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6 Development Across the Lifespan Key: Answer, Page, Type, Learning Objective, Level Type A=Applied C=Conceptual F=Factual Level (1)=Easy; (2)=Moderate; (3)=Difficult LO=Learning Objective SG=Used in Study Guide p=page MULTIPLE CHOICE Issues in Studying Human Development Learning Objectives- 7.1 What are some of the special research methods used to study development? 1. The scientific study of the changes that occur in people as they age from conception to death is called_________. a) abnormal psychology b) gerontology Incorrect. Gerontology emphasizes only older adulthood. c) human development Correct. Human development is the term used to refer to the changes that occur in people as they age from conception to death. d) maturational studies ANS: c, p. 250, F, LO=7.1, (1) 2. A psychologist spends her entire career studying how and why changes occur in people throughout their lives. This psychologist is most likely working in the field of___________. a) abnormal psychology b) gerontology Incorrect. Gerontology emphasizes only the changes that occur in older adulthood. c) human development Correct. Human development studies focus on the changes that occur throughout peoples lives, from conception to death. d) maturational studies ANS: c, p. 250, C, LO=7.1, (2) 224 3. In a __________design, one group of participants is followed and assessed as the group ages. a) cohort b) longitudinal Correct. In a longitudinal design one group of participants is followed and assessed as the participants age. c) behavior genetics d) cross-sectional Incorrect. A cross-sectional design studies several different age groups at the same time. ANS: b, p. 250, F, LO=7.1, (1) 4. Which of the following is a disadvantage of the longitudinal design? a) Individuals of different ages are being compared to one another. Incorrect. The individuals studied in a longitudinal design are all the same age. b) It is relatively inexpensive. c) It takes a shorter amount of time than a cross-sectional design. d) Participants may drop out due to moving, loss of interest, or death. Correct. In this design there is a risk of losing participants due to many factors. ANS: d, p. 250, C, LO=7.1, (2) 5. Professor Sanchez is interested in studying development of motor skills. She collects data from 200 one-year-olds and follows and assesses them for a period of five years. What type of research design is Professor Sanchez using? a) cohort design b) longitudinal design Correct. A longitudinal design is one in which one participant or a group of participants is followed and assessed as the person or group ages. c) behavior genetics design d) cross-sectional design Incorrect. A cross-sectional design studies several different age groups at the same time. ... View Full Document

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