2. Sucralose (Splenda) is ______ times sweeter than sucrose. Score: 1/1 3. After absorption, galactose is converted to ________ in the liver. Score: 1/1 4. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? 78 Score: 1/1 5. The term "simple carbohydrates" refers to Score: 1/1 6. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Score: 1/1 7. Glucose also is known as 79 Score: 1/1 8. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer? Score: 1/1 9. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Score: 1/1 80 10. Which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use? Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? Student Response Feedback @A. Arises most commonly in adulthood B. Sometimes caused by viral infection C. Associated with a tendency to develop ketosis D. Has a genetic link Score: 1/1 2. What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine? Student Response Feedback A. They pass into the colon and are fermented by bacteria. @B. They are absorbed and converted to fat. C. They are absorbed and converted to glycogen. D. They pass into the colon and are absorbed. Score: 0/1 3. Amylase is Student Response Feedback @A. an enzyme that digests starch. B. a straight chain of glucose units. C. a branched chain of glucose units. 81 D. an enzyme that digests protein. Score: 1/1 4. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Student Response Feedback A. 8 ounces orange juice, 2 bran muffins, 8 ounces nonfat yogurt, coffee @B. 8 ounces orange juice, 2 cups Cream of Wheat with 2 tablespoons sugar, English muffin with jelly, 1 cup whole milk C. Grapefruit half, 2 fried eggs, 3 bacon slices, 1 slice of toast with butter, coffee D. 1 cup whole milk, 2 ounces sausage, 2 fried eggs, 1 slice of toast with butter Score: 1/1 5. Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding Student Response Feedback @ A. chlorines to sucrose. B. sucrose to galactose. C. sucrose to glucose. D. lactose to sucrose. Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Student Response Feedback A. Galactose B. Fructose C. Glucose @D. Lactose Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following is not a Metabolic Syndrome risk indicator? Student Response Feedback A. High blood pressure B. Elevated triglycerides C. Elevated glucose @D. High HDL cholesterol 82 Score: 1/1 8. The major storage sites for glycogen are Student Response Feedback A. liver and pancreas. B. liver and kidney. C. kidney and muscles. @D. muscles and liver. Score: 1/1 9. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Student Response Feedback A. Acesulfame-K B. Saccharin @ C. Aspartame D. High fructose corn syrup Score: 1/1 10. John Fibernugget wants to increase his fiber intake. Which of the following would be the safest way for him do this? Student Response Feedback @A. Eating more fruits and vegetables and not removing the edible peels B. Buying bran and fiber supplements to add to his current diet C. Eating enriched grains such as Rice Krispies and Saltines D. Reading the labels of grain products and buying those labeled "wheat flour" Score: 1/1 1. Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding Student Response A. Feedback sucrose to glucose. @B. chlorines to sucrose. C. lactose to sucrose. D. sucrose to galactose. Score: 1/1 83 2. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Student Response Feedback A. avoid sugar. B. eat regular meals. C. lose body fat. @D. maintain a constant ratio of carbohydrate to protein to fat throughout the day. Score: 0/1 3. Amylase is Student Response Feedback A. a straight chain of glucose units. B. an enzyme that digests protein. C. a branched chain of glucose units. @D. an enzyme that digests starch. Score: 1/1 4. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? Student Response Feedback A. Pancreas B. Kidney C. Heart @D. Liver Score: 1/1 5. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Student Response Feedback @A. two monosaccharides. B. two oligosaccharides. C. two polysaccharides. D. one monosaccharide and one polysaccharide. Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? 84 Student Response Feedback A. Arises most commonly in adulthood @ B. Has a genetic link C. Sometimes caused by viral infection D. Associated with a tendency to develop ketosis Score: 0/1 7. Amylose is Student Response Feedback A. branched amino acid chains. B. branched glucose chains. @ C. a long, straight glucose chain. D. a long, straight fatty acid chain. Score: 1/1 8. Glycogen is Student Response Feedback A. a straight chain of glucoses linked together. B. a hormone for blood glucose regulation. C. stored in the absence of dietary carbohydrate. @D. a highly branched polysaccharide. Score: 1/1 9. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the Student Response Feedback A. small intestine with pancreatic amylase. B. stomach with gastric lipase. C. stomach with salivary amylase. @D. mouth with salivary amylase. Score: 1/1 10. The monosaccharides important in nutrition are Student Response Feedback A. fructose, glucose, and maltose. B. sucrose, fructose, and glucose. 85 C. glucose, fructose, and lactose. @D. fructose, glucose, and galactose. Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following is not true of dietary fibers? Student Response Feedback A. They are mostly polysaccharides. B. They are absorbed in the large intestine. @C. They cannot be absorbed by the small intestine. D. The bonds between sugar units cannot be broken by human digestive enzymes. Score: 0/1 2. What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine? Student Response Feedback @ A. They are absorbed and converted to glycogen. B. They are absorbed and converted to fat. C. They pass into the colon and are absorbed. D. They pass into the colon and are fermented by bacteria. Score: 0/1 3. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Student Response Feedback @A. photosynthesis. B. anabolism. C. biosynthesis. D. glycogenesis. Score: 1/1 4. Viscous (soluble) fibers Student Response Feedback A. are not readily fermented by intestinal bacteria. B. increase stool size significantly. C. do not dissolve in water. @D. can lower blood cholesterol. 86 Score: 1/1 5. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Student Response Feedback A. maintain a constant ratio of carbohydrate to protein to fat throughout the day. B. lose body fat. C. eat regular meals. @ D. avoid sugar. Score: 0/1 6. Which of the following is not true of carbohydrate absorption? Student Response Feedback A. Monosaccharides can enter the villi. @B. End products of carbohydrate digestion are transported through the portal vein to the liver. C. Maltose is transported through the portal vein to the liver. D. Disaccharides are digested to monosaccharides by enzymes attached to intestinal cells. Score: 0/1 7. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Student Response Feedback A. Glucose B. Fructose @C. Lactose D. Galactose Score: 1/1 8. How many grams of carbohydrate, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis? Student Response Feedback A. 100 @B. 130 C. 75 D. 250 Score: 1/1 87 9. Which of the following is not a viscous (soluble) fiber? Student Response Feedback A. Mucilages B. Pectin C. Gums @ D. Lignin Score: 1/1 10. