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Ramos Nicholas TA: Daniel Lumonya (sec 211) 10/21/2010 Sociology Outline QUESTION#1 According to a paper written by Professor Hirschl and two co-authors, religious interpretation of society is wide spread in the United States, and has effects on Presidential voter choice. In another (required) paper about Muslims residing in the United States, Lori Peek argues that religious identification is characterized by definite stages of development. a) What are the stages of self-identification that Peek describes? Approximately what percent of Americans self-identify with a religion? - Three stages: a c d - 90% = higher power (1/3 rely for strength), 60% = God, 80% = life after death (70% = heaven, 60% = hell) b) What is Professor Hirschl & co-authors theoretical rationale for connecting religious selfidentification to political behavior within the United States? Do the Presidential voter choice data support, or not support, their theory? - Protestants (including Baptists), Catholics, and others to vote Republican increases with income - Attract to cand. w/ similarity in religious beliefs. - Is contingent on the individuals location within the stratification order - Distribution of material resources QUESTION #2 Race is an important feature of Social stratication in the U.S., and is correlated with labor market earnings, family income, and family wealth. Provide an explanation for why this is the case, and develop this explanation in terms of the empirical and/or historical data on social stratication. In your answer, be sure to carefully dene race, how race differs from social class, and indicate which groups t your definition. Your answer may focus Primarily on only two groups. - A set of historically evolved, hierarchical categories assigned to individuals on the basis of physical characteristics. - Race, not within individual, but in society - Mexican and African Am. - Dubois Double consciousness, slavery & white supremacy (ideological logic) - Social inequality and low IQ - Mexicans and their property (guaranteed, but courts violated it) Nicholas Ramos TA: Daniel Lumonya (sec 10/21/2010 211) QUESTION #3 This course (DSoc1101) defines gender as a biologically related, socially constructed concept. What is the evidence that suggests this is a correct definition? Critically evaluate this definition using two types of empirical and/or historical data. Finally, how is this definition different from the formulation where gender is biologically determined? How does your data analysis corroborate or refute this formulation? - Roles in women during WWII - Boys vs. Girls - Gender roles defined by what at they do, their "identity work" - Learning and evaluating roles and values for future adult behavior "gender regimes" - Biological = sexual dimorphism QUESTION #4 John Gaventa (Power and Powerlessness) and Robert Perrucci and Earl Wysong (New Class Society) argue that social power is derived from ownership and control over resources. These two definitions of power are distinct from the American peoples definition, who believe, for the most part, that power belongs to the party or individual that wins the election. So for example, many believed that the election of Obama to the Presidency would bring significant change to American society, and one can reasonably argue that, at least to some extent, change did happen and is still happening. a) Delineate Gaventas definition of power and describe how this is different from the concept of power defined by winning democratic elections - Social power = ownership - Distinct from individual def. - Three stages (1 matters) b) Delineate Perrucci & Wysongs definition of power and describe how this is different from the concept of power defined by winning democratic elections - Eco. Power = money (able to buy more) - Political Power = shape decisions - Social Power = access to services - Superclass - Money given (one more than other) = resource c) Using one piece of empirical evidence (e.g., trends in wealth ownership), make a case for what you believe to be the most accurate and sound definition of power. - Gaventa - Elite; though rich, not necess. most influential - Reach out to people (e.g. connect) ... View Full Document

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