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Student Response Feedback A. 1 cup whole milk, 2 ounces sausage, 2 fried eggs, 1 slice of toast with butter B. Grapefruit half, 2 fried eggs, 3 bacon slices, 1 slice of toast with butter, coffee C. 8 ounces orange juice, 2 bran muffins, 8 ounces nonfat yogurt, coffee @D. 8 ounces orange juice, 2 cups Cream of Wheat with 2 tablespoons sugar, English muffin with jelly, 1 cup whole milk Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following is not a Metabolic Syndrome risk indicator? Student Response A. High HDL cholesterol B. Elevated glucose C. High blood pressure D. Elevated triglycerides Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Feedback 88 Score: 1/1 3. The monosaccharides important in nutrition are Score: 1/1 4. Simple sugars in large quantities have been shown to Score: 1/1 5. 89 How many grams of carbohydrate, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis? Score: 1/1 6. What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine? Score: 0/1 7. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 90 1/1 8. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer? Score: 1/1 9. Glycogen is Score: 1/1 10. Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding 91 Score: 0/1 1. You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet? Student Response Feedback A. Proteins in muscles, heart, and other vital organs will be broken down into amino acids to make needed glucose, over time weakening them. B. Fat will be broken down and used as the exclusive fuel, leading to considerable fat loss and little health risk. C. Ketones will be produced from partial protein metabolism to be used for energy. D. Fat will be broken down, converted to glucose, and will be used as the primary energy source. Score: 0/1 2. Which of the following is not true of carbohydrate absorption? Student Response Feedback A. Maltose is transported through the portal vein to the liver. B. End products of carbohydrate digestion are transported through the portal vein to the liver. C. Disaccharides are digested to monosaccharides by enzymes attached to intestinal cells. D. Monosaccharides can enter the villi. Score: 0/1 3. Which of the following is true? Student Response Feedback A. Glucose and galactose form maltose. B. Glucose and fructose form lactose. C. Glucose and galactose form lactose. D. Glucose and glucose form sucrose. Score: 1/1 4. 92 Simple sugars in large quantities have been shown to Student Response Feedback A. promote tooth decay. B. cause obesity. C. cause hyperactivity. D. cause diabetes mellitus. Score: 0/1 5. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Student Response Feedback A. two polysaccharides. B. two oligosaccharides. C. two monosaccharides. D. one monosaccharide and one polysaccharide. Score: 1/1 6. What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine? Student Response Feedback A. They pass into the colon and are absorbed. B. They are absorbed and converted to glycogen. C. They pass into the colon and are fermented by bacteria. D. They are absorbed and converted to fat. Score: 1/1 7. Amylose is Student Response Feedback A. branched glucose chains. B. a long, straight glucose chain. C. a long, straight fatty acid chain. D. branched amino acid chains. Score: 1/1 8. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? Student Response Feedback 93 A. Corn flakes B. English muffins made with enriched flour C. Orange juice D. Kidney beans Score: 1/1 9. Medical conditions related to metabolic syndrome are Student Response Feedback A. Type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and cancer. B. Type 1 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and stroke. C. Type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and stroke. D. Type 1 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and cancer. Score: 1/1 10. Which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use? Student Response Feedback A. Epinephrine B. Insulin C. Progesterone D. Glycogen Score: 1/1 1. The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. Student Response A. 10 B. 20 C. 25 D. 15 Score: 1/1 Feedback 94 2. Which of the following is not true of dietary fibers? Score: 1/1 3. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Score: 1/1 4. Lactose intolerance is caused by 95 Score: 1/1 5. Amylose is Score: 0/1 6. The monosaccharides important in nutrition are Score: 1/1 7. Of the following, which is a major source of sucrose? 96 Score: 1/1 8. John Fibernugget wants to increase his fiber intake. Which of the following would be the safest way for him do this? Score: 1/1 9. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 1/1 97 10. The major storage sites for glycogen are Score: 1/1 Viscous (soluble) fibers Student Response A. can lower blood cholesterol. B. do not dissolve in water. C. are not readily fermented by intestinal bacteria. D. increase stool size significantly. Score: 1/1 2. Glycogen is 98 Score: 0/1 3. Amylase is Score: 0/1 4. Which of the following is not true of dietary fibers? Score: 1/1 5. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? 99 Score: 1/1 6. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are Score: 1/1 7. A reasonable and recommended goal for daily dietary fiber intake is how many grams? Score: 1/1 8. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to 100 Score: 0/1 9. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Score: 1/1 10. Of the following, which is a major source of sucrose? Score: 1/1 101 Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Student Response A. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the stomach. B. Saliva production does not influence starch digestion. C. Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking, which softens tough skins. D. Chewing food does not assist in carbohydrate digestion. Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following is true? Student Response A. Glucose and galactose form maltose. B. Glucose and fructose form lactose. C. Glucose and glucose form sucrose. D. Glucose and galactose form lactose. Score: 1/1 3. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Student Response A. Brain B. Muscles C. Heart D. Liver Score: 1/1 Feedback Feedback Feedback 102 4. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? Student Response A. Corn flakes B. Kidney beans C. Orange juice D. English muffins made with enriched flour Score: 1/1 5. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Student Response A. glycogenesis. B. anabolism. C. photosynthesis. D. biosynthesis. Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Student Response Galactose Fructose Glucose Lactose Feedback Feedback Feedback A. B. C. D. Score: 1/1 7. What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine? 103 A. B. C. D. Score: 1/1 8. Student Response They are absorbed and converted to fat. They are absorbed and converted to glycogen. They pass into the colon and are absorbed. They pass into the colon and are fermented by bacteria. Feedback The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are Student Response A. a rash, sneezing, and stuffy nose. B. a headache and chest pain. C. nausea and vomiting. D. gas, abdominal pain, and distention. Score: 1/1 9. John Fibernugget wants to increase his fiber intake. Which of the following would be the safest way for him do this? Student Response A. Eating enriched grains such as Rice Krispies and Saltines B. Buying bran and fiber supplements to add to his current diet C. Eating more fruits and vegetables and not removing the edible peels D. Reading the labels of grain products and buying those labeled "wheat flour" Feedback Feedback 104 Score: 1/1 10. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer? Student Response A. Pancreatic B. Colon C. Stomach D. Liver Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Student Response A. Glucose B. Fructose C. Lactose D. Galactose Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Student Response A. Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking, which softens tough skins. B. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the stomach. C. Saliva production does not influence starch digestion. D. Chewing food does not assist in carbohydrate digestion. Score: Feedback Feedback Feedback 105 1/1 3. Sucralose (Splenda) is ______ times sweeter than sucrose. Student Response A. 600 B. 250 C. 500 D. 100 Score: 1/1 4. Viscous (soluble) fibers Student Response A. are not readily fermented by intestinal bacteria. B. do not dissolve in water. C. can lower blood cholesterol. D. increase stool size significantly. Score: 1/1 5. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are Student Response A. a headache and chest pain. B. a rash, sneezing, and stuffy nose. C. gas, abdominal pain, and distention. D. nausea and vomiting. Score: 1/1 6. Feedback Feedback Feedback 106 Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state? Student Response A. Cortisol B. Insulin C. Glucagon D. Epinephrine Score: 1/1 7. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Student Response A. two monosaccharides. B. one monosaccharide and one polysaccharide. C. two oligosaccharides. D. two polysaccharides. Score: 1/1 8. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer? Student Response A. Pancreatic B. Colon C. Liver D. Stomach Score: 1/1 9. The major storage sites for glycogen are Feedback Feedback Feedback 107 A. B. C. D. Score: 1/1 10. Student Response kidney and muscles. liver and pancreas. liver and kidney. muscles and liver. Feedback Medical conditions related to metabolic syndrome are Student Response Type 1 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and cancer. Type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and stroke. Type 1 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and stroke. Type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and cancer. Feedback A. B. C. D. Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? Student Response A. Corn flakes B. Orange juice C. Kidney beans D. English muffins made with enriched flour Score: 1/1 2. Feedback 108 If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Score: 1/1 3. Which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use? Score: 1/1 4. Lactose intolerance is caused by Score: 1/1 109 5. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the Score: 0/1 6. Medical conditions related to metabolic syndrome are Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following is not true of dietary fibers? 110 Score: 1/1 8. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Score: 1/1 9. Which of the following is not a viscous (soluble) fiber? Score: 1/1 10. The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. 111 Score: 1/1 1. Amylose is Student Response A. a long, straight glucose chain. B. branched glucose chains. C. a long, straight fatty acid chain. D. branched amino acid chains. Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Feedback Score: 1/1 3. 112 Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Score: 1/1 4. Which of the following is not a Metabolic Syndrome risk indicator? Score: 0/1 5. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Score: 113 0/1 6. Amylase is Score: 1/1 7. A reasonable and recommended goal for daily dietary fiber intake is how many grams? Score: 1/1 8. Glycogen is 114 Score: 0/1 9. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Score: 0/1 10. The monosaccharides important in nutrition are Score: 1/1 1. 115 The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Score: 1/1 3. Glycogen is Score: 1/1 116 4. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Score: 1/1 5. Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? 117 Score: 1/1 7. Viscous (soluble) fibers Score: 1/1 8. John Fibernugget wants to increase his fiber intake. Which of the following would be the safest way for him do this? Score: 0/1 9. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? 118 Score: 1/1 10. Amylase is Score: 1/1 1. Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding Score: 1/1 119 2. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Score: 0/1 3. Amylase is Score: 1/1 4. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? 120 Score: 1/1 5. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? Score: 0/1 7. Amylose is 121 Score: 1/1 8. Glycogen is Score: 1/1 9. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the Score: 1/1 10. The monosaccharides important in nutrition are 122 Score: 1/1 1. Medical conditions related to metabolic syndrome are Score: 1/1 2. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Score: 1/1 123 3. Which of the following is not a Metabolic Syndrome risk indicator? Score: 1/1 4. You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet? Score: 0/1 5. The major storage sites for glycogen are 124 Score: 1/1 6. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer? Score: 1/1 7. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Score: 0/1 8. Viscous (soluble) fibers 125 Score: 1/1 9. Lactose intolerance is caused by Score: 1/1 10. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Score: 1/1 1. 126 Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state? Score: 1/1 3. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are Score: 127 1/1 4. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Score: 1/1 5. What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine? Score: 0/1 6. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? 128 Score: 1/1 7. The major storage sites for glycogen are Score: 1/1 8. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Score: 1/1 9. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? 129 Score: 1/1 10. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the Score: 1/1 1. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Student Response A. two monosaccharides. B. two oligosaccharides. C. two polysaccharides. D. one monosaccharide and one polysaccharide. Score: 1/1 Feedback 130 2. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Score: 1/1 3. Which of the following is true? Score: 1/1 4. Simple sugars in large quantities have been shown to 131 Score: 1/1 5. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 1/1 6. The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. Score: 1/1 7. Amylase is 132 Score: 1/1 8. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Score: 1/1 9. Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding Score: 1/1 10. 133 Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state? Score: 1/1 2. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are Score: 1/1 134 3. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Score: 0/1 4. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Score: 1/1 5. Viscous (soluble) fibers 135 Score: 1/1 6. Amylase is Score: 1/1 7. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? Score: 1/1 8. The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. 136 Score: 1/1 9. How many grams of carbohydrate, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis? Score: 1/1 10. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following is not a viscous (soluble) fiber? 137 Student Response A. Mucilages B. Pectin C. Gums D. Lignin Score: 1/1 2. Sucralose (Splenda) is ______ times sweeter than sucrose. Feedback Score: 1/1 3. Amylase is Score: 1/1 4. 138 If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Score: 1/1 5. Viscous (soluble) fibers Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use? Score: 1/1 139 7. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Score: 1/1 8. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 1/1 9. Which of the following is not a Metabolic Syndrome risk indicator? Score: 140 1/1 10. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Score: 1/1 Chapter 4 Attempt 1 1. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Student Response A. biosynthesis. B. anabolism. C. photosynthesis. D. glycogenesis. Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? Feedback 141 Score: 1/1 3. After absorption, galactose is converted to ________ in the liver. Score: 1/1 4. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Score: 1/1 5. 142 In the U.S. diet, carbohydrate supplies approximately what percentage of total kcalories? Score: 0/1 6. Which of the following has the most starch? Score: 1/1 7. Of the following, which is a major source of sucrose? Score: 1/1 143 8. The term "simple carbohydrates" refers to Score: 1/1 9. You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet? Score: 1/1 10. Sucralose (Splenda) is ______ times sweeter than sucrose. 144 Score: 1/1 Chapter 4 Attempt 2 1. When insulin is released, it causes Student Response A. the liver to break down glycogen and release glucose into the blood. B. muscle and fat cells to increase glucose uptake. C. fat breakdown in fat tissue. D. the liver to make glycogen from protein. Score: 1/1 2. All of the following are characteristic of Type 2 diabetes mellitus except Feedback Score: 1/1 145 3. Which of the following is not true of dietary fibers? Score: 1/1 4. Glycogen is Score: 1/1 5. The main function of glucose is to 146 Score: 1/1 6. Simple sugars in large quantities have been shown to Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following is not a rich source of viscous (soluble) fibers? Score: 0/1 8. The major storage sites for glycogen are 147 Score: 1/1 9. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Score: 1/1 10. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? 148 Student Response A. Arises most commonly in adulthood B. Associated with a tendency to develop ketosis C. Sometimes caused by viral infection D. Has a genetic link Score: 1/1 2. Which of the following is true? Feedback Score: 1/1 3. The major storage sites for glycogen are Score: 149 1/1 4. What enzyme is responsible for carbohydrate digestion in the small intestine? Score: 1/1 5. Of the following, which is a major source of sucrose? Score: 1/1 6. Sucralose (Splenda) is ______ times sweeter than sucrose. 150 Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? Score: 1/1 8. Those with lactose intolerance usually can consume all the following except Score: 1/1 9. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? 151 Score: 1/1 10. All of the following are characteristic of Type 2 diabetes mellitus except Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state? Student Response A. Glucagon B. Cortisol C. Insulin D. Epinephrine Score: 1/1 Feedback 152 2. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are Score: 1/1 3. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Score: 0/1 4. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Score: 1/1 153 5. Viscous (soluble) fibers Score: 1/1 6. Amylase is Score: 1/1 7. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? 154 Score: 1/1 8. The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. Score: 1/1 9. How many grams of carbohydrate, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis? Score: 1/1 10. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called 155 Score: 1/1 1. Which of the following is not a viscous (soluble) fiber? Student Response A. Mucilages B. Pectin C. Gums D. Lignin Score: 1/1 2. Sucralose (Splenda) is ______ times sweeter than sucrose. Feedback 156 Score: 1/1 3. Amylase is Score: 1/1 4. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Score: 1/1 5. 157 Viscous (soluble) fibers Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use? Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide? Score: 1/1 158 8. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Score: 1/1 9. Which of the following is not a Metabolic Syndrome risk indicator? Score: 1/1 10. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Score: 159 1/1 7. What enzyme is responsible for carbohydrate digestion in the small intestine? A. Salivary amylase B. Bicarbonate C. Pancreatic proteases - D. Pancreatic amylase Score: 1/1 8. Which of the following has the most starch? A. 1 medium orange - B. 1 cup of kidney beans C. 8 fluid ounces of milk D. 4 ounces of meat Score: 1/1 9. Which of the following shows the process of starch digestion? A. Starch to lactose to galactose B. Starch to maltose to glucose - C. Starch to glycogen to glucose D. Starch to sucrose to fructose Score: 0/1 1. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are - A. gas, abdominal pain, and distention. B. a rash, sneezing, and stuffy nose. C. a headache and chest pain. D. nausea and vomiting. Score: 1/1 4. The major storage sites for glycogen are - A. muscles and liver. B. kidney and muscles. C. liver and kidney. D. liver and pancreas. Score: 1/1 5. When eating a high-fiber diet one should 160 A. restrict fluid intake. B. not be concerned about consuming large amounts. C. avoid foods that are not whole grain. - D. increase fluid intake. Score: 1/1 7. Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? A. Grapefruit half, 2 fried eggs, 3 bacon slices, 1 slice of toast with butter, coffee - B. 8 ounces orange juice, 2 cups Cream of Wheat with 2 tablespoons sugar, English muffin with jelly, 1 cup whole milk C. 8 ounces orange juice, 2 bran muffins, 8 ounces nonfat yogurt, coffee D. 1 cup whole milk, 2 ounces sausage, 2 fried eggs, 1 slice of toast with butter Score: 1/1 10. Glucose also is known as A. levulose. B. ribose. C. maltose. - D. dextrose. Score: 1/1 Title: Chapter 4 quiz 1. Which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use? Student Response Feedback A. Insulin Student Response B. Epinephrine C. Glycogen D. Progesterone Score: 1/1 2. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of Student Response Feedback Student Response A. two monosaccharides. B. two polysaccharides. C. one monosaccharide and one polysaccharide. D. two oligosaccharides. Score: 1/1 3. Which of the following is not a rich source of viscous (soluble) fibers? Student Response Feedback A. Fruits B. Oatmeal C. Whole wheat bread D. Legumes 161 Score: 0/1 4. After absorption, galactose is converted to ________ in the liver. Student Response Feedback Student Response A. glucose B. fructose C. glycogen D. lactose Score: 1/1 5. Which of the following is not true of dietary fibers? Student Response Feedback A. They are mostly polysaccharides. B. The bonds between sugar units cannot be broken by human digestive enzymes. C. They cannot be absorbed by the small intestine. Student Response D. They are absorbed in the large intestine. Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Student Response Feedback Student Response A. Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking, which softens tough skins. B. C. D. Score: Carbohydrate digestion begins in the stomach. Chewing food does not assist in carbohydrate digestion. Saliva production does not influence starch digestion. 1/1 7. All of the following are characteristic of Type 2 diabetes mellitus except Student Response Feedback A. arises most commonly in adulthood. B. caused by insensitivity of fat and muscle cells to insulin. C. often associated with obesity. Student Response D. the least common form of diabetes. Score: 1/1 8. The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. Student Response Feedback Student Response A. 10 B. 15 C. 20 D. 25 Score: 1/1 9. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? Student Response Feedback A. Kidney B. Heart Student Response C. Liver D. Pancreas Score: 1/1 162 10. Sucralose (Splenda) is ______ times sweeter than sucrose. Student Response Feedback A. 100 B. 250 C. 500 Student Response D. 600 Score: 1/1 Title: Chapter 4 quiz 1. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Student Response Feedback Student Response A. lose body fat. B. eat regular meals. C. maintain a constant ratio of carbohydrate to protein to fat throughout the day. D. avoid sugar. Score: 1/1 2. Those with lactose intolerance usually can consume all the following except Student Response Feedback A. small servings of milk products. B. some cheeses. C. yogurt containing active cultures. Student Response D. milk shakes made with skim milk. Score: 1/1 3. In the U.S. diet, carbohydrate supplies approximately what percentage of total kcalories? Student Response Feedback A. 15% B. 35% Student Response C. 50% D. 60% Score: 1/1 5. Glucose is absorbed via ______ absorption. Student Response Feedback A. passive B. facilitated Student Response C. active D. participatory Score: 1/1 6. When insulin is released, it causes Student Response Feedback A. the liver to break down glycogen and release glucose into the blood. Student Response B. muscle and fat cells to increase glucose uptake. C. fat breakdown in fat tissue. D. the liver to make glycogen from protein. Score: 1/1 8. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? 163 Student Response Feedback Student Response A. Kidney beans B. English muffins made with enriched flour C. Orange juice D. Corn flakes Score: 1/1 10. The main function of glucose is to Student Response Feedback A. serve as raw material to build tissue. B. work with enzymes to carry out chemical reactions. C. repair tissue. Student Response D. supply energy. Score: 1/1 Title: Chapter 4 quiz 4. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Student Response Feedback A. biosynthesis. B. anabolism. Student Response C. photosynthesis. D. glycogenesis. Score: 1/1 5. Starch is comprised of hundreds and perhaps thousands of which molecule? Student Response Feedback A. Fructose B. Glycerol Student Response C. Glucose D. Galactose Score: 1/1 6. Lactose intolerance is caused by Student Response Feedback A. a milk allergy. Student Response B. lactase deficiency. C. milk bacteria. D. intestinal bacteria. Score: 1/1 8. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Student Response Feedback A. Acesulfame-K Student Response B. Aspartame C. High fructose corn syrup D. Saccharin Score: 1/1 164 Attempt ViewAttempt1of2 Title: WardlawChapter4quiz Started: October5,200810:26PM Submitted: October5,200810:45PM Timespent: 00:19:14 Totalscore: 8/10=80% Totalscoreadjustedby0.0 Maximumpossiblescore:10 1. Amylaseis StudentResponse Feedback A. abranchedchainofglucoseunits. B. anenzymethatdigestsstarch. C. anenzymethatdigestsprotein. D. astraightchainofglucoseunits. Score: 1/1 2. Amyloseis 165 Score: 0/1 3. Sucralose(Splenda)ismadebyadding Score: 1/1 4. Dietaryfibersprimarilyare Score: 1/1 5. Sucralose(Splenda)is______timessweeterthansucrose. 166 Score: 1/1 6. Whichofthefollowingistrueaboutcarbohydratedigestion? Score: 1/1 7. Whichofthefollowingisnotaviscous(soluble)fiber? 167 Score: 1/1 8. Adisaccharideisformedbythechemicalbondingof Score: 1/1 9. Ofthefollowing,whichisamajorsourceofsucrose? Score: 1/1 10. WhichofthefollowingisnotaMetabolicSyndromeriskindicator? 168 Score: 0/1 1. Youareonadiet,eatinglessthan50gramsofcarbohydrateperday.Theclaimmadeinthe educationalmaterialsisthatcarbohydrateisthemainculpritinbeingoverweight,soitmustbe restricted.Whichofthefollowingwillhappenasaresultofthislowcarbohydratediet? Score: 0/1 2. Sucralose(Splenda )is______timessweeterthansucrose. 169 Score: 1/1 3. Themonosaccharidesimportantinnutritionare Score: 1/1 4. Whichofthefollowinghormonescorrectsahyperglycemicstate? Score: 1/1 5. Whichofthefollowingisnotaviscous(soluble)fiber? 170 Score: 1/1 6. Dietaryfibermayplayakeyroleinthepreventionofwhichcancer? Score: 1/1 7. Theprocessthatplantsusetomakeglucosefromcarbondioxideandwaterinthepresenceofthe sun'sheatandlightiscalled 171 Score: 1/1 8. Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare Score: 1/1 9. Ifyouhadtheconditionphenylketonuria,whichshouldyounotuse? Score: 1/1 10. 172 Lactoseintoleranceiscausedby Score: 1/1 1. Amyloseis StudentResponse A. along,straightglucose chain. B. along,straightfattyacid chain. Feedback C. branchedaminoacidchains. D. branchedglucosechains. Score: 1/1 2. Amylaseis 173 Score: 1/1 3. Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare Score: 1/1 4. Whichofthefollowinghormonescorrectsahyperglycemicstate? Score: 1/1 174 5. Glycogenis Score: 1/1 6. Areasonableandrecommendedgoalfordailydietaryfiberintakeishowmanygrams? Score: 0/1 7. Ofthefollowing,whichisamajorsourceofsucrose? 175 Score: 1/1 8. Theprocessthatplantsusetomakeglucosefromcarbondioxideandwaterinthepresenceofthe sun'sheatandlightiscalled Score: 1/1 9. Lactoseintoleranceiscausedby 176 Score: 1/1 10. Dietaryfibermayplayakeyroleinthepreventionofwhichcancer? Score: 1/1 View Attempt 1 of 2 Title: Wardlaw Chapter 4 quiz Started: October 3, 2008 10:55 PM Submitted: October 3, 2008 11:37 PM Time spent: 00:42:16 Total score: 9/10 = 90% Total score adjusted by 0.0 Maximum possible score: 10 1. Dietary fibers primarily are Student Response Feedback A. monosaccharides. B. polysaccharides. C. polypeptides. D. disaccharides. Score: 1/1 2. 177 Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state? Student Response Feedback A. Cortisol B. Glucagon C. Insulin D. Epinephrine Score: 1/1 3. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? Student Response Feedback A. Kidney B. Liver C. Pancreas D. Heart Score: 1/1 4. You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet? Student Response Feedback A. Proteins in muscles, heart, and other vital organs will be broken down into amino acids to make needed glucose, over time weakening them. B. Ketones will be produced from partial protein metabolism to be used for energy. C. Fat will be broken down, converted to glucose, and will be used as the primary energy source. D. Fat will be broken down and used as the exclusive fuel, leading to considerable fat loss and little health risk. Score: 1/1 5. Amylase is Student Response Feedback A. a straight chain of glucose units. 178 B. a branched chain of glucose units. C. an enzyme that digests protein. D. an enzyme that digests starch. Score: 1/1 6. Sucralose (Splenda) is made by adding Student Response Feedback A. sucrose to glucose. B. sucrose to galactose. C. chlorines to sucrose. D. lactose to sucrose. Score: 1/1 7. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source? Student Response Feedback A. Heart B. Muscles C. Liver D. Brain Score: 1/1 8. How many grams of carbohydrate, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis? Student Response Feedback A. 130 B. 100 C. 75 D. 250 Score: 1/1 9. Which of the following is not a Metabolic Syndrome risk indicator? 179 Student Response Feedback A. High HDL cholesterol B. High blood pressure C. Elevated glucose D. Elevated triglycerides Score: 0/1 10. Which of the following is not a viscous (soluble) fiber? Student Response Feedback A. Pectin B. Mucilages C. Lignin D. Gums Score: 1/1 View Attempt 2 of 2 Title: Wardlaw Chapter 4 quiz Started: October 5, 2008 8:17 PM Submitted: October 5, 2008 8:28 PM Time spent: 00:11:03 Total score: 10/10 = 100% Total score adjusted by 0.0 Maximum possible score: 10 1. Amylose is Student Response Feedback A. branched glucose chains. B. branched amino acid chains. C. a long, straight fatty acid chain. D. a long, straight glucose chain. Score: 1/1 2. The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ______ percent of our total kcalories. Student Response Feedback A. 25 180 B. 20 C. 10 D. 15 Score: 1/1 3. How many grams of carbohydrate, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis? Student Response Feedback A. 250 B. 100 C. 75 D. 130 Score: 1/1 4. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to Student Response Feedback A. avoid sugar. B. lose body fat. C. eat regular meals. D. maintain a constant ratio of carbohydrate to protein to fat throughout the day. Score: 1/1 5. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Student Response Feedback A. Saccharin B. Acesulfame-K C. High fructose corn syrup D. Aspartame Score: 1/1 6. Which of the following hormones is released during stressful times to increase blood glucose levels, making more energy available for use? 181 Student Response Feedback A. Insulin B. Progesterone C. Epinephrine D. Glycogen Score: 1/1 7. A reasonable and recommended goal for daily dietary fiber intake is how many grams? Student Response Feedback A. 10 to 12 B. 25 to 38 C. 20 to 34 D. 15 to 30 Score: 1/1 8. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called Student Response Feedback A. anabolism. B. photosynthesis. C. biosynthesis. D. glycogenesis. Score: 1/1 9. The monosaccharides important in nutrition are Student Response Feedback A. fructose, glucose, and maltose. B. fructose, glucose, and galactose. C. sucrose, fructose, and glucose. D. glucose, fructose, and lactose. Score: 1/1 182 10. Which of the following is true? Student Response Feedback A. Glucose and fructose form lactose. B. Glucose and glucose form sucrose. C. Glucose and galactose form lactose. D. Glucose and galactose form maltose. Score: 1/1 1. JohnFibernuggetwantstoincreasehisfiberintake.Whichofthefollowingwouldbethesafestwayfor himdothis? StudentResponse Feedback A. Eatingmorefruitsand vegetablesandnotremoving theediblepeels B. Readingthelabelsofgrain productsandbuyingthose labeled"wheatflour" C. Eatingenrichedgrainssuch asRiceKrispiesandSaltines D. Buyingbranandfiber supplementstoaddtohis currentdiet Score: 1/1 2. WhichofthefollowingisnotaMetabolicSyndromeriskindicator? 183 Score: 1/1 3. Howmanygramsofcarbohydrate,perday,musthumansconsumetoavoidketosis? Score: 0/1 4. Whichofthefollowinghormonesisreleasedduringstressfultimestoincreasebloodglucoselevels, makingmoreenergyavailableforuse? 184 Score: 0/1 5. Youareonadiet,eatinglessthan50gramsofcarbohydrateperday.Theclaimmadeinthe educationalmaterialsisthatcarbohydrateisthemainculpritinbeingoverweight,soitmustbe restricted.Whichofthefollowingwillhappenasaresultofthislowcarbohydratediet? Score: 0/1 6. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofcarbohydrateabsorption? Score: 0/1 7. 185 Whichofthefollowinghormonescorrectsahyperglycemicstate? Score: 1/1 8. Sucralose(Splenda )ismadebyadding Score: 0/1 9. Whatisthefateofdisaccharidesnotdigestedinthesmallintestine? 186 Score: 0/1 10. Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare Score: 1/1 O 1. Adisaccharideisformedbythechemicalbondingof StudentResponse A. twopolysaccharides. B. twooligosaccharides. C. twomonosaccharides. D. onemonosaccharideand onepolysaccharide. Score: 1/1 Feedback 187 2. WhichofthefollowingisnotaMetabolicSyndromeriskindicator? Score: 1/1 3. Forwhichofthefollowingisglucosemostcriticalasanenergysource? Score: 1/1 4. Amyloseis 188 Score: 1/1 5. Viscous(soluble)fibers Score: 1/1 6. Themonosaccharidesimportantinnutritionare Score: 1/1 189 7. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofdietaryfibers? Score: 0/1 8. Sucralose(Splenda )ismadebyadding Score: 1/1 9. Whichofthefollowinghormonesisreleasedduringstressfultimestoincreasebloodglucoselevels, makingmoreenergyavailableforuse? 190 Score: 1/1 10. Whichofthefollowingistrue? Score: 1/1 Ch. 4 1. Amylaseis StudentResponse A. abranchedchainofglucoseunits. B. anenzymethatdigestsprotein. C. astraightchainofglucoseunits. D. anenzymethatdigestsstarch. Feedback 191 Score: 1/1 2. Whichofthefollowingbreakfastswouldbehighestincarbohydrate? Score: 1/1 3. Themajorsymptomsoflactoseintoleranceare Score: 1/1 4. ThemostimportantdietaryapproachforthetreatmentofType2diabetesmellitusisto 192 Score: 1/1 5. Glycogenis Score: 1/1 6. Howmanygramsofcarbohydrate,perday,musthumansconsumetoavoidketosis? 193 Score: 0/1 7. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofcarbohydrateabsorption? Score: 0/1 8. WhichofthefollowingisnotcharacteristicofType1diabetesmellitus? Score: 1/1 9. Themajorstoragesitesforglycogenare 194 Score: 1/1 10. Adisaccharideisformedbythechemicalbondingof Score: 1/1 1. Youareonadiet,eatinglessthan50gramsofcarbohydrateperday.Theclaimmadeinthe educationalmaterialsisthatcarbohydrateisthemainculpritinbeingoverweight,soitmustbe restricted.Whichofthefollowingwillhappenasaresultofthislowcarbohydratediet? 195 Score: 1/1 2. WhichofthefollowingisnotcharacteristicofType1diabetesmellitus? Score: 1/1 3. Theprocessthatplantsusetomakeglucosefromcarbondioxideandwaterinthepresenceofthe sun'sheatandlightiscalled Score: 1/1 196 4. Whichofthefollowingisnotaviscous(soluble)fiber? Score: 1/1 5. Sucralose(Splenda)ismadebyadding Score: 1/1 6. Whichofthefollowinghormonescorrectsahyperglycemicstate? 197 Score: 1/1 7. Ofthefollowing,whichisamajorsourceofsucrose? Score: 1/1 8. Viscous(soluble)fibers Score: 1/1 198 9. Whichofthefollowingfoodswouldhavethemostfiber? Score: 1/1 10. TheWorldHealthOrganizationrecommendslimitingaddedsugarintaketo______percentofourtotal kcalories. Score: 1/1 Score: 0/1 Glycogenis 199 2. Whichofthefollowingisnotaviscous(soluble)fiber? Score: 1/1 3. Sucralose(Splenda)ismadebyadding Score: 1/1 200 4. WhichofthefollowingisnotaMetabolicSyndromeriskindicator? Score: 1/1 5. Whatisthefateofdisaccharidesnotdigestedinthesmallintestine? Score: 1/1 6. Simplesugarsinlargequantitieshavebeenshownto 201 Score: 0/1 7. Whichofthefollowingisnotamonosaccharide? Score: 1/1 8. Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare Score: 1/1 202 9. ThemostimportantdietaryapproachforthetreatmentofType2diabetesmellitusisto Score: 1/1 10. Whichofthefollowingbreakfastswouldbehighestincarbohydrate? Score: 1/1 Forwhichofthefollowingisglucosemostcriticalasanenergysource? 203 Score: 0/1 2. Themajorstoragesitesforglycogenare Score: 1/1 3. TheWorldHealthOrganizationrecommendslimitingaddedsugarintaketo______percentofourtotal kcalories. Score: 1/1 204 4. Theprocessthatplantsusetomakeglucosefromcarbondioxideandwaterinthepresenceofthe sun'sheatandlightiscalled Score: 1/1 5. Glycogenis Score: 1/1 6. Whichofthefollowingisnotamonosaccharide? 205 Score: 1/1 7. Whichofthefollowingfoodswouldhavethemostfiber? Score: 0/1 8. Howmanygramsofcarbohydrate,perday,musthumansconsumetoavoidketosis? Score: 0/1 206 9. Whichofthefollowinghormonescorrectsahyperglycemicstate? Score: 1/1 10. Viscous(soluble)fibers Score: 1/1 ViewAttempt1of2 Title: 207 WardlawChapter4quiz Started: September27,20088:24PM Submitted: September27,20088:59PM Timespent: 00:34:51 Totalscore: 10/10=100% Totalscoreadjustedby0.0 Maximumpossiblescore:10 1. Whichofthefollowinghormonescorrectsahyperglycemicstate? StudentResponse A. Cortisol B. Epinephrine C. Insulin D. Glucagon Score: 1/1 2. Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare Feedback Score: 1/1 208 3. Lactoseintoleranceiscausedby Score: 1/1 4. Dietaryfibermayplayakeyroleinthepreventionofwhichcancer? Score: 1/1 5. Whichofthefollowinghormonesisreleasedduringstressfultimestoincreasebloodglucoselevels, makingmoreenergyavailableforuse? 209 Score: 1/1 6. Viscous(soluble)fibers Score: 1/1 7. WhichofthefollowingisnotcharacteristicofType1diabetesmellitus? 210 Score: 1/1 8. ThemostimportantdietaryapproachforthetreatmentofType2diabetesmellitusisto Score: 1/1 9. Themonosaccharidesimportantinnutritionare Score: 1/1 10. Whichofthefollowingistrue? 211 Score: 1/1 ViewAttempt1of2 Title: WardlawChapter4quiz Started: September27,20088:24PM Submitted: September27,20088:59PM Timespent: 00:34:51 Totalscore: 10/10=100% Totalscoreadjustedby0.0 Maximumpossiblescore:10 1. Whichofthefollowinghormonescorrectsahyperglycemicstate? StudentResponse A. Cortisol B. Epinephrine C. Insulin D. Glucagon Score: 1/1 2. Feedback 212 Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare Score: 1/1 3. Lactoseintoleranceiscausedby Score: 1/1 4. Dietaryfibermayplayakeyroleinthepreventionofwhichcancer? 213 Score: 1/1 5. Whichofthefollowinghormonesisreleasedduringstressfultimestoincreasebloodglucose levels,makingmoreenergyavailableforuse? Score: 1/1 6. Viscous(soluble)fibers Score: 1/1 214 7. WhichofthefollowingisnotcharacteristicofType1diabetesmellitus? Score: 1/1 8. ThemostimportantdietaryapproachforthetreatmentofType2diabetesmellitusisto Score: 1/1 9. Themonosaccharidesimportantinnutritionare 215 Score: 1/1 10. Whichofthefollowingistrue? Score: 1/1 4. Amyloseis 216 Score: 1/1 5. JohnFibernuggetwantstoincreasehisfiberintake.Whichofthefollowingwouldbethesafestwayfor himdothis? Score: 1/1 6. Themajorstoragesitesforglycogenare 217 Score: 1/1 7. Whatisthefateofdisaccharidesnotdigestedinthesmallintestine? Score: 1/1 8. Simplesugarsinlargequantitieshavebeenshownto Score: 1/1 218 1. Ifyouhadtheconditionphenylketonuria,whichshouldyounotuse? Score: 1/1 2. Areasonableandrecommendedgoalfordailydietaryfiberintakeishowmanygrams? Score: 1/1 3. Themonosaccharidesimportantinnutritionare 219 Score: 0/1 6. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofdietaryfibers? Score: 1/1 8. 220 WhichofthefollowingisnotaMetabolicSyndromeriskindicator? Score: 0/1 Metabolicsyndromecondition: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 9. Abdominalobesity LowHDL Highbloodtriglycerol HighfastingBLglucose IncreasedBLclotting Increasedinflammation Whichofthefollowingistrueaboutcarbohydratedigestion? Score: 0/1 10. Sucralose(Splenda )ismadebyadding 221 Score: 0/1 ViewAttempt1of2 Title: WardlawChapter4quiz Started: October4,20087:47PM Submitted: October4,20088:14PM Timespent: 00:27:36 Totalscore: 8/10=80% Totalscoreadjustedby0.0 Maximumpossiblescore:10 1. ThemostimportantdietaryapproachforthetreatmentofType2diabetesmellitusisto StudentResponse A. avoidsugar. B. losebodyfat. C. maintainaconstantratioof carbohydratetoproteintofat throughouttheday. D. eatregularmeals. Feedback Score: 0/1 222 2. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofdietaryfibers? Score: 0/1 3. Dietaryfibermayplayakeyroleinthepreventionofwhichcancer? Score: 1/1 4. Themonosaccharidesimportantinnutritionare 223 Score: 1/1 5. Themajorsymptomsoflactoseintoleranceare Score: 1/1 6. Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare Score: 1/1 224 7. Viscous(soluble)fibers Score: 1/1 8. Whichofthefollowingisnotaviscous(soluble)fiber? Score: 1/1 9. Whichofthefollowingistrue? 225 Score: 1/1 10. Forwhichofthefollowingisglucosemostcriticalasanenergysource? Score: 1/1 ViewAttempt2of2 Title: WardlawChapter4quiz Started: October4,20089:11PM Submitted: October4,20089:31PM Timespent: 00:19:51 Totalscore: 10/10=100% Totalscoreadjustedby0.0 Maximumpossiblescore:10 1. Theprocessthatplantsusetomakeglucosefromcarbondioxideandwaterinthepresenceofthe sun'sheatandlightiscalled 226 StudentResponse A. anabolism. B. photosynthesis. C. biosynthesis. D. glycogenesis. Feedback Score: 1/1 2. WhichofthefollowingisnotcharacteristicofType1diabetesmellitus? Score: 1/1 3. Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare 227 Score: 1/1 4. Themajorstoragesitesforglycogenare Score: 1/1 5. TheWorldHealthOrganizationrecommendslimitingaddedsugarintaketo______percentofourtotal kcalories. Score: 1/1 6. Themajorsymptomsoflactoseintoleranceare 228 Score: 1/1 7. Areasonableandrecommendedgoalfordailydietaryfiberintakeishowmanygrams? Score: 1/1 8. Ifyouhadtheconditionphenylketonuria,whichshouldyounotuse? 229 Score: 1/1 9. Youareonadiet,eatinglessthan50gramsofcarbohydrateperday.Theclaimmadeinthe educationalmaterialsisthatcarbohydrateisthemainculpritinbeingoverweight,soitmustbe restricted.Whichofthefollowingwillhappenasaresultofthislowcarbohydratediet? Score: 1/1 10. Whatisthefateofdisaccharidesnotdigestedinthesmallintestine? Score: 1/1 1. 230 Dietaryfibersprimarilyare Score: 1/1 2. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofcarbohydrateabsorption? Score: 1/1 3. Whichofthefollowingistrueaboutcarbohydratedigestion? 231 Score: 1/1 4. Themajorstoragesitesforglycogenare Score: 1/1 5. Youareonadiet,eatinglessthan50gramsofcarbohydrateperday.Theclaimmadeinthe educationalmaterialsisthatcarbohydrateisthemainculpritinbeingoverweight,soitmustbe restricted.Whichofthefollowingwillhappenasaresultofthislowcarbohydratediet? Score: 1/1 232 6. Whichofthefollowingistrue? Score: 0/1 7. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofdietaryfibers? Score: 1/1 8. Themonosaccharidesimportantinnutritionare 233 Score: 1/1 9. Amyloseis Score: 1/1 10. Ofthefollowing,whichisamajorsourceofsucrose? Score: 1/1 234 1. Themonosaccharidesimportantinnutritionare StudentResponse A. sucrose,fructose,andglucose. B. fructose,glucose,andmaltose. Feedback C. fructose,glucose,andgalactose. D. glucose,fructose,andlactose. Score: 1/1 2. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofcarbohydrateabsorption? Score: 0/1 3. Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare 235 Score: 1/1 4. Whichofthefollowingisnotaviscous(soluble)fiber? Score: 1/1 5. WhichofthefollowingisnotcharacteristicofType1diabetesmellitus? 236 Score: 0/1 6. Areasonableandrecommendedgoalfordailydietaryfiberintakeishowmanygrams? Score: 1/1 7. ThemostimportantdietaryapproachforthetreatmentofType2diabetesmellitusisto Score: 0/1 8. Sucralose(Splenda)ismadebyadding 237 Score: 1/1 9. WhichofthefollowingisnotaMetabolicSyndromeriskindicator? Score: 1/1 10. Theprocessthatplantsusetomakeglucosefromcarbondioxideandwaterinthepresenceofthe sun'sheatandlightiscalled 238 Score: 1/1 1. Sucralose(Splenda)is______timessweeterthansucrose. StudentResponse A. 250 B. 600 C. 500 D. 100 Score: 1/1 2. JohnFibernuggetwantstoincreasehisfiberintake.Whichofthefollowingwouldbethesafestwayfor himdothis? Feedback Score: 0/1 3. 239 Whatisthefateofdisaccharidesnotdigestedinthesmallintestine? Score: 1/1 4. Dietaryfibermayplayakeyroleinthepreventionofwhichcancer? Score: 1/1 5. Whichofthefollowingfoodswouldhavethemostfiber? 240 Score: 0/1 6. Theprocessthatplantsusetomakeglucosefromcarbondioxideandwaterinthepresenceofthe sun'sheatandlightiscalled Score: 1/1 7. Areasonableandrecommendedgoalfordailydietaryfiberintakeishowmanygrams? Score: 1/1 241 8. Whichofthefollowingistrueaboutcarbohydratedigestion? Score: 0/1 9. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofdietaryfibers? Score: 1/1 10. Sucralose(Splenda)ismadebyadding 242 Score: 1/1 ViewAttempt1of2 Title: WardlawChapter4quiz Started: October4,20087:16PM Submitted: October4,20087:43PM Timespent: 00:26:05 Totalscore: 10/10=100% Totalscoreadjustedby0.0 Maximumpossiblescore:10 1. Ifyouhadtheconditionphenylketonuria,whichshouldyounotuse? StudentResponse A. AcesulfameK B. Saccharin C. Highfructosecornsyrup D. Aspartame Feedback Score: 1/1 2. 243 Viscous(soluble)fibers Score: 1/1 3. Amylaseis Score: 1/1 4. Youareonadiet,eatinglessthan50gramsofcarbohydrateperday.Theclaimmadeinthe educationalmaterialsisthatcarbohydrateisthemainculpritinbeingoverweight,soitmustbe restricted.Whichofthefollowingwillhappenasaresultofthislowcarbohydratediet? 244 Score: 1/1 5. Dietaryfibersprimarilyare Score: 1/1 6. TheWorldHealthOrganizationrecommendslimitingaddedsugarintaketo______percentofourtotal kcalories. Score: 245 1/1 7. Lactoseintoleranceiscausedby Score: 1/1 8. Sucralose(Splenda)is______timessweeterthansucrose. Score: 1/1 9. Whichofthefollowingbreakfastswouldbehighestincarbohydrate? 246 Score: 1/1 10. Glycogenis Score: 1/1 ViewAttempt1of2 Title: WardlawChapter4quiz Started: October5,200811:34AM Submitted: October5,200812:19PM Timespent: 00:45:00 Totalscore: 8/10=80% Totalscoreadjustedby0.0 Maximumpossiblescore:10 1. 247 ThemostimportantdietaryapproachforthetreatmentofType2diabetesmellitusisto StudentResponse A. eatregularmeals. B. losebodyfat. C. avoidsugar. D. maintainaconstantratioof carbohydratetoproteintofat throughouttheday. Score: 0/1 2. TheWorldHealthOrganizationrecommendslimitingaddedsugarintaketo______percentofourtotal kcalories. Feedback Score: 1/1 3. Whichofthefollowinghormonescorrectsahyperglycemicstate? 248 Score: 1/1 4. Whatisthefateofdisaccharidesnotdigestedinthesmallintestine? Score: 1/1 5. Ofthefollowing,whichisamajorsourceofsucrose? Score: 1/1 249 6. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofdietaryfibers? Score: 1/1 7. Whichofthefollowingfoodswouldhavethemostfiber? Score: 1/1 8. JohnFibernuggetwantstoincreasehisfiberintake.Whichofthefollowingwouldbethesafestwayfor himdothis? 250 Score: 1/1 9. WhichofthefollowingisnotaMetabolicSyndromeriskindicator? Score: 1/1 10. Whichofthefollowinghormonesisreleasedduringstressfultimestoincreasebloodglucoselevels, makingmoreenergyavailableforuse? 251 Score: 0/1 ViewAttempt2of2 Title: WardlawChapter4quiz Started: October5,200812:20PM Submitted: October5,20081:02PM Timespent: 00:41:34 Totalscore: 10/10=100% Totalscoreadjustedby0.0 Maximumpossiblescore:10 1. Glycogenis StudentResponse A. storedintheabsenceofdietary carbohydrate. B. ahormoneforbloodglucose regulation. C. astraightchainofglucoseslinked together. D. ahighlybranchedpolysaccharide. Feedback Score: 1/1 2. Whichofthefollowingistrue? 252 Score: 1/1 3. Themajorsymptomsoflactoseintoleranceare Score: 1/1 4. Sucralose(Splenda )is______timessweeterthansucrose. 253 Score: 1/1 5. Carbohydratedigestionbeginsinthe Score: 1/1 6. Viscous(soluble)fibers Score: 1/1 7. JohnFibernuggetwantstoincreasehisfiberintake.Whichofthefollowingwouldbethesafestwayfor himdothis? 254 Score: 1/1 8. Areasonableandrecommendedgoalfordailydietaryfiberintakeishowmanygrams? Score: 1/1 9. TheWorldHealthOrganizationrecommendslimitingaddedsugarintaketo______percentofourtotal kcalories. 255 Score: 1/1 10. WhichofthefollowingisnotaMetabolicSyndromeriskindicator? Score: 1/1 Glycogenis Score: 0/1 2. Whichofthefollowingisnotaviscous(soluble)fiber? 256 Score: 1/1 3. Sucralose(Splenda)ismadebyadding Score: 1/1 4. WhichofthefollowingisnotaMetabolicSyndromeriskindicator? 257 Score: 1/1 5. Whatisthefateofdisaccharidesnotdigestedinthesmallintestine? Score: 1/1 6. Simplesugarsinlargequantitieshavebeenshownto Score: 0/1 7. Whichofthefollowingisnotamonosaccharide? 258 Score: 1/1 8. Medicalconditionsrelatedtometabolicsyndromeare Score: 1/1 9. ThemostimportantdietaryapproachforthetreatmentofType2diabetesmellitusisto 259 Score: 1/1 10. Whichofthefollowingbreakfastswouldbehighestincarbohydrate? Score: 1/1 Forwhichofthefollowingisglucosemostcriticalasanenergysource? Score: 0/1 2. Themajorstoragesitesforglycogenare 260 Score: 1/1 3. TheWorldHealthOrganizationrecommendslimitingaddedsugarintaketo______percentofourtotal kcalories. Score: 1/1 4. Theprocessthatplantsusetomakeglucosefromcarbondioxideandwaterinthepresenceofthe sun'sheatandlightiscalled 261 Score: 1/1 5. Glycogenis Score: 1/1 6. Whichofthefollowingisnotamonosaccharide? Score: 1/1 7. Whichofthefollowingfoodswouldhavethemostfiber? 262 Score: 0/1 8. Howmanygramsofcarbohydrate,perday,musthumansconsumetoavoidketosis? Score: 0/1 9. Whichofthefollowinghormonescorrectsahyperglycemicstate? 263 Score: 1/1 10. Viscous(soluble)fibers Score: 1/1 Quiz 4 1. Amylaseis StudentResponse A. abranchedchainofglucose units. B. astraightchainofglucoseunits. C. anenzymethatdigestsstarch. D. anenzymethatdigestsprotein. Score: 1/1 2. Feedback 264 Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofdietaryfibers? Score: 1/1 3. Whichofthefollowingisnottrueofcarbohydrateabsorption? Score: 0/1 4. Ifyouhadtheconditionphenylketonuria,whichshouldyounotuse? 265 Score: 1/1 5. Whichofthefollowingistrueaboutcarbohydratedigestion? Score: 1/1 6. Dietaryfibersprimarilyare Score: 0/1 7. 266 Dietaryfibermayplayakeyroleinthepreventionofwhichcancer? Score: 1/1 8. Sucralose(Splenda )is______timessweeterthansucrose. Score: 1/1 9. Ofthefollowing,whichisamajorsourceofsucrose? 267 Score: 1/1 10. Whichofthefollowinghormonesisreleasedduringstressfultimestoincreasebloodglucoselevels, makingmoreenergyavailableforuse? Score: 1/1 268 ... View Full Document

